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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1812 AD

January

January 9: Swedish Pomerania (Germany) seized by Napoleon
January 12: 1st cargo arrives in New Orleans by steam, from Natchez
January 23: 7.8 earthquake shakes New Madrid, Missouri

February

February 7: 8.2 earthquake shakes New Madrid, Missouri
February 7: Lord Byron makes his maiden speech in House of Lords
February 11: Massachusetts Governor Gerry signs a redistricting bill-1st "gerrymander"

March

March 3: U.S. passes 1st foreign aid bill (aids Venezuela earthquake vicitims)
March 11: Citizenship granted to Prussian Jews
March 14: Congress authorizes war bonds to finance War of 1812
March 15: 1st Russian settlement in California, Russian River
March 26: Earthquake destroys 90% of Caracas; about 20,000 die

April

April 5: Brits storm Badajoz fortress, held by French and Spanish
April 30: Eastern Louisiana admitted as 18th U.S. state

May

May 11: Waltz introduced into English ballrooms. Most observers consider it disgusting and immoral. No wonder it caught on!
May 25: Earthquake destroys Caracas, Venezuela

June

June 4: Louisiana Territory officially renamed "Missouri Territory"
June 12: Napoleon invades Russia
June 18: War of 1812 begins as U.S. declares war against Britain
June 22: Napoleon's Grand Army invades Russia

July

July 11: U.S. invades Canada (Detroit frontier)
July 12: U.S. forces led by General Hull invade Canada, War of 1812
July 22: Duke of Wellington defeats French at Battle of Salamanca, Spain
July 23: Battle of Mogilev Russia-Napolean fights Czar Alexander I

August

August 1: Rare tornado hits Westchester County, New York
August 12: Duke of Wellington's troops enter Madrid
August 16: General Hull surrenders Detroit and Michigan territory to England
August 19: U.S. warship Constitution defeats British warship Guerriere

September

September 7: Battle at Borodino: Napoleon-Kutuzov
September 14: Napoleon occupies Moscow and fires start (fire extinguished on the 19th)
September 15: French army under Napoleon reaches Kremlin, Moscow
September 16: Fire of Moscow
September 18: Fire in Moscow destroys 90% of houses and 1,000 churchs

October

October 13: Battle of Queenstown Heights, British beats U.S. attempt to invade Canada
October 19: Napoleon begins his retreat from Moscow
October 22: Duke of Wellington seizes Burgos Spain
October 23: Failed coup against emperor Napoleon
October 25: U.S. frigate United States captures British vessel Macedonian

November

November 29: Napoleon's Grand Army crosses Berezina River in retreat from Russia

December

December 2: James Madison re-elected president of U.S., E Gerry vice-pres
December 4: Peter Gaillard of Lancaster, Pennsylvania patents a horse-drawn mower
December 11: 1st newspaper on Curaeao (Curaeao Gazette and Commercial Advertiser)
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