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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1809 AD

January

January 1: Holland Brigade under Brigadier General Chasse reaches Madrid
January 5: Treaty of Dardanelles concluded between Britain and France
January 12: British take Cayenne (French Guiana) from French (until 1814)
January 20: 1st U.S. geology book published by William Maclure

February

February 1: Dutch King Louis Napoleon accepts metric system
February 3: Territory of Illinois organizes (including present-day Wisconsin)
February 8: Franz I of Austria declares war on France
February 11: Robert Fulton patents steamboat
February 13: French take Saragossa, Spain after a long siege
February 20: Supreme Court rules federal government power greater than any state

March

March 1: Embargo Act of 1807 repealed and Non-Intercourse Act signed
March 4: Madison becomes 1st president inaugurated in American-made clothes

April

April 14: Napoleon defeated Austria in the Battle of Abensberg, Bavaria
April 18: 1st run of 2,000 guineas horse race at Newmarket England
April 20: Napoleon I defeats Austria at Battle of Abensberg, Bavaria
April 22: Battle at Eckmuhl - Napoleon beats Austria arch duke Karl

May

May 5: Citizenship is denied to Jews of Canton of Aargau Switzerland
May 5: Mary Kies is 1st woman issued a U.S. patent (weaving straw)
May 17: Papal States annexed by France
May 21: Battle at Aspern-Essling: Austrian arch duke Karl beats Napoleon
May 24: Dartmoor Prison opens to house French prisoners of war

June

June 1: Allardyce Barclay begins a bet of walking 1 mile every hour for 1,000 hours. Each hour he walked a mile round trip from his home
June 6: Sweden declares independence, constitutional monarchy established
June 10: 1st U.S. steamboat to a make an ocean voyage leaves New York for Philadelphia

July

July 27: Battle at Talavera: British/Spanish army vs French army
July 30: English invasion army lands in Walcheren
July 31: 1st practical U.S. railroad track (wooden, for horse-drawn cars), Philadelphia

August

August 8: 70 disciples of Gaon of Vilnus, arrive in Israel (Palestine)
August 10: Ecuador declares independence from Spain (National Day)

September

September 18: Royal Opera House in London opens

November

November 22: Peregrine Williamson of Baltimore patents a steel pen

December

December 16: Napoleon Bonaparte divorces Empress Josephine by French Senate
December 26: English invasionary troop leaves Vlissingen
December 30: Wearing masks at balls forbidden in Boston
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