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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1803 AD

January

January 11: Monroe and Livingston sail for Paris to buy New Orleans; they buy La

February

February 4: William Dunlap, adapts French melodrama "Voice of Nature"
February 14: Apple parer patented by Moses Coats, Downington, Pennsylvania
February 19: Congress accepts Ohio's constitution, statehood not ratified till 1953
February 24: Supreme Court 1st rules a law unconstitutional (Marbury vs. Madison)
February 25: 1,800 sovereign German states unite into 60 states
February 27: Great fire in Bombay, India

March

March 1: Ohio becomes 17th state
March 3: 1st impeachment trial of a federal judge, John Pickering, begins
March 19: Johann von Schillers "Die Braut von Messina," premieres in Weimar

April

April 1: French law rules the use of intention
April 5: 1st performance of Beethoven's 2nd Symphony in D
April 26: Meteorites fall in L'Aigle, France
April 30: U.S. doubles in size through Louisiana Purchase

May

May 16: Peace of Amiens ends
May 17: John Hawkins and Richard French patent the Reaping Machine
May 18: Britain declares war on France after Napoleon Bonaparte continues interfering in Italy and Switzerland
May 22: 1st public library opens (Connecticut)

July

July 23: Robert Emmett's insurrected in Dublin

August

August 9: 1st horses arrive in Hawaii

September

September 23: Battle of Assaye-British-Indian forces beat Maratha Army

October

October 20: U.S. Senate ratifies Louisiana Purchase

November

November 18: Battle of Vertieres, in which Haitians defeat French
November 29: Dessalines and Christophe declare St. Domingue (Haiti) independent
November 30: Spain cedes her claims to Louisiana Territory to France

December

December 20: Louisiana Purchase formally transferred from France to U.S. for $27M
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