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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1797 AD

January

January 1: Albany replaces New York City as capital of NY
January 15: 1st top hat worn (John Etherington of London)
January 26: Russia, Prussia and Austria sign treaty
January 30: Congress refuses to accept 1st petitions from American blacks

February

February 4: Earthquake in Quito, Ecuador kills 41,000
February 12: Haydn's song "Gott erhalte Franz den Kaiser," premieres in Vienna
February 15: Battle of Cape St. Vincent
February 19: 1/3 of papal domain ceded to France
February 21: Trinidad, West Indies surrenders to British

March

March 4: John Adams inaugurated as 2nd president of the United States
March 13: Cherubini's opera "Medee," premieres in Paris
March 28: Nathaniel Briggs of New Hampshire patents a washing machine

April

April 18: France and Austria signs cease fire

May

May 5: Napoleon I's sister Elisa marries Felix Bacciochi
May 10: 1st Navy ship, the "United States," is launched

June

June 2: 1st ascent of "Great Mountain" (4,622') in Adirondack New York (C Broadhead)
June 6: Napoleon forms Ligurische Republic
June 26: Charles Newbold patents 1st cast-iron plow. He can't sell it to farmers, though, they fear effects of iron on soil!

July

July 8: 1st U.S. senator, William Blount of Tennessee, expelled by impeachment
July 10: 1st U.S. frigate, the "United States," is launched in Philadelphia

August

August 3: Emperor Francis I permits Jews who served in military in "Countries of Bohemian Crown" to marry non Jews
August 16: Comet C/1797 P1 (Bouvard-Herschel) approaches 0.0879 AUs of Earth

September

September 1: 2nd National Meeting in Hague
September 20: U.S. frigate Constitution (Old Ironsides) launched in Boston

October

October 11: Battle at Kamperduin: English fleet destroys Bataafse
October 11: British naval forces defeat Dutch off Camperdown, Netherlands
October 17: Peace of Campo Formio: Austrian Dutch possessions and France
October 21: U.S. Navy frigate Constitution, Old Ironsides, launched in Boston
October 22: 1st sky diver (Andre-Jacques Trim, above Paris)
October 22: Andre-Jacques Garnerin makes 1st parachute jump from balloon (Paris)
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