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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1791 AD

February

February 17: Messier catalogs M83 (spiral galaxy in Hydra)
February 25: 1st Bank of U.S. chartered

March

March 3: 1st internal revenue act (taxing distilled spirits and carriages)
March 3: Congress establishes U.S. Mint
March 4: 1st Jewish member of U.S. Congress, Israel Jacobs (PA), takes office
March 4: President Washington calls the U.S. Senate into its 1st special session
March 4: Vermont admitted as 14th state (1st addition to the 13 colonies)
March 10: John Stone, Concord, Massachusetts, patents a pile driver
March 10: Pope condemns France's Civil Constitution of the clergy
March 11: Samuel Mulliken, Philadelphia, is 1st to obtain more than 1 U.S. patent
March 21: Captain Hopley Yeaton of New Hampshire becomes 1st commissioned officer in Revenue Cutter Service

June

June 20: King Louis XVI caught trying to escape French Revolution
June 21: Fleeing French King Louis XVI and family captured at Varennes-en-Argonne

July

July 5: Jose Maria Narvaez discovers Point Grey (now Vancouver BC)

August

August 2: Samuel Briggs and his son, patent nail-making machine
August 4: Austria and Turkey sign Peace of Sistova
August 19: Benjamin Banneker published his 1st Almanac
August 20: Danish navigator Vitus Jonas Bering discovers Alaska
August 22: Haitian Slave Revolution begins under voodoo priest Boukman
August 26: John Fitch grants U.S. patent for his working steamboat

September

September 3: French Constitution passed by French National Assembly
September 6: Mozarts opera "La Clemenza di Tito," premieres in Prague
September 13: France's King Louis XVI accepts constitution
September 30: Mozart's opera "Magic Flute" premieres in Vienna

October

October 1: 1st session of new French legislative assembly
October 1: Dutch prince Willem Frederik marries his niece princess Frederika Louise Wilhelmina of Prussia

November

November 3: Battle at Wabash: indians assault general St. Clair/killed 637 soldiers
November 15: 1st Catholic college in U.S., Georgetown, opens

December

December 4: Britain's Observer, oldest Sunday newspaper in world, 1st published
December 12: Bank of U.S. opens
December 15: 1st U.S. law school established at University of Pennsylvania
December 15: Bill of Rights ratified when Virginia gave its approval
December 17: New York City traffic regulation creates 1st 1-way street
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