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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1790 AD

January

January 2: Mozart's opera "Cosi fan tutti" premieres, Vienna
January 4: President Washington delivers 1st State of the Union address
January 8: George Washington delivers 1st state of union address
January 11: Statisten and Vonckisten unite as Belgium
January 26: Mozart's opera "Cosi Fan Tutte" premieres in Vienna
January 30: Lifeboat 1st tested at sea, by Mr. Greathead, the inventor

February

February 1: Supreme Court convenes for 1st time (New York City)
February 11: Society of Friends petitions Congress for abolition of slavery

March

March 1: 1st U.S. census authorized
March 13: John Martin, 1st American-born actor, performs in Philadelphia
March 21: Thomas Jefferson reports to President Washington in New York as Secretary of State
March 22: Thomas Jefferson becomes the 1st U.S. Secretary of State
March 26: Congress passes Naturalization Act, requires 2-year residency
March 27: The shoelace invented

April

April 3: Revenue Marine Service, U.S. Coast Guard, created
April 10: Robert Gray is 1st American to circumnavigate the Earth
April 10: U.S. Patent system forms
April 30: Colonial troops occupy Bonni's marroon village

May

May 26: Territory South of River Ohio created by Congress
May 29: Rhode Is becomes last of original 13 colonies ratifying Constitution
May 31: U.S. copyright law enacted

June

June 9: 1st book copyrighted under constitution, "Philadelphia Spelling Book"

July

July 16: Congress establishes District of Columbia
July 26: U.S. passes Assumption bill making U.S. responsible for state debts
July 31: 1st U.S. patent granted, to Samuel Hopkins for a potash process

August

August 1: 1st U.S. census, population of 3,939,214
August 4: U.S. Coast Guard founded as Revenue Cutter Service
August 9: Columbia returns to Boston after 3 year journey, 1st ship to carry U.S. flag around the world
August 10: Robert Gray's Columbia, completes 1st American around world voyage
August 14: Sweden and Russia sign Peace of Verela

October

October 28: New York gives up claims to Vermont for $30,000

November

November 11: Chrysanthemums are introduced into England from China

December

December 2: Austrian army occupies Brussels
December 6: Congress meets in Philadelphia, new temporary U.S. capital
December 17: Aztec calendar stone discovered in Mexico City
December 20: 1st successful U.S. cotton mill to spin yarn (Pawtucket, RI)
December 22: Russian troops occupy Ismail on Turks
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