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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1789 AD


January 21: 1st American novel, WH Brown's "Power of Sympathy," is published
January 23: Georgetown, 1st U.S. Catholic college, founded
January 26: John Odell signs contract for 336 pounds to build St. Peter's church (Bronx)


February 1: Chinese troops driven out of Vietnam capital Thang Long
February 4: 1st electoral college chooses Washington and Adams as President and Vice President


March 2: Pennsylvania ends prohibition of theatrical performances
March 4: 1st Congress declares constitution in effect (9 senators, 13 reps)
March 10: Franklin College founded
March 11: Benjamin Banneker with L'Enfant begin to lay out Washington D.C.
March 12: U.S. Post Office established


April 1: House of Representatives 1st full meeting, New York City, F Muhlenberg 1st speaker
April 6: 1st U.S. Congress begins regular sessions, Federal Hall, New York City
April 8: House of Representives 1st meeting
April 16: George Washington heads for 1st presidential inauguration
April 21: John Adams sworn in as 1st U.S. Vice President (9 days before Washington)
April 23: President-elect George Washington moves into Franklin House, New York
April 28: Fletcher Christian leads Mutiny on HMS Bounty and Captain William Bligh
April 30: George Washington inaugurated as 1st president of the United States


May 5: French States-General for It first since 1614 together
May 7: 1st inaugurational ball (for George Washington in New York City)
May 12: Society of St. Tammany is formed by Revolutionary War soldiers. It later becomes an infamous group of New York City political bosses


June 1: 1st U.S. congressional act becomes law (on administering oaths)
June 3: Alex Mackenzie explores Mackenzie River (Canada)
June 4: U.S. constitution goes into effect
June 9: Spanish capture British schooner Northwest America near Vancouver I
June 13: Mrs. Alexander Hamilton serves ice cream for dessert to Washington
June 14: Captain William Blighs reaches Timor
June 17: 3rd Estate in France declared itself a national assembly
June 20: Oath of Tennis Court (for a new constitution) in France taken


July 4: 1st U.S. tariff act
July 11: U.S. Marine Corps created by an act of Congress
July 14: Bastille Day-French Revolution begins with the fall of Bastille
July 27: Congress establishes Department of Foreign Affairs, State Department


August 1: U.S. Customs begins enforcing Tariff Act
August 4: French National Meeting ending feudal system
August 7: Congress creates Department of War and Lighthouse Service
August 27: French National Assembly issues "Decl of Rights of Man and Citizen"
August 28: Sir William Herschel discovers Saturn's moon Enceladus


September 2: U.S. Treasury Department established by Congress
September 11: Alexander Hamilton appointed 1st Secretary of Treasury
September 13: 1st loan to U.S. Government (from New York City banks)
September 15: Department of Foreign Affairs, renamed Department of State
September 17: William Herschel discovers Mimas, satellite of Saturn
September 18: 1st loan is made to pay salaries of the presidents and Congress
September 22: Office of Postmaster General is created under the Treasury Department
September 24: Congress creates Post Office
September 24: Federal Judiciary Act is passed and creates a six-person Supreme Court
September 24: President George Washington appointed John Jay the 1st Chief Justice
September 24: U.S. Attorney General Office is created
September 25: Congress proposes Bill of Rights (10 of 12 will ratify)
September 26: Jefferson appointed 1st Secretary of State; John Jay 1st chief justice;
September 29: 1st congress adjourns
September 29: U.S. War Department established a regular army


October 3: Washington proclaims 1st national Thanksgiving Day
October 15: 1st presidental tour - George Washington in New England


November 5: Fleeing slaves under Bonni attack military post on Suriname
November 5: French National Meeting declares all citizens equal under law
November 8: Bourbon Whiskey, 1st distilled from corn by Elijah Craig, Bourbon, Kentucky
November 13: Ben Franklin writes "Nothing . . . certain but death and taxes"
November 20: New Jersey is 1st state to ratify Bill of Rights
November 21: North Carolina ratifies constitution, becomes 12th U.S. state
November 26: 1st national Thanksgiving
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