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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1787 AD

January

January 11: Titania and Oberon, moons of Uranus, discovered by William Herschel
January 25: Shays' Rebellion suffers a setback when debt-ridden farmers, led by Captain Daniel Shays, fail to capture an arsenal at Springfield, Mass
January 28: Philadelphia's Free Africa Society organizes

February

February 4: 1st Anglican bishops of New York and Pennsylvania consecrated in London
February 4: Shays' Rebellion (of debt-ridden Massachusetts farmers) fails
February 18: Austrian emperor Jozef II bans children under 8 from labor

April

April 12: Philadelphia's Free African Society forms
April 16: 1st American comedy, "The Contrast," made its debut in New York City

May

May 6: 1st Black Masonic Lodge (African # 459) forms Prince Hall, Boston
May 10: Parliament impeaches Warren Hastings
May 13: Arthur Phillip sets sails with 11 ships of criminals to Botany Bay
May 14: Delegates gather in Philadelphia to draw up U.S. constitution
May 17: English slave ship Sisters, from Africa to Cuba, capsizes
May 25: Constitutional convention opens at Philadelphia, George Washington presiding
May 29: "Virginia Plan" proposed

June

June 12: Law passes providing a senator must be at least 30 years old

July

July 2: De Sade shouts from Bastille that prisoners are being slaughtered
July 6: French government proclaims end to stamp/land tax
July 6: Orange troops occupy Area at Duurstede
July 13: Congress establishes Northwest Territory (excludes slavery)
July 13: Ord of 1787-a territory can become 3 to 5 states at 60,000 pop
July 15: Parliament of Paris banished to Troyes

August

August 2: Horace the Saussure reaches top of Mont Blanc
August 6: Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia begans debate
August 10: Mozart completes his "Eine small Nachtmusik"
August 10: Turkey declares war on Russia
August 17: Jews are granted permission in Budapest Hungary to pray in groups
August 19: W Herschel discovers Enceladus, a moon of Saturn
August 22: John Fitch's steamboat completes its tests, years before Fulton
August 24: Wolfgang A Mozart completes his viola sonata in A, K526

September

September 12: Black Masons form 1st lodge
September 13: Prussian army moves into Netherlands
September 15: Utrecht patriots flee to Amsterdam
September 17: Prussian troops conquer Gorinchem
September 17: U.S. constitution adopted by Philadelphia convention
September 20: Prince Willem V returns to Hague
September 27: Constitution submitted to states for ratification
September 28: Congress sends Constitution to state legislatures for their approval
September 30: 1st U.S. voyage around the world - Columbia leaves Boston

October

October 2: Maagden House opens in Amsterdam
October 10: Amsterdam surrenders to Prussian invasion army
October 17: Boston blacks, petition legislature for equal school facilities
October 26: "Federalist Papers" published, calls for ratification of Constitution
October 27: Federalist letters start appearing in New York newspapers
October 29: Opera "Don Giovanni" is produced (Prague)

November

November 1: 1st free school in New York City (African Free School) opens
November 18: 1st Unitarian minister in U.S. ordained, Boston
November 21: Andrew Jackson admitted to bar
November 30: Spanish governor leaves Philippines

December

December 6: Laurens Pieter van de Speigel appointed Dutch pension advisor
December 7: Delaware becomes 1st state to ratify constitution
December 12: Pennsylvania becomes 2nd state to ratify U.S. constitution
December 18: New Jersey becomes 3rd state to ratify constitution
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