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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1783 AD

January

January 14: Congress ratifies peace treaty between U.S. and England
January 20: Hostilities cease in Revolutionary War

February

February 1: William Herschel announces star Lambda Herculis as apex
February 3: Spain recognizes U.S. independence
February 4: Worst quake in 8 years kills some 50,000 (Calabria, Italy)
February 5: Earthquakes ravage Calabria, killing 30,000
February 5: Sweden recognizes U.S. independence

March

March 5: King Stanislaus Augustus Poniatowski grants rights to Jews of Kovno

April

April 3: Sweden and U.S. sign a treaty of Amity and Commerce
April 8: Catharina II of Russia annexes the Krim
April 9: Tippu Sahib drives out English from Bednore India

May

May 4: Herschel reports seeing a red glow near lunar crater Aristarchus
May 30: Benjamin Tower of Philadelphia publishes 1st daily newspaper in U.S.

June

June 4: Montgolfier brothers launch 1st hot-air balloon, unmanned
June 5: Joseph and Jacques Montgolfier make 1st public balloon flight
June 8: Laki Volcano in southern Iceland begins 8-month eruption

July

July 15: 1st steamboat, Pyroscaphe, 1st run in France
July 24: Georgia becomes a protectorate of tsarist Russia
July 29: Skaptar Volcano on Iceland erupts killing about 9,000

August

August 27: 1st hydrogen balloon flight (unmanned); reaches 900 m altitude

September

September 3: Treaty of Paris signed (ending U.S. Revolutionary War)

October

October 6: Benjamin Hanks patents self-winding clock
October 15: Jean Pilatre de Rozier makes captive-balloon ascent

November

November 1: Continental Army dissolved; George Washington's "Farewell Address"
November 2: General Washington bids farewell to his army
November 3: Washington orders Continental Army disbanded
November 21: Pilatre de Rozier and Marquis d'Arlandes make 1st free balloon flight
November 23: Annapolis Maryland, becomes U.S. capital (until June 1784)
November 25: Britain evacuates New York City, their last military position in US

December

December 1: Charles and M N Roberts ascend 2,000' in hydrogen balloon
December 1: J van North launches unmanned balloon
December 4: General Washington bids officers farewell at Fraunce's Tavern, New York City
December 7: Theatre Royal opens in Covent Garden, London
December 7: William Pitt, Jr. (24) becomes British premier
December 9: 1st execution at English Newgate-jail
December 18: English king George III fires government of Portland
December 19: English government of Pitt, Jr. forms
December 23: Washington resigns as U.S. Army's commander-in-chief
December 31: Import of African slaves banned by all of the Northern states
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