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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1781 AD

January

January 4: Andre Mechain discovers M80 (globular cluster in Scorpio)
January 5: British naval expedition led by Benedict Arnold burns Richmond, Va
January 6: Battle of Jersey (Island in UK)
January 20: 1st edition of Pieter It Hoens "Post of Neder-Rhijn" published
January 29: Mozart's opera "Idomeneo" premieres, Munich
January 30: Articles of Confederation ratified by 13th state, Maryland

February

February 3: Dutch West Indies island of St. Eustatia taken by British

March

March 1: Continental Congress adopts Articles of Confederation
March 13: Sir William Herschel sees "comet" (really discovered Uranus)
March 15: Battle of Guilford Court House, North Carolina (British suffer heavy losses)

April

April 8: Premiere of Mozart's violin sonata K379
April 29: French fleet occupies Tobago
April 29: French fleet stopped Britain from seizing the Cape of Good Hope

May

May 1: Emperor Jozef II decrees protection of population
May 26: Bank of North America incorporates in Philadelphia

June

June 3: Jack Jouett rides to warn Jefferson of British attack

July

July 11: Thomas Hutchins designated Geographer of US

August

August 1: English army under general Cornwallis occupies Yorktown, Virginia
August 5: Battle at Doggers Bank: Dutch fleet vs English fleet
August 20: George Washington begins to move his troops south to fight Cornwallis
August 30: French fleet of 24 ships under Comte de Grasse defeat British under Admiral Graves at battle of Chesapeake Capes in Revolutionary War

September

September 4: Los Angeles founded by 44 in Bahia de las Fumas, (Valley of Smokes)
September 5: Battle of Virginia Capes, French defeat British, traps Cornwallis
September 25: Joan Derks scatters "On the People of Netherlands" pamphlets
September 28: 9,000 American forces and 7,000 French forces begin siege of Yorktown

October

October 6: Americans and French begin siege of Cornwallis at Yorktown; last battle of Revolutionary War
October 16: Washington takes Yorktown
October 17: Cornwallis defeated at Yorktown
October 19: Cornwallis surrenders at Yorktown at 2 PM; Revolutionary War ends

November

November 5: John Hanson elected 1st "President of U.S. in Congress assembled"
November 13: English troops occupy Negapatam Ceylon

December

December 31: Bank of North America, 1st U.S. bank opens
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