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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1778 AD


January 18: Captain James Cook stumbles over Sandwich Islands (Hawaiian Islands)
January 20: 1st American military court martial trial begins, Cambridge, Mass
January 27: Piccinni's opera "Roland" premieres, Paris


February 5: Articles of Confederation ratified by 1st state, South Carolina
February 6: England declares war on France
February 6: France recognizes U.S., signs treaty of aid in Paris; 1st U.S. treaty
February 14: "Stars and Stripes" arrives in foreign port for 1st time (France)
February 23: Baron von Steuben joins Continental Army at Valley Forge
February 28: Rhode Island General Assembly authorizes enlistment of slaves


March 7: Captain James Cook 1st sights Oregon coast, at Yaquina Bay
March 15: Nootka Sound, Vancouver Is discovered by Captain Cook
March 22: Captain Cook sights Cape Flattery, in Washington state
March 30: Playwright Voltaire crowned with laurel wreath


April 1: Oliver Pollock, a New Orleans businessman, creates "$" symbol


June 18: British Redcoats evacuate Philadelphia
June 19: Washington's troops finally leave Valley Forge
June 24: David Rittenhouse observes a total solar eclipse in Philadelphia
June 27: Liberty Bell came home to Philadelphia after the British had left
June 28: Battle of Monmouth, New Jersey (General Washington beats Clinton)
June 28: Mary Ludwig Hayes "Molly Pitcher" aids American patriots


July 3: British forces massacre 360 men, women and children in Wyoming, Pa
July 3: Prussia declares war on Austria
July 8: George Washington headquarters at West Point for his Continental Army


August 3: Teatro alla Scala opens in Milan
August 9: Captain Cook reaches Cape Prince of Wales, Bering straits
August 31: British kill 17 Stockbridge indians in Bronx during Revolution


September 4: City Amsterdam signs trade agreement with U.S. rebels
September 17: 1st treaty between the U.S. and Indian tribes signed (Fort Pitt)


October 3: Captain Cook anchors at Alaska


November 11: Iroquois Indians in New York kill 40 in Cherry Valley Massacre
November 26: Captain Cook discovers Maui in the Sandwich Islands, now Hawaii


December 29: English troops occupy Savannah, Georgia
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