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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1777 AD

January

January 3: Washington defeats British at Battle of Princeton, NJ
January 12: Mission Santa Clara de Asis founded in California
January 15: People of New Connecticut, Vermont, declare independence from England
January 16: Vermont declares independence from NY
January 18: San Jose, California, founded

February

February 5: Georgia becomes 1st U.S. state to abolish both entail and primogeniture
February 13: de Sade arrested without charge, imprisoned in Vincennes fortress
February 16: Messier adds M53 to his catalog (globular cluster in Coma Berenice)
February 21: English ambassador Joseph Yorke demands dismissal of Governor John de Graaff for saluting U.S. flag

April

April 14: New York adopts new constitution as an independent state
April 16: Battle of Bennington-New England's Green Mountain Boys rout Brits
April 20: New York adopts new constitution as an independent state
April 26: Sybil Ludington, 16, rode from New York to Ct rallying her fathers militia

May

May 1: RB Sheridans "School for Scandal," premieres in London
May 12: 1st ice cream advertisement (Philip Lenzi-NY Gazette)
May 13: University library at Vienna opens

June

June 13: Leonard Norcross patents a submarine diving suit
June 13: Marquis de Lafayette lands in US
June 14: Continental Congress adopts Stars and Stripes replacing Grand Union flag

July

July 2: Vermont becomes 1st American colony to abolish slavery
July 6: British General Burgoyne captures Fort Ticonderoga from Americans
July 8: Vermont becomes 1st state abolishing slavery, adopts male suffrage
July 31: Marquis de Lafayette, 19, made major-general of Continental Army

August

August 4: Retired British cavalry officer Philip Astley establishes 1st circus
August 16: Americans defeat British in Battle of Bennington, Vt

September

September 11: Battle of Brandywine, Pa; Americans lose to British
September 19: Battle of Freeman's Farm (Bemis Heights) or 1st Battle of Saratoga
September 20: Paoli massacre
September 25: English general William Howe conquers Philadelphia
September 26: British troops occupy Philadelphia during American Revolution
September 27: Battle of Germantown; Washington defeated by British
September 27: English General William Howe occupies Philadelphia
September 30: Congress, flees to York Pa, as British forces advance

October

October 4: Battle of Germantown
October 4: General George Washington's troops attacked British at Germantown, Pennsylvania
October 5: Washington begins assault on Germantown, Penn
October 6: Battle of Germantown; Washington defeated by British
October 7: Americans beat Brits in 2nd Battle of Saratoga and Battle of Bemis Hts
October 15: Major James Graves Simcoe appointed commandant of Queen's Rangers
October 17: British General John Burgoyne surrenders at Saratoga NY

November

November 15: Articles of Confederation adopted by Continental Congress

December

December 2: British General Howe plots attack on Washington's army for Dec 4
December 8: Captain Cook leaves Society Islands
December 17: France recognizes independence of English colonies in America
December 17: ,George Washingtons army returns to Valley Forge Pennsylvania
December 18: 1st national Thanksgiving Day, commemorating Burgoyne's surrender
December 19: Washington settles his troops at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania for winter
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