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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1776 AD


January 1: General George Washington hoists Continental Union Flag
January 2: 1st revolutionary flag displayed
January 2: Austria ends interregation torture
January 5: Assembly of New Hampshire adopts its 1st state constitution
January 10: "Common Sense" by Thomas Paine, published
January 16: Continental Congress approves enlistment of free blacks


February 8: Wolfgang von Goethes' "Stella," premieres in Hamburg
February 17: 1st volume of Gibbon's "Decline and Fall of Roman Empire" published


March 2: Americans begin shelling British troops in Boston
March 3: U.S. commodore Esek Hopkins occupies Nassau Bahamas
March 17: British forces evacuate Boston to Nova Scotia during Revolutionary War
March 25: Continental Congress authorized a medal for George Washington


April 1: Friedrich von Klinger's "Sturm und Drang," premieres in Leipzig
April 3: Washington receives honorary Ll.D. degree from Harvard College
April 12: Halifax resolution for independence adopted by North Carolina
April 15: Duchess of Kingston found guilty of bigamy


May 1: Adam Weishaupt founds secret society of Illuminati
May 2: France and Spain agreed to give weapons to American rebels
May 4: Rhode Island declares independence from England
May 12: Turgot, French minister of Finance, resigns


June 7: Richard Lee moves Declaration of Independence in Continental Congress
June 10: Continental Congress appoints a committee to write a Declaration of Independence
June 11: Continental Congress create a committee to draft Declaration of Independence
June 12: Virginia adopts Declaration of Rights
June 23: Final draft of Declaration of Independence submitted to U.S. Congress
June 28: Charleston, South Carolina repulses British sea attack
June 29: Mission Dolores founded by San Francisco Bay
June 29: Virginia state constitution adopted and Patrick Henry made governor


July 1: 1st vote on Declaration of Independence
July 2: Continental Congress resolves "these United Colonies are and of right ought to be Free and Independent States"
July 4: Declaration of Independence - U.S. gains independence from Britain
July 6: Declaration of Independence announced on front page of "Pennsylvania Evening Gazette"
July 8: John Nixon gave 1st public reading of Decleration of Independence in Philadelphia
July 9: Declaration of Independence is read to George Washington's troops, New York
July 12: Captain Cook departs with Resolution for 3rd trip to Pacific Ocean


August 2: Formal signing of Declaration of Independence
August 27: British defeat Americans in Battle of Long Island
August 29: Americans withdraw from Manhattan to Westchester
August 30: U.S. Army evacuates Long Island/falls back to Manhattan, New York City


September 6: 1st (failed) submarine attack (David Bushnell's "Turtle" attacks British sailboat "Eagle" in Bay of New York)
September 6: Hurricane hits Martinique; 100 French and Dutch ships sinks; 600 die
September 9: Continental Congress renames "United Colonies," "US"
September 10: George Washington asks for a spy volunteer, Nathan Hale volunteers
September 12: Nathan Hale leaves Harlem Heights Camp (127th St) for spy mission
September 15: British forces capture Kip's Bay Manhattan during Revolution
September 17: Presidio of San Francisco forms as a Spanish fort
September 21: Nathan Hale, spied on British for American rebels, arrested
September 24: 1st St. Leger horesrace held at Doncaster
September 24: St. Leger horse race run for 1st time


October 9: Mission Dolores founded by San Francisco Bay
October 11: Brigadier General Arnold's Lake Champlain fleet defeated by British
October 12: British Brigade begins guarding Throgg Necks Road in Bronx
October 18: Battle of Pelham: Col John Glover and Marblehead regiment meet British Forces in Bronx
October 18: In a New York bar decorated with bird tail, customer orders "cock tail"
October 28: Battle of White Plains; Washington retreats to NJ


November 1: Mission San Juan Capistrano founded in California
November 16: 1st gun salute - for U.S. Andrea Doria at Ft. St. Eustatius
November 16: British troops captured Fort Washington during American Revolution
November 18: Hessians capture Ft. Lee, NJ
November 28: Washington and his troops cross Delaware River
November 30: Captain Cook begins 3rd and last trip to Pacific (South Sea)


December 5: 1st U.S. fraternity, Phi Beta Kappa (William and Mary College), forms
December 8: George Washington's retreating army crosses Delaware River from New Jersey
December 19: Thomas Paine published his 1st "American Crisis" essay, in which he wrote, "These are the times that try men's souls"
December 23: Continental Congress negotiates a war loan of $181,500 from France
December 23: Thomas Paine writes "These are the times that try men's souls"
December 25: Washington crosses Delaware and surprises and defeats 1,400 Hessians
December 26: Battle of Trenton-major British defeat
December 26: George Washington defeats Hessians at Trenton
December 31: Rhode Island establishes wage and price controls to curb inflation: Limit is 70 cents a day for carpenters, 42 cents for tailors
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