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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1774 AD

January

January 11: Messier adds M51 (spiral galaxy in Canes Venatici) to his catalog
January 30: Captain Cook reaches 71 degrees 10' S, 1820 km from S pole (record)

February

February 10: Andrew Becker demonstrates diving suit
February 22: English House of Lords rules authors do not have perpetual copyright

March

March 4: 1st sighting of Orion nebula (William Herschel)
March 7: Boston Port Bill passes, British close port of Boston to all commerce on June 1st 1774
March 25: English Parliament passes Boston Port Bill
March 28: Britain passes Coercive Act against Massachusetts

April

April 19: CW Glucks opera "Iphigenia in Aulis," premieres in Paris
April 30: Pope Clement XIV proclaims a universal jubilee

May

May 10: Louis XVI ascends to throne of France
May 20: Britain gives Quebec, Labrador and territory north of Ohio
May 23: Chestertown tea party occurs (tea dumped into Chester River)
May 28: 1st Continental Congress convenes (Virginia)

June

June 1: Boston Port Bill, British government orders Port of Boston closed
June 2: England passed Quartering Act, mandating Colonists must board English troops in their homes
June 11: Jews of Algiers escape attack of Spanish Army
June 13: Rhode Island becomes 1st colony to prohibit importation of slaves
June 22: English parliament accepts Quebec Act

July

July 12: Citizens of Carlisle Penn, pass a declaration of independence
July 12: Cossack leader Emilian Pugachevs army occupies Kazan
July 17: Captain Cook arrives at New Hebrides (Vanuata)
July 21: Peace of Kutsjuk Kainardji (end Russian-Turkish War)
July 31: Joseph Priestley discovers oxygen

August

August 1: Priestly discovers oxygen
August 6: Founder of the Shaker Movement, Mother Ann Lee, arrives in NY
August 10: 1st Surinam newspaper (1st Wednesday Suriname) begins publishing

September

September 5: 1st Continental Congress assembles, in Philadelphia
September 15: Cossack Emilian Pugachev captured

October

October 14: 1st American colonial decl of rights with sinking of Peggy Stewart
October 14: 1st Continental Congress is 1st to declare colonial rights, Philadelphia
October 20: Continental Congress orders discouragment of entertainment
October 26: 1st Continental Congress adjourns in Philadelphia
October 26: Minute Men organized in colonies

December

December 13: 1st incident of Revolution-400 attack Ft. William and Mary, New Hampshire
December 14: Mass militiamen successfully attacked arsenal of Ft. William and Mary
December 18: Empress Maria Theresa expels Jews from Prague, Bohemia and Moravia
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