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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1772 AD

January

January 1: 1st traveller's checks issued (London)

February

February 12: Yves de Kerguelen of France discovers Kerguelen Archipelago, India
February 17: 1st partition of Poland-Russia and Prussia, joined later by Austria

March

March 13: Gotthold Lessing's "Emilia Calotti," premieres in Brunswick

April

April 30: John Clais patents 1st scale

May

May 11: Amsterdam theater destroyed by fire, 18 killed

June

June 6: Haitian explorer Jean Baptiste-Pointe Dusable settles Chicago
June 9: 1st naval attack of Revolutionary War takes place in Providence, RI
June 9: 1st Protestant church west of Penn (in Ohio) holds communion
June 10: Burning of Gaspee, British revenue cutter, by Rhode Islanders
June 22: Slavery outlawed in England

July

July 13: Captain James Cook begins 2nd trip (Resolution) to South Seas

August

August 5: 1st partition of Poland, between Austria, Prussia and Russia
August 11: Explosive eruption blows 4,000' off Papandayan Java, kills 3,000
August 19: Gustav III seizes effective control of Swedish government and restores full power of monarchy, which had been subordinate to parliament since 1720
August 31: Hurricane destroy ships off Dominica

September

September 1: Mission San Luis Obispo de Tolosa forms in California
September 26: New Jersey passes bill requiring a license to practice medicine

October

October 30: Captain Cook arrives with ship Resolution in Capetown

November

November 2: Boston: anti-English Committee of Correspondence forms

December

December 22: Moravian missionary constructs 1st schoolhouse west of Allegheny
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