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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1709 AD

January

January 5: Sudden extreme cold kills 1000s of Europeans
January 11: Colley Cibber's "Rival Fools," premieres in London

February

February 1: Alexander Selkirk [Robinson Crusoe] rescued from Juan Fernandez
February 2: British sailor Alexander Selkirk is rescued after being marooned on a desert island for 5 years, his story inspires "Robinson Crusoe"
February 12: Alexander Selkirk, Scottish seaman is rescued after 4+ years from Fernandez Island (inspiration for Daniel Defoe's "Robinson Crusoe")

March

March 27: Dike at Hardinxveld breaks (Alblasserwaard flooded)

April

April 12: 1st edition of Tattler magazine in England
April 26: Frisian viceroy Johan Willem Friso marries countess Maria Louisa

July

July 8: Battle of Poltava; Russians defeat Swedes

August

August 8: 1st known ascent in hot-air balloon, Bartolomeu de Gusmao (indoors)

September

September 3: 1st major group of Swiss/German colonists reaches NC/SC
September 11: Battle at Malplaquet: England/Austria/Dutch Great Alliance beat France

October

October 29: England/Netherlands sign anti-French "Barrieretraktaat"
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