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Events and People Who Made History in the Year 1659 AD

January

January 14: Battle at Elvas: Portuguese beat Spanish
January 24: Pierre Corneille's "Oedipe," premieres in Paris

February

February 16: 1st known check (400 pounds) (on display at Westminster Abbey)

April

April 22: Lord protector Cromwell disbands English parliament

May

May 22: France, England and Netherlands sign "Hedges Concerto" treaty
May 25: Richard Cromwell resigns as English Lord Protector
May 31: Netherlands, England and France sign Treaty of The Hague

July

July 16: Princess Henriette C of Orange-Nassau weds monarch Johan George II

September

September 30: Peter Stuyvesant of New Netherlands forbids tennis playing during religious services (1st mention of tennis in U.S.)
September 30: Robinson Crusoe is shipwrecked (according to Defoe)

October

October 12: English Rump-government fires John Lambert and other generals
October 13: General-major John Lambert drives out English Rump-govt

November

November 7: Peace of Pyreneeen: French king Louis XIV and Spanish king Philip IV
November 25: Michiel de Ruyter conquerors Danish city Nyborg

December

December 16: General Monck demands free parliamentary election in Scotland
December 26: Long Parliament reforms in Westminster
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