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Events and People Who Made History on September 9

8th Century

701 - St. Sergius I ends his reign as Catholic Pope

15th Century

1492 - Columbus' fleet sets sail west

16th Century

1513 - Battle of Flodden Fields; English defeat James IV of Scotland
1556 - Pope Paul IV refuses to crown Ferdinand of Austria emperor
1561 - Sermon of Poissy
1567 - Lomaraal van Egmond and Philip van Hoorne captured
1591 - Battle at Flores Azores: Spanish beat English

17th Century

1675 - New England colonies declare war on Wampanoag indians
1683 - Expelled Polish and Lotharings reach Wienerwald

18th Century

1753 - 1st steam engine arrives in U.S. colonies
1776 - Continental Congress renames "United Colonies," "US"

19th Century

1817 - Alexander Lucius Twilight, probably 1st black to graduate from U.S. college, receives BA degree at Middlebury College
1830 - Charles Durant, 1st U.S. aeronaut, flies a balloon from Castle Garden, New York City to Perth Amboy, NJ
1839 - John Herschel takes 1st glass plate photograph
1841 - Great Lakes steamer "Erie" sinks off Silver Creek NY, kills 300
1850 - California becomes 31st state
1850 - Territories of New Mexico and Utah created
1861 - Sally Tompkins is only Confederate Army female commissioned officer
1862 - Lee splits his army and sends Jackson to capture Harpers Ferry
1863 - Battle of Cumberland Gap, TN
1867 - Luxembourg gains independence
1875 - Lotta's Fountain (Kearny and Market) dedicated
1881 - Egyptian military coup under colonel Arab "El Wahid"
1892 - E E Barnard at Lick discovers Amalthea, 5th Jupiter moon
1895 - American Bowling Congress forms (New York City)
1898 - Ottawa Football Club re-organizes into the Rough Riders
1899 - French Captain Alfred Dreyfus sentenced on unjust grounds

20th Century

1903 - 6 km long Engadin-railroad tunnel of Switzerland inaugurated
1904 - Boston Herald again refers to New York baseball club as Yankees, when it reports "Yankees take 2," Yankee name not official till 1913
1904 - Mounted police 1st used in New York City
1908 - Orville Wright makes 1st 1-hour airplane flight, Fort Myer, Va
1908 - Russia takes part of Poland
1909 - Jack Johnson fights Al Kaufman to no decision in 10 for boxing title
1911 - 1st European airpost (Hendon to Windsor, England)
1912 - J Verdrines becomes 1st to fly over 100 mph (107 mph/172 kph)
1914 - Battle of Marne (German advance stalls, Paris saved)
1914 - Belgian offensive from Antwerp
1914 - Boston Brave George Davis no-hits Philadelphia Phillies, 7-0
1918 - Dutch government of Ruijs de Beerenbrouck forms
1919 - Boston's police force forms strike
1922 - St. Louis Brown "Baby Doll" Jacobson hits 3 triples beating Tigers 16-0
1922 - Turkish troops conquer Smyrna/murder Greek citizens
1922 - William T. Cosgrave replaces Irish premier Collins
1923 - Albin Stenroos runs world record 20 km (1:07:11.2)
1926 - National Broadcasting Co created by Radio Corporation of America
1926 - Train disaster at Wassenaar, Netherlands, 4 die
1927 - Tony Lazzeri Day at Yankee Stadium
1928 - Silvio Cator of Haiti, sets then long jump record at 26' "
1932 - Frank Crosetti ties record, striking out twice in 1 inning
1932 - Mine strikes at Belgian Borinage ended
1932 - Spanish Cortes grants Catalonia autonomy
1932 - Steamboat SS Observation explodes in New York City East River (71 killed)
1933 - 53rd U.S. Mens Tennis: Fred Perry beats Jack Crawford (63 1113 46 60 61)
1934 - Armas Toivonen becomes 1st European marathoner (2:52:29.0)
1934 - G Kaufman and M Hart's "Merrily We Roll Along," premieres in New York City
1936 - Yankees sweep Indians, New York clinches pennant on earliest date in history
1939 - Nazi army reaches Warsaw
1940 - 28 German aircraft shot down above England
1940 - 60th U.S. Mens Tennis: W D McNeill beats Robert L Riggs (46 68 63 63 75)
1942 - Compulsory work for women, children and old males in Batavia
1942 - Japanese planes drop incendiary bombs on Oregon
1943 - 15 German JU-88's sink Italian flag ship Rome
1943 - Lieutenant-general Bradley flies from Algiers to to Marrakech/Prestwick
1943 - Red Army occupies Bachmatsj
1943 - U.S., British and French troops land in Salerno (operation Avalanche)
1944 - Allied forces liberate Luxembourg
1944 - Bulgaria liberated from Nazi control (National Day)
1944 - Resistance fighter Jaap Musch arrested in Nijverdal, Netherlands
1944 - U.S. 113th cavalry passes Belg-Dutch borders
1944 - Very strong hurricane hits Netherland
1945 - 1st "bug" in a computer program discovered by Grace Hopper, a moth was removed with tweasers from a relay and taped into the log
1945 - Japanese in S Korea, Taiwan, China, Indochina surrender to Allies
1945 - Jimmie Foxx hits his 534th and final home run
1945 - Philadelphia A's Dick Fowler no-hits St. Louis Brown, 1-0
1948 - Bkln Dodger Rex Barney no-hits New York Giants, 2-0
1948 - "Hilarities (of 1949)" opens at Adelphi Theater New York City for 14 performances
1948 - People's Democratic Republic of Korea proclaimed
1950 - 1st use of TV laugh track - Hank McCune
1950 - Massive arrests of communists in France
1950 - "Texas, Li'l Darlin'" closes at Mark Hellinger New York City after 293 performances
1950 - "Where's Chartev?" closes at St. James Theater New York City after 792 performances
1951 - 1st broadcast of "Love of Life" on CBS-TV
1951 - Louise Suggs wins LPGA Carrollton Georgia Golf Open
1953 - KGTV TV channel 10 in San Diego, California (ABC/NBC) begins broadcasting
1953 - WFIE TV channel 14 in Evansville, IN (NBC) begins broadcasting
1954 - Earthquake strikes Orleansville, Algeria: 1,400 killed
1954 - Indians becomes 1st Cleveland team to win 100 games in a season
1955 - Don Zimmer, hits 4,000th Dodger home run
1955 - Louise Suggs wins LPGA St. Louis Golf Open
1956 - 70th U.S. Womens Tennis: Shirley J Fry beats Althea Gibson (63 64)
1956 - 76th U.S. Mens Tennis: Ken Rosewall beats Lewis Hoad (46 62 63 63)
1956 - African Party for Liberation of Guinea-Bissau and Cape Verde forms
1956 - Elvis Presley's 1st appearance on Ed Sullivan's Show
1957 - "Diana" by Paul Anka reaches #1
1957 - Nashville's new Hattie Cotton Elementary School dynamited
1957 - President Eisenhower signs 1st civil rights bill since Reconstruction
1958 - Pirate Roberto Clemente ties record of 3 triples in a game
1958 - Race riots in Notting Hill Gate, London
1960 - 4th American Football League plays 1st game (Denver 13, Boston 10)
1961 - Maria Beale Fletcher (NC), 19, crowned 34th Miss America 1962
1962 - 76th U.S. Womens Tennis: Margaret Smith Court beats Darlene Hard (97 64)
1962 - 82nd U.S. Mens Tennis: Rodney G Laver beats Roy Emerson (62 64 57 64)
1962 - Shirley Englehorn wins LPGA Eugene Golf Open
1962 - Soviet economist Liberman plead for autonomous businesses
1962 - WNYS (now WIXT) TV channel 9 in Syracuse, New York (ABC) begins broadcasting
1963 - Alabama Governor George Wallace served a federal injunction to stop orders of state police to bar black students from enrolling in white schools
1963 - Landslide into Vaiont Dam emptys lake, kills 3-4,000 (Italy)
1964 - East Germany government allows short visits to West Germany
1964 - John Osborne's "Inadmissable Evidence," premieres in London
1965 - Francois Mitterrand nominated for French presidency
1965 - Sandy Koufax pitches his 4th no-hitter, a perfect game vs Cubs (1-0)
1965 - Tibet is made an autonomous region of China
1967 - 1st successful Test flight of a Saturn V
1967 - Debra Dene Barnes (Kansas), 20, crowned 40th Miss America 1968
1967 - Uganda declares independence from Great Britain
1968 - 1st U.S. Open, held as an "open" (Arthur Ashe-wins)
1968 - Arthur Ashe defeats Tom Okker to win U.S. Tennis Open
1968 - Minn Tommy Krammer passes for 6 touchdowns vs Green Bay (42-7)
1968 - WGIQ TV channel 43 in Louisville, AL (PBS) begins broadcasting
1968 - WVPT TV channel 51 in Staunton, Virginia (PBS) begins broadcasting
1969 - Allegheny 853 collides with Piper Cherokee above Indiana, kills 82
1969 - Seaplane crashes at Indianapolis, kills 83
1969 - Smallest U.S. Tennis Open single session-131 (men's doubles final only)
1969 - WCVN TV channel 54 in Covington, Kentucky (PBS) begins broadcasting
1970 - Bowie Kuhn suspends Denny McLain for carrying a gun
1971 - 1,000 convicts riot and seize Attica, New York prison
1971 - John Lennon and Yoko Ono appear on Dick Cavett Show (ABC-TV)
1971 - John Lennon releases "Imagine" album
1971 - NHL great Gordie Howe retires
1972 - 86th U.S. Womens Tennis: Billie Jean M King beats K Melville (63 75)
1972 - Terry Anne Meeuwsen (Wisc), 23, crowned 45th Miss America 1973
1973 - 93rd U.S. Mens Tennis: John Newcombe beats Jan Kodes (64 16 46 62 62)
1973 - Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Dallas Civitan Golf Open
1974 - 88th U.S. Womens Tennis: B J M King beats E Goolagong Cawley (36 63 75)
1975 - Viking 2 Mars probe launch
1977 - 1st TRS-80 computer sold
1977 - Tiger rookies Lou Whitaker and Allan Trammell debut together and will play together for 19 years
1978 - 3rd game of Boston Massacre; Yankees beat Red Sox 7-0
1978 - 92nd U.S. Womens Tennis: Chris E L Mills beats Pam Shriver (75 64)
1978 - Baltimore Orioles pull their 7th triple play (5-4-3 vs Toronto)
1978 - Iraqi Ayatollah Khomeini calls for uprising in Irani army
1978 - Kylene Barker (Virginia), crowned 51st Miss America 1979
1979 - 31st Emmy Awards: Taxi, Lou Grant, Ron Leibman and Ruth Gordon
1979 - 93rd U.S. Womens Tennis: Tracy Austin beats C E Lloyd Mills (64 63)
1979 - 99th U.S. Mens Tennis: John McEnroe beats Vitas Gerulaitis (75 63 63)
1979 - Sally Little wins LPGA Columbia Savings Golf Classic
1979 - Sid Bernstein offers $ billion for a Beatle reunion
1979 - Yusef Islam (Cat Stevens) weds Fouzia Ali at Kensington Mosque
1981 - Vernon Jordan resigns as president of National Urban League
1982 - Columbia mated with SRBs and external tank in preparation for STS-5
1982 - Conestoga 1, 1st private commercial rocket, makes suborbital flight
1982 - "Your Arms are Too Short..." opens at Alvin New York City for 69 performances
1983 - Challenger returns to Kennedy Space Center via Sheppard AFB, Texas
1983 - Radio Shack announces their color computer 2 (Coco2)
1983 - Vitas Gerulatis bets his house that Martina Navratilova can't beat 100th ranked male tennis player
1984 - 104th U.S. Mens Tennis: John McEnroe beats Ivan Lendl (63 64 61)
1984 - Amy Alcott wins LPGA Portland Ping Golf Championship
1984 - California Angel Michael Witt is 11th to pitch a perfect baseball game
1985 - President Reagan orders sanctions against South Africa
1985 - Race riot in Birmingham England
1986 - New York City jury indicts Gennadly Zakharov (Soviet United Nations employee) of spying
1987 - Gary Hart admits on "Nightline," to cheating on his wife
1987 - Largest U.S. Tennis Open single night session (total) 21,016
1987 - Larry Bird (Celtics), begins NBA free throw streak of 59
1987 - Nolan Ryan strikes out his 4,500th batter
1988 - Braves Bruce Sutter joins Fingers and Gossage to save 300 games
1988 - Chris Evert defaults at U.S. Open due to a stomach flu
1988 - U.S. swamps New Zealand at 27th America's Cup: New Zealand set to appeal
1989 - 103rd U.S. Womens Tennis: Steffi Graf beats M Navratilova (36 75 61)
1990 - 110th U.S. Mens Tennis: Pete Sampras beats Andre Agassi (64 63 62)
1990 - Bush and Gorbachev meet in Helsinki and urge Iraq to leave Kuwait
1990 - Liberia president Samuel K Doe is captured by Mr. Johnson's forces
1990 - Oakland beats New York 7-3 to complete a 12-game sweep of Yankees this year
1990 - Patty Sheehan wins LPGA Ping-Cellular One Golf Championship
1991 - Only 1,695 fans watch Boston Red Sox play Cleveland
1992 - 1st time Baltimore Orioles draw 3 million fans at home
1992 - 9th MTV Awards: Howard Stern appears as Fartman
1992 - Robin Yount, is 17th to get 3,000 hits
1993 - Croupier of casino in Bristol England, shoots a 4, a record 8 times
1993 - PLO recognizes state of Israel
1993 - Ukraine premier Leonid Koetsjma, resigns
1994 - Space shuttle STS-64 (Discovery 20), launches into orbit
1994 - Tu-22 crashes into Aeroflot Tu-134a at Zhukovsky, 7 killed
1995 - 109th U.S. Womens Tennis: Steffi Graf beats Monica Seles (76 06 63)
1995 - "Broadway Limited" last train ride (began in 1902)
1995 - Chynna Phillips weds William Baldwin
1995 - Dean St. Station in Brooklyn, is 6th Metropolitan Transportation Authority station to close since 1904
1995 - Ice Skater Nancy Kerrigan (25) weds her agent Jerry Solomon (41)
1997 - Sinn Fein accepts Mitchell Principles on para-military disarmamen

21st Century

2001 - 115th U.S. Womens Tennis
2001 - 121st U.S. Mens Tennis


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