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Events and People Who Made History on September 17

4th Century

335 - Church of Heilig Grave initiated in Jerusalem

7th Century

642 - Arabs conquer Alexandria, library destroyed

12th Century

1156 - Markgraafschap Austria becomes a temple (Privilegium minus)

14th Century

1394 - Jews are expelled from France by order of King Charles VI

16th Century

1562 - Council of Trente takes ecclesiastical canon
1584 - Gent surrenders to duke of Parma
1595 - Pope Clemens VIII recognizes Henri IV as king of France
1598 - Netherland sailors discover Mauritius

17th Century

1631 - Battle of Breitenfeld: King Gustaaf Adolf defeats General Tilly
1644 - French troops occupy Mainz
1678 - France and Spain signs peace treaty
1683 - Antonie van Leeuwenhoek reports existence of bacteria
1691 - Colony Massachusetts Bay gets new charter
1697 - Battle at Zenta: Prince Eugen of Savoye beats Turks

18th Century

1730 - Turkish coup under Mahmud I; Sultan Ahmed III flees
1737 - Georg-August University opens in Gottingen
1745 - Edinburg occupied by Jacobites under Young Pretenders
1776 - Presidio of San Francisco forms as a Spanish fort
1778 - 1st treaty between the U.S. and Indian tribes signed (Fort Pitt)
1787 - Prussian troops conquer Gorinchem
1787 - U.S. constitution adopted by Philadelphia convention
1789 - William Herschel discovers Mimas, satellite of Saturn

19th Century

1819 - 1st whaling ship arrives in Hawaii
1835 - Charles Darwin lands on Chatham Galapagos-archipelago
1850 - Great fire in San Francisco
1859 - Man in San Francisco claims himself Norton I, emperor of America
1861 - 1st day school for freedmen forms at Fortress Monroe Virginia
1861 - Hampton Institute forms
1862 - Battle of Cumberland Gap, TN-evacuted by Federals
1862 - Battle of Mumfordville, Kentucky-U.S. Col J Wilder surrenders city
1862 - Battle of Sharpsburg (Antietam)-bloodiest day of Civil War, 23,110 die
1863 - Pope Pius IX encyclical On persecution in New Grenada
1864 - Grant approves Sheridan's plan for Shenandoah Valley Campaign
1871 - Mont Cenis railway tunnel Switzerland opens
1872 - Phillip W Pratt patents his sprinkler system for extinguishing fires
1873 - 19 students attend opening class at Ohio State University
1897 - 3rd U.S. Golf Open: Joe Lloyd shoots a 162 at Chicago Golf Club in Wheaton, Illinois
1899 - 1st British troops leave Bombay for South Africa

20th Century

1900 - Queen Victoria disbands British parliament
1901 - Battle at Blood River Port: Boer General Botha beats Major Goughs cavalry
1901 - Battle at Elands River Port: Boer General Smuts destroys unit 17th Lancers
1902 - U.S. protests anti-semitism in Romania
1903 - Boston Pilgrims clinch AL pennant, beating Cleveland, 14-3
1906 - Playing as "Sullivan," Columbia U jr Eddie Collins debuts with A's
1908 - Thomas Selfridge becomes 1st fatality of powered flight
1911 - 25th U.S. Womens Tennis: Hazel H Wightman beats F Sutton (8-10 61 97)
1912 - Center fielder Casey Stengel breaks in with Brooklyn and hits 4 singles
1916 - 40,000 Amsterdam demonstrators demand general voting right
1920 - Cards set a record of 12 consecutive hits in 4th (10) and 5th (2) innings
1920 - National Football League organizes in Canton Ohio 12 teams pay $100 each to join American Professional Football Association
1922 - Bicyclist Piet Moeskops becomes world sprint champ
1922 - Radio Moscow begins transmitting (12 KWs-most powerful station)
1923 - Sutton Vane's "Outward Bound," premieres in London
1924 - Italy signs treaty of Rapallo
1926 - Hurricane hits Miami and Palm Beach Florida; about 450 die
1927 - 47th U.S. Mens Tennis: Rene Lacoste beats William T Tilden (119 63 119)
1927 - Charles Lindbergh visits San Francisco
1928 - 48th U.S. Mens Tennis: Henri Cochet beats F T Hunter (46 64 36 75 63)
1928 - Henri Cochet wins U.S. Tennis Open
1928 - Hurricane hits Lake Okeechobee Florida drowning 1,800-2500
1928 - Pitcher Ray Boggs hits 3 batters in 1 inning
1929 - British troops begin evacuating
1931 - 1st LP record demonstrated (RCA Victor, New York City), venture failed
1931 - Operetta "Victoria and Her Husband," premieres in London
1931 - Red Sox Earl Webb sets record with 65 en route to 67 doubles
1934 - RCA Victor re leases 1st 33 1/3 rpm recording (Beethoven's 5th)
1934 - U.S.S.R. joins League of Nations (Netherland, Switzerland and Portugal vote no)
1935 - Manuel Luis Quezon y Molina chosen 1st president of Philippines
1937 - 1st NFL game in Washington, D.C.; Redskins beat New York Giants 13-3
1938 - 52nd U.S. Womens Tennis: Alice Marble beats Nancye Wynne Bolton (60 63)
1938 - 58th U.S. Mens Tennis: J Donald Budge beats C Gene Mako (63 68 62 61)
1938 - British premier Neville Chamberlain leaves Munich
1938 - Don Budge wins U.S. Tennis open and completes Grand Slam
1939 - German U-29 sinks British aircraft carrier Courageous, 519 die
1939 - Poland's president Moscicki and Prime Minister Slawoj-Skladkowski flee to Romania
1939 - Russia invades Eastern Poland, takes 217,000 Poles prisoner
1939 - Soviet Union invades Poland during WW II
1940 - Hitler begins invasion of England (operation Seelowe)
1940 - Nazis deprive Jews of possessions
1941 - Cards' Stan Musial makes his major league debut, going 2-for-4
1943 - Load of "ammunition in transit" explodes at Norfolk Naval Air Station
1943 - Red Army recaptures Brjansk
1944 - British Premier Winston Churchill travels to U.S.
1944 - Dutch begin railroad strike against German occupiers
1944 - Operation Market Garden: British airborne division lands Arnhem, Netherlands
1946 - "Gypsy Lady," opens at Century Theater New York City for 79 performances
1946 - "If the Shoe Fits," opens at Century Theater New York City for 20 performances
1947 - Jackie Robinson is named Rookie of Year by Sporting News
1947 - James Forrestal sworn in as 1st U.S. Secretary of Defense
1947 - U.S. Department of Defense forms
1948 - KCOP TV channel 13 in Los Angeles/Hollywood, California (IND) begins
1948 - WLS TV channel 7 in Chicago, IL (ABC) begins broadcasting
1949 - 128 die as fire guts Canadian passenger steamer Noronic in Toronto
1949 - 8th Ryder Cup: U.S. beats Europe, 7-5 at Ganton GC, England
1949 - North Atlantic Treaty Council meets for 1st time
1949 - WFAA TV channel 8 in Dallas-Fort Worth, Texas (ABC) begins broadcasting
1950 - San Francisco 49ers (formerly AAFC) play 1st NFL game, lose 21-17
1951 - "Borscht Capades" opens at Royale Theater New York City for 90 performances
1951 - Romanian bishop A Pacha of Timisoara sentenced to 18 years
1952 - "I am an American Day" and "Constitution Day" renamed "Citizenship Day"
1953 - 1st successful separation of Siamese twins
1953 - Ernie Banks becomes Chicago Cubs 1st black player
1954 - Rocky Marciano KOs Ezzard Charles in 8 for heavyweight boxing title
1955 - "Ankles Aweigh" closes at Mark Hellinger Theater New York City after 176 performances
1955 - Future Hall of Famer Oriole Brooks Robinson goes 2-4 in his 1st game
1956 - Black students enter Clay Kentucky elementary school
1956 - Yankees clinch pennant #22 on Mantle's 50th homer of year
1957 - 2 male attorneys "stand in" as actress Sophia Loren and producer Carlo Ponti wed by proxy in Juarez, Mexico
1957 - KETV TV channel 7 in Omaha, NB (ABC) begins broadcasting
1957 - Scott Crossfield takes X-15 up for 1st powered flight
1957 - Thailand military coup under marshal Sarit Thanarat
1958 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1959 - 59th U.S. Golf Amateur Championship won by Jack Nicklaus
1959 - Transit 1A, 1st navigational satellite launched; failed to orbit
1959 - Typhoon kills 2,000 in Japan and Korea
1960 - Cuba nationalizes U.S. banks
1960 - "Vintage '60" closes at Brooks Atkinson Theater New York City after 8 performances
1961 - Minnesota Vikings' 1st NFL game (beat Chicago Bears 37-13)
1961 - Samuel Beckett's "Happy Days," premieres in New York City
1961 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1962 - Justice Department files 1st suit to end segregation in public schools
1962 - U.S. space officials announce selection of 9 new astronauts
1963 - "Fugitive" premieres on ABC TV
1963 - Train struck makeshift bus full of migrant workers, killing 32
1964 - Beatles are paid a then record $150,000 for a concert (Kansas)
1964 - "Bewitched" premieres on ABC TV
1964 - Mickey Mantle gets hits #1999, 2000 and 2001 and his 450th home run
1964 - Supremes release "Baby Love"
1965 - WPHL TV channel 17 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (IND) begins broadcasting
1966 - Cleveland pitchers set AL record striking out 19 batters in 1st 9 innings
1967 - "Mission Impossible" premieres on CBS-TV
1967 - Mount Washington cog railway train derails, kills 8 in New Hampshire
1967 - New Orleans Saints 1st NFL game, they lose to Los Angeles Rams 27-13
1967 - Shirley Englehorn wins LPGA Shirley Englehorn Golf Invitational
1968 - Gaylord Perry (Giants) no-hits St. Louis Cardinals, 1-0
1968 - Zond 5 completes circumnavigation of Moon
1970 - Jordanian King Hussein moves against PLO guerrillas
1970 - WSWP TV channel 9 in Grandview, WV (PBS) begins broadcasting
1972 - "M*A*S*H," premieres on NBC TV
1972 - Sandra Haynie wins LPGA Quality First Golf Classic
1972 - Tanzania troops march in to Uganda
1974 - Courageous (U.S.) beats Southern Cross (Australia) in 23rd America's Cup
1975 - Rollout of 1st space shuttle orbiter Enterprise (OV-101)
1976 - Amnesty International receives Erasmus-prize
1976 - NASA publicly unveils space shuttle Enterprise in Palmdale, California
1976 - Ringo releases "Ringo's Rotogravure" album
1977 - 22nd Ryder Cup: U.S., 12 -13 at Royal Lytham and St. Annes England
1977 - China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor PRC
1977 - Dave Kingman hits his 1st Yankee homer, Reggie hits 2 more
1977 - Fleetwood Mac's "Rumors" is #1 for 19th straight week
1978 - 30th Emmy Awards: All in the Family, Ed Asner and Sada Thompson win
1978 - Begin, Sadat and Carter sign Camp David accord
1978 - Donna Caponi Young wins LPGA Sarah Coventry Golf Tournament
1978 - Red Sox finally beat Yankees in Sept 1978, 7-3
1979 - Pietro Mennea runs world record 200 m (19.72")
1979 - Royals George Brett is 6th to have 20 doubles/triples/home runs in a season
1980 - "Divine Madness" starring Bette Midler, premieres
1980 - Iraq (Saddam Hussein) signs accord with Algeria
1980 - Oak A's Rick Langford is removed with 2 outs in 9th inning ending his consecutive complete-game streak at 22
1980 - Solidarity labor union in Poland forms
1980 - South Korea opposition leader Kim Dae Jung sentenced to death
1981 - Fernando Valenzuela sets NL rookie record with 8th shutout of season
1982 - New Jersey Devils 1st exhibition game, beating Caps 3-1 in Hershey Pa
1983 - Chicago White Sox clinch their 1st-ever AL West championship,
1983 - Vanessa Williams (NY), 20, crowned 56th Miss America 1984, 1st black
1984 - Brian Mulroney sworn in as Canada's 18th Prime Minister succeeding John Turner
1984 - Dwight Gooden ties record of 32 strikeouts in consecutive games
1984 - Reggie Jackson is 13th to hit 500 home runs
1984 - U.S.S.R. performs underground nuclear test
1985 - Soyuz T-14 carries 3 cosmonauts to Salyut 7 space station
1986 - Bomb attack in Paris, 6 killed
1986 - Marina Stepanova of U.S.S.R. sets 400m hurdle woman's record (52.94)
1986 - Mets clinch NL East Championship
1986 - U.S. Senate confirms William Rehnquist as 16th chief justice
1987 - Philadelphia celebrates 200th anniversary of Constitution
1988 - 24th Olympic games open at Seoul, Korea
1988 - Jeff Reardon becomes 1st to record 40 or more saves in both AL and NL
1988 - Military coup in Haiti: Lieutenant General Avril takes control, Henri Namphy flees
1989 - 41st Emmy Awards: LA Law, Cheers, Dana Delany and Candice Bergen win
1989 - Beth Daniel wins LPGA SAFECO Golf Classic
1989 - Emmy Creative Arts Award presentation
1989 - Hurricane Hugo begins 4 day sweep through Caribbean, killing 62
1989 - Hurricane Hugo, kills 85 in Charleston, South Carolina
1989 - New York City court of appeals overturns lower court decision and returns America's Cup back to U.S. (from New Zealand)
1990 - Newspaper Guild votes 242-35 to keep New York Post publishing
1990 - Soviet Union and Saudi Arabia restore diplomatic ties
1991 - 4,355 turn out to see Expos play New York Mets at Shea Stadium
1991 - U.N. admits Estonia, Latvia, Lithuiania, North and South Korea, Marshall Islands and Micronesia
1992 - House votes 280 to 128 to give FCC control of cable TV rates
1992 - NFL decides to suspend World League Football
1994 - Andy Waller out handled the ball for Mashonaland CD vs. Mash U24
1994 - Heather Whitestone, 21, (Ala), crowned 68th Miss America 1995
1994 - Princess Christina separates
1995 - "Love! Valor! Compassion!" closes at Walter Kerr New York City after 276 performances
1995 - Patty Sheehan wins LPGA SAFECO Golf Classic
1996 - Dodger Hideo Nomo no-hits Colorado Rockies, 9-0 at Coors Field
1997 - Dr. Sam Sheppard's body (Fugitive) is exhumed for DNA test


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