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Events and People Who Made History on September 12

11th Century

1015 - Henry I becomes earl of Leuven

13th Century

1213 - Battle at Muret: Crusade of Simon de Montfort beat Pedro II of Aragon
1217 - French prince Louis and English king Henry III sign peace treaty

14th Century

1396 - Crusaders under earl of Nevers reaches Nicopolis

16th Century

1543 - Treaty of Venlo: Duke Willem of Gulik and Emperor Charles V
1556 - Emperor Charles resigns, his brother Ferdinand van Austria takes over

17th Century

1624 - 1st submarine tested (London)
1635 - Sweden and Poland sign ceasefire Treaty of Stuhmsdorf
1639 - Viceroy Thomas Wentworth sails back to England
1666 - Great Fire in London ends, kills 8
1673 - Prince Willem III occupies Naarden
1683 - Turkish troops attacks Vienna overthrows by Polish king Sobieski
1695 - New York Jews petition governor Dongan for religious liberties

18th Century

1703 - Emperor Leopold I ends contacts on Spanish heritage
1703 - English army under arch duke Charles of Austria lands in Portugal
1720 - Isaak of Hoornbeek elected Dutch pension advisor
1722 - Russian troops occupy Baku and Derbent on Persia
1733 - Polish Landowners select Stanislaw Lesczynski king
1745 - Duke of Toscane chosen German emperor Frans I Stefanus
1751 - Amsterdam refuses establishment of Jewish ghetto
1758 - Charles Messier observes Crab Nebula and begins catalog
1776 - Nathan Hale leaves Harlem Heights Camp (127th St) for spy mission
1787 - Black Masons form 1st lodge

19th Century

1814 - Battle of North Point fought near Baltimore during War of 1812
1840 - Composer Robert Schumann marries Clara Wieck
1857 - 423 die when "Central America" sinks off Cape Romain SC
1862 - Battle of Harpers Ferry VA
1867 - 2nd synagogue in Curacao, Emanu-El of Willemstad, inaugurated
1876 - King Leopold II opens Congo-conference
1878 - Cleopatra Needle installed in London
1882 - Belgian King Leopold II receives Pierre de Brazza
1885 - Highest score (35) recorded in any 1st-class soccer match is set
1888 - Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Greek Interpreter"
1890 - Cecil Rhodes' colonies reach Mashonaland (Ft. Salisbury)
1895 - Defender (U.S.) beats Valkyrie III (England) in 10th America's Cup

20th Century

1901 - Arabs attack Gedara, Palestine
1907 - Lusitania arrives in New York City after 5 day crossing of Atlantic (record)
1908 - Winston Churchill marries Clementine Hozier
1910 - Gustav Mahlers 8th Symphony premieres in Munich with 1028 musicians
1910 - World's 1st female cop, Alice Stebbins Wells, appointed (LAPD)
1911 - Boston's Cy Young vs Christy Mathewson of Giants, Giants win 9-0
1912 - Dutch Olympian Committee forms (NOC)
1914 - Yankee shortstop Roger Peckinpaugh, 23, becomes youngest manager
1918 - During WW I, U.S. forces launch an attack on German-occupied St. Mihiel
1920 - 7th Olympic games close in Antwerp Belgium
1922 - Paavo Nurmi runs world record 5000m (14:35.4)
1923 - Britain takes over Southern Rhodesia from British South Africa Co
1925 - 20th Davis Cup: USA beats France in Philadelphia (5-0)
1927 - Sigmund Romberg's musical "My Maryland," premieres in New York City
1928 - Hurricane in Florida, kills 6,000
1928 - Katharine Hepburn's New York stage debut in "Night Hostess"
1930 - Brooklyn catcher Al Lopez hits major league's last recorded bounce home run
1931 - 51st U.S. Mens Tennis: H E Vines beats George M Lott, Jr. (79 63 97 75)
1932 - Bkln Dodger Johnny Frederick hits his record 6th pinch hit home run
1932 - German government of Papen falls/Reichstag dissolved
1933 - Alejandro Lerroux forms new Spanish government
1933 - Dutch parliament accepts ban on uniforms
1934 - Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania signs Baltic Entente, against U.S.S.R.
1935 - 55th U.S. Mens Tennis: Wilmer L Allison beats Sidney B Wood (62 62 63)
1935 - Millionaire Howard Hughes flies his own designed plane at 352.46 mph
1936 - 50th U.S. Womens Tennis: Alice Marble beats Helen Hull Jacobs (46 63 62)
1936 - 56th U.S. Mens Tennis: Fred Perry beats J Donald Budge (26 62 86 16 108)
1938 - Adolph Hitler demands self-determination for Sudeten Germans in Czechoslovakia
1940 - 4 teens, following their dog down a hole near Lascaux France discover 17,000-year-old drawings now known as Lascaux Cave Paintings
1940 - 49 die and 200 injured when Hercules Powder Co plant explodes (NJ)
1940 - Italian troops enter Egypt
1941 - 1st German ship in WW II captured by U.S. ship (Busko)
1942 - Battle of Edson's Ridge begins at Guadalcanal
1942 - Free-Poland and Belgium asks pope to condemn nazi-war crimes
1943 - Free French lands on Corsica
1943 - German paratroopers, on orders of Adolf Hitler, seize former Italian dictator Benito Mussolini who was being held prisoner by the government
1943 - Waffen-SS (Skorzeny) frees Mussolini at Gran Sasso
1944 - Hurricane, kills 389 in NC
1944 - Noorbeek and Mheer freed
1944 - U.S. Army troops entered Germany for 1st time
1946 - Court martial convicts Henry de Man to 20 years, in Brussels
1947 - Pirate Ralph Kiner hits his record 8th home run in 4 games
1949 - Theodor Heuss elected 1st president, Conrad Adenauer 1st Prime Minister of West Germany
1950 - Belgian government dismisses all communist civil servants
1952 - Noel Coward's "Quadrille," premieres in London
1953 - Brooklyn Dodgers, clinch NL pennant earlier than any other team
1953 - "Carnival in Flanders" closes at New Century Theater New York City after 6 performances
1953 - Senator John F. Kennedy, 36, marries Jacqueline Bouvier, 24
1954 - Betsy Rawls wins LPGA St. Louis Golf Open
1954 - Indians sweep Yankees at Municipal Stadium; largest AL crowd (86,563)
1954 - White Sox win 90th game, 1st time they win this many since 1920
1954 - WLBZ TV channel 2 in Bangor, ME (NBC) begins broadcasting
1955 - KNTV TV channel 11 in San Jose, California (ABC) begins broadcasting
1956 - Black students enter and are barred from Clay Kentucky elementary school
1957 - Archbishop Makarios of Cyprus visits U.S.
1958 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1958 - U.S. Supreme Court orders Little Rock Arkansas high school to integrate
1959 - "Bonanza" premieres on NBC-TV
1959 - Janos Kadar becomes premier of Hungary
1959 - Luna 2 launched by U.S.S.R.; 1st spacecraft to impact on Moon
1960 - "Vintage '60" opens at Brooks Atkinson Theater New York City for 8 performances
1961 - NASA civilian pilot Joseph A. Walker takes X-15 to 34,840 m
1961 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya U.S.S.R.
1962 - Washington Senator Tom Cheney strikes out record 21 Orioles in 16 inn game
1963 - WHYY TV channel 12 in Wilmington, DE (PBS) begins broadcasting
1964 - 1st football game at Shea Stadium, Jets defeat Denver 30-6
1964 - Ralph Boston of U.S., sets then long jump record at 27' 4 "
1964 - Typhoon Gloria strikes Taiwan killing 330, with $17.5 million damage
1965 - 79th U.S. Womens Tennis: Margaret Smith beats Billie Jean King (86 75)
1965 - 85th U.S. Mens Tennis: Manuel Santana beats Cliff Drysdale (62 79 75 61)
1965 - Hurricane Betsy strikes Florida and Louisiana kills 75
1965 - Manuel Santana wins U.S. Tennis Open
1965 - Mary Mills wins LPGA Eugene Golf Open
1965 - WCEE TV channel 23 in Rockford, IL (CBS) begins broadcasting
1966 - Gemini XI (Charles Conrad and R Gordon) launched for 71-hour flight
1966 - KPNE TV channel 9 in North Platte, NB (PBS) begins broadcasting
1966 - "Monkees" premieres on NBC-TV
1966 - Washtenaw Community College in Ann Arbor, Michigan begins teaching
1966 - WCES TV channel 20 in Wrens, Georgia (PBS) begins broadcasting
1966 - WUSF TV channel 16 in Tampa-St. Petersburg, Florida (PBS) 1st broadcast
1968 - Albania announces it is withdrawing from the Warsaw Pact
1970 - 1st Concorde lands at Heathrow airport
1970 - Luna 16 Launch (Moon Sample Return)
1970 - Phyllis Ann George (Texas), 21, crowned 43rd Miss America 1971
1970 - Supersonic airliner Concorde lands for 1st time at Heathrow airport
1970 - U.S. LSD professor Timothy Leary escapes from California jail
1970 - U.S.S.R. launches Luna 16; returns samples from lunar Sea of Fertility
1971 - 85th U.S. Womens Tennis: Billie Jean King beats Rosemary Casals (64 76)
1971 - 91st U.S. Mens Tennis: Stan Smith beats Jan Kodes (36 63 62 76)
1972 - Lord Michael Killanin succeeds Avery Brundage as head of Olympics
1973 - 2 bettors win largest U.S. Daily Double ($19,909.60 in Detroit)
1973 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya U.S.S.R.
1974 - Coup overthrows Emperor Haile Selassie in Ethiopia (National Day)
1974 - Jeff "Skunk" Baxter joins Doobie Brothers
1976 - 96th U.S. Mens Tennis: Jimmy Connors beats Bjorn Borg (64 36 76 64)
1976 - Jane Blalock wins LPGA Dallas Civitan Golf Open
1976 - Seattle Seahawks play 1st regular-season game (St. L 30, Sea 24)
1976 - White Sox Minnie Minoso, 53, is oldest to get a hit in majors
1978 - Fidel Castro visits Addis Abba
1978 - Situation comedy "Taxi" premieres on ABC television
1979 - Carl Yastrzemski, is 15th to get 3,000 hits
1979 - Hurricane Frederick hits Mobile Alabama; 5 die and $23 million damage
1979 - Indiana Pacers cut Ann Meyers, 1st woman on an NBA club
1980 - Military coup under General Kenan Evren in Turkey
1981 - 95th U.S. Womens Tennis: Tracy Austin beats M Navratilova (16 76 76)
1981 - Elizabeth Ward (Arkansas), 20, crowned 54th Miss America 1982
1981 - Emmy Creative Arts Award presentation
1981 - Red Sox rookie Bob Ojeda no-hits Yankees for 8 innings before Rick Cerone and Dave Winfield lead off 9th with back-to-back doubles
1982 - 102nd U.S. Mens Tennis: Jimmy Connors beats Ivan Lendl (63 62 46 64)
1982 - Gerard Nijboer (2:15:16) and Rosa Mota (2:36:04) win marathon
1982 - Sandra Spuzich wins LPGA Mary Kay Golf Classic
1983 - Albert Rizzo trod water at sea for 108 hours 9 minutes
1983 - Emmy Creative Arts Award presentation
1983 - Security guard Victor Gerena robs West Hartford company of $7 million
1983 - U.S.S.R. vetoes United Nations resolution deploring its shooting down of Korean plane
1984 - Country singer Barbara Mandrell is badly injured in a car accident
1984 - Cyndi Lauper sings "She-Bop" on Tonight Show
1984 - Ethiopia forms socialist republic
1984 - New York Met Dwight Goodin sets rookie strike out record at 251
1985 - Flight readiness firing of Atlantis' main engines; 20 seconds
1986 - 240.49 million shares traded in New York Stock Exchange
1986 - Twins fire manager Ray Miller and replace him with coach Tom Kelly
1986 - U.S. professor Joseph Cicippio is kidnapped and held hostage in Beirut
1987 - 101st U.S. Womens Tennis: Martina Navratilova beats Steffi Graf (76 61)
1987 - Ethiopia adopts constitution
1987 - Vince Coleman steals his 100th base for 3rd straight year
1988 - 1st NFL regular-season game played in Phoenix; Cowboys beat Card
1988 - Gilbert, strongest hurricane ever (160 mph), devastates Jamaica
1989 - Emmy News and Documentaries Award presentation
1990 - Emmy News and Documentaries Award presentation
1990 - "Les Miserables," opens at Cirkus Theater, Stockholm
1990 - US, England, France, U.S.S.R., East and West Germanys sign agreements allowing 2 Germanys to merge
1991 - Nolan Ryan's 4-3 victory over Twins is his 312th career win
1991 - Space shuttle STS-48 (Discovery 14) launched
1992 - 106th U.S. Womens Tennis: Monica Seles beats A Sanchez Vicario (63 63)
1992 - Hurricane Inuki pounds Hawaii
1992 - Stefan Edberg beats Michael Chang in what is believed to be the longest match in U.S. Open history (5hr 26min)
1992 - STS-47 (Endeavour 2) launches
1993 - 113rd U.S. Mens Tennis: Pete Sampras beats Cedric Pioline (64 64 63)
1993 - Donna Andrews wins Ping-Cellular One LPGA Golf Championship
1993 - Junxia Cheek runs 3000 m ladies world record (8:12.29)
1993 - Paul Molitor at 37 is oldest to reach 100 RBIs for 1st time in career
1993 - STS-51 (Discovery) launches into orbit
1994 - Cessna crashes in White House front yard
1994 - Country singer George Jones undergoes triple bypass surgery
1994 - Parti Quebecois wins parliamentary election
1995 - INXS' Michael Hutchence pleads guilty to punching a photographer
1997 - New York Met John Olerud hits for the cycle

21st Century

2005 - Hong Kong Disneyland opens
2006 - Pope Benedict XVI quotes a criticism of the Islamic faith leading to mass protests


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