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Events and People Who Made History on October 8

4th Century

314 - Battle at Cibalae: emperor Constantine beats emperor Licinius

5th Century

451 - Council of Chalcedon (4th ecumenical council) opens

9th Century

876 - Battle at Andernach: Louis the Young beats Charles the Bare

11th Century

1085 - San Marcos minstery in Venice initiated

15th Century

1492 - Columbus' fleet about 400 sea miles from Puerto Rico

17th Century

1600 - San Marino adopts constitution
1604 - Supernova "Kepler's nova" 1st sighted
1625 - Admiral George Villiers' fleet sails from Plymouth to Cadiz
1633 - Massachusetts Bay Colony forms its 1st government
1690 - Turkish troops occupy Belgrade

18th Century

1712 - French hijacker Jacques Cassard seen on Suriname coast
1740 - Chinese assault on Diestpoort Batavia
1775 - Officers decide to bar slaves and free blacks from Continental Army

19th Century

1806 - British forces lay siege to French port of Boulogne using Congreve rockets, invented by Sir William Congreve
1813 - Treaty of Ried between Bayern and Austria
1815 - Joachim Murats forces lands at Pizzo, Italy
1818 - 2 English boxers are 1st to use padded gloves
1822 - 1st eruption of Galunggung (Java) sends boiling sludge into valley
1835 - HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin reache James Island, Galapagos archipelago
1840 - 1st Hawaiian constitution proclaimed
1842 - Princess Sophia weds her cousin duke Charles Saksen-Weimar-Eisenach
1856 - Chinese police board British vessel Arrow, arrest 12 Chinese crewmen on suspicion of piracy and lower British flag, begins 2nd Anglo-Chinese War
1860 - Telegraph line between Los Angeles and San Francisco opens
1862 - Battle of Perryville, Kentucky-Confederate invasion halted
1862 - Otto von Bismarck becomes German republic chancellor
1865 - Earthquake in Santa Cruz Mountains
1871 - Gas explosion destroys Peshtigo, Wisconsin
1871 - Great Fire kills 200, destroys over 4miles (10 km) of Chicago buildings, and original Emancipation Proclamation
1873 - 1st women's prison run by women opens at Indiana Reformatory Institute
1886 - Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Noble Bachelor"
1887 - Phillies set club record 16th straight victory
1892 - Sergei Rachmaninoff 1st performs "Prelude in C-sharp-Minor" in Moscow
1895 - Ohio Valley Improvement Association forms
1896 - Dow Jones starts reporting an average of selected industrial stocks
1897 - Emperor Karl Joseph I named Gustav Mahler director of Opera
1898 - 1st Canadian Intercollegiate football game: McGill beats Queen's, 3-2

20th Century

1903 - J. M. Synge's "In the Shadow of the Glen," premieres in Dublin
1904 - 1st Vanderbilt Cup auto race (Hicksville, Long Island, New York)
1906 - Karl Nessler demonstrates 1st 'permanent wave' for hair, in London
1908 - New York Giants set season attendance record at 910,000 (broken in 1920)
1909 - Chicago Cubs beat New York Giants 4-2 in a playoff to win NL pennant
1912 - 1st Balkan War begins - Montenegro declares war on Turkey
1912 - Montenegro declares war on Turkey, beginning 1st Balkan War
1915 - Battle of Loos, almost 430,000 French, British and Germans killed
1915 - Phillies win their 1st and only World Series game before 1980, beating
1915 - Red Sox, 3-1, with an 8th inning 2 run rally
1917 - Trotski named chairman of Petrograd Soviet
1918 - 7 U.S. soldiers are surrounded by Germans in France, Alvin York is given command and shoots 20 Germans and captures 132 more
1918 - Sergeant Alvin York single-handedly kills 25, captures 132 Germans
1922 - New York Giants beat Yankees, 4 games to 0, with a tie in 19th World Series
1924 - British Labour government of MacDonald falls to Communists
1927 - New York Yankees sweep Pirates in 24th World Series
1927 - Sea battle at Navarino (Greece freed of Ottoman occupation)
1928 - Cole Porter and E Ray Goetz' musical "Paris," premieres in New York City
1928 - Eastern Soccer League forms in U.S.
1929 - A's Howard Ehmke (7-2) sets World Series record striking out 13 Cubs
1929 - Mohammed Nadir Khan occupies Kabul Afghanistan/drives out H Ghazi
1930 - Philadelphia A's beat St. Louis Cardinals, 4 games to 2 in 27th World Series
1933 - Coit Tower dedicated in SF, a monument to firefighters
1933 - Martinez Barrios forms new Spanish government
1934 - Bruno Hauptmann is indicted for murder of Lindbergh's son
1935 - Ozzie Nelson marries Harriet Hilliard (Ozzie and Harriet)
1938 - G Kaufman and Moss Hart's "Fabulous Invalid," premieres in New York City
1939 - Germany annexes Western Poland
1939 - New York Yankees sweep Reds in 36th World Series, 4th straight WS win
1940 - Cincinnati Reds beat Detroit Tigers, 4 games to 3, in 37th World Series
1940 - German troops occupies Romania
1941 - Concentration camp Birkenau begins being built
1942 - Fight at Matanikau, Guadalcanal (John Hersey-Into the Valley)
1943 - Great Britain establishes bases on Azores
1944 - "Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet" debut on CBS radio
1944 - Samuel Barber's "Capricorn Concerto," premieres
1945 - Truman announced atomic bomb secret shared with Britain and Canada
1946 - Kwo-less-shrew selects General Chiang Kai-shek as president of China
1946 - Military plane crashes at Christian HBS, 24 die
1950 - 4th NHL All-Star Game: Detroit beat All-Stars 7-1 at Detroit
1950 - Cleveland Browns play Pittsburgh for 1st time, beat Steelers 30-17
1951 - Ford Frick replaces Happy Chandler as 3rd commissioner of baseball Warren C Giles becomes president of baseball's National League
1951 - "Music in the Air" opens at Ziegfeld Theater New York City for 56 performances
1952 - 2 trains collide with a derailed commuter train, kills 112 (England)
1952 - Chinese offensive in Korea
1953 - Birmingham Alabama, bars Jackie Robinson's Negro-White All-Stars from playing there Robinson gives in and drops white players from his group
1953 - WTAP TV channel 15 in Parkersburg-Marietta, WV (NBC) begins
1955 - Worlds most powerful aircraft carrier, USS Saratoga launched
1956 - Don Larsen, New York, pitches only perfect World Series game, vs Brooklyn
1957 - Brooklyn Dodgers announce move to Los Angeles
1957 - Procter and Gamble-director N McElroy becomes U.S. Minister of Defense
1957 - Soviet spy Jack Sobel sentenced to 7 years (New York City)
1957 - Turkish and Syrian border guards exchange fire
1958 - Braves Eddie Mathews strikes out for World Series record 11th time
1958 - Dr. Ake Senning installs 1st pacemaker in Stockholm
1958 - KCMT TV channel 7 in Alexandria, MN (CBS/NBC/ABC) begins broadcasting
1958 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1959 - "At the Drop of a Hat" opens at John Golden Theater New York City for 216 performances
1959 - Conservatives win British election
1959 - Los Angeles Dodgers beat Chicago White Sox, 4 games to 2 in 56th World Series
1960 - Bobby Richarson hits a World Series grand slammer
1961 - Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Bill Brannin's Swing Parade Golf Tournament
1961 - U.S. Constellation crashes at Richmond, Virginia, 74 die
1961 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya U.S.S.R.
1961 - Whitey Ford breaks Babe Ruth's World Series record of 29 2/3 consecutive scoreless innings, running his streak to 32
1962 - Algeria admitted as 109th member of U.N.
1962 - North Korea reports 100% election turnout, 100% vote for Workers' Party
1963 - Sultan of Zanzibar cedes his mainland possessions to Kenya
1964 - Gilroy Roberts becomes 1st U.S. chief engraver to retire (than die)
1965 - Djakarta Moslems set fire to PKI-headquarter
1965 - London's Post Office Tower opens, tallest building in England
1965 - Once-Hertogenbosch soccer team FC de Bosch forms
1965 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1966 - Wyoming's Jerry DePoyster kicks 3 field goals over 50 yards (54, 54, 52)
1968 - Aircraft carrier Charles Doorman sold to Argentina
1970 - Soviet author Alexander I Solzhenitsyn wins Nobel Prize for Literature
1971 - John Lennon releases his megahit "Imagine"
1971 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1972 - "From Israel with Love" closes at Palace Theater New York City after 8 performances
1972 - Harold Carmichael begins NFL streak of 127 consecutive game receptions
1972 - In Game 2 of ALCS, A's Bert Campaneris fires his bat at Det pitcher
1972 - Lerrin LaGrow Campy, who had been hit by a pitch, is fined and suspended
1973 - NLCS game 3 brawl between Cincinnatis' Pete Rose and New York Met Bud Harrelson
1973 - Spyris Markezinis forms government in Greece
1976 - Sex Pistols sign with EMI
1977 - Largest baseball crowd in Penns, 64,924 see Dodgers beat Phillies 4-1 in 4th NL championship game (Dodgers win pennant)
1978 - Ken Warby set world water speed record at 319.627 mph (514 kph)
1978 - Yankees win 3rd straight AL Championship, all against Kansas City
1979 - J McHugh and A Malvin's musical "Sugar Babies," premieres in New York City
1979 - "Sugar Babies" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater New York City for 1208 performances
1980 - Bob Marley collapses on stage, brought to Sloan-Kettering Hospital
1980 - British Leyland starts selling Mini Metro
1980 - U.S.S.R. and Syria sign peace treaty
1980 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test
1981 - 1st broadcast of "Cagney and Lacey" on ABC-TV
1981 - President Reagan greeted predecessors Jimmy Carter, Gerald R Ford and Richard Nixon before sending them to Egypt for Anwar Sadat's funeral
1982 - New Jersey Devils 1st victory, beating New York Rangers 3-2 at Meadowlands
1982 - Poland bans Solidarity and all labor unions
1983 - 1st regular season Islander OT game beat Caps 8-7
1983 - Washington Capitals 1st NHL overtime game losing to New York Islanders 8-7
1984 - 18th Country Music Association Award: Alabama wins
1985 - Alain Boubil/Herbert Kretzner's "Les Miserables," premieres in London
1985 - Little Richard seriously injured in a car accident
1985 - "Rembrandt and Hitler or Me" premieres in Amsterdam
1986 - Mike Scott ties playoff record of 14 strikeouts, beats Mets 1-0
1986 - RUN DMC calls for a day of peace among LA street gangs
1988 - Fire in Seattle's Space Needle causes evacuation, $2,000 damage
1988 - Jay Howell ejected in NLCS game 3 for having pine tar on his glove
1989 - Oakland beats Toronto, 4-3 in Game 5, to advance to the World Series
1990 - 24th Country Music Association Award: George Strait wins
1990 - Israeli police kill 17 Palestinian rioters
1990 - U.S. doctors Joseph E. Murray and E. Donnall Thomas win Nobel Prize
1992 - Nobel Prize for literature is given to West Indies poet Derek Walcott
1992 - Ottawa Sentors 1st NHL game
1992 - Pioneer Venus Orbiter (1st Venus orbiter-1978), crashes into Venus
1993 - Howard Stern releases his 1st book "Private Parts"
1993 - Qn Elizabeth's nephew Viscount Linley (32) weds Serena Stanhope (24)
1993 - U.N. lifts remaining economic sanctions against South Africa
1994 - BPAA U.S. Women's Bowling Open won by Aleta Sill
1995 - Dolphin's Dan Marino breaks Tarkenton's NFL career completions record
1995 - Edgar Martinez drives home tying and winning runs to rally Mariners to 6-5 win in bottom of 11th to beat Yankees and win AL Division Series
1998 - House of Representatives approves impeachment inquiry of President Clinton

21st Century

2001 - SAS flight 686 crashes near Milano-Linate, killing 114, crash caused by flight crew and tower confusion
2003 - Arnold Schwarzenegger is elected the governor of California
2005 - Earthquake in Kashmir kills approximately 80,000 people
2007 - Marion Jones gives up 5 Olympic medals after admitting to using performance-enhancing drugs


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