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Events and People Who Made History on October 7

4th Century

336 - St. Mark ends his reign as Catholic Pope

15th Century

1492 - Columbus misses Florida when he changed course

16th Century

1506 - Pope Julius II and France occupy Bologna
1520 - 1st public burning of books in Netherlands, in Louvain
1542 - Explorer Cabrillo discovered Catalina Island off California coast
1571 - Battle at Lepanto: Saint League (Spain and Italy) destroys Turkish fleet

17th Century

1637 - Prince Frederik Henry occupies Breda
1690 - English attack Quebec under Louis de Buade

18th Century

1702 - English/Dutch troops under Marlborough occupy Roermond
1714 - People riot due to beer tax in Alkmaar, Netherlands
1737 - 40 foot waves sink 20,000 small craft and kill 300,000 (Bengal, India)
1763 - George III of Great Britain issues Proclamation of 1763, closing lands in North America north and west of Alleghenies to white settlement
1765 - Stamp Act Congress convenes in New York
1777 - Americans beat Brits in 2nd Battle of Saratoga and Battle of Bemis Hts
1780 - British defeated by American militia near Kings Mountain, SC

19th Century

1806 - Carbon paper patented in London by inventor Ralph Wedgewood
1816 - 1st double decked steamboat, Washington, arrives in New Orleans
1826 - Granite Railway (1st chartered railway in U.S.) begins operations
1840 - Willem I resigns as king of Netherlands
1856 - Cyrus Chambers, Jr. patents folding machine that folds book and newspapers
1864 - Naval Engagement at Bahia Harbor Brazil-CSS Florida vs USS Wachusett
1868 - Cornell University (Ithaca New York) opens
1870 - Leon Gambetta flees Paris in balloon
1871 - 16-hour fire injures 30 of Chicago's 185 firefighters
1879 - Germany and Austrian-Hungary sign Twofold Covenant
1882 - 1st World Series (game 2), Chicago (NL) beats Cincinnati (AA) 2-0
1886 - Spain abolishes slavery in Cuba

20th Century

1900 - The term "orienteering" is 1st used for an event
1904 - New York Highlander Jack Chesbro wins record 41st game of season (41-12)
1907 - France's Henry Farman flies 30m in a double decker plane
1908 - Crete revolts against Turkey and aligns with Greece
1908 - Serbia and Montenegro sign anti-Austria-Hungarian pact
1913 - Henry Ford institutes moving assembly line
1916 - 222 points are scored in a football game between Georgia Tech and Cumberland University of Lebanon, Tennessee
1919 - 1st London-Amsterdam airline service (British Aerial Transport and KLM)
1919 - Fritz Kreisler and F Jacobi's "Apple Blossoms," premieres in New York City
1919 - KLM, Netherlands Airlines, established (oldest existing airline)
1922 - 1st radio link, WNJ (Newark) and WGY (Senectady) link for World Series
1922 - Landis insists Game 4 of World Series be played despite heavy rain
1922 - Oud-burgem of Rotterdam Zimmerman becomes High Comm's of Austria
1923 - Yankees Everett Scott runs his consecutive-game streak to 1,138
1924 - 160 consecutive days of 100 degrees at Marble Bar, Australia begins
1924 - Greek government of Dikalekopoulis, forms
1926 - Actress Theo Mann-Master resigns from stage
1926 - Italian Great Fascist Council forms
1927 - Yank Herb Pennock retires 1st 22 Pirates in World Series game
1928 - Paavo Nurmi runs world record 10 miles (50:15.0)
1928 - Race Tafari Makonnen crowned king of Abyssinia
1929 - Ramsay MacDonald is 1st British premier to address U.S. Congress
1931 - 1st infra-red photograph, Rochester, New York
1933 - New York Giants beat Washington Senators, 4 games to 1 in 30th World Series
1935 - Detroit Tigers beat Chicago Cubs, 4 games to 2 in 32nd World Series
1936 - 7th-place Brooklyn Dodgers fire manager Casey Stengel
1937 - Johan Wagenaar's "Feestmars" premieres in Amsterdam
1938 - Germany demands all Jewish passports stamped with letter J
1940 - Reds Bucky Walters is 1st pitcher in 14 years to homer in World Series
1941 - German army occupies Viarma, U.S.S.R.
1942 - 1 salvo Katjoesja-rocket destroys nazi battalion in Stalingrad
1942 - Last camouflaged German raider Komet leaves Flushing harbor (Netherlands)
1942 - Maxwell Andersons "Eve of St. Mark," premieres in New York City
1942 - U.S. and British government announce establishment of United Nations
1942 - Yvon Robert beats Bill Longson in Montreal, to become wrestling champ
1943 - Weill/Perelman/Nash' musical "One Touch of Venus," premieres in New York City
1944 - Allies bombs sea dikes at Vlissingen
1944 - Field Marshal Rommel gets order to return to Berlin
1944 - Riots in Amersfoort/Utrecht/Strugle
1944 - Uprising at Auschwitz, Jews burn down crematoriums
1944 - Uprising at Birkenau concentration camp
1945 - Dutch author A M de Jong's murderer Ton van Gog escapes
1946 - Charles Ives' 2nd string quartet, premieres
1947 - Larry MacPhail resigns as Yankees General Manager after final game of World Series
1949 - German Dem Rep formed from Russian occupation zone (National Day)
1949 - Otto Greatwohl becomes 1st premier of East Germany
1949 - Wilhelm Pieck becomes 1st president of East Germany
1950 - New York Yankees sweep Philadelphia Phillies in 47th World Series
1950 - U.S. forces invade Korea by crossing 38th parallel
1950 - Walter Bedell Smith replaces Roscoe H Hillenkoetter as 4th CIA head
1950 - Whitey Ford wins his 1st World Series game, 5-2
1950 - William H. Jackson, becomes deputy director of CIA
1950 - Yankees win 13th world championship sweeping Phillies
1951 - David Ben-Gurion forms Israeli government
1952 - 1st "Bandstand" broadcast in Philadelphia on WFIL-TV (Dick Clark joins in 1955 as a substitute-host)
1952 - New York Yankees beat Dodgers 4 games to 3 in 49th World Series
1952 - Yankees tie their own record of 4 consecutive World Series wins
1953 - Bill Veeck tells Browns stockholders he faces bankruptcy unless they drop their suit to block his move to Baltimore, they comply
1954 - Hassan el Hodeiby, leader of Moslem brothership, arrested in Egypt
1954 - Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Ad Sinarum gentem
1955 - Aircraft carrier USS Saratoga at Brooklyn launched
1956 - Mary Lena Faulk wins LPGA Heart of America Golf Open
1957 - "American Bandstand" premieres
1957 - KOAC TV channel 7 in Corvallis, OR (PBS) begins broadcasting
1957 - Louise Suggs wins LPGA Heart of America Golf Invitational
1958 - Potter Stewart appointed to U.S. Supreme Court
1958 - U.S. manned space-flight project renamed Project Mercury
1959 - Far side of Moon seen for 1st time, compliments of U.S.S.R.'s Luna 3
1959 - "Happy Town" opens at 84th St. Theater New York City for 5 performances
1960 - 2nd John F. Kennedy and Richard Nixon debate
1960 - "Route 66" premieres
1961 - 15th NHL All-Star Game: All-Stars beat Chicago 3-1 at Chicago
1961 - "Bye Bye Birdie" closes at Martin Beck Theater New York City after 607 performances
1962 - 8th LPGA Championship won by Judy Kimball
1962 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya U.S.S.R.
1963 - Bobby Baker resigns as Senate Democratic secretary
1963 - Hurricane Flora hits Haiti and Dominican Republic, kills 7,190
1963 - John F. Kennedy signs ratification for nuclear test ban treaty
1964 - New York Yankees make 14th appearance in last 16 and 29th in 61 World Series
1965 - 50 mph gust carries 165 lb Robert Mitera's tee shot 447
1965 - Charles Linster does 6,006 consecutive push-ups
1965 - Robert Mitera aces 447-yd 10th hole at Miracle Hills, Omaha, Nebr to score world's longest straight hole-in-one
1967 - Beatles turn down $1 million New York concert offer by Sid Berstein
1967 - Rolf Hochhuths "Soldaten," premieres in West Berlin
1968 - Motion Picture Association of America adopts film rating system
1969 - WJMN TV channel 3 in Escanaba, MI (ABC/NBC) begins broadcasting
1971 - T McNally's "Where has Tommy Flowers gone?," premieres in New York City
1972 - 1st season game at Nassau Coliseum, Flames-3, Islanders-2
1973 - Sandra Haynie wins LPGA Lincoln-Mercury Golf Open
1974 - East Germany amends constitution
1975 - Players' Association, files a suit on behalf of Dodgers Andy Messersmith
1975 - U.S. decides John Lennon won't be deported due to U.K. pot conviction
1977 - Guitarist Steve Hackett quits Genesis
1977 - U.S.S.R. adopts constitution
1978 - Los Angeles Dodgers win the pennant
1978 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test
1979 - "1940's Radio Hour" opens at St. James Theater New York City for 105 performances
1979 - Cleveland Browns' Dino Hall sets club records with 9 kickoff returns
1979 - Debbie Massey wins LPGA Wheeling Golf Classic
1979 - "Eubie!" closes at Ambassador Theater New York City after 439 performances
1979 - U.S.S.R. performs underground nuclear test
1980 - Belgium 3rd government of Martens resigns
1981 - Hosni Mubarak became acting-president of Egypt
1981 - In 1st Eastern Division championship Yankees beat Brewers 5-3
1982 - "Cats" opens at Winter Garden Theater New York City for 5000+ performances
1982 - Olof Palme forms Swedish government
1984 - Striking umps return for Game 5 of NLCS, San Diego Padres win pennant
1984 - Walter Payton passes Jim Brown as NFL's career rushing leader
1985 - 21st Space Shuttle Mission (51-J)-Atlantis 1 lands at Edwards AFB
1985 - KHQ-AM in Spokane Washington's final transmission
1985 - Lynette Woodward, chosen as 1st woman on Harlem Globetrotters
1985 - PLO terrorists sieze Italian cruise liner Achille Lauro
1986 - 1st edition British newspaper "Independent" begins publishing
1988 - Dallas Green replaces Lou Pinella as New York Yankee manager
1988 - Jim Fregosi is fired as manager of White Sox
1988 - Latvian flag raised in Riga for 1st time since annexation by U.S.S.R.
1988 - Lou Piniella is fired as manager of Yankees for 2nd time
1988 - Robin Givens files for divorce after 8-month marriage to Mike Tyson
1988 - WNBC 660 final transmission, WFAN moves from 1050 to 660 and WUKQ begins on 1050 at 5:30 PM (New York City radio)
1989 - Radio talk show host Larry King weds Julie Alexander
1989 - Rickey Henderson steals a record 8 bases in a play off (5 games)
1990 - Beth Daniel wins LPGA Centel Golf Classic
1990 - Israel begins handing out gas masks to its citizens
1991 - Child star Adam Rich arrested for stealing hypodermics
1991 - Law Professor Anita Hill accuses Supreme nominee Clarence Thomas of making sexually inappropriat comments to her
1991 - Scorecard Harry, Space Appeal and Cafe Lex in 9th race at Belmont, creating 2nd triple dead heat in New York thoroughbred racing history
1992 - Tampa Bay Lightning become 1st NHL expansion team to win opener (7-2)
1993 - "Les Miserables," opens at Meralco Theatre, Philippines
1993 - Massive Moslem demonstrate in Xining China PR, 12 killed
1993 - Nobel prize for literature awarded to Toni Morrison
1993 - "She Loves Me" opens at Atkinson Theater New York City for 294 performances
1994 - China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor PRC
1994 - Faud Guliyev appointed premier of Azerbijan
1994 - Ingvar Carlsson forms Swedish government
1994 - Lu Bin swims female 200m medley world record (2:11.57)
1995 - Boston's Fleet Center opens, New York Islanders and Boston Bruins tie at 4-4
1995 - Mariners rally from 5-0 to force Game 5 of Division Series vs Yankees

21st Century

2001 - U.S. launches strikes against the Taleban in Afghanistan, in retaliation for the 9/11 terrorist attacks in the US.
2005 - Mohamed ElBaradei received the Nobel Peace Prize for his work with the IAEA


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