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Events and People Who Made History on October 31

9th Century

802 - Empress Irene of Byzantium driven out
834 - 1st All Hallows Eve (Halloween) observed to honor the saints

16th Century

1517 - Luther posts 95 theses on Wittenberg church-Protestant Reformation
1541 - Michelangelo Buonarroti's paints "last judgement" in Sistine Chapel
1552 - Emperor Karel and Markgraaf Albecht strike siege for Metz
1596 - English/French/Dutch delegates sign anti-Spanish "Drievoudig Covenant"

17th Century

1617 - Laurens Reael resigns as governor-general of East-Indies

18th Century

1714 - Georg Ludwig van Hannover crowned as English King George I
1759 - Earthquake in Safed Palestine kills hundred
1793 - Execution of Girondins at Paris, during Reign of Terror
1794 - John Dalton 1st lecture to Manchester Literary/Philosophical Society

19th Century

1808 - Holland Brigade battle at Durango, Spain
1815 - Sir Humphrey Davy of London patents miner's safety lamp
1837 - Collision of river boat Monmouth and Trement on Miss; 300 die
1846 - Donner party, unable to cross the Donner Pass, construct a winter camp
1864 - Nevada admitted as 36th state
1868 - Standard uniform approved for postal carriers
1871 - Founding of Netherland Protestant Union in Dokkum
1876 - Cyclone hits Bengal, about 200,000 die
1881 - Metropolitan club plays its last game of its non-league season They win 80 of 151 games (18-43 versus NL teams)
1887 - Rimski-Korsakov's "Capricio Espagnol," premieres in St. Petersburg
1888 - John Boyd Dunlop patents pneumatic bicycle tire

20th Century

1900 - AL President Ban Johnson writes to NL President Nick Young seeking peace
1905 - Great revolutionary demonstration for amnesty in St. Petersburg
1906 - George Bernard Shaw's "Caesar and Cleopatra," premieres in New York City
1907 - Calgary City Rugby Foot-ball Club's 1st game defeating Strathcona Rugby Foot-ball Club 15-0 at Calgary
1908 - 4th Olympic games ends in London
1914 - Great Britain and France declare war on Turkey
1916 - Clare Kummer's "Good Gracious Annabelle," premieres in New York City
1917 - Eugene O'Neill's "In the Zone," premieres in New York City
1918 - Spanish flu-virus kills 21,000 in U.S. in 1 week
1920 - Romania annexes Bessarabia
1921 - Federation Sportive Feminine International forms (1st woman track and field association)
1922 - Benito Mussolini (Il Duce) becomes premier of Italy
1922 - Karel and Josef Capek's "World We Live In," premieres in New York City
1925 - Cossack officer Reza Chan replaces sultan Ahmad Shah in Persia
1932 - Greek government of Venizelos falls
1937 - Spanish government moves from Valencia to Barcelona
1939 - 27 U boats sunk this month (135,000 ton)
1940 - 63 U boats sunk this month (325,000 ton)
1940 - Battle of Britain: Germany and Britair control of English Channel, ends
1940 - Deadline for Warsaw Jews to move into Warsaw Ghetto
1941 - 13 U boats sunk this month (62,000 ton)
1941 - Mount Rushmore is completed
1941 - Prior to U.S. in WW II, Germany torpedoes U.S. destroyer Reuben James
1942 - 94 U boats sunk this month (619,000 ton)
1942 - 9th day in battle at El Alamein
1943 - Washington Redskin Sammy Baugh passes for 6 touchdowns vs Brooklyn (48-10)
1944 - Chief of staff Kruls names De Quay chairman of Universal Commission
1949 - Amsterdam Telegraph-director/SS'er Henri Holdert sentenced to 12 years
1949 - "Regina" opens at 46th St. Theater New York City for 86 performances
1949 - WOC (now KWQC) TV channel 6 in Davenport, IA (NBC) 1st broadcast
1950 - Collazo and Torresola attempt to kill Truman in Washington, D.C.
1951 - Second Chamber accept plan-Schuman
1952 - 1st thermonuclear bomb detonated - Marshall Islands
1953 - TV broadcasting begins in Belgium
1954 - Algerian Revolution against French begins
1954 - Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Texas Golf Open
1954 - KREM TV channel 2 in Spokane, WA (CBS/ABC) begins broadcasting
1956 - 1st American to land an airplane at South Pole - Rear Admiral G. J. Dufek
1956 - Britain and France begin to bomb Egypt to reopen Suez Canal
1956 - Brooklyn, New York ends streetcar service
1957 - "Jamaica" opens at Imperial Theater New York City for 558 performances
1959 - Lee Harvey Oswald announces in Moscow he will never return to US
1959 - U.S.S.R. and Egypt sign contracts for building Aswan Dam
1960 - Cyclone hits coast of Gulf of Bengal; about 10,000 die
1961 - Federal judge rules that Birmingham, Alabama, laws against integrated playing fields are illegal
1961 - Hurricane Hattie, kills 400 in British Honduras
1963 - Ed Sullivan witnesses Beatles and their fans at London Airport
1963 - J. Edgar Hoover last meeting with president John F. Kennedy
1963 - Leaking propane gas explodes, kills 64 at "Holiday on Ice" (Indiana)
1964 - Barbra Streisand's "People," album goes #1 for 5 weeks
1967 - KIMO TV channel 13 in Anchorage, AK (ABC) begins broadcasting
1967 - Nguyen Van Thieu took oath of office as 1st President of South Vietnam 2nd Rep
1967 - SF's Mike McCormick wins NL Cy Young Award
1968 - Linda Eastman moves to U.K. permanently
1968 - Milwaukee Bucks win their 1st game beating Detroit 138-118 (6th game)
1968 - President Johnson orders a halt to all bombing of North Vietnam
1968 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1969 - George Harrison's "Something" is released in the United Kingdom
1969 - Race riot in Jacksonville Florida
1971 - "On the Town" opens at Imperial Theater New York City for 65 performances
1972 - Gaylord Perry wins AL Cy Young award
1973 - Tom Seaver wins NL Cy Young Award
1975 - Bob Geldof 1st appearance with Boomtown Rats
1976 - Javed Miandad, 206 vs. New Zealand, age 19 years 141 days (29 fours 1 six)
1978 - Iranian oil workers go on strike
1978 - People's Democratic Republic of Yemen (South) adopts constitution
1979 - Mike Flanagan, wins AL Cy Young Award
1979 - U.S. DC-10 crashes at Mexico-City, 74 killed
1980 - Julian Nott sets world hot-air balloon altitude record (16,806 m)
1980 - Polish government recognizes Solidarity
1980 - Senegal routes troops to Gambia due to Libyan threat
1981 - 1st live radio drama in 25 years (Halloween Story on NBC)
1982 - Pope John Paul II becomes 1st pontiff to visit Spain
1982 - "Rock 'n Roll!: The 1st..." closes at St. James New York City after 9 performances
1983 - Paul McCartney releases "Pipes of Peace" album
1983 - Ron Grant completes a 217 day, 8,316 mile run around Australia
1984 - Howard Goodall/Melvyn Bragg's musical "Hired Man," premieres in London
1984 - Puerto Rican tanker, San Francisco explodes spilling 2 million gallons of oil as ship caught fire
1985 - Last day in Test cricket for Zaheer Abbas
1987 - 1st jockey to win 9 races in 1 day (Chris Antley at Belmont)
1987 - A pair in Coventry, England ties world record for longest singles tennis match at 80 hours 21 minutes
1988 - 19 degrees F lowest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in Oct
1988 - 1st Monday Night NFL game in Indianapolis, Colts beat Denver 55-23
1988 - Journalists demand greater press freedom in Yugoslavia
1989 - AR Gurney's "Love Letters," premieres in New York City
1989 - France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
1989 - Turgat Ozal elected president of Turkey
1989 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1990 - Pakistan make 3-0 drubbing of New Zealand, Waqar Younis 29 series wkts
1991 - Palestinians attend U.S. mideast peace talks in Madrid
1992 - Don Keller makes his 18,000th sky dive
1992 - Horse Racing Breeders' Cup Champs: A P Indy, Fraise, Gilded Time, Liza, Lure, Paseana, Thirty Slews at Gulfstream Park
1992 - Roman Catholic church reinstates Galileo Galilei after 359 years
1993 - 25 people killed during Ghana-Ivory Coast soccer match
1993 - Germany unemployment hits country record of 3.5 million
1993 - Rapper Tupac Shakur charged with aggravated assault
1993 - U.S. wins Nichirei International LPGA Golf Tournament
1993 - "Wonderful Tennessee" closes at Plymouth Theater New York City after 9 performances
1994 - American Eagle ATR-72 crash down at Gary, Indiana: 68 killed
1995 - NHL New Jersey Devils agree to stay in NJ
1997 - British au pair Louise Woodward, 19, sentenced to life in death of Matthew Eappen 8 months (judge changes to time served)00690901
1999 - EgyptAir flight 990 crashes 60m off coast of Nantucket, killing 217, likely cause was an Islamist suicide replacement pilot

21st Century

2005 - Samuel Alito is nominated for the Supreme Court by George W. Bush
2006 - Bob Barker, from The Price is Right, retires after 35 years as host


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