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Events and People Who Made History on October 30

8th Century

701 - John VI of Greece begins his reign as Catholic Pope

10th Century

942 - Alberic nominates Pope Marinus II (Martinus III)

11th Century

1077 - German king Henry IV gives away bisdom Utrecht county Staveren

13th Century

1270 - 8th and last crusade is launched

14th Century

1389 - French king Charles VI visits pope Clemens VII

15th Century

1468 - Charles the Stout occupies and plunders Luik
1485 - King Henry VII Tudor crowned "Yeomen of the Guard"
1489 - Peace of Tours, between emperor Maximilian I and Flemings
1493 - Christopher Columbus discovers island of Dominica

16th Century

1503 - Queen Isabella of Spain bans violence against indians
1534 - English Parliament passes Act of Supremacy, making King Henry VIII head of the English church - a role formerly held by the Pope

17th Century

1611 - Gustaaf II Adolf (17) becomes king of Sweden
1629 - King Charles I gives Bahamas to Sir Robert Heath
1697 - Germany signs French/English/Spanish/Netherlands/Brandenburgs peace treaty ending 9 year War

18th Century

1739 - England declares war on Spain: War of Jenkin's Ear
1768 - 1st Methodist church in U.S. initiated (Wesley Chapel, New York City)
1772 - Captain Cook arrives with ship Resolution in Capetown

19th Century

1851 - Alfred de Mussets "Bettine," premieres in Paris
1862 - Dr. Richard Gatling patents machine gun
1864 - Helena, Montana's capital, founded
1866 - Jesse James gang robs bank in Lexington Missouri ($2000)
1868 - John Menard of Louisiana is 1st black elected to Congress
1871 - Philadelphia Athletics beat Chicago for 1st National Association baseball pennant
1873 - P. T. Barnum's circus, "Greatest Show on Earth," debuts (New York City)
1883 - Austria-Hungary/Germany/Romania signs military treaty
1886 - Great Britain/Germany divide boundaries in East-Africa
1888 - John J Loud patents ballpoint pen
1888 - Ndebele-king Lobengula grants Cecil Rhodes, Mashonaland 100 pounds per month
1893 - Senate approves repealing Sherman Silver Purchase Act of 1890
1894 - Daniel Cooper patents time clock
1896 - Martha Hughes Cannon of Utah becomes 1st female senator
1899 - Battle at Ladysmith Natal: Boers beat Lieutenant-General Whites army
1899 - British Morning Post reporter Winston Churchill reaches Capetown

20th Century

1900 - 1st-ever U.S. auto show opens in Madison Square Garden in New York City
1901 - Battle at Bakenlaagte: Lt-colonel Bensons unit vs Boers
1905 - G.B. Shaw's "Mrs Warren's Profession," premieres in New York City
1905 - "October Manifesto" Russian Tsar Nicholas II grants civil liberties
1905 - Tsar of Russia accepts 1st Duma (Parliament)
1911 - Clark Griffith is named manager of Washington Senators
1914 - Allied offensive at Ypres (Belgium) begins
1917 - British government gives final approval to Balfour Declaration
1918 - Slovakia asks for creation of Czechoslovakian state
1919 - Baseball league presidents call for abolishment of spitball
1922 - Anxious to compete with the Yankees, the New York Giants pay $65,000 and 3 players for Jack Bentley (hits .349 and is 13-1 as pitcher in 1922)
1922 - Mussolini forms government in Italy
1925 - KUT-AM in Austin Texas begins radio transmissions
1930 - Turkey and Greece sign a treaty of friendship
1931 - W2XB TV channel 1 in New York City, New York (NBC) begins broadcasting
1938 - Orson Welles panics a nation with broadcast of "War of the Worlds"
1939 - German U boat fails on attack of English battleship Nelson with Winston Churchill, Dudley Pound and Charles Forbes aboard
1939 - U.S.S.R. and Germany agree on partitioning Poland, Hitler deports Jews
1940 - Cole Porters musical "Panama hattie," premieres in New York City
1941 - USS Reuben James torpedoed by Germans, even though U.S. is not in war
1942 - 8th day of battle at El Alamein: new Australian assault
1942 - U.S. aircraft carrier Enterprise reaches Noumea
1943 - Italian director Federico Fellini marries actress Giulietta Masina
1943 - Molotov-Eden-Cordell Hull accord over operations at UN
1943 - Soviet forces under Tolbuchin stick Sivash-bay about
1944 - Aaron Copland's "Appalachian Spring," premieres in Washington D.C.
1944 - Anne Frank (of Diary fame) is deported from Auschwitz to Belsen
1944 - Last transport for Auschwitz arrives in Birkenau
1944 - Scottish Highlanders liberate Waalwijk
1944 - Sweden announces intention to stay neutral and refuse sanctuary in WW II
1944 - Tholen Island freed
1945 - Branch Rickey signs Jackie Robinson to a Montreal Royals
1945 - U.S. government announces end of shoe rationing
1947 - 23 countries sign GATT agreement in Geneva
1947 - Darius Milhauds 3rd Symphony "Hymnus Ambrosianus," premieres in Paris
1948 - 20 die and 6,000 made ill by smog in Donora Pennsylvania
1948 - Operation Hiram: Israelis take control of Galilee
1949 - Kurt Weill and Maxwell Anderson's musical premieres in New York City
1949 - "Lost in the Stars" opens at Music Box Theater New York City for 281 performances
1950 - David Diamond's 3rd Symphony, premieres
1951 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1952 - Clarence Birdseye sells 1st frozen peas
1953 - Dr. Albert Schweitzer and General George C Marshall win Nobel Peace Prize
1954 - Linus Pauling won the Nobel prize in chemistry
1954 - U.S. Armed Forces end segregation of races
1955 - Imtiaz Ahmed scores 209 vs. New Zealand, the record for a no 8 batsman
1956 - Dodgers sell Ebbets Field to a real estate group They agree to stay until 1959, with an option to stay until 1961
1956 - Israel captures Egyptian militay post at El-Thamad
1957 - Dmitri Sjostakovitch's 11th Symphony premieres in Moscow
1957 - Soviet Union launches, Sputnik II, carrying a dog named Laika
1957 - WLWI (now WTHR) TV channel 13 in Indianapolis, IN (ABC) 1st broadcast
1957 - WYTV TV channel 33 in Youngstown, OH (ABC) begins broadcasting
1960 - Guatemala's "La Hora" reports plan for invasion on Cuba
1961 - Soviet Party Congress unanimously approves a resolution removing Stalin's body from Lenin's tomb in Red Square
1961 - Soviet Union tests a 58 megaton hydrogen bomb
1961 - U.N. unanimously elects U Thant acting Secretary General of the U.N.
1962 - U.S. performs atmospheric nuclear test at Johnston Island
1963 - Morocco and Algeria signs cease fire
1963 - Sandy Koufax wins NL MVP award
1964 - Tran Van Huong appointed premier of South Vietnam
1965 - Clifford Ann Creed wins LPGA Las Cruces Golf Open
1965 - Fireworks explosions kill 50 in Cartagena, Colombia
1966 - Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Las Cruces Ladies Golf Open
1967 - Arthur Allyn says White Sox will play 9 games in Milwaukee in 1968
1967 - Ferdinand Bracke bicycles world record time (48,093 km)
1967 - U.S.S.R. Kosmos 186 and 188 make 1st automatic docking and Venmera 13 launch
1968 - Jaqueline Kennedy marries Aristotle Onassis on the island of Scorpios
1968 - Nobel prize for chemistry awarded to Lars Onsager (thermodynamics)
1968 - Nobel prize for physics awarded to Luis Alvarez (bubble chamber)
1968 - Queen Juliana opens IJ tunnel in Amsterdam
1969 - WXPO (now WNDS) TV channel 50 in Manchester, New Hampshire (IND) 1st broadcast
1970 - KVEW TV channel 42 in Kennewick, WA (ABC) begins broadcasting
1972 - 45 die in a train crash in Chicago, Illinois
1972 - Worst U.S. rail accident in 14 years; 45 die in Chicago
1973 - Tom Seaver becomes 1st non-20-game winner to win Cy Young award
1974 - California Angel Nolan Ryan throws fastest recorded pitch (100.9 MPH)
1974 - Catfish Hunter is named AL Cy Young Award
1974 - Muhammad Ali KOs George Foreman in 8th round in Kinshasa Zaire
1975 - Giants pitcher John "the Count of" Montefusco wins NL Rookie of Year
1975 - John Bucyk, Boston, became 7th NHLer to score 500 goals
1975 - Juan Carlos assumes power in Spain
1975 - New York Daily News runs headline "Ford to City: Drop Dead"
1976 - "Going Up" closes at John Golden Theater New York City after 49 performances
1976 - Jane Pauley becomes news co-anchor of Today Show
1976 - Reverend Joseph Evans elected president of United Church of Christ
1977 - Panama 747SP lands after polar flight around Earth in record 54:07
1978 - Uganda troops attack Tanzania
1979 - NASA launches space vehicle S-203
1979 - Richard Arrington elected mayor of Birmingham
1980 - Honduras and El Salvador settle their boundary dispute
1980 - NASA launches Flt Satcom-4
1982 - Portugal revises constitution
1984 - Tigers reliever Willie Hernandez wins AL Cy Young Award
1985 - 22nd Space Shuttle Mission (61-A)-Challenger 9-launched
1986 - Discovery moves to OPF where more than 200 modification are made
1988 - 2 gambling clubs and 1 player share 61.38 M California lotto jackpot
1988 - Beth Daniel wins Nichirei Ladies Cup US-Japan Team Golf Championship
1988 - Jim Elliott (U.S.) completes 24-hour paced outdoor race for 548.9 mi
1988 - New York Jets finally beat Pittsburgh Steelers for 1st time
1989 - August A Busch III becomes CEO of St. Louis Cardinals
1989 - Smith Dairy at Orrville Ohio, makes largest milk shake (1,575.2 gal)
1990 - England and France complete Chunnel
1991 - Colombian government negotiate with M-19-guerrilla
1991 - Mark Sauer becomes CEO of Pittsburgh Pirates
1991 - Mid East peace conference begins in Madrid Spain
1991 - Singer Clint Black (34) weds actress Lisa Hartman (29)
1992 - Metropolitan Transportation Authority begins installing automated fare collection turnstiles
1993 - Toronto Maple Leafs lose 1st game of season after going 10-0-0
1994 - Leftist coalition wins Marcedonia parliamentary election
1994 - Thomas Nicely reports bug in Intel's Pentium-processor on Internet
1994 - U.S. wins Nichirei LPGA Golf International
1995 - Quebec Referendum votes to remain part of Canada
1997 - "Cherry Orchard," opens at Martin Beck Theater New York City
1997 - Shirley Allen, 51, held Illinois police off for 39 days captured


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