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Events and People Who Made History on October 24

15th Century

1492 - 24 Jews are burned at stake in Mecklenburg Germany

16th Century

1531 - Bavaria joins Schmalkaldische Union
1596 - Battle at Kerestes: Ottoman beat Austria-Hungary and Germany

17th Century

1648 - Switzerland's independence recognized
1648 - Treaty of Westphalia ends 30 year war and Holy Roman Empire
1656 - Treaty of Vilnius: Russia and Poland sign anti-Swedish covenant
1681 - Earl of Shaftesbury accused of high treason in London

18th Century

1795 - 3rd partition of Poland, between Austria, Prussia and Russia

19th Century

1818 - Felix Mendelssohn, 9, performs his 1st public concert (Berlin)
1836 - A. Phillips patents match
1851 - William Lassell discovers Ariel and Umbriel, satellites of Uranus
1856 - Constitution of South Australia adopted
1857 - World's 1st soccer club, Sheffield F C, founded in England
1861 - 1st transcontinental telegram sent ending Pony Express
1861 - West Virginia seceded from Virginia
1871 - Mob in LA hangs 18 Chinese
1881 - Levi P. Morton, U.S. ambas to France drives 1st rivet in Stat of Liberty
1882 - Dr. Robert Koch discovers germ that causes tuberculosis
1885 - Johann Strauss' opera "Zigeunerbaron," premieres in Vienna
1889 - Softball rules adopted by Mid Winter Indoor Baseball League
1899 - Battle at Rietfontein, South Africa: Boers vs British army

20th Century

1900 - General Redvers Buller returns to England
1901 - 1st woman to go over Niagara Falls in a barrel (Anna Taylor)
1903 - 1st trotter to run a mile under 2 minutes (Lou Dillon 1:58.1)
1903 - George Sutton becomes billard champ
1904 - 1st New York subway opens
1908 - Billy Murray hits the charts with "Take Me Outto the Ball Game"
1911 - Robert Scott's expedition leaves Cape Evans for South Pole
1913 - Joe Tinker fired as Cincinnati Reds manager
1916 - Moroccan troops capture Ft. Douaumont
1917 - Battle at Caporetto: German and Austria smash Italian army
1922 - German parliament mandates Ebert president until July 1925
1922 - Irish Parliament adopts a constitution for an Irish Free State
1923 - General Otto von Lossow calls Reichswehr to Berlin to form a dictatorship
1924 - Christian General Feng Joe Siang occupies Beijing
1924 - Nobel prize for fysiologie/medicine awarded to W Einthoven
1929 - Belgium princess Marie-Jose and Italian crown prince Umberto gets engaged, assassination attempt on Umberto fails
1929 - "Black Thursday," start of stock market crash, Dow Jones down 12.8%
1929 - Ruby Vallee's Fleishmann Hour begins broadcasting on NBC radio
1931 - Gangster Al Capone is sentenced to 11 years for tax evasion
1931 - George Washington Bridge connecting New York to New Jersey opens
1932 - British government signs trade treaty with U.S.S.R.
1933 - Langston Hughes' "Mulatto," premieres in New York City
1935 - Judge Landis fines ump George Moriarty, Cubs manager Charlie Grimm and Chicago players W English, B Jurges and B Herman for actions in World Series
1938 - U.S. forbids child labor in factories
1939 - Benny Goodman records "Let's Dance"
1939 - Joe DiMaggio wins AL MVP, Jimmie Foxx is runner-up
1939 - Nazi require wearing of star of David
1939 - Nylon stockings go on sale for 1st time (Wilmington Delaware)
1940 - 40 hour work week goes into effect (Fair Labor Standards of 1938)
1940 - Hitler meets Marshal Petain
1940 - Japan eliminates U.S. terms (strike, play ball) from baseball
1940 - Protestant churches protest against dismissal of Jew civil servants
1942 - 2nd day of battle at El Alamein: British infantry
1943 - Anti-nazi Clandestine Radio Soldatsender Calais begins transmitting
1944 - Rotterdam Passage fight frees 46 prisoners
1944 - U.S. air raid on Japanese battleships/cruisers in Sibuya Sea: Musashi sinks
1944 - U.S. aircraft carrier Princeton sinks at Philippines
1944 - U.S. Captain David Mccampbell shoots down 9-11 Japanese planes in Gulf of Leyte
1945 - France (PC/PS/MRP win parliamentary election (25/24/23%)
1945 - U.N. charter comes into effect
1946 - Netherlands and Indonesia sign cease fire
1947 - Series of forest fires $30 million of timber (New England States)
1948 - Bernard M. Baruch introduces term "Cold War"
1948 - Francis Poulenc's "Sinfonietta," premieres
1948 - Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical In Multiplicibus Curis
1948 - WJBK TV channel 2 in Detroit, MI (CBS) begins broadcasting
1951 - Jan de Hartog's "4 Poster," premieres in New York City
1951 - United Nation publishes its 1st postage stamps
1952 - Arab Liberation Movement becomes only party of Syria
1953 - KOOL (now KTSP) TV channel 10 in Phoenix, Arizona (CBS) begins broadcasting
1956 - AP names Cincinnati manager Birdie Tebbets as NL Manager of the Year
1956 - Soviet troops invade Hungary, Imre Nagy becomes Prime Minister of Hungary
1958 - U.S.S.R. lends Egypt 400 million rubles to build Aswan Dam
1959 - U.S. premier of D Sjostakovitch's 1st Cello concert
1960 - Disaster on U.S.S.R. (Baikonoer) launch pad, kills missile expert Nedelin and team (165 die-unconfirmed); U.S.S.R. claims killed in plane crash
1961 - "Evening with Yves Montand" opens at John Golden New York City for 55 performances
1963 - "110 in the Shade" opens at Broadhurst Theater New York City for 330 performances
1963 - KRO shows 1st Bonanza
1963 - Sandy Koufax is unanimous winner of Cy Young Award
1964 - 18th Olympic games close at Tokyo, Japan
1964 - Belgian para's liberate 1,000 white hostages in Stanleyville
1964 - "Cambridge Circus" closes at Plymouth Theater New York City after 23 performances
1964 - Dr. Kenneth David Kaunda becomes president of Zaire
1964 - Khalid "Billy" Ibadulla scores 166 on Cricket debut vs. Australia
1964 - Test Cricket debut of Asif Iqbal, Majid Khan and Khalid Ibadulla vs. Australia
1964 - Zambia (N Rhodesia) gains independence from Britain (National Day)
1965 - Benjamin Britten's "Voices for Today," premieres
1965 - Marlene Hagge wins LPGA Phoenix Thunderbirds Golf Tournament
1969 - Hanif, Mushtaq and Sadiq Mohammad start their only Test Cricket together
1970 - Nancy Walker creates Ida Morgenstein role on Mary Tyler Moore Show
1970 - Salvador Allende Gossens elected president of Chile
1971 - Harry Drake sets longest arrow flight by a footbow (1 mile 268 yards)
1971 - Texas Stadium opens-Cowboys beat Patriots 44-21
1973 - Heavy fog causes 65 car collision killing 9 on New Jersey Turnpike
1973 - John Lennon sues U.S. government to admit FBI is tapping his phone
1973 - Yom Kippur War ends, Israel 65 miles from Cairo, 26 from Damascus
1974 - Billy Martin named AL Manager of Year (Texas Rangers)
1975 - Turkish diplomat shot dead in Paris
1976 - 1st Jewish film and TV festival
1976 - 6th New York City Women's Marathon won by Miki Gorman in 2:39:11
1976 - 7th New York City Marathon won by Bill Rodgers in 2:10:10
1976 - Hua Guofeng succeeds Mao as China's party leader
1976 - Sadiq and Mushtaq Mohammad score tons in same Test Cricket innings vs. New Zealand
1978 - Keith Richards convicted of heroin possession in Toronto
1978 - NHL Toronto Maple Leafs set own team record of 28 pts vs New York Islanders
1979 - Billy Martin punches a marshmallow salesman, puts job in jeopardy
1979 - Guinness Book of Records presents Paul McCartney with a rhodium disc
1980 - Great Britain performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1980 - Iraqi troops occupies Khorramshar
1980 - John Lennon releases "(Just Like) Starting Over" in the United Kingdom
1980 - Polish government legalizes independent labor union Solidarity
1982 - 12th New York City Women's Marathon won by Grete Waitz in 2:27:14
1982 - 13th New York City Marathon won by Alberto Salazar in 2:09:29
1982 - "Rock 'n Roll!: The 1st..." opens at St. James Theater New York City for 9 performances
1984 - 11 members of Colombo crime family arrested
1984 - Intelsat 5 re-enters Earth's atmosphere 5 months after it failed
1984 - Steffi Graf plays her 1st pro tennis match
1986 - Dodgers' Bill Russell, 38, announces his retirement
1986 - Great Britain drops diplomatic relations with Syria
1987 - NBC technicians accept pact, end 118 day strike
1988 - New York Islander's and NHL high scorer, Mike Bossy retires
1988 - Traveling Wilburys Volume One is released
1988 - Typhoon Ruby sinks Philippine ferry; hundreds drown
1989 - After a weeks delay due to earthquake, World Series game 3 is played
1989 - France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
1989 - Reverend Jim Bakker is sentenced to 50 years for fraud
1990 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya U.S.S.R.
1991 - "Dancing at Lughnasa" opens at Plymouth Theater New York City for 421 performances
1991 - Larry Ryckman purchases CFL Calgary Stampeders
1992 - Toronto Blue Jays beat Atl Braves, 4 games to 2, in 88th World Series
1993 - "Wonderful Tennessee" opens at Plymouth Theater New York City for 9 performances
1994 - Bomb attack on opposition in Sri Lanka, 55+ killed
1995 - Total solar eclipse in SW/S Asia (2m09s)
1996 - Hasan Raza makes Test Cricket debut for Pakistan age 14 years 238 days
1996 - Last game at Atlanta County Fulton Stadium. Yankees win record 8th straight road post season win (with no loses)

21st Century

2001 - Eleven die after two trucks collide, head on, in a mountain tunnel in Switzerland
2003 - The Concorde made its last commercial flight, landing at Heathrow Airport, London


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