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Events and People Who Made History on October 23

6th Century

585 - Burgundy king Guntram opens synod of Macon (Mastico)

8th Century

787 - Byzantine empress Irene recovers Iconclastic cult at Nicaea

11th Century

1086 - Battle of Zalaka: Alfonso VI vs Almoravids

13th Century

1229 - Otto II becomes earl of Gelre

16th Century

1520 - King Carlos I crowned, German emperor Charles V
1588 - Medina Sidonia's Spanish Armada returns to Santander

17th Century

1642 - Battle at Edgeville (Warwick): King Charles I vs English parliament
1644 - Sea battle of Fehmarn Sont: Admiral Thijssen beats Denen
1668 - Jews of Barbados forbidden to engage in retail trade
1679 - Meal Tub Plot against James II of England
1681 - French troops under King Louis XIV occupy Staatsburg
1684 - Colony Massachusetts under authority of English crown mounted
1690 - Revolt in Haarlem after public ban on smoking

18th Century

1702 - Battle in Bay of Vigo: Netherlands/English fleet destroy Spanish/French fleet
1760 - 1st Jewish prayer books printed in U.S.
1775 - Continental Congress approves resolution barring blacks from army

19th Century

1805 - Sailing ship "Aeneus" sinks off Newfoundland killing 340
1812 - Failed coup against emperor Napoleon
1814 - 1st plastic surgery is performed (England)
1824 - 1st steam locomotive is introduced
1853 - Maastricht-Aken railway in Netherlands opens
1854 - The Times give precise British positions in Krim
1864 - Battle of Westport, Missouri
1864 - Union General Samuel R Curtis defeats Confederate General Stirling Price
1871 - Columbia and Sappho (U.S.) beat Livonia (UK) in 3rd America's Cup
1876 - New Orleans Mint reopens as an assay office
1884 - 1st World Series OKed by AA, Providence (NL) beats New York Mets (AA) 6-0
1886 - St. Louis Browns win World Championship by beating Chicago 4-3 in 10
1888 - Pelham Bay Park in Bronx, vested
1890 - Opera "Prince Igor" is produced (St. Petersburg)
1893 - C Dazey's "In Old Kentucky" premieres in New York City (27 seasons)

20th Century

1905 - Edward Milton Royle's "Squaw Man," premieres in New York City
1910 - Blanche Scott became 1st woman solo a public airplane flight
1910 - Philadelphia A's beat Chicago Cubs 4 games to 1 in 7th World Series
1910 - Ritz Hotel in Madrid opens: 200 chambers/100 bathtubs
1915 - 1st national horseshoe throwing championship (Kellerton, Iowa)
1915 - 25,000 women march in New York City, demanding right to vote
1917 - 1st Infantry division "Big Red One" shoots 1st U.S. shot in WW I
1917 - Lenin speaks against Kamenev, Kollontai, Stalin and Trotsky
1918 - Actor Charlie Chaplin (29) weds Mildred Harris (17)
1919 - Romberg and Atteridge's musical "Passing Show," premieres in New York City
1920 - Chicago grand jury indicts Abe Attell, Hal Chase, and Bill Burns as go-betweens in Black Sox World Series scandal
1921 - Green Bay Packers play 1st NFL game, 7-6 win over Minneapolis
1921 - Leos Janacek's opera "Kat'a Kabanova," premieres in Brno
1922 - Channing Pollock's "Fool," premieres in New York City
1922 - Conservative A Bonar forms new government in England
1923 - Babe Ruth makes a postseason exhibition appearance in a Giants uniform
1923 - Giants defeat Baltimore Orioles 9-0 to benefit former Giants owner John Day
1927 - Town of Netanya Israel founded by Nathan Strauss
1932 - "Fred Allen Show" premieres on radio
1932 - Pieter G. Marais, South Africa minister of Education/Development aid
1934 - Jean Piccard and Jeanette Ridlen attain balloon height of 17.341 m (rec)
1935 - Gabby Hartnett selected NL MVP
1935 - Johnny Revolta wins PGA golf tournament
1941 - Walt Disney's "Dumbo" released
1942 - 1st ships of invasion fleet to Morocco leave Norfolk
1942 - During WW II, Britain launches major offensive at El Alamein, Egypt
1942 - German units go through Red October-factory in Stalingrad
1943 - 1st Jewish transport out of Rome reaches camp Birkenau
1943 - Burma railway opens
1944 - 1st Central Kitchen opens in Amsterdam
1944 - Gulf of Leyte battle begin
1944 - Soviet army invades Hungary
1944 - Vice-Admiral Kurita's sailboat Atago sinks
1945 - Jackie Robinson signs Montreal Royal contract
1946 - U.N. General Assembly 2nd session convenes (1st New York City-Flushing Meadows)
1947 - Husband and wife Dr. Carl Cori and Dr. Gerty Cori are 1st spouses to be awarded joint Nobel Prizes
1947 - NAACP petition on racism, "An Appeal to the World" presented to UN
1953 - France grants Laos' sovereignty
1953 - West Germany applies to NATO
1953 - WTRF TV channel 7 in Wheeling-Steubenville, WV (CBS) 1st broadcast
1954 - Britain, England, France and U.S.S.R. agree to end occupation of Germany
1954 - Pakistan governor-general Ghoelan Mohammed disbands parliament
1954 - West Germany joins NATO
1954 - WSAU TV channel 7 in Wausau, Wisconsin (CBS) begins broadcasting
1955 - Dominican League moves to winter baseball for 1st time
1956 - 1st video recording on magnetic tape televised coast-to-coast
1956 - Revolt against Stalinist policies begins in Hungary
1957 - 1st test firing of Vanguard satellite launch vehicle, TV-3
1958 - De Gaulle offers Algerians defiance "peace of the brave"
1958 - Soviet novelist Boris Pasternak, wins Nobel Prize for Literature
1958 - U.S.S.R. lends money to UAR to build Aswan High Dam
1959 - Chinese troops move into India, 17 die
1961 - "Kwamina" opens at 54th St. Theater New York City for 32 performances
1961 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya U.S.S.R.
1962 - Adlai Stevenson speaks at United Nations about Cuba crisis
1962 - USAF Major Robert A. Rushworth takes X-15 to 40,800m
1962 - WCIV TV channel 4 in Charleston, South Carolina (NBC) begins broadcasting
1963 - Neil Simon's "Barefoot in the Park," premieres in New York City
1964 - Japanese beat Russian for 1st Olympic Gold in woman's volleyball
1964 - Time Magazine uses term "op art" for 1st time
1966 - Sandra Spuzich/Jack Rule wins Haig and Haig Scotch Mixed Foursome Golf
1967 - "Henry, Sweet Henry" opens at Palace Theater New York City for 80 performances
1967 - New Jersey Americans (later NY/New Jersey Nets) play 1st ABA game
1968 - Kip Keino (Kenya) wins gold medal for 1,500m (3 minutes 34.9 seconds)
1968 - "Maggie Flynn" opens at ANTA Theater New York City for 82 performances
1969 - "Jimmy" opens at Winter Garden Theater New York City for 84 performances
1970 - Gary Gabelich sets auto speed record 622.4 mph (1,001 kph)
1971 - WXLT (now WWSB) TV channel 40 in Sarasota-Bradenton, Florida (ABC) begins
1972 - Access credit cards introduced in Great Britain
1972 - "Pippin" opens at Imperial Theater New York City for 1944 performances
1972 - WNJS TV channel 23 in Camden, New Jersey (PBS) begins broadcasting
1973 - Nixon agrees to turn over White House tape recordings to Judge Sirica
1973 - UN's revised International Telecommunication Convention adopted
1973 - Yankee General Manager and President Lee MacPhail named AL president
1974 - Cubs trade Billy Williams to A's for Manny Trillo, Knowles and Locker
1974 - Lake Isaac in Cleveland Metroparks' Big Creek Reservation dedicated
1975 - Battle between Cuba and South Africa troops in Angola
1975 - Islander Glenn Resch's 5th shut-out opponent-Flyers 3-0
1977 - 7th New York City Women's Marathon won by Miki Gorman in 2:43:10
1977 - 8th New York City Marathon won by Bill Rodgers in 2:11:38
1977 - Paleontologist Elso Barghoorn announces that 3.4-billion-year-old one-celled fossils, the earliest life forms, had been discovered
1977 - Panamanians vote 2:1 to approve new Canal treaties
1978 - CBS raises LP prices to $8.98
1978 - China and Japan formally ends 4 decades of dissension
1978 - Sid Vicious attempts suicide while at Riker's Detention Center in New York City
1979 - Billy Martin is involved in a barroom altercation with Joseph Cooper, a Minnesota marshmallow salesman. Cooper requires 15 stitches
1980 - McCosker (168) and Dyson (152) make 319 opening stand cricket, NSW vs. WA
1980 - Soviet Prime Minister Nikolai Tichonov succeeds Alexei Kosygin, due to illness
1980 - "Tintypes" opens at John Golden Theater New York City for 93 performances
1983 - 13th New York City Women's Marathon won by Grete Waitz in 2:27:00
1983 - 14th New York City Marathon won by Rod Dixon in 2:08:59
1983 - 400,000 demonstrate in Brussels, against cruise missile
1983 - Suicide terrorist truck bomb kills 241 U.S. personnel in Beirut
1984 - Cubs Rick Sutcliffe, selected as a unanimous choice as NL Cy Young
1984 - NBC airs BBC footage of Ethiopian famine
1984 - STS-51-A launch vehicle moves to launch pad
1987 - France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
1987 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1988 - Boston Celtics play Spain in Madrid
1988 - Robert Bork's supreme court nomination rejected by U.S. Senate
1989 - Browns' Bernie Kosar sets club record with a 97-yard TD pass
1989 - George Harrison releases "Best of Dark Horse 1976 - 1989" album
1989 - Hungary proclaims itself a republic and declares communist rule ended
1989 - U.S. 62nd manned space mission STS-34 (Atlantis 5) returns from space
1989 - William Nicholson's "Shadowlands," premieres in London
1990 - Iraq announces release of 330 French hostages
1991 - Clarence Thomas, sworn in as Supreme Court Justice
1991 - Dr. Jack Kevorkian's suicide machine kills 2 women
1991 - "Les Miserables," opens at Mogador Theatre, Paris
1993 - 7 killed by IRA-bomb attack in Belfast
1993 - Paramilitia kills 22 demonstrators at Bijbihara Kashmir
1993 - Tor Blue Jays beat Philadelphia Phillies, 4 games to 2, in 89th World Series
1994 - 3rd Solheim Cup: U.S. beats Europe, 13-7 at Greenbrier WV
1996 - New York Yankees set record by coming back from 6-0 in World Series game to beat Atlanta Braves 8-6, also set record of 7th straight road win
1997 - At 6:11 AM San Francisco experiences a black out
1997 - Dow Jones drops 186.88 pts
1997 - Les Alexander, owner of Houston Rockets buys NHL's Edmonton Oilers
1997 - "Triumph of Love," opens at Royale Theater New York City


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