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Events and People Who Made History on October 21

4th Century

310 - St. Eusebius ends his reign as Catholic Pope
335 - Constantinople emperor Constantine the Great rules laws against Jews

7th Century

686 - Conon begins his reign as Catholic Pope

11th Century

1096 - Sultan Kilidj Arslan of Nicea defeats 1st Crusaders

15th Century

1492 - Columbus lands on San Salvador Island
1492 - Columbus' discovers America (Oct 12, 1492 Julian calender)
1496 - Emperor Maximiliaans daughter marries Spanish crown prince Johan of Aragon/Philip de Blank marries Johanna "the Waanzinnige" of Aragon

16th Century

1520 - Ferdinand Magellen arrives at Tierra Del Fuego (Pacific Ocean)
1553 - Volumes of Talmud are burned
1555 - Emperor Charles V makes Erard of Pallandt earl of Culemborg
1555 - English parliament refuses to recognize Philip of Spain as king
1568 - 2nd Altenburger sermon: Philippisten/Gnesiolutheranen
1591 - Nijmegen surrenders to Earl Mauritius van Nassau

17th Century

1601 - Memorial service for Daitokuji's Shinju held for Ikkyu Sojun in Kyoto
1639 - Dunes (Marten Tromp defeats Spanish armada under De Oquendo)
1639 - Sea battle at Dunes: Lieutenant Admiral Maarten Tromp beats Spanish Armada
1641 - Catholic uprising in Ulster: 1000s English and Scots killed
1652 - King Louis XIV returns to Paris

18th Century

1708 - Dutch and English troops occupy Lille (Rijsel)
1727 - Russian and Chinese accord to correct boundaries
1797 - U.S. Navy frigate Constitution, Old Ironsides, launched in Boston

19th Century

1805 - Battle of Trafalgar, Admiral Nelson defeats French and Spanish fleet and dies
1824 - Joseph Aspdin patents Portland cement (Yorkshire England)
1858 - In Paris, the Can-Can is 1st performed
1858 - Jacques Offenbach's opera "Orphee aux Enfers," premieres in Paris
1861 - Battle of Balls Bluff, Virginia (Leesburg, Harrison's Island)
1864 - Battle of Westport, MO (Kansas City)
1868 - Severe earthquake at 7:53 AM, centered in Hayward, California
1869 - 1st shipment of fresh oysters comes overland from Baltimore
1871 - 1st U.S. amateur outdoor athletic games (NY)
1878 - German republic chancellor Bismarck delegates end of "Socialism"
1879 - Thomas Edison perfects carbonized cotton filament light bulb
1887 - Detroit clinches best-of-15 touring World Championship with its 8th victory in Game 11 this afternoon in Baltimore, 13-3
1897 - Yerkes Observatory of University of Chicago is dedicated
1899 - Battle at Elandslaagte Natal: (Boers vs British army)

20th Century

1905 - England Pilgrim Association beats All New York 11, 7-1 in soccer at Polo Grounds
1911 - Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta Unions form Western Canada Rugby Football Union
1911 - RS Hichens and M Hudsons "Garden of Allah," premieres in New York City
1914 - Battle of Warsaw ends with German defeat
1915 - 1st transatlantic radiotelephone message, Arlington, Virginia to Paris
1916 - U.S. Army forms Reserve Officers Training Corps
1917 - 1st Americans to see action on front lines of WW I
1917 - Petrograds garrison accepts Revolutionary Military Committee
1918 - Margaret Owen sets world typing speed record of 170 wpm for 1 min
1921 - Tuschinski Theater opens in Amsterdam
1923 - 1st planetarium opens at Deutsche Museum in Munich
1924 - KLM Fokker's F7 H-NACC departs to Dutch East Indies
1925 - Sidney Howards "Lucky Sam McGarver," premieres in New York City
1935 - Hank Greenberg selected AL MVP unanimously
1937 - Dmitri Shostakovich's 5th Symphony premieres
1937 - Franco-troops occupies Gijon
1938 - Japanese troops occupies Canton
1940 - RAF drops 1st anti-nazi pamphlets on Netherlands
1944 - Canadian troops occupy Breskens
1944 - During WW II, U.S. troops capture Aachen, 1st large German city to fall
1944 - Walter Piston's "Fugue for a Victory Tune," premieres in New York City
1945 - Women in France allowed to vote for 1st time
1947 - Dutch Dakota explodes near Coopenhagen, 16 die
1948 - Beersheba liberated by Israeli army
1948 - Dutch Constellation crashes at Prestwick Scotland (40 murder)
1948 - Facsimile high-speed radio transmission demonstrated (Washington D.C.)
1948 - U.N. reject Russian proposal to destroy atomic weapons
1950 - Chinese forces occupy Tibet
1950 - Death penality abolished in Belgium
1950 - Patty Berg wins LPGA Hardscrabble Women's Golf Invitation
1950 - Tom Powers of Duke scores 6 touchdowns
1952 - Dutch government refuses New-Guinea (West-Irian)
1954 - Dorothy Parker/Arnaud d'Usseau's "Ladies of the Corridor," premieres
1954 - Indonesian troops land in New-Guinea
1956 - Betty Dodd wins LPGA Lawton Golf Open
1957 - Giants purchase Class-A Phoenix team
1957 - Jailhouse Rock starring Elvis Presley opens
1957 - Marlene Hagge wins LPGA Lawton Golf Open
1958 - 1st women in English House of Lords
1959 - Contra revolutionaries bomb Havana
1959 - Guggenheim Museum, by Frank Lloyd Wright, opens in N.Y.C.
1959 - Players Association approves 2 All-Star Games in 1960, to be held in Kansas City and NY
1960 - 1st British nuclear sub Dreadnought launched
1960 - John F. Kennedy and Nixon clashed in 4th and final presidential debate (New York City)
1961 - Barbra Striesand opens in "Another Evening with Harry Stones"
1961 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Sary Shagan U.S.S.R.
1962 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA Carlsbad Cavern Golf Open
1964 - Abebe Bikila runs world/olympic record marathon (2:12:11.2)
1964 - Braves ask NL to allow them to leave Milwaukee for Atlanta
1965 - KTWU TV channel 11 in Topeka, KS (PBS) begins broadcasting
1965 - Nobel prize for chemistry awarded to Robert B Woodward
1965 - Robert B. Woodward awarded Nobel prize for chemistry
1965 - Vivian Beaumont Theater (New York City) opens
1966 - 144 die as a coal waste landslide engulfed a school in Aberfan S Wales
1967 - Egypt sinks Israeli torpedo boat
1967 - Thousands opposing Vietnam War try to storm Pentagon
1969 - Bloodless coup in Somalia (National Day)
1969 - Leonard Gersh' "Butterflies are Free," premieres in New York City
1969 - Major General Mohamed Siad Barre becomes President of Somali
1969 - Willy Burns elected chancellor of West Germany
1970 - 777 Unification church couples wed in Korea
1970 - Caledonian Airways takes over British United Airways
1970 - Nobel prize of peace awarded to Norman E Borlaugh
1971 - Nobel prize for literature awarded to Pablo Neruda
1971 - "To Live Another Summer" opens at Helen Hayes New York City for 173 performances
1971 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1971 - William H Rehnquist and Lewis F Powell nominated to U.S. Supreme Court by Nixon, following resignations of Justices Hugo Black and John Harlan
1972 - "Dude" closes at Broadway Theater New York City after 16 performances
1972 - "Man of La Mancha" closes at Beaumont Theater New York City after 140 performances
1972 - "Pacific Paradise" closes at Palace Theater New York City after 5 performances
1973 - A's manager Dick Williams quits after A's beat Mets in World Series
1973 - Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Waco Tribune Herald Ladies Golf Classic
1974 - 1st Islander shut-out opponent-Billy Smith 5-0 vs Caps
1974 - Sandra Palmer wins LPGA Cubic Corp Golf Classic
1975 - Coast Guard Academy 1st allows women to enroll
1975 - Elton John given a star in Hollywood
1975 - Mexico City's 1st major subway accident takes 26 lives
1975 - Red Sox Carlton Fisk's 12th inning home run beats Reds 7-6 in game 6 of WS
1975 - "Treemonisha" opens at Uris Theater New York City for 64 performances
1975 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya U.S.S.R.
1975 - Venera 9, 1st craft to orbit planet Venus launched
1976 - American Saul Bellow wins Nobel Prize for Literature
1976 - Cincinnati Reds sweep New York Yankees, in 73rd World Series
1976 - New York Knicks retire 1st number, # 19, Willis Reed
1976 - New York Yankee Thurman Munson ties World Series mark of 6 straight singles
1976 - Nobel prize for literature awarded to Saul Bellow
1977 - U.S. recalls William Bowdler, ambassador to South Africa
1979 - 10th New York City Marathon won by Bill Rodgers in 2:11:42
1979 - 9th New York City Women's Marathon won by Grete Waitz in 2:27:33
1979 - Greta Weitz wins woman participation in New York City marathon (02:27:33)
1979 - Israeli minister of Foreign affairs Moshe Dayan resigns
1979 - Ozzie Newsome begins NFL streak of 150 consecutive game receptions
1980 - 1st (& only) time Phillies win World Series (in 98 years)
1980 - "Banjo Dancing" opens at Century Theater New York City for 38 performances
1980 - Phillies win their 1st World Championship in their 98-year history
1983 - Pope John Paul II names 3 new Dutch bishops
1984 - Cleveland Browns' Steve Cox sets club record with a 60-yd field goal
1984 - Niki Lauda becomes 3rd time motor racing world champ
1984 - Steve Jones runs Chicago Marathon in world record 2:08:05
1985 - Qasim Omar (206) and Javed Miandad (203*) make 397 stand vs. SL
1986 - 1st-class cricket debut of Andy Flower, ZCU Presidents XI vs. Young WI
1986 - Hugh Whitemore's "Breaking the Code," premieres in London
1986 - IBM re-forms in South Africa
1986 - Republic of Marshall Islands signs Compact of Free Association with US
1986 - U.S. writer Edward A. Tracy kidnap in Beirut
1987 - 7th Belgium government of Martens forms
1987 - Nobel prize for economy awarded to Robert M. Solow
1987 - Senate debate begins rejecting Robert Bork's Supreme Court nomination
1988 - Boston Celtics beat Yugoslavia 113-85 in Madrid
1988 - Ferdinand and Imelda Marcos indicted on racketeering charges
1989 - 1st black owners (Betram Lee and Peter Bynoe) to own a major sports team, purchasing Denver Nuggets for $65m
1989 - Buck Helm found alive after being buried 4 days, in San Francisco earthquake
1989 - "Dangerous Games" closes at Nederlander Theater New York City after 4 performances
1989 - Houston becomes 1st major college team to gain 1000 yards in a game
1990 - Esther Canseco calls Oakland A's manager Tony La Russa a "punk" for not starting husband Jose in the World Series
1991 - 24 die in a fire in Oakland, California
1991 - Former California Governor Jerry Brown announce run for presidency
1991 - U.S. hostage Jesse Turner released from 5 years in captivity in Beirut
1992 - Madonna's book "Sex" goes on sale
1993 - Gary Kasparov defeats Nigel Short for chess championship
1993 - Military coup by Burundi President Ndadaye/525,000 Hutu's flee
1993 - "Twilight of the Golds" opens at Booth Theater New York City for 29 performances
1994 - Hana bridge is Seoul Korea crashes, 32+ die
1994 - North Korea signs pact to end their nuclear projects
1995 - Addison Vance, 18, of Hickory NC, crowned 7th Ms Venus Swimwear
1995 - Mario Tremblay, selected 22nd NHL coach of Montreal Canadians
1997 - Cleveland Marquis Grissom hit in his 15th straight World Series game (streak ends at 15, he is 2nd to Hank Baur with 17)
1997 - Elton John's tribute to Princess Diana breaks world record, 318 million distributed
1998 - World Series, New York Yankees beat San Diego Padres 4 games to 0


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