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Events and People Who Made History on October 19

7th Century

615 - St. Deusdedit I begins his reign as Catholic Pope

11th Century

1031 - Abbot Humbertus van Echternach opens grave of Saint Willibrord

13th Century

1298 - Rindfleish-140 Jews of Heilbron Germany are murdered

15th Century

1453 - 2nd Battle at Castillon: France beats English, end of hundred year war
1466 - 2nd Peace of Thorn
1492 - Columbus sites "Isabela" (Fortune Island, Bahamas)

16th Century

1576 - Dutch provinces begin consultation about Spanish existence

17th Century

1630 - In Boston the 1st general court is held
1634 - Beach Island in North sea destroyed by a heavy storm flood
1655 - Swedish King Karel X Gustaaf occupies Krakow
1682 - English Lord Shaftesbury flees to Holland

18th Century

1722 - French C. Hopffer patents fire extinguisher
1739 - England declares war on Spain
1765 - Stamp Act Congress met in New York, wrote declaration of rights and liberties
1781 - Cornwallis surrenders at Yorktown at 2 PM; Revolutionary War ends

19th Century

1812 - Napoleon begins his retreat from Moscow
1818 - U.S. and Chicasaw Indians sign a treaty
1845 - Richard Wagners opera "Tannhauser," premieres in Dresden
1849 - Elizabeth Blackwell becomes 1st woman in U.S. to receive medical degree
1853 - 1st flour mill in Hawaii begins operations
1856 - James Kelly and Jack Smith fight bareknuckle for 6h15m in Melbourne
1859 - Wilhelm Tempel discovers diffuse nebula around Pleid star Merope
1863 - Battle of Buckland Mills, VA
1864 - Approx 25 Confederates make surprise attack on St. Albans, Vermont
1864 - Battle of Cedar Creek, Virginia, Union beats back Confederate attackers
1864 - U.S. Brigadier General Emory Upton (25) promoted to general-major
1870 - 1st (4) blacks elected to House of Reps
1870 - British SS Cambria leaves for Noth sea coast, 196 killed
1872 - World's largest gold nugget (215 kg) found in New South Wales
1874 - Mary Walsh and Charles Colson are 1st couple to be married in a balloon
1879 - Afghan's emir Mohammed Yakub forced to resign
1879 - Thomas Edison demonstrates electric light
1882 - Pierre de Brazza meets Henry Morton Stanley
1888 - Moshav Gederah is attacked by Arabs

20th Century

1900 - Henry O. Tanner, painter, wins Medal of Honor at Paris Exposition
1900 - South African President Paul Kruger departs for Europe
1901 - Edward Elgar's "Pomp and Circumstance March," premieres in Liverpool
1901 - Santos-Dumont proves airship maneuverable by circling Eiffel Tower
1906 - Georges Chemenceau succeeds Sarien premier of France
1907 - 1st printing of Dutch Tribune (Wijnkoop/Van Ravesteyn/Ceton)
1911 - Royal Mint in London sends dies for $1 coin to Ottawa Branch
1912 - Tripoli (Libya) passes from Turkish to Italian control
1914 - U.S. Post Office 1st used an automobile to collect and deliver mail
1915 - Russia/Italy declares war on Bulgaria
1919 - 1st Distinguished Service Medal awarded to a woman
1919 - Reds beat White Sox, 5 games to 3 in 16th World Series. This series is known as black sox scandal as 8 White Sox throw series
1923 - Ban Johnson persuades AL owners to prohibit boxing in their parks
1923 - Beierse government refuses to prohibit NSDAP newspaper Volkischer Beobachter
1924 - General Christian Worker's union demands 8 hour work day in Belgium
1925 - Italian army takes Somalia
1926 - John C Garand patents semi-automatic rifle
1926 - Russian Politburo throws out Leo Trotsky and followers
1930 - Jules Ladoumegue runs world record 1 km (2:23.6)
1932 - Austria forbids demonstration by Nazi's and anti fascists
1932 - British government signs trade agreement with Soviet Union
1932 - Henry Ford gives his 1st radio speech
1932 - Jimmie Foxx wins AL MVP and Chuck Klein wins NL MVP
1933 - Berlin Olympic Committee vote to introduce basketball in 1936
1935 - Mao Tse Tung's army reaches Shanxi
1936 - H. R. Ekins of "NY World-Telegram" beats 2 other reporters in a race around the world on commercial flights, by 18 days
1939 - Goering begins plunder through Nazi's occupied areas
1941 - 1st woman jockey in North America, Anna Lee Wiley in Mexico
1943 - Conference of foreign ministers in Moscow
1943 - Theater Guild presentation of "Othello" opens at Shubert
1943 - Yankee 2nd baseman Joe Gordon announces retirement (hates New York)
1944 - British premier Winston Churchill flies back to London from Moscow
1944 - Canadian troops liberate Aardensburg
1944 - John Van Druten's "I Remember Mama," premieres in New York City
1944 - Navy says black women can join WAVES
1944 - U.S. forces land in Philippines
1947 - De Gaulles RPF wins French municipal elections
1948 - "My Romance" opens at Shubert Theater New York City for 95 performances
1949 - A's trade 2nd baseman Nellie Fox to White Sox for Joe Tipton
1949 - Yankees trade Joe Gordon to Cleveland for Allie Reynolds
1950 - Bird Building at Cleveland Metroparks Zoo is dedicated
1950 - U.N. forces entered Pyongyang, capital of North Korea
1951 - Babe Didrikson Zaharias wins LPGA Texas Women's Golf Open
1951 - President Harry S Truman formally ends state of war with Germany
1952 - Louise Suggs wins LPGA Betty Jameson Golf Tournament
1953 - 1st jet transcontinental nonstop scheduled service
1953 - Singer Julius LaRosa is fired on TV by Arthur Godfrey
1954 - Egypt and Great Britain sign treaty; British troops departs
1954 - KAKE TV channel 10 in Wichita, KS (ABC) begins broadcasting
1957 - "Damn Yankees" closes at 46th St. Theater New York City after 1,022 performances
1957 - Maurice "Rocket" Richard, Mont, became 1st NHLer to score 500 goals
1958 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1959 - Florence Henderson joins Today Show panel
1959 - William Gibson's "Miracle Worker," premieres in New York City
1960 - France grants Mauritania independence
1960 - KWCS (now KOOG) TV channel 30 in Ogden, UT (IND) begins broadcasting
1960 - Martin Luther King, Jr. arrested in Atlanta sit-in
1960 - U.S. imposes embargo on exports to Cuba
1962 - Stalin-monument removed in Prague
1962 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1963 - Beatles record "I Want to Hold Your Hand"
1966 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1966 - Yardbird 1st U.S. tour (New York City)
1967 - Igor Ter-Ovanesyan of U.S.S.R., sets then long jump record at 27' 4 3/4"
1967 - Mariner 5 makes fly-by of Venus
1968 - Golden Gate Bridge charges tolls only for southbound cars
1969 - J. Bock and S. Harnicks musical "Rothschilds," premieres in New York City
1969 - Mary Mills wins LPGA Quality Chekd Golf Classic
1969 - Oakland Darryle Lamonica passes for 6 touchdowns vs Buffalo (50-21)
1970 - Amdahl Corp forms at Sunnyvale California
1970 - John Frazier kills Ohta's declares WW 3 has begun
1970 - "Rothschilds" opens at Lunt-Fontanne Theater New York City for 505 performances
1971 - Last issue of "Look" magazine is published
1972 - "Mother Earth" opens at Belasco Theater New York City for 12 performances
1973 - Ringo releases "Photograph"
1974 - Detroit Pistons beat Trailblazers in Portland (next win 6-1-90)
1974 - Detroit Red Wing Mickey Redmond scores 1st hat trick against Washington Caps
1975 - "Chorus Line" opens at Shubert Theater New York City for 6137 performances
1975 - Cleveland Browns' Don Cockroft kicks club record 5 field goals
1975 - Hamlisch and Klebans musical "Chorus Line" premieres in New York City
1975 - Shelley Hamlin wins LPGA Japan Golf Classic
1977 - Corpse of kidnapped West German, H. M. Schleyer, found
1977 - Supersonic Concorde jet's 1st landing in New York City
1980 - Steve McPeak rides 101'9" unicycle
1981 - Los Angeles Dodgers beat Montreal Expos for NL pennant
1981 - Nicolaas Bloembergen and Arthur Schawlow win Nobel for physics (laser)
1982 - Automaker John DeLorean arrested on cocaine charges (Not guilty)
1983 - Columbia moves to Orbiter Processing Facility
1983 - Grenada general Hudson Austin forms "revolutionary council"
1983 - Philadelphia Flyers begin 13 NHL game win streak
1983 - Senate establishes Martin Luther King, Jr. federal holiday
1986 - Allan Border scores the 10,000th run in Tests (v India, Bombay)
1986 - "Flamenco Puro" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater New York City for 40 performances
1986 - "Raggedy Ann" closes at Nederlander Theater New York City after 5 performances
1986 - U.S.S.R. expels 5 U.S. diplomats
1987 - "Anything Goes" opens at Beaumont Theater New York City for 804 performances
1987 - "Black Monday"-Dow Jones down 508.32, 4 times previous record
1987 - Dow Jones Index drops 508.32 points (22%) (record)
1987 - U.S. warships destroy 2 Iranian oil platforms in Persian Gulf
1987 - Woody Woodward resigns as New York Yankee General Manager, Lou Piniella is named General Manager and Billy Martin is named New York Yankee manager for 5th and final time
1988 - 3 Americans win Nobel in physics; 3 W Germans win chemistry Nobel
1988 - Britain bans broadcast interviews with IRA members
1988 - Car bomb kills 7 Israelis, wounds 11 near Lebanon border
1988 - Roxette releases "Roxette Look Sharp!" album
1988 - Senate passes bill curbing ads during children's TV shows
1988 - South Africa anti-apartheid leader Sisulu wins $100,000 Human Rights prize
1989 - Astor Piazzolla and Wm Finn's musical "Dangerous Games" premieres in New York City
1989 - "Dangerous Games" opens at Nederlander Theater New York City for 4 performances
1989 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1990 - HCA, Helsinki Citizens Assembly, forms in Prague
1991 - Longest NCAA football game (3:52) as RI beats Maine 52-30 (6 OTs)
1991 - Lonnie Glieberman purchased Ottawa Rough Riders from CFL
1993 - U.N. authorizes arms, miltary and police supply embargo against Haiti
1994 - 160 killed at battles in Tsjetsjenie
1994 - Palestinian bomb attack on bus in Tel Aviv, kills 22
1995 - "Hello Dolly!" opens at Lunt-Fontanne Theater New York City for 118 performances
1996 - Braves beat New York Yankees by record tying 11 runs, 12-1 in a World Series
1997 - 700th World Series home run (Sandy Alomar, Cleveland Indians)
1997 - "Annie," closes at Martin Beck Theater New York City
1997 - David Duval wins Walt Disney World/Oldsmobile Golf Classic
1997 - Hyatt Regency Maui Kaanapali Senior Golf Classic

21st Century

2005 - Saddam Hussein's trial begins in Iraq
2006 - Dow closes above 12,000 for the first time


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