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Events and People Who Made History on October 18

8th Century

707 - John VII ends his reign as Catholic Pope

11th Century

1016 - Danes defeat Saxons at Battle of Assandun (Ashingdon)
1081 - Battle at Durazzo/Durres: Normans under Robert Guiscard beat Byzantine

13th Century

1210 - Pope Innocent III excommunicates German emperor Otto IV
1267 - Battle at Marienholz: Henry III, Otto II van Gelre beat Keuls archbishop Engelbert III

16th Century

1534 - New pursuit of French protestants
1564 - John Hawkins begins 2nd trip to America
1572 - Spanish troops attack Maastricht

17th Century

1622 - French King Louis XIII and Huguenots sign treaty of Montpellier
1648 - 1st U.S. labor organization forms, Boston Shoemakers
1667 - English fleet plunders Suriname plantations
1672 - Poland and Turkey sign Peace of Buczacz
1685 - French king Louis XIV revoked Edict van Nantes
1685 - Louis XIV revokes Edict of Nantes, outlaws Protestantism

18th Century

1748 - Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle, ends War of Austrian Succession
1752 - Premiere of Rousseau's opera "Le Devin du Village"
1767 - Boundary between MD and PA, Mason Dixon line, agreed upon
1776 - Battle of Pelham: Col John Glover and Marblehead regiment meet British Forces in Bronx
1776 - In a New York bar decorated with bird tail, customer orders "cock tail"

19th Century

1855 - Franz Liszt's "Prometheus," premieres
1862 - Morgan's raiders capture federal garrison at Lexington, Kentucky
1863 - Battle of Charlestown, West Virginia
1867 - U.S. takes formal possession of Alaska from Russia
1869 - Henrik Ibsen's "De Unges Forbund," premieres in Christiania (Oslo)
1873 - 1st football game between Toronto Argonauts and Hamilton Tigers
1873 - Columbia Princeton Rutgers and Yale set rules for collegiate football
1878 - Edison makes electricity available for household usage
1887 - Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "A Case of Identity"
1889 - 1st all New York City World Series New York Giants (NL) play Brooklyn (AA)
1890 - John Owen is 1st man to run 100 yd dash in under 10 seconds
1891 - 1st international 6-day bicycle race in U.S. (MSG, New York City) begins
1892 - 1st commercial long-distance phone line opens (Chicago-NY)
1898 - American flag raised in Puerto Rico

20th Century

1901 - Belgium's Louise of den Plas begins activities towards women rights
1904 - Mahlers 5th symphony premieres in Cologne
1908 - Belgium annexes Congo Free State
1909 - Comte de Lambert of France sets airplane altitude record of 300 m
1910 - Edward Forster publishes "Howards End"
1912 - Beginning of 1st Balkan War
1912 - Italo-Turkish war ends
1913 - Austrian-Hungary demands that Serbia and Albania leave
1915 - 3rd Italians offensive at Isonzo
1918 - Czechoslovakia declares Independence from Austro-Hungarian Empire
1918 - NHL's Quebec Bulldogs sold to a Toronto businessman P J Quinn
1918 - Russian 10th Army drives out White armies of Tsaritsyn (Stalingrad)
1922 - British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) forms
1924 - Harold "Red" Grange, finest collegiate football game (4 long TD runs)
1924 - Notre Dame beats Army 13-7, New York Hearld Tribune dubs them (4 Horsemen)
1925 - French General Sarrail bombs Damascus
1925 - Salt Lake City (PCL) Tony Lazzeri hits his 60th home run of the season
1926 - Frankfurter Zeitung publishes Lenins political testament
1930 - Joseph Sylvester becomes 1st jockey to win 7 races in 1 day
1932 - Belgium government of Renkin falls
1934 - Chinese Red leader under Mao Tse Tung begins Long March
1939 - R Rodgers and Lorenz Harts "Too Many Girls," premieres in New York City
1940 - Kaufman and Harts "George Washington Slept Here," premieres in New York City
1941 - Spy Richard Sorge arrested in Tokyo
1942 - Hitler orders allied commandos to be killed
1943 - U.S. bombing of Bougainville, Solomon Island
1944 - Eisenhower, Bradley and Montgomery confer in Brussel
1944 - Soviet troops invade Czechoslovakia during WW II
1945 - Nazi war crime trial opens in Nuremberg
1945 - Paul Robeson wins Spingarn Medal for singing and acting achievements
1946 - Aaron Copland's 3rd Symphony, premieres
1948 - Operation 10 Plagues - Israeli offensive against Egyptian army
1950 - Connie Mack retires as manager of A's after 50 years
1951 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test
1952 - "Buttrio Square" closes at New Century Theater New York City after 7 performances
1952 - Vinoo Mankad takes 13 Pakistan wkts to win 1st India-Pak clash
1953 - Willie Thrower becomes 1st black NFL quarterback in modern times
1953 - WLJT TV channel 11 in Lexington, Tennessee (PBS) begins broadcasting
1953 - WTVK TV channel 26 in Knoxville, Tennessee (NBC) begins broadcasting
1954 - Hurricane Hazel (3rd of 1954) becomes most severe to hit US
1954 - WBTW TV channel 13 in Florence, South Carolina (CBS/ABC) begins broadcasting
1954 - WNBC radio changes call letters to WRCA (New York City)
1955 - Track and Field names Jesse Owens all-time track athelete
1955 - University of California discovers anti-proton
1960 - Casey Stengel retired by New York Yankees (won 10 pennants in 12 years)
1960 - In Britain, News Chronicle and Daily Mail merge, and London Evening Star merges with Evening News
1961 - Emergency crisis proclaimed in South Vietnam due to commun attack
1962 - Dr. Watson (U.S.), Dr. Crick, and Dr. Wilkins (Britain) win Nobel Prize for Medicine for work in determining structure of DNA
1962 - John F. Kennedy meets Russian minister of Foreign affairs Andrei Gromyko
1962 - Tony Sheridan and Beat Brothers record "Let's Dance"
1962 - U.S. launches Ranger 5 for lunar impact; misses Moon
1962 - U.S. performs atmospheric nuclear test at Johnston Island
1963 - IOC votes Mexico City to host 1968 Olympics
1964 - Marlene Hagge wins LPGA Mickey Wright Golf Invitational
1966 - "Apple Tree" opens at Shubert Theater New York City for 463 performances
1967 - AL votes to allow Athletics to move from Kansas City to Oakland and expand league to 12 teams in 1971 with Kansas City and Seattle teams
1967 - Nobel prize for physics awarded to Hans A. Bethe
1967 - Soviet Venera 4 becomes 1st probe to send data back from Venus
1967 - Walt Disney's "Jungle Book" is released
1968 - Bob Beamon of USA sets long jump record (29'2 ") in Mexico City
1968 - Circus Circus opens in Las Vegas
1968 - Lee Evans sets world record of 43.8 seconds in 400 meter dash
1968 - U.S. Olympic Committee suspends Tommie Smith and John Carlos for giving "black power" salute as a protest during victory ceremony
1969 - Federal government bans use of cyclamates artificial sweeteners
1969 - Jefferson Airplanes Paul Kanter, arrested for marijuana possession
1969 - Rod Stewart joins Small Faces
1969 - Soyuz 8 returns to Earth
1970 - Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Quality Chekd Golf Classic
1970 - Sachio Kinugasa begins 2,215 cons game streak for Hiroshima Carp
1973 - Congress authorizes bi-centennial quarter, half-dollar and dollar coin
1973 - Judd Woldon and Robert Brittens musical "Raisin," premieres in New York City
1973 - Nobel prize for economy awarded to Wassily Leontief
1973 - "Raisin" opens at 46th St. Theater New York City for 847 performances
1974 - 1st NBA game at Market Square Arena - Pacers beat Spurs 129-121
1974 - Andre van de Louw appointed mayor of Rotterdam
1974 - Chicago Bull Nate Thurmond becomes 1st in NBA to complete a quadruple double-22 pts, 14 rebounds, 13 assists and 12 blocks
1974 - Wings (Country Hams) release "Walking in the Park with Eloise"
1975 - Simon and Garfunkel reunite on SNL, sing "My Little Town"
1975 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya U.S.S.R.
1976 - Nobel prize for chemistry awarded to William N Lipscomb Jr
1977 - 1st Islander 0-0 tie-Kings at Nassau-25th time shutout-Resch's 15th
1977 - New York Yankees win their 21st World Championship, 4 games
1977 - Reggie Jackson hits 3 consecutive homers tying Ruth's series record
1977 - W German commandos liberate Boeing 737, 86 hostages at Mogadishu
1977 - Yankees beat Dodgers 8-4 for 21st world championship, 1st in 15 years
1978 - 1st daughter Susan Ford announces engagement to Charles F. Vance
1978 - New York Islanders 1st scoreless tie, vs Los Angeles Kings
1979 - "Beatlemania" opens in London
1979 - Iranian Ayatollah Khomeini orders mass executions to stop
1979 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya U.S.S.R.
1979 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1980 - Brooke Alexander, 18, of Hawaii, crowned Miss World USA
1980 - Detroit blocks 21 Atlanta shots setting NBA record (double OT)
1981 - Andreas Papandreous' PASOK wins Greek elections
1981 - New York Giant Joe Danelo ties NFL record of 6 field goals in a game
1981 - Poland General Jaruzelski elected party leader
1984 - Discovery moves to Vandenberg AFB for mating of STS-51A mission
1984 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1988 - Israel's supreme court uphold's ban on Kahane's Kach Party as racist
1988 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1989 - East German state/party leader Erich Honecker, resigns
1989 - Hungary revises constitution
1989 - U.S. 62nd manned space mission STS-34 (Atlantis 5) launches into orbit
1990 - "Once on this Island" opens at Booth Theater New York City for 469 performances
1991 - "Most Happy Fella" closes at New York State Theater New York City
1991 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1992 - 1st non-U.S. team to win a World Series Game; Toronto 5, Atlanta 4
1992 - 6.6 earthquake hits Colombia with no fatalities
1992 - "Oba Oba '93" closes at Marquis Theater New York City after 22 performances
1992 - Philadelphia Eagle Randall Cunningham sets NFL quarterback scramble record of 3,683
1992 - Start of Zimbabwe's 1st Test match, vs. India at Harare
1993 - STS-58 (Columbia) launches into orbit
1995 - NHL Winnipeg Jets sold to Americans who plan to move them to Phoenix
1998 - Samsung World Championship of Women's Golf


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