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Events and People Who Made History on October 16

14th Century

1311 - Council of Vienne (15th ecumenical council) opens

15th Century

1492 - Columbus' fleet anchors at "Fernandina" (Long Island, Bahamas)

16th Century

1502 - Storm ravages Friese coast
1551 - English Edward Seymour duke of Somerset re-arrested

17th Century

1600 - Olivier van Noorts ships reach Philippines
1674 - Emperor Leopold I fires chancellor Furst Wenzel Lobkowitz

18th Century

1710 - British troops occupies Port Royal, Nova Scotia
1757 - Austrian troops occupy Berlin
1775 - Portland, Maine burned by British
1781 - Washington takes Yorktown
1795 - M von Bohms "Oorlogscantate" premieres

19th Century

1813 - Battle at Leipzig (Napoleon vs Prussia, Austria and Russia)
1829 - Tremont Hotel, 1st U.S. modern hotel opens (Boston)
1834 - London parliament catches fire; historic documents burn
1841 - Queens University in Kingston is chartered
1846 - Dentist William T Morton demonstrates effectiveness of ether
1847 - Charlotte Bronte's book "Jane Eyre" published
1848 - 1st U.S. homeopathic medical college opens in Pennsylvania
1849 - Avery College establishes in Allegheny, Pennsylvania
1849 - British seize Tigre Island in Gulf of Fonseca from Honduras
1852 - Dutch Government recognize Catholics right to organize
1859 - John Brown leads 20 in raid on federal arsenal, Harper's Ferry, Va
1861 - Confederacy starts selling postage stamps
1863 - Grant is given command of Union forces in West
1867 - Alaska adopts Gregorian calendar, crosses International date line
1869 - Hotel in Boston becomes 1st to have indoor plumbing
1875 - 1st Quebec vs Ontario football game, Ontario wins
1876 - Race riot at Cainhoy South Carolina (5 whites and 1 black killed)

20th Century

1900 - Queen Wilhelmina leaves duke Heinrich "Henry" von Mecklenburg-Schwerin
1903 - Homel, 1st Jewish self defense organization founded in Russia
1904 - Russian Baltic fleet departs to Port Arthur
1907 - Belasco Theater opens at 111 W 44th St. New York City
1907 - David Belasco's "Grand Army Man," premieres in New York City
1908 - Edmonton Rugby Foot-ball Club re-organizes as Esquimoux
1909 - Jack Johnson KOs Stanley Ketchel in 12 for heavyweight boxing title
1909 - Pirates beat Tigers 4 games to 3 in 6th World Series
1912 - Arnold Schonberg's "Pierrot Lunaire," premieres
1912 - Boston beats New York Giants, 4 games to 3 with a tie in 9th World Series
1913 - Booth Theater opens at 222 W 44th St. New York City
1915 - Great Britain declares war on Bulgaria
1916 - Dodger manager Wilbert Robinson given $5,000 bonus
1916 - Margaret Sanger opens 1st birth control clinic (46 Amboy St, Bkln)
1916 - T. E. Lawrence meets with Fasal Hoessein
1921 - Babe Ruth, Bob Meusel, and Bill Piercy defy Landis ban on World Series
1921 - Jim Conzelman takes over as coach of Rock Island Independents from Frank Coughlin-only mid-game coaching change in NFL history
1923 - Disney company founded
1923 - John Harwood patents self-winding watch (Switzerland)
1925 - Peace accord of Locarno signed (Rhine Pact)
1925 - Texas School Board prohibits teaching of evolution
1926 - Mohammed Nadir Khan begins coup in Afghanistan, 1200 killed
1926 - Troop ship sinks in Yangtze River, killing 1,200
1928 - Mickey Cochrane wins AL MVP honors, edging Heinie Manush by 2 points
1931 - Trunk murderess Winnie Ruth Judd chops 1st
1934 - Mao Tse-tung and 25,000 troops begin 6,000 mile Long March
1936 - Lou Gehrig, is voted AL MVP by BBWAA
1939 - Sugar rationing begins in Netherlands
1940 - Benjamin Oliver Davis Sr named 1st black general in regular army
1940 - Lottery for 1st U.S. WW II draftees held; #158 drawn 1st
1940 - Warsaw Ghetto forms
1941 - Germany advances within 60 miles of Moscow
1941 - "Gordo" comic strip (by Gus Arriola) 1st appears in newspapers
1941 - Romanian Legionnaires enter Odessa Russia
1942 - Aaron Copland/de Milles ballet "Rodeo," premieres in New York City
1942 - Cyclone in Bay of Bengal kills some 40,000 south of Calcutta India
1942 - National Boxing Association freezes titles of those serving in armed services
1943 - Anti Jewish riot in Rome
1943 - Chicago Mayor Ed Kelly opens city's new subway system
1943 - Jewish quarter of Rome surrounded by Nazis, they are sent to Auschwitz
1943 - U.S. 1st Army establishes headquarter in Bristol
1944 - Hungary: Horthy government falls/nazi count Szalasi becomes premier
1945 - UN's Food and Agriculture Organization comes into existence
1946 - 10 Nazi leaders hanged as war criminals after Nuremberg trials
1948 - Demonstration by Moscow Jews honoring Israeli ambassador Golda Meir
1948 - "Red Mill" opens at Ziegfeld Theater New York City for 831 performances
1949 - WDAF TV channel 4 in Kansas City, Missouri (NBC) begins broadcasting
1952 - Pakistan's 1st Test starts, vs. India at Delhi
1952 - Woolworth's at Powell and Market (SF) opens
1956 - "Love Me Tender" with Elvis Presley premieres
1956 - William J. Brennan, Jr. becomes a Supreme Court Justice
1957 - Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip visits Williamsburg Virginia
1957 - USAF sends 2 aluminium bullets into space
1958 - Benjamin Britten's "Nocturne," premieres
1958 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1960 - NL votes to admit Houston and New York to league
1962 - Byron R. White becomes a Supreme Court Justice
1962 - Cuban missile crisis began as John F. Kennedy becomes aware of missiles in Cuba
1962 - KTXT TV channel 5 in Lubbock, Texas (PBS) begins broadcasting
1962 - New York Yankees appear in 12 and win 9 of last 14 World Series
1962 - Yankees (20th championship) beat San Francisco Giants 4 games to 3 in World Series
1963 - 2 secret U.S. military satellites launched from Cape Canaveral
1963 - New York newspaper "Mirror" last edition
1964 - Brezhnev and Kosygin replace Khrushchev as head of Russia
1964 - China becomes world's 5th nuclear power
1964 - Harold Wilson's Labour party wins British election
1964 - Indians' directors vote to keep franchise in Cleveland, rejecting bids by Seattle, Oakland and Dallas
1965 - "Drat! - The Cat!" closes at Martin Beck Theater New York City after 8 performances
1965 - Singer Leslie Uggams marries Grahame Pratt in New York City
1966 - Joean Baez and 123 other ani-draft protestors arrested in Oakland
1967 - WETK TV channel 33 in Burlington, VT (PBS) begins broadcasting
1967 - WGNO TV channel 26 in New Orleans, Louisiana (ABC) begins broadcasting
1968 - China reports removal of president Li Sjao-tji
1968 - Czechoslovakia and Russian "accord" rules allies Soviet forces
1968 - During Olympics Tommie Smith and John Carlos give black power salute
1968 - Jim Dorey sets Toronto Maple Leaf penalty records (48 minutes on 9 penalties in a game and 44 minutes on 7 penalties in a period)
1968 - Milwaukee Bucks play their 1st game losing 89-84 to Chicago Bulls
1969 - 100-1 shot New York Mets beat Orioles 5-3 and win 66th World Series in 5
1969 - Met Cleon Jones awarded 1st base when shoe polish on ball proves he is hit by a pitch, he scores on a home run in World Series
1969 - Soyuz 6 returns to Earth
1970 - Anwar Sadat elected president of Egypt, succeeding Gamal Abdel Nasser
1971 - Amphitheater in McLaren Park is dedicated in San Francisco
1972 - Creedence Clearwater Revival breaks up
1972 - "Pacific Paradise" opens at Palace Theater New York City for 5 performances
1973 - Israeli tanks under General Sharon move through Suez Canal
1973 - Kissinger and Le Duc Tho jointly awarded Nobel peace prize
1973 - Maynard Jackson elected 1st black mayor of Atlanta
1973 - Monks Heng Yo and Heng Ju, start 1000 mile San Francisco to Seattle pilgrimage
1974 - A's Ken Holtzman, who hasn't batted all season, belts 3rd inning home run in Game 4 and gets the win, 5-2
1976 - Soyuz 23 returns to Earth
1976 - Toronto Maple Leaf Lanny McDonald scores a hat trick in 2 minutes 54 seconds
1978 - Nobel prize for economy awarded to Herbert A Simon
1978 - Polish Cardinal Karol Wojtyla elected supreme pontiff-John Paul II
1978 - Test debut of Kapil Dev, India vs. Pakistan at Faisalabad
1980 - "Brigadoon" opens at Majestic Theater New York City for 133 performances
1980 - China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor PRC
1981 - 2nd Dutch government of Van Agt resigns
1981 - Harvey Fierstein's "Torch Song Trilogy," premieres in New York City
1982 - Devils 1st road victory 6-5 over Penguins
1982 - Mount Palomar Observatory 1st to detect Halley's comet on 13th return
1982 - Shultz warns U.S. will withdraw from United Nations if they vote to exclude Israel
1982 - U.S.S.R. performs underground nuclear test
1983 - 25th Ryder Cup: U.S., 14 -13 at PGA National Golf Club Florida
1983 - Baltimore Orioles beat Philadelphia Phillies, 4 games to 3 in 80th World Series
1983 - "Zorba" opens at Broadway Theater New York City for 362 performances
1984 - Baboon heart transplanted into a 15-day-old baby girl
1984 - Desmond Tutu, black Anglican Bishop, wins Nobel Peace Prize
1985 - Challenger vehicle moves to launch pad for STS-61A mission
1985 - Intel introduces 32-bit 80386 microcomputer chip
1985 - Kansas City Royals and St. Louis Cardinals win their league championships
1985 - Nobel prize for chemistry awarded to Herbert Hauptman and Jerome Karle
1986 - Armand Hammer returns to U.S. with Jewish refusenik David Goldfarb
1986 - Marie Osmond marries Brian Blosil
1986 - "Raggedy Ann" opens at Nederlander Theater New York City for 5 performances
1986 - U.S. government closes down due to budget problems
1986 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1987 - 175-kph winds cause blackout in London, much of southern England
1987 - 338,500,000 shares traded on New York stock exchange (record)
1987 - Dow Jones for 1st time falls more than 100 pts (108.35)
1987 - Jessica McClure rescued 58 hours after falling 22' into a well shaft
1987 - Mike Tyson TKOs Tyrell Biggs in 7 for heavyweight boxing title
1987 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1988 - Orel Hirsheiser, 1st to pitch shutout in playoff and World Series
1989 - Bikenibau Paeniu installed as premier of Tuvalu
1989 - Jan Syse becomes premier of Norway
1990 - Reds beat A's 7-0, ending Oakland's 10-game post-season winning streak
1990 - Reds Eric Davis is 22nd player to homer in his 1st World Series at bat
1990 - "Stand Up Tragedy" closes at Criterion Theater New York City after 13 performances
1990 - U.S. forces reach 200,000 in Persian Gulf
1991 - Dallas Mavericks Roy Tarpley becomes 7th to be banned from NBA for life under the league's anti-drug agreement
1991 - George Jo Hennard, 35, kills 23 and himself and wounds 20 in Texas
1991 - U.S. Supreme Court begins to hear Joseph Doherty case
1992 - 1,700th David Letterman Show
1992 - 1964 "Gilligan's Island" TV pilot 1st shown on TV (TBS)
1993 - General Omar al-Bashir appointed Sudan president
1993 - IRA bomb attack on fish and chips restaurant in Belfast, 10 killed
1994 - Raul Julia, actor (Addams Family), suffers a stroke
1995 - Allan Donald takes 8-71 as South Africa defeat Zimbabwe
1995 - Brian Lara scores 169 in Sharjah ODI versus Sri Lanka
1995 - Million Man March held in Washington D.C. (over 800,000 black men attend)
1995 - ODI in Sharjah WI 7-333 in 50 overs beat Sri Lanka 329 all out
1997 - "Side Show," opens at Richard Rodgers Theater New York City for 91 performances


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