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Events and People Who Made History on October 12

7th Century

638 - Honorius I ends his reign as Catholic Pope; Pope Severinus elected
642 - John IV ends his reign as Catholic Pope

12th Century

1165 - Rambam reaches Jerusalem

13th Century

1285 - 180 Jews refuse baptism in Munich Germany, they are set on fire

14th Century

1366 - King Frederick III of Siciliy forbids decorations on synagogues

15th Century

1459 - Battle at Ludfor: Richard of York defeated
1492 - Columbus arrives in Bahamas
1492 - Flemish rebel leader Philip van Kleef surrenders

16th Century

1504 - Queen Isabella I of Spain signs her testament
1509 - Emperor Maximilian leaves Italy
1518 - Pontifical ambassador interrogates Martin Luther
1549 - John Dudley earl of Warwick becomes English premier
1576 - Rudolf II succeeds Maximilian II as arch duke of Austria

17th Century

1609 - Children's rhyme "Three Blind Mice," published in London
1654 - Kruittoren van Delft, explodes, 50-100 killed
1659 - English Rump-government fires John Lambert and other generals
1692 - Massachusetts Bay discontinues witch trials

18th Century

1702 - Battle of Bay of Vigo: Dutch and English fleet destroy and occupy Spanish silver fleet and French squadron
1711 - Karel VI Habsburg crowned Roman Catholic emperor
1729 - Willem KH Friso installed as viceroy of Gelderland
1730 - Christian VI succeeds Frederik IV as king of Denmark
1775 - U.S. Navy forms
1776 - British Brigade begins guarding Throgg Necks Road in Bronx
1792 - Columbus Day is 1st celebrated
1798 - Flemish uprising against French occupied Boerenkrijg
1798 - Friedrich von Schillers "Wallensteins Lager," premieres in Weimar

19th Century

1815 - Ex-king Joachim Murat van Naples sentenced to death
1822 - 2nd eruption of Galunggung (Java) destroys summit of mountain
1823 - Charles Macintosh of Scotland begins selling raincoats (Macs)
1833 - Charles Darwin begins return trip to Buenos Aires
1836 - 18" of snow falls in Bridgewater, New York
1850 - 1st women's medical school (Women's Medical College of Penns), opens
1853 - John Morrissey wins boxing title, when Yankee Sullivan leaves ring after 36th round to slug Morrissey's fans
1854 - Lincoln University founded as Ashmun Institute
1860 - British and French troops capture Beijing
1861 - Confederate ironclad Manassas attack Union's Richmond on Mississippi
1862 - JEB Stuart completes his "2nd ride around McClellan"
1862 - Major General Earl Van Dorn assumes command of Confederate troops in Missisippi
1862 - Skirmish at Monocacy, Maryland
1871 - President Grant condemns Ku Klux Klan
1872 - Montreal Foot Ball Club 1st game playing Quebec City to 0-0 tie
1879 - British troops occupy Kabul Afghanistan
1881 - Henry M. Stanley signs contract with Congo monarch
1886 - Hurricane and sea surge kills 250 at Indianola, Texas
1886 - Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of 2nd Stain"
1891 - Astronomical Society of France is inaugurated
1892 - Pledge of Allegiance 1st recited in public schools
1899 - South Africa Boer Republic declares war on England

20th Century

1901 - Theodore Roosevelt renames "Executive Mansion," "The White House"
1903 - Lyric Theater opens at 213 W 42nd St. New York City
1907 - Cubs beat Tigers 4 games to 0 with 1 tie in 4th World Series
1913 - John McGraw, after drinking, blames Wilbert Robinson's coaching mistakes for World Series lose, Robertson blames McGraw and is fired
1914 - 1st battle at Ypres, begins
1915 - Ford Motor Company manufactures its 1 millionth Model T automobile
1915 - Theodore Roosevelt criticizes U.S. citzens who identify themselves, with dual nationalities
1916 - Boston Red Sox beat Brooklyn Dodgers, 4 games to 1 in 13th World Series
1918 - 1st use of iron lung (Boston's Children Hospital)
1918 - Cloquet Minnesota and 25 other communities destroyed by forest fire, 559 die
1918 - Forest fire in Minnesota and Northern Wisconsin kills about 800
1920 - Cleveland Indians beat Brooklyn Dodgers, 5 games to 2 in 17th World Series
1920 - Construction begins on Holland Tunnel connecting New Jersey and New York City
1920 - Man O'War's last race and win
1920 - Soccer team Quick '20 forms
1923 - New York Giant's Casey Stengel home run beats Yankees 1-0 in World Series
1924 - Sokolnicheskaya Radio begins broadcasting from Moscow
1925 - Albert Michelsen runs world record marathon (2:19:01.8)
1925 - German-Russian trade agreement signed
1927 - Hermann Gorner of Germany raises 24 men weighing 4,123 lbs on a plank with soles of his feet
1929 - Cubs blow 8-0 World Series lead, A's score 10 in 1 inning
1931 - 1st International Conference on Calendar Reform
1933 - Alcatraz becomes a federal prison (unofficially)
1933 - John Dillinger escapes from Allen County, OH, jail
1935 - Cole Porters musical "Jubilee," premieres in New York City
1940 - Hitler begins operation-Seelowe (invasion of England)
1941 - Russian government moves from Moscow to Volga as Nazis close in on Moscow
1942 - Successful Russian counter attack through 37th Guard division
1942 - U.S. Navy defeats Japanese in WW II Battle of Cape Esperance
1943 - U.S. bombs Rabaul, New Britain
1944 - German army retreats from Athens
1948 - Casey Stengel takes over as Yankee manager
1949 - Eugenie Anderson becomes 1st woman ambassador nominated in US
1950 - "Call Me Madam" opens at Imperial Theater New York City for 644 performances
1952 - Hanif Mohammad scores twin 100s vs. N Zone (Ind) his 1st fc cricket tons
1952 - KBTV (now KUSA) TV channel 9 in Denver, CO (ABC) begins broadcasting
1953 - U.S. and Greece signs peace treaty (U.S. bases)
1955 - Hurricane Connie, kills 43 in NC, SC, Virginia and Maryland
1955 - Hurricane Hazel, kills 68 in Haiti
1956 - Marga Klompe becomes 1st Dutch women elected minister
1957 - 1st coml flight between California and Antartica
1957 - Canadian Prime Minister Lester Bowles Pearson wins Nobel Peace Prize
1957 - "Mask and Gown" closes at John Golden Theater New York City after 39 performances
1957 - "Simply Heavenly" closes at Playhouse Theater New York City after 62 performances
1958 - CVP wins municipal elections in Belgium
1958 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya U.S.S.R.
1958 - WJRT TV channel 12 in Flint, MI (ABC) begins broadcasting
1960 - John F. Kennedy and Richard Nixon's 3rd presidential debate
1960 - Nikita Khrushchev pounds his shoe at United Nations General Assembly
1961 - "Let It Ride" opens at Eugene O'Neill Theater New York City for 68 performances
1961 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1962 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1962 - US/U.S.S.R. sign joint space effort in telecommunications and meteorology
1963 - Archaeological digs begin at Masada, Israel
1963 - At 4 AM, traffic on Bay Bridge is 1-way on each deck
1963 - "Student Gypsy" closes at 84th St. Theater New York City after 16 performances
1964 - 1st time 3 people in space
1964 - KCSM TV channel 60 in San Mateo-SF, California (PBS) begins
1964 - Launch of Voskhod 1, 1st 3 man crew (Komarov, Feokistov, Yegorov)
1964 - Voskhod 1 launched: 1st flight with 3 cosmonauts
1964 - WSBK TV channel 38 in Boston, MA (IND/ABC/CBS/NBC) begin
1964 - WUCM TV channel 19 in University Center, MI (PBS) begins broadcasting
1966 - Jimi Henrix Experience fors with Noel Redding and Mitch Mitchell
1967 - St. Louis Cardinals beat Boston Red Sox, 4 games to 3 in 64th World Series as Lou Brock steals a record 7 bases in 1 World Series
1968 - 19th Olympic games open at Mexico City, Mexico
1968 - Equatorial Guinea (Spanish Guinea) declares independence from Spain
1968 - "Noel Coward's Sweet Potato" closes at Barrymore New York City after 17 performances
1968 - Norma Enriqueta Basilio Satelo is 1st woman to light Olympic flame
1969 - 1st time 5 people in space
1969 - KDB-AM in Santa Barbara, California changes call letters to KAPN
1969 - KHOF (now KAGL) TV ch 30 in San Bernardino/Glenda, California (IND) begins
1969 - Soyuz 7 is launched
1969 - Yoko Ono suffers another miscarriage
1970 - Rock Memorabilia Auction at Filmore East
1971 - "Jesus Christ Superstar" opens at Mark Hellinger New York City for 711 performances
1972 - 46 sailors injured in race riot on aircraft carrier Kitty Hawk
1972 - Billy Harris failed in 1st Islander penalty shot
1972 - "Hurry, Harry" opens at Ritz Theater New York City for 2 performances
1972 - Mariner 9 takes pictures of Martian north pole
1973 - Israeli counter offensive in southern Syria
1973 - Juan Peron elected president of Argentina
1973 - Nixon nominates Gerald Ford to replace Spiro Agnew as Vice President
1974 - 1st time Washington Caps are shutout as they are beat 6-0 by Minnesota
1975 - Archbishop Oliver Plunkett became 1st Irish-born saint in 7 centuries
1975 - Jacqueline Hansen runs women's world record marathon (2:38:19)
1975 - NASA launches space vehicle S-195
1976 - 4th Space Shuttle Enterprise, approach and land test (ALT) flight
1976 - Hua Guo-feng succeeds Mao Tse-tung as chairman of Communist Party
1977 - 4th test of space shuttle Enterprise
1977 - Psychic Romark attempts to drive blindfolded, smashed into cop van
1977 - "Throwaway Game" Catfish Hunter loses WS 6-1 resting Yank pitchers
1978 - Representatives of Israel and Egypt open talks in Washington
1978 - Sid Vicious charged in murder of girlfriend Nancyh Spungen
1979 - Pressure in nucleus of tropical cyclone at Guam hits record 870 hpa
1980 - 7 stabbed at Blood, Sweat and Tears concert in LA
1980 - Amy Alcott wins LPGA Inamori Golf Classic
1980 - "Your Arm's Too Short to Box" closes at Ambassador New York City after 149 performances
1981 - 15th Country Music Association Award:
1981 - "Marlowe" opens at Rialto Theater New York City for 48 performances
1982 - 38.6 cm (15.2") of rainfall, Angoon Alaska (state record)
1982 - Milwaukee Brewer Paul Molitor getrs world sereis record 5 hits
1984 - IRA bombs hotel where Margaret Thatcher is staying, 5 die
1985 - Challenger moves to Vandenberg AFB for mating of STS-61A mission
1985 - International Physicians for Prevention of Nuclear War receives Nobel Prize
1985 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1986 - California Angels within 1 pitch of pennant victory lose to Red Sox
1987 - 21st Country Music Association Award: Hank William, Jr. wins
1987 - George Harrison releases "Got My Mind Set On You"
1987 - Minnesota Twins beat Detroit Tigers for AL pennant
1987 - Oscar Arias (Costa Rican president) wins Nobel Peace Prize
1988 - George Bush and Michael Dukakis meet in 2nd debate
1988 - Israel and China sign trade deal, plan diplomatic relations
1989 - Herschel Walker is traded from Cowboys to Vikings for 12 players
1989 - Musical "Buddy" with Paul Hipp premieres in London
1990 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1991 - Doug Flutie of BC Lions sets CFL passing record of 582 yards despite losing to Edmonton 45-38 in overtime
1991 - Mike Lerch of Princeton ties NCAA record with 370 receiving yards
1991 - Statler Brothers Show premieres on TNN
1991 - Steven Spielberg weds Kate Capshaw
1991 - Wrestler Rip Oliver forced to retire after being injured by Crush
1992 - 5.8 earthquake at Cairo (at least 510 die)
1992 - Arecibo radio telescope begins Microwave search for occupied planets
1992 - Brett "Hitman" Hart beats Ric Flair for WWF Heavyweight title
1992 - Expo '92 closes in Seville Spain
1992 - Howard Stern radio show premieres in Albany, New York on WQBK 103.5 and 103.9 FM
1992 - Microwave Observing Project begins (seeking alien life)
1992 - Washington Redskin Art Monk sets NFL record with 820th reception
1993 - "Mixed Emotions" opens at John Golden Theater New York City for 48 performances
1994 - Contact with Venus orbitter Magellan broken
1994 - Iranian Fokker's F28 explode between Isfahan and Teheran: 66 killed
1995 - "Patti LuPone on Broadway" opens at Walter Kerr New York City for 46 performances
1997 - David Duval wins Michelob Championship at Kingsmill Golf Club
1997 - Juli Inkster wins LPGA Samsung World Championship
1997 - Transamerica Senior Golf

21st Century

2000 - USS Cole bombed in the port of Aden, Yemen, killing 17 sailors
2002 - Nearly 200 tourists murdered by Islamist terrorist bombs in Bali
2004 - WNBA Championships, Seattle Storm beat Connecticut Sun 2 games to 1


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