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Events and People Who Made History on October 11

8th Century

732 - Battle at Tours: France under Karel Martel beat Moors

15th Century

1492 - Columbus' ships sites land on the horizon (Bahamas)

16th Century

1521 - Pope Leo X titles King Henry VIII of England "Defender of the Faith"
1531 - Battle at Kappel: Swiss RC kantons beat protestant
1540 - Emperor Karel names his son Philip, duke of Milan
1573 - Battle of South Seas - Dutch rebels beat Spanish navy

17th Century

1643 - Battle at Wincebt: English New Model-army beats royalists
1674 - Pierre Corneille's "Surena," premieres in Paris
1687 - Hungary accepts Habsburgse sovereignty
1689 - Peter the Great becomes tsar of Russia
1698 - France, England and Netherlands signs 1st Extermination treaty

18th Century

1726 - Benjamin Franklin returns to Philadelphia from England
1737 - Earthquake kills 300,000 and destroys of Calcutta India
1746 - Battle at Rocourt: French drive out English/Austria/Netherlands armies
1776 - Brigadier General Arnold's Lake Champlain fleet defeated by British
1797 - Battle at Kamperduin: English fleet destroys Bataafse
1797 - British naval forces defeat Dutch off Camperdown, Netherlands

19th Century

1811 - The Juliana, 1st steam-powered ferryboat, begins operation
1861 - Battle of Dumfries, Virginia (Quantico Creek)
1863 - Skirmish at Rheatown/Henderson's Mill, Tennessee
1864 - Slavery abolished in Maryland
1865 - President Johnson paroles CSA Vice President Alexander Stephens
1868 - Thomas Edison patents his 1st invention: electric voice machine
1871 - Great Chicago Fire is finally extinguished after 3 days, 300 killed
1873 - Toronto Argonaut Football Club 1st game losing to University of Toronto
1881 - David Houston patents roll film for cameras
1887 - A Miles patents elevator
1890 - 1st 100 yard dash under 10 seconds (John Owens 9-4/5 seconds, Washington D.C.)
1890 - Daughters of American Revolution forms
1895 - Emperor Menelik II of Addis Ababa draws against Italians
1899 - South African Boers declare war on Great Britain

20th Century

1902 - 8th U.S. Golf Open: Laurie Auchterlonie shoots a 307 at Garden City NY
1902 - Commencement of 1st Test Cricket between South Africa and Australia
1902 - Lawrence Auchterlonie wins U.S. Open golf tournament
1906 - San Francisco begins school for "Asians"
1906 - White Sox Ed Walsh strikes out then record 12 in a World Series game
1911 - Ty Cobb (AL) and Frank Schulte (NL) are 1st MVPs, each gets an auto
1913 - Philadelphia A's beat New York Giants, 4 games to 1 in 10th World Series
1914 - German troops occupy Gent
1915 - Bulgarian anti Serbian offensive begins
1919 - 1st transcontinental air race ends
1922 - 1st woman FBI "special investigator" appointed (Alaska Davidson)
1922 - Turkey and Greece sign cease fire
1923 - Babe Ruth hits 2 home runs in a World Series game
1925 - Belgian episcopelian sspeaks against Flemish activism
1925 - New York Giants play 1st NFL game, lose to Providence 14-0
1927 - Lou Gehrig named AL MVP (Babe Ruth (former winner) not eligible)
1929 - Sean O'Casey's "Silver Tassle," premieres in London
1931 - 100,000 extreme-right Germans form "Harzburger Front"
1932 - 1st political telecast (Democratic National Committee) at CBS, New York City
1932 - Stalin forces Zinoviev and Kamenev out of Communist Party
1936 - "Professor Quiz," 1st radio quiz show premieres
1939 - Albert Einstein informs Franklin D. Roosevelt of possibilities of atomic bomb
1939 - Bucky Harris signs to manage Washington again
1939 - Gertrude Lawrence's "Skylark," premieres in New York City
1939 - NAACP organized Legal Defense and Education Fund
1941 - 1st NSB-battalion departures to Eastern front
1943 - New York Yankees beat Cards 4 games to 1, in 40th World Series, to become 1st team to win 10 World Series
1944 - Allies bomb sea wall at Veere
1945 - Chinese civil war begins, Chiang Kai-Shek vs Mao Tse-Tung
1945 - JPL WAC Corporal Launch (1st Man-Made Object to escape Atmosphere)
1947 - Brazil and Chile break diplomatic relations with U.S.S.R.
1948 - Cleveland Indians beat Boston Braves, 4 games to 2 in 45th World Series
1948 - "Love Life" opens at 46th St. Theater New York City for 252 performances
1948 - "Where's Chartev?" opens at St. James Theater New York City for 792 performances
1954 - "On Your Toes" opens at 46th St. Theater New York City for 64 performances
1954 - Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Ad caeli Reginam
1955 - All Peron feast days disposed of in Argentina
1955 - Persia signs Pact of Baghdad
1956 - 1st Pakistan vs. Australia Test 95 runs scored on 1st day
1956 - AL President Will Harridge bars Washington Senators move to West Coast, unless unanimously approved by the other AL owners
1956 - Great Britain performs nuclear test at Maralinga Australia
1958 - 2nd U.S. Moon probe, Pioneer 1, reaches 113,810 km, falls back
1958 - "Goldilocks" opens at Lunt Fontanne Theater New York City for 161 performances
1959 - KTHI TV channel 11 in Fargo-Grand Forks, ND (NBC) begins broadcasting
1960 - Hurricane ravages East-Pakistan (6,000 die)
1960 - Radio - TV executive John Fetzer buys a controlling interest of Detroit Tigers
1961 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test
1961 - USAF Major Robert M White takes X-15 to 66,100m
1962 - 1st appearance of a Gabor sister on Merv Griffin Show
1962 - 2nd Vatican Council (21st ecumenical) convened by Pope John XXIII
1964 - Ruth Jessen wins LPGA Hillside House Ladies' Golf Open
1967 - World Series record 3 consecutive home runs (Carl Yastremski, Reggie Smith, and Rico Petrocelli) by Red Sox
1967 - Yoko Plus Me art exhibit opens in London (the me is John Lennon)
1968 - Apollo 7 (Schirra, Eisele and Cunningham) made 163 orbits in 260 hours
1968 - Billy Martin named manager of Twins
1968 - Panama revolts
1969 - Blues artist Muddy Waters involved in a car crash that kills 3
1969 - Rome: 2nd bishop synod
1969 - Soyuz 6 launched; Soyuz 7 and 8 follow in next 2 days
1971 - 60th Davis Cup: USA beats Romania in Charlotte (3-2)
1971 - Brooks Robinson ties Series record, reaches base 5 straight times
1971 - Frank McGee becomes news anchor of Today Show
1971 - Switzerland recognizes North Vietnam
1972 - Panama adopts constitution
1972 - Prison uprising at Washington D.C. jail
1972 - Reads beat Pirates in NLCS
1973 - Oakland beats Baltimore 3 games to 2 to win AL pennant
1974 - A's Catfish Hunter charge owner Charlie Finley with breach of contract
1975 - Bill Clinton weds Hillary Rodham
1975 - Islander's Bryan Trottier's 1st career hat trick
1975 - Saturday Night Live premieres with George Carlin as host
1975 - "Saturday Night Live" premieres with guest host George Carlin
1976 - 10th Country Music Association Award: Mel Tillis wins
1976 - Mao Tse-Tung's widow Jiang Qing and "Gang of Four," arrested and charged with plotting a coup
1977 - Soyuz 25 returns to Earth
1978 - Aristides Royo elected president of Panama
1978 - Belgium government of Tindemans resigns
1978 - Dodgers Bob Welch dramatically strikes out Reggie Jackson in 9th
1979 - Allan McLeod Cormack and Godfrey Newbold Hounsfield win Nobel Prize for medicine for developing CAT scan
1979 - East Germany frees dissidents Rudolf Bahro and Nico Hubner
1979 - "Most Happy Fella" opens at Majestic Theater New York City for 53 performances
1980 - Cosmonauts Popov and Ryumin set space endurance record of 184 days
1980 - Dallas Mavericks 1st game at Reunion Arena beat San Antonio 103-92
1980 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya U.S.S.R.
1981 - Expos beat Phillies, 3 games to 2, in NLCS
1981 - Hollis Stacy wins LPGA Inamori Golf Classic
1981 - LeRoy Irvin sets yards gained on punt returns record (207 yards)
1981 - Unknown rocker Prince opens for Rolling Stones at LA Coliseum
1981 - Yankees beat Brewers 7-3 and win only Eastern Championship Series
1982 - 16th Country Music Association Award: Willie Nelson and Ricky Skagg
1982 - English ship Mary Rose, which sank during an engagement with France in 1545, raised at Portsmouth, England
1982 - Riot in Amsterdam as tram catches fire
1983 - Last hand-cranked telephones U.S. went out of service as 440 telephone customers in Bryant Pond, Maine, were switched over to direct-dial
1984 - 1st space walk by U.S. woman, Kathryn D. Sullivan
1984 - August Wilson's "Ma Rainey's Black Bottom," premieres in New York City
1984 - NASA launches space vehicle S-208
1984 - Vice President candidate debate-Graldine Ferraro (D) and George Bush (R)
1985 - Atlantis returns to Kennedy Space Center via Kelly AFB
1985 - President Reagan bans importation of South African Krugerrands
1985 - U.S. intercepts Egyptian Boeing with Achille Lauro terrorists
1986 - Reagan and Gorbachev open talks at a summit in Iceland
1987 - 200,000 gays march for civil rights in Washington
1990 - Center for Urban archaeology opens in New York City South Street Seaport Museum
1990 - "Miser" opens at Circle in Sq Theater New York City for 93 performances
1990 - Octavio Paz wins Nobel Prize for literature
1990 - Oil hits a record $40.42 per barrel
1991 - Anita Hill testifies Clarence Thomas sexually harrased her
1991 - Chip Beck ties PGA lowest 18 hole score of 59
1991 - Televangelist Jimmy Swaggart seen soliciting a prostitute
1992 - 1st 3-way presidential debate (Bush-Clinton-Perot)
1992 - Deion Sanders, plays for Atlanta Falcons (NFL) and Braves (Baseball)
1992 - Toronto down 6-1 in 7th beats A's 7-6 in 11th in AL playoff
1993 - Norwegian Rushdie publisher William Nygaard injured in attack
1993 - U.S. warship Harlan County anchors off Port-au-Prince Haiti
1994 - Russian ruble decreases to 3,926 rubles per dollar
1994 - Space shuttle STS-68 (Endeavour 7), lands
1995 - John Bobbitt has plastic surgery to increase his penis 3 inches
1995 - O. J. Simpson cancels a TV appearance on Dateline
1996 - Ford buys rights to named Detroit domed stadium for $40 million
1997 - Dennis Rodman returns from 2nd longest NBA suspension (11 games)
1998 - Robert Trent Jones Golf Trail LPGA Tournament


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