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Events and People Who Made History on October 1

8th Century

704 - Aengibald gives away bishop Willibrord estate in Waalre

10th Century

965 - John XIII Crescentii elected to succeed Pope Leo VIII

13th Century

1273 - Earl Rudolf van Habsburg becomes Roman Catholics-German king

16th Century

1529 - Meeting between Maarten Luther and Huldrych Zwingli
1569 - Duke of Norfolk arrested
1574 - Storm breaks Leiden dike; drowns 20,000 Spanish soldiers

17th Century

1606 - Spanish troops under Spinola occupies fort Rhine birch
1632 - Battle at Castelnaudary: Duke Henri de Montmorency's rebel army loses
1653 - Russian parliament accepts annexation of Ukraine
1657 - Treaty of Raalte: Willem II no longer viceroy of Overijssel
1661 - Yachting begins in England; King Charles II beats his brother James
1670 - Battle at Simbirsk a/d Wolga: Russian army beats Boers
1688 - Prince Willem III accept invitation of English crown to occupy

18th Century

1705 - Parliament declares Hungary independently/French Rakoczi becomes king
1746 - Bonnie Prince Charlie flees to France
1768 - English troops under general Gauge lands in Boston
1791 - 1st session of new French legislative assembly
1791 - Dutch prince Willem Frederik marries his niece princess Frederika Louise Wilhelmina of Prussia
1795 - France annexes Southern Netherlands

19th Century

1800 - Spain cedes Louisiana to France in a secret treaty
1801 - England and France signs Preliminary of London
1830 - General Trade Journal newspaper begins publishing in Amsterdam
1833 - Charles Darwin reaches Rio Tercero, Argentina
1837 - "Racer's" Hurricane (Gulf of Mexico)
1837 - Treaty with Winnebago Indians
1838 - Civil Code enforced (- Jan 1, 1992)
1847 - Maria Mitchell discovers a non-naked-eye comet
1851 - 1st Hawaiian stamps issued
1863 - 5 Russian warships welcomed in New York City
1863 - Dutch Breda-Tilburg railway opens
1864 - Cyclone strikes Calcutta: 70,000 killed
1864 - John S Staples is paid $500 as a substitute for President Lincoln
1866 - Dutch Eindhoven-Venlo railway opens
1867 - Karl Marx' "Das Kapital," published
1868 - 1st edition of Maasbode published
1869 - 1st postcards are issued (Vienna)
1871 - General Dutch Werkliedenverbond (ANWV), forms in Utrecht
1874 - Rotterdam opens drink water pipes
1879 - Cincinnati Enquirer publishes 1st report on baseball reserve clause
1880 - John Philip Sousa becomes new director of U.S. Marine Corps Band
1885 - Special delivery mail service begins in US
1886 - U.S. Mint at Carson City, Nevada closes
1888 - National Geographic magazine publishes for 1st time
1889 - Soccer team HFC Haarlem forms
1889 - Washington voters adopt state constitution in referendum
1890 - Congress creates Weather Bureau
1890 - Yosemite National Park forms
1892 - University of Chicago opens
1893 - 3rd worst hurricane in U.S. history kills 1,800 (Mississippi)
1894 - Civic organization, Knights of Ak-Sar-Ben founded in Omaha, Nebraska
1895 - Romanians in Costantinople massacred
1896 - Sherlock Holmes adventure "Veiled Lodger" takes place
1896 - Yosemite becomes a National Park
1898 - Dutch railway Alkmaar-Receiver opens
1898 - Henry Huntington buys LA Railway
1898 - Jews are expelled from Kiev, Russia

20th Century

1903 - 1st baseball World Series, Pittsburgh Pirates vs Boston Pilgrims (Red Sox)
1904 - JB van Heutsz becomes Governor-General of Netherland Indies
1904 - Netherlands and Portugal lay down bounderies splitting Timor
1906 - Hugh Jennings resigns as Baltimore manager to take over at Detroit in 1907
1907 - Plaza Hotel (5th Av and 59th Str, New York) opens
1908 - 1st Dutch electric railway in use (Rotterdam-The Hague)
1908 - Henry Ford introduces Model T car
1908 - Jack Chesbro's final Yankee victory, beats Walter Johnson 2-1
1910 - Berkshire Cattle Fair held in Pittsfield Mass (1st state fair)
1910 - Explosion at Los Angeles Times kills 21
1910 - Regina Rugby Club's 1st game, losing to Moose Jaw Tigers, 16-6
1911 - United Dutch Diamond workers get 8-hour day
1912 - Yankees lose game #100 en route to a 50-102 season
1919 - World Series begins as a best of 9 affair, White Sox intentionally throw this series to satisfy gamblers (Black Sox Scandal)
1920 - Dutch law provides for an 8 hour working day
1921 - WJZ, Newark New Jersey begins broadcasting
1922 - Former Chicago Staleys play 1st NFL game as Chicago Bears, win 6-0
1922 - Rogers Hornsby's 3-for-5 ups avg to .401
1924 - Fokker F-7 1st flight (Amsterdam to Batavia)
1924 - Landis bans Giants Jimmy O'Connell and Cozy Dolan from World Series after they admit an attempt to bribe Phils shortstop Heinie Sand
1924 - Paavo Nurmi runs world record 4 mile (19:15.4) and 5 mile (24:06.2)
1927 - Pirates clinch NL pennant with a 9-6 win over Reds
1928 - Leon Vanderstuyft of Belgium bicycled 76 miles 504 yards in 1 hour
1928 - Paavo Nurmi runs world record 15m (46:49.6)
1928 - U.S.S.R. launches its 1st 5 year plan
1930 - Soccer team WHC forms
1930 - World Series opens at Phila's Shibe Park, Philadelphia A's beat St. Louis 5-2
1931 - Spanish Cortes accept general female suffrage
1931 - World Series is a rematch as A's seek 3rd straight title vs Cards
1932 - NHL readmits Ottawa and drops Pittsburgh
1932 - Oswald Mosley forms British Union of Fascists
1932 - World Series moves to Chicago, In 5th inning, Babe Ruth waits until he has 2 strikes, points and hits next pitch into center field bleachers
1933 - Antwerp Sports arena opens
1933 - Packers make 5 1st downs, Giants make 0, but still win 10-7
1933 - Washington Senator coach Nick Altrock plays in a game at age 57
1934 - Adolph Hitler expands German army and Navy and creates an air force, violating Treaty of Versailles
1936 - Generalissimo Francisco Franco establishes state of Spain
1937 - Pullman Co formally recognizes Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters
1938 - Cubs clinch NL pennant
1938 - Germany annexes Sudetenland (1/3 of Czechoslovakia)
1939 - Churchill calls Soviets "riddle wrapped in a mystery inside an enigma"
1940 - Pennsylvania Turnpike, pioneer toll thruway, opens
1941 - D Sjostakovitch plane evacuated in Moscow
1941 - H Martin/R Blanes musical "Best Foot Forward," premieres in New York City
1941 - Yankees beat Dodgers 3-2 at Yankee Stadium in opener of World Series
1942 - Bell P-59 Airacomet fighter, 1st U.S. jet, makes maiden flight
1942 - Little Golden Books (children books) begins publishing
1943 - Allied forces captured Naples during WW II
1943 - Averell Harriman named U.S. ambassador to Moscow
1943 - Germans attack Jews in Denmark
1943 - King's Dragon Guards liberates suburbs of Naples
1944 - Newspaper editor Alejandro Cordova assassinated in Guatemala
1944 - St. Louis Browns win their only AL pennant
1945 - Heavyweight champ Joe Louis is discharged from army
1945 - U.S. Office of Strategic Services (OSS) disbands
1946 - 12 war criminals sentenced to death in Nuremberg
1946 - 1st NL playoffs, Dodgers vs Cards (St. Louis wins 2 games to 0)
1946 - Bob Feller 348th strikeout of season
1947 - 1st helicopter air mail and express service
1947 - NHL Pension Society founded
1947 - U.S. control of Haitian customs and governmental revenue ends
1947 - William Wister Haines' "Command Decision," premieres in New York City
1948 - California Supreme Court voids state statue banning interracial marriages
1948 - Radio Denmark begins transmitting
1949 - People's Rep of China proclaimed by Mao Tse-tung (National Day)
1949 - Republic of China (Taiwan) forms on island of Formosa
1950 - Browns lose to Giants, setting club record for fewest points scored by both teams (tied in 1979), New York 6, Cleveland 0
1950 - Phillies win NL pennant on last day of season (10th inning home run)
1950 - South Korean troops exceed 38 degrees latitude
1951 - 1st Giant-Dodgers playoff game, Giants win 3-1
1951 - 1st treaty signed by woman ambassador-Eugenie Anderson
1951 - 24th Infantry Regiment, last all-black military unit, deactivated
1952 - 1st ultra high frequency (UHF) television station, Portland Or
1952 - Liberal Party wins Japanese elections
1952 - Monte Bello-Island (Great Britain 1st atom bomb explosion)
1953 - Indian state of Andhra Pradesh partitioned from Madras
1953 - KJEO TV channel 47 in Fresno, California (CBS/ABC) begins broadcasting
1953 - KYTV TV channel 3 in Springfield, MO (NBC) begins broadcasting
1953 - WATE TV channel 6 in Knoxville, Tennessee (ABC/NBC) begins broadcasting
1953 - WREX TV channel 13 in Rockford, IL (ABC) begins broadcasting
1954 - British colony of Nigeria becomes a federation
1955 - "Honeymooners" premieres
1955 - Piet Lieftinck becomes director v/h IMF (World bank)
1955 - WORA TV channel 5 in Mayaguez, Puerto Rico (TCI) begins broadcasting
1956 - Johnny Heckmann rides 7 winners at Chicago Hawthorne Horse track
1956 - Zestienhoven airport at Rotterdam official opens
1957 - B-52 bombers begin full-time flying alert in case of U.S.S.R. attack
1958 - Britain transfers Christmas Island (south of Java) to Australia
1958 - Vanguard Project transferred from military to NASA
1959 - 1st World Series since 1948 not to feature a New York team (LA vs Chic)
1960 - 14th NHL All-Star Game: All-Stars beat Montreal 2-1 at Montreal
1960 - KCBY TV channel 11 in Coos Bay, OR (CBS) begins broadcasting
1960 - Nigeria gains independence from Britain (National Day)
1960 - South Korean troops cross 38th parallel into North Korea
1961 - A believed extinct volcanco erupts in Tristan da Cunha
1961 - East and West Cameroon merge as Federal Republic of Cameroon
1961 - KGIN TV channel 11 in Grand Island, NB (CBS) begins broadcasting
1961 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA Mickey Wright Golf Open
1961 - Premiere of Dmitri Shostakovitsch' 12nd Symphony
1961 - Roger Maris sets record of 61 home runs off of Tracy Stallard
1961 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1961 - WOLO TV channel 25 in Columbia, South Carolina (ABC) begins broadcasting
1961 - WYAH TV channel 27 in Portsmouth, Virginia (IND) begins broadcasting
1962 - Barbra Streisand signs her 1st recording contract (with Columbia)
1962 - Brian Epstein signs a contract to manage Beatles through 1977
1962 - James Meredith became 1st black at University of Mississippi
1962 - Johnny Carson hosts his 1st Tonight Show, Joan Crawford guests
1962 - Lucy Show premieres
1962 - SF beats Dodgers, 8-0 in 1st of best-of-3 NL playoff
1962 - U.N. gives Netherlands control of New-Guinea
1962 - U.S. National Radio Astronomy Obs gets a 300' (91m) radio telescope
1962 - WEDH TV channel 24 in Hartford, CT (PBS) begins broadcasting
1963 - 1st time since 1910 no AL player, played in every game
1963 - Nigeria becomes a republic within Commonwealth
1964 - 1st official broadcast of Trans World Radio on Bonaire
1964 - 2nd Dutch televisienet begins broadcastings
1964 - Free Speech Movement launched at University of California, Berkley
1964 - San Francisco cable cars declared a national landmark
1964 - WSJU TV channel 18 in Carolina, Puerto Rico begins broadcasting
1964 - WTSJ TV channel 18 in San Juan, Puerto Rico (NBC) begins broadcasting
1964 - WWAY TV channel 3 in Wilmington, North Carolina (ABC) begins broadcasting
1965 - Failed coup under Lieutenant Colonel Untung in Indonesia
1965 - France performs underground nuclear test at Ecker Algeria
1966 - Newspaper magnate Thomson purchases "The Times"
1966 - WAEO (now WJFW) TV channel 12 in Rhinelander, WI (NBC) begins
1967 - Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Ladies' LA Golf Open
1967 - KBFI (now KDAF) TV channel 33 in Dallas-Fort Worth, Texas (IND) begins
1967 - Pink FLoyd's 1st U.S. tour (arrives in New York City)
1968 - "Night of the Living Dead" premieres in Pittsburgh
1969 - Concorde 001 test flight breaks sound barrier
1969 - Guernsey and Jersey begin issuing their own postage stamps
1969 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1970 - 63 arrest in riot to buy Rolling Stone tickets in Milano Italy
1970 - Last game at Philadelphia's Connie Mack Stadium, Phils-2 Expos-1
1971 - Joseph Luns becomes Secretary-General of NATO
1971 - Walt Disney World in Orlando, Florida opens
1972 - 1st games of World Hockey Association
1972 - 2nd New York City Women's Marathon won by Nina Kuscsik in 3:08:41
1972 - 3rd New York City Marathon won by Sheldon Karlin in 2:27:52
1972 - "Don't Play Us Cheap" closes at Barrymore Theater New York City after 164 performances
1972 - Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Portland Ladies Golf Classic
1973 - Leo Durocher resigns as Houston Astro manager
1973 - U.S.S.R.-West Germany gas tunnel opens
1974 - Watergate cover-up trial opens in Washington D.C.
1975 - Britain grants internal self-government to Seychelles
1975 - Ellice Islands split from Gilbert Islands, take name "Tuvalu"
1975 - Heavyweight Muhammad Ali KOs Joe Frazier in Manilla
1975 - Muhammad Ali TKOs Joe Frazier in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
1975 - Reunion Island stops printing stamps, France takes over production
1976 - 1st Dutch casino opens
1977 - Brazilian soccer great Pele' retires with 1,281 goals in 1,363 games
1977 - Department Of Energy established
1977 - Elton John honored by MSG Hall of Fame
1977 - Peter Schats opera "Houdini" premieres in Amsterdam
1977 - Yankees win 2nd consecutive AL East title
1978 - Comoros adopts constitution
1978 - Jane Blalock wins LPGA Golden Lights Golf Championship
1978 - Tuvalu (formerly Ellice Islands) declares independence from U.K.
1978 - Yankees lose 9-2 to Indians forcing a playoff game with Red Sox
1979 - Nigeria adopts constitution, Alhaji Shagari becomes president
1979 - Pope John Paul II begins visit of US
1979 - RKO radio network begins operation
1979 - U.S. returns Canal Zone to Panama after 75 years
1980 - Cosmonauts Ryumin and Popov break space endurance record of 176 days
1981 - J Chodorov/N Panama's "Talent for Murder," premieres in London
1981 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya U.S.S.R.
1982 - EPCOT Center opens in Orlando, Florida
1982 - U.S.S.R. performs underground nuclear test
1982 - West Germany's Parliament ousts Helmut Schmidt for Helmut Kohl
1983 - Denise Wallace, 18, of Virginia crowned Miss Teen of America
1984 - Gary Trudeau's Doonesbury comic strip resumes after 2-year hiatus
1984 - Peter Ueberroth replaces Bowie Kuhn as 6th commissioner of baseball
1985 - Israeli air raid on PLO-headquarter at Tunis, 68 killed
1986 - President Carter's presidential library dedicated in Atlanta
1987 - 6 killed by an earthquake measuring 6.1 in LA
1987 - Fiji's constitution is suspended
1987 - "Roza" opens at Royale Theater New York City for 12 performances
1988 - Bradley Center in Milwaukee opens
1988 - Lowest batting avg for NL champion (Tony Gwynn .313)
1988 - Mikhail Gorbachev becomes president of Soviet Union
1988 - Robert Englund, actor who plays Freddie Kruger weds Nancy Booth
1989 - Batting titles decided on final day Puckett goes 2-for-5 edges Carney Lansford .339 to .336, Gwynn's 3-for-4 edges Will Clark .336 to .333
1989 - Beth Daniel wins LPGA Konica San Jose Golf Classic
1989 - Dallas Cowboy, Ed "Too Tall" Jones records his 1,000th NFL tackle
1989 - Thousands of East Germans flee to West Germany
1989 - U.S. issues a stamp, labeling an apatosaurus as a brontosaurus
1990 - 10,000 Uganda RPF rebels move into Rwanda
1990 - Meteorite explodes above Pacific Ocean
1990 - President Bush at U.N., condemns Iraq's takeover of Kuwait
1990 - Serbs in Croatia proclaim autonomy
1991 - Howard Stern adds Baltimore to his radio network on WJFK-AM
1992 - Cartoon Cable Network premieres
1992 - Greater Pittsburgh International Airport opens
1992 - "Oba Oba '93" opens at Marquis Theater New York City for 22 performances
1992 - Ross Perot re-enters presidental race
1993 - Lennox Lewis TKOs Frank Bruno in 7 for heavyweight boxing title
1994 - Boon completes his 19th Test century (114 vs. Pak, Karachi)
1994 - Liselotte Neumann wins LPGA GHP Heartland Golf Classic
1994 - South African President Nelson Mandela visits U.S.
1994 - Stanley Betrian sworn in as leader of Curaeao
1995 - Bermuda begins using new area code 441
1995 - Gail Graham wins FieldCrest Cannon/Carolina LPGA Golf Classic
1995 - Indians set record of 30 game lead over 2nd place team
1995 - Mike Mussina tosses Balt's 5th consecutive shutout 4-0 win over Tigers
1995 - New York Yankees win 1st baseball wildcard ever
1995 - Rockies are 1st team to make postseason before 7th year in existence
1997 - Carolina Hurricanes 1st game vs Tampa Bay Lightning


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