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Events and People Who Made History on November 20

12th Century

1168 - Giovanni di Struma elected anti-Pope

13th Century

1272 - Edward I proclaimed King of England

14th Century

1342 - Pope Clemens VI names John IV of Arkel as bishop of Utrecht
1347 - Roman tribunal Coke di Rienzo beats nobles

15th Century

1431 - 1st meeting of Order of Guilder Flies

16th Century

1520 - Friesland hit by heavy hail storm
1521 - Arabs attribute shortage of water in Jerusalem to Jews making wine
1583 - Duke of Parma conquerors Aalst

17th Century

1616 - Bishop Richelieu becomes French minister of Foreign affairs/War
1637 - Peter Minuit and 1st Swedish immigrants to Delaware sail from Sweden

18th Century

1719 - Sweden and Hannover sign peace Treaty of Stockholm
1755 - English minister William Pitt Sr resigns
1759 - Battle in Bay of Quiberon, British beat French
1780 - Britain declares war on Holland
1789 - New Jersey is 1st state to ratify Bill of Rights
1795 - Curacao government forbids slave work on Sunday

19th Century

1805 - Beethoven's "Fidelio," premieres in Vienna
1815 - 2nd Peace of Paris: France and allies
1815 - Russia, Prussia, Austria and England signs Great Alliance
1817 - 1st Seminole War begins in Florida
1829 - Jews expelled from Nikolayev and Sevastopol Russia
1833 - Charles Darwin reaches Punta Gorda, sees Rio Uruguay
1852 - Charles Reade/Tom Taylor's "Masks and Faces," premieres in London
1862 - Armies of Mississippi/Kentucky merge as Army of Tennessee
1862 - Confederate army of Tennessee, organizes under General Braxton Bragg
1865 - Howard University forms in Washington D.C.
1866 - 1st national convention of Grand Army of Republic (veterans' org)
1866 - Howard University founded (Wash, DC)
1866 - Pierre Lalemont patents rotary crank bicycle
1873 - Rival cities of Buda and Pest unite to form the capital of Hungary
1888 - William Bundy patents timecard clock
1889 - Gustav Mahlers 1st Symphony
1890 - Pope Leo XIII encyclical On slavery in missions
1894 - U.S. intervenes in Bluefields, Nicaragua

20th Century

1901 - Opera "Griselidis" is produced (Paris)
1902 - Geo Lefevre and Henri Desgrange create Tour de France bicycle race
1906 - George Bernard Shaws "Doctor's Dilemma," premieres in London
1909 - Jack Williams of Ottawa Rough Riders kicks 9 singles in a game
1910 - Revolution broke out in Mexico, led by Francisco I Madero
1911 - Gustav Mahlers "Tie Song of the Erde" premieres in Munich
1914 - U.S. State Department starts requiring photographs for passports
1915 - 7th CFL Grey Cup: Hamilton Tigers defeats Toronto Rowing, 13-7
1917 - 1st tank battle (Britain breaks through German lines)
1917 - Ukrainian Republic declared
1919 - 1st municipally owned airport in U.S. opens (Tucson Az)
1920 - Nobel Peace Prize awarded to U.S. president Woodrow Wilson
1922 - Zoe Akins' "Texas Nightingale," premieres in New York City
1923 - Garrett Morgan invents and patents traffic signal
1928 - Boston Gardens opens, Mont Canadiens beat Boston Bruins, 1-0
1928 - WGH-AM in Newport News Virginia begins radio transmissions
1929 - 1st broadcast of "Goldbergs" on U.S. radio
1929 - Salvador Dali's 1st one-man show
1931 - Commercial teletype service begins (AT&T)
1932 - Earthquake at Uden Netherlands
1934 - Eiji Sawamura, 17, gives up 1 hit, Lou Gehrig's home run, Japan beats U.S. 1-0
1934 - Lillian Hellman's "Children's Hour," premieres in New York City
1934 - New Belgian government of Theunis, Francqui and Gutt (3 bankers)
1934 - Tornoto Maple Leaf Harvey Jackson is 1st to score 4 goals in 1 period
1938 - 1st documented anti-semitic remarks over U.S. radio (by Father Coughlin)
1940 - German air raid on Birmingham fails
1940 - Hungary joins 3 Power pact
1941 - Admiral Nomura and Kurusu hands over Japanese last diplomatic note
1941 - German Q/pirate ship Kormoran sinks near Australia
1942 - 26th Russian Armoured Corps recaptures Perelazovski
1942 - British 8th Army recaptures Benghazi, Libya
1942 - Hitler names Field Marshal Erich von Manstein becomes commanding
1942 - NHL abolishes regular season OT until WW II is over
1942 - Soviet army offensive, 1 million Russians breach German lines
1943 - U-538 sinks in Atlantic Ocean
1943 - U.S. forces land on Tarawa and Makin Atoll in Gilbert Island
1944 - 1st Japanse suicide submarine attack (Ulithi Atol, Carolines)
1944 - Amsterdam: Vondelpark closed because of kappen of trees
1944 - Prince Bernhard establishes staff in Breda
1945 - 24 Nazi leaders put on trial at Nuremberg, Germany
1945 - Dmitri Sjostakovitch's 9th Symphony under J Mravinski premieres
1945 - Queen Wilhelmina opens parliament in Hague
1946 - Lillian Hellman's "Another Part of the Forest," premieres in New York City
1947 - 1st permanent TV installed on seagoing vessel (New Jersey)
1947 - Britain's Princess Elizabeth, marries Duke Philip Mountbatten
1947 - "Meet the Press" makes network TV debut on NBC
1947 - Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Mediator Dei
1947 - U.N. General assembly begins debate on printing their own stamps
1948 - U.S. balloon reaches height of 42.7 km (record)
1949 - Jewish population of Israel reaches 1,000,000
1951 - Snowdonia becomes a National Park in Wales
1952 - Cubs slugger Hank Sauer wins NL MVP
1952 - George Axelrods "7 Year Itch," premieres in New York City
1952 - Prague show trial against 14 communists (9 Jewish) begin
1953 - Scott Crossfield in Douglas Skyrocket, 1st to break Mach 2 (1,300 MPH)
1954 - KTRK TV channel 13 in Houston, Texas (ABC) begins broadcasting
1955 - Kripal Singh scores 100 on Test Cricket debut, India vs. New Zealand
1955 - Polly Umrigar scores India's 1st Test Cricket double century, 223 vs. New Zealand
1957 - Morton Wishengrad's "Rope Dancers," premieres in New York City
1959 - U.N. adopts Universal Declaration of Children's Rights
1959 - WABC fires Alan Freed over payola scandal
1961 - WPLG TV channel 10 in Miami, Florida (ABC) begins broadcasting
1962 - Mickey Mantle wins AL MVP
1962 - U.S.S.R. agrees to remove bombers from Cuba, and U.S. lifts blockade
1964 - Dmitri Sjostakovitch's 9th/10th String Quartet premiers in Moscow
1965 - "Pickwick" closes at 46th St. Theater New York City after 56 performances
1965 - U.N. Security council calls for boycott of Rhodesia
1965 - WCNY TV channel 24 in Syracuse, New York (PBS) begins broadcasting
1966 - "Cabaret" opens at Broadhurst Theater New York City for 1166 performances
1966 - Clifford Ann Creed wins LPGA Success Golf Open
1966 - Dallas sacks Pittsburgh quarterbacks an NFL record 12 times
1966 - Men in Zurich vote against female suffrage
1967 - At 11 AM, Census Clock at Department of Commerce ticks past 200 million
1967 - Mets pitcher Tom Seaver (16-12) is named NL Rookie of Year
1967 - U.S. population reaches 200 million
1968 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1969 - Alcatraz Island off SF, is seized by militant Native Americans
1969 - Gundappa Viswanath scores 137 on Test Cricket debut vs. Australia Kanpur
1969 - Pele scores his 1,000th soccer goal
1969 - San Francisco Giant Willie McCovey edges Tom Seaver as NL MVP
1970 - U.N. General Assembly accepts membership of China PR
1971 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1974 - Rangers' Jeff Burroughs wins AL MVP
1974 - The U.S. files antitrust suit to break-up AT&T
1975 - Ronald Reagan announced candidacy for Republican nomination for president
1976 - George Harrison appears on Saturday Night Live
1976 - Judy Rankin wins LPGA Colgate-Hong Kong Golf Open
1977 - Egyptian President Sadat became 1st Arab leader to address Israeli Knesset
1977 - Steve Largent begins NFL streak of 177 consecutive game receptions
1977 - Walter Payton (Bears) rushes for NFL-record 275 yards
1979 - Sji'ieten occupies great mosque of Mecca, 100s killed
1979 - U.S.'s 1st artificial blood transfusion occurs at University of Minnesota Hospital
1980 - Billy Martin named AL Manager of Year for the Oakland A's
1980 - Steve Ptacek in Solar Challenger makes 1st solar-powered flight
1980 - UA withdraws $44 million movie "Heaven's Gate" for reediting
1981 - Anatoly Karpov, U.S.S.R. retains world chess championship
1981 - Burundia adopts its constitution
1981 - El Salvador guerrilla group FMLN opens "limited offensive"
1981 - Ringo releases "Stop and Smell Roses" album
1982 - Drew Barrymore at age 7 hosts Saturday Night Live
1983 - 100 million watch ABC-TV movie "Day After," about nuclear war
1983 - Cleveland Browns shutout Patriots 30-0
1983 - "Marilyn: An American Fable" opens at Minskoff New York City for 16 performances
1983 - New York Giants Butch Woolfolk ties NFL record of 43 attempts rushing
1984 - McDonald's made its 50 billionth hamburger
1984 - Mets pitcher Dwight Gooden wins NL Rookie of Year
1985 - New York Yankee Don Mattingly easily wins AL MVP
1986 - Afghanistan President Babrak Karmal flees
1986 - UN's WHO announces 1st global effort to combat AIDS
1988 - "Les Miserables," opens a Bus and Truck tour in Tampa
1989 - Milwaukee Brewers center fielder Robin Yount wins AL MVP
1990 - Oakland's Rickey Henderson wins AL MVP
1990 - Sacramento Kings last NBA win on the road for over a year
1990 - Thatcher fails to defeat Heseltine's bid for party leadership
1990 - U.S. 68th manned space mission STS-38 (Atlantis 7) returns from space
1991 - Atlanta Braves Terry Pendleton wins NL MVP
1992 - Queen Elizabeth's home Windsor Castle catches fire
1993 - Jakovlev-42 crashes into mountain at Ohrid Macedonia, 116 killed
1993 - Sam's Town Bowling Invitational won by Robin Romeo
1993 - Winnie Mandela's driver/bodyguard murdered in Johannesburg
1994 - "Flying Karamzov Brothers..." opens at Helen Hayes New York City for 50 performances
1994 - Kosmos 2294/2295/2296 launches
1994 - Patti Davis weds Paul Hayeland
1994 - "Shadow Box" opens at Circle in Sq Theater New York City for 49 performances
1995 - "Beatles' Anthology, Vol 1" released
1995 - FDA approves new therapy for use as an initial AIDS treatment, 3TC
1995 - Princess Di admits she cheated on Prince Charles in a TV interview
1995 - "Racing Demon" opens at Vivian Beaumont Theater New York City for 48 performances
1995 - STS-74 (Atlantis 15), lands
1997 - Flyers Eric Lindros tries to bite San Jose defenseman Marty McSorley
1997 - "Ivanov," opens at Vivian Beaumont Theater New York City for 51 performances
1997 - Last original Florida Marlin, Jeff Conine, traded to Kansas City Royals
1997 - Mavericks' A C Green sets NBA record of 907 consecutive games played
1997 - New York Islanders lose, beginning a 10 game losing streak

21st Century

2003 - British consulate and bank bombed in Istanbul murdering 27


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