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Events and People Who Made History on November 14

14th Century

1380 - King Charles VI of France crowned at age 12

16th Century

1524 - Pizarro's begins 1st great expedition, near Colombia
1550 - Pope Julius III proclaims new seat on Council of Trente

17th Century

1666 - Samuel Pepys reports on 1st blood transfusion (between dogs)
1675 - Pope Clemens X declares Gorcumse martyrs divine
1677 - Prince Willem III Henry marries English princess Mary Stuart
1698 - Spanish king Carlos appoints grandson prince Jozef Ferdinand as heir

18th Century

1732 - 1st U.S. professional librarian, Louis Timothee, hired in Philadelphia
1755 - Henry Fox appointed English Secretary of State
1775 - Floods ravage Dutch coast provinces
1792 - Captain George Vancouver is 1st Englishman to enter San Francisco Bay

19th Century

1832 - 1st streetcar (horse-drawn) (John Mason) debuts in New York City; fare 12 cents rode on 4th Avenue between Prince and 14th Streets
1833 - Charles Darwin departs by horse to Montevideo
1834 - William Thomson enters Glasgow University at 10 years 4 months
1851 - "Moby Dick," by Herman Melville, published
1863 - Bedford Forrest is assigned to command of West Tennessee
1863 - Skirmish at Danville, Mississippi
1881 - Charles J. Guiteau went on trial for President Garfield's assassination
1881 - Leon Gambetta forms French government
1888 - St. Andrews Golf Club, Yonkers NY, opens with just 6 holes
1888 - USC Trojans (then Methodists) play their 1st football game
1889 - New York World reporter Nellie Bly (Elizabeth Cochrane) began her attempt to surpass fictitious journey of Jules Verne's Phileas Fogg by traveling around world in less than 80 days She succeeded, by finishing trip following January in 72 days, 6
1889 - New York World's Nellie Bly (Liz Cochrane) begins 72 day world trip
1893 - Gerhart Hauptmanns "Hanneles Himmelfahrt," premieres in Berlin
1894 - Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Golden Pince-Nez"
1896 - Power plant at Niagara Falls begins operation

20th Century

1905 - David Belasco's "Girl of Golden West," premieres in New York City
1906 - Roosevelt becomes 1st U.S. President to visit a foreign country (Panama)
1908 - Albert Einstein presents quantum theory of light
1908 - Oscar Strauss' musical "Der tapfere Soldat," premieres in Vienna
1910 - 1st airplane flight from deck of a ship, Norfolk, Va
1914 - Billy Mallett of Hamilton Tigers kicks 10 singles in a game
1915 - Thomas Masaryk demands independence for Czechoslovakia
1918 - Republic of Czechoslovakia created with T.G. Masaryk as president
1919 - Red Army captures Omsk, Siberia
1920 - American Pro Football League's Chicago Tiger Joe Guyon punts 95 yards
1922 - BBC begins domestic radio service from 2LO at Marconi House
1922 - German Reichs Chancellor Joseph Wirth term ends
1927 - Worlds largest gas tank in Pittsburgh Penn explodes; 28 die
1931 - Ottawa Mint Act is proclaimed in England
1935 - Franklin D. Roosevelt proclaims Philippine Islands a free commonwealth
1935 - Nazi's deprive German Jews of their citizenship
1936 - Bradman scores 192 for S A vs. Vic before a MCG crowd of 21000
1938 - Dutch DC3 crashes at Schiphol, 6 die
1939 - Oil refinery fire kills 500 and destroys Lagunillas, Venezuela
1940 - During WW II, German planes destroy most of Coventry, England
1941 - Governor-General Wouters of Dutch Antilles refuses Jews refugees
1942 - Last Vichy-French troops in Algeria surrender
1943 - Chicago Bear Sid Luckman passes for 7 touchdowns vs New York Giants (56-7)
1943 - J Postma, C Schalker, D Goulooze arrested for leading illegal CPN
1945 - H Lindsay and R Crouse's "State of the Union," premieres in New York City
1945 - Java: Sutan Sjahrir appointed as forming government
1946 - Dutch Dakota flight to Schiphol crashes, kills 11
1952 - Greek general Papagos wins elections
1953 - WCIA TV channel 3 in Champaign, IL (CBS) begins broadcasting
1954 - Egyptian President Naguib fired/state of emergency declared
1956 - Hungarian revolt put down
1957 - Dick Hutton beats Lou Thesz in Toronto, to become NWA wrestling champ
1957 - Henry Aaron wins NL MVP
1959 - "Girls against the Boys" closes at Alvin Theater New York City after 16 performances
1959 - Kilauea's most spectacular eruption (in Hawaii)
1960 - 2 passenger trains collided at high-speed killing 110 (Czechoslovakia)
1960 - Belgium threatens to leave United Nations due to criticism on it's Congo-policy
1960 - OPEC (Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries), forms
1960 - Ray Charles' "Georgia On My Mind" reaches #1
1960 - Riot due to school integration in New Orleans
1964 - Detroit Red Wings Gordie Howe sets NHL record 627th career goal
1964 - "Fade Out-Fade In" closes at Mark Hellinger New York City after 199 performances
1964 - "Follies Bergere" closes at Broadway Theater New York City after 191 performances
1964 - "Oliver!" closes at Imperial Theater New York City after 774 performances
1965 - "Baker Street" closes at Broadway Theater New York City after 313 performances
1965 - George Abbott Theater (Adelphi, 54 St) at 152 W 54th New York City, demolished
1965 - KCST TV channel 39 in San Diego, California (NBC) begins broadcasting
1965 - Marlene Hagge wins LPGA Alamo Golf Open
1965 - U.S. government sends 90,000 soldiers to Vietnam
1966 - Muhammad Ali TKOs Cleveland Williams in 3 for heavyweight title
1968 - 1st European lung transplant
1968 - "National Turn in Your Draft Card Day" features draft card burning
1968 - Yale University announces it is going co-educational
1969 - 2nd Vietnam Moratorium Day in US
1969 - Apollo 12 (Conrad/Gordon/Bean) launched for 2nd manned Moon landing
1970 - DC-9 crashes in West Virginia, 75 killed
1972 - Dow Jones closes above 1,000 for 1st time (1003.16)
1973 - Britain's Princess Anne marries commoner, Captain Mark Phillips
1973 - Canada begins production of Olympic coins
1973 - "Good Evening" opens at Plymouth Theater New York City for 438 performances
1973 - Jim Palmer is named AL Cy Young winner
1975 - Spain, Morocco and Mauretania sign accord about Spanish Sahara
1976 - Cleveland Browns' Jerry Sherk sets club record with 4 sacks
1976 - "Don't Step on My Olive Branch" closes at Playhouse New York City after 16 performances
1976 - War criminal Pieter Menten captured 1 day after fleeing
1977 - Egypt President Sadat repeats willingness to visit Israel to Cronkite
1979 - California's Don Baylor, wins AL MVP
1980 - Guinee-Bissau premier Vieira fires president Luis Cabral
1980 - Kimberley Santos, 19 of Guam, crowned 30th Miss World
1980 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1981 - 2nd Space Shuttle Mission-Columbia 2-returns to Earth
1981 - Old Dutch Windmill in Golden Gate Park repaired and working again
1981 - Pakistan all out 62 vs. Australia at WACA, Lillee 5-18
1981 - Paul 'Bear' Bryant ties Amos Alonzo Stagg with 314 football wins
1982 - Polish Solidarity chairman Lech Walesa freed
1983 - 1st cruise missile placed, Greenham Common, England
1984 - Astronauts aboard "Discovery" pluck a 2nd satellite from orbit
1984 - NASA launches NATO-3D
1985 - Brewers release 39-year-old pitcher Rollie Fingers
1985 - Holmfriour Karlsottir of Iceland, 22, crowned 35th Miss World
1985 - Volcano Nevado del Ruiz Colombia erupts, 1000s killed
1986 - Doubleday Publishing sells New York Mets to Nelson Doubleday and Fred Wilpon
1986 - FCC issues Notice Of Apparent Liability to WYSP Philadelphia
1986 - SEC imposes a record $100 million penalty against Ivan Boesky
1987 - "La Cage aux Folles" closes at Palace Theater New York City after 1761 performances
1987 - Sam's Town National Bowling Pro-Am won by Debbie Bennett
1989 - Padres reliever Mark Davis wins NL Cy Young Award
1990 - Doug Drabek (22-6) wins NL Cy Young Award
1990 - France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
1990 - Great Britain performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1990 - Michael Heseltine contests Thatcher's leadership of party
1990 - Philippines hit by typhoon, 110 die
1991 - Michael Jackson's "Black or White" video premieres on FOX TV
1991 - Pittsburgh Steelers guard Terry Long loses his steroids appeal and is suspended without pay by NFL for 4 weeks
1992 - Actress Peg Phillips (Northern Exposure), falls and breaks 3 fingers
1993 - 23rd New York City Women's Marathon won by Uta Pippig in 2:26:24
1993 - 24th New York City Marathon won by Andres Espinosa in 2:10:04
1993 - Don Shula becomes winningest coach in NFL history
1993 - "Kentucky Cycle" opens at Royale Theater New York City for 34 performances
1993 - Puerto Rico votes against becoming the 51st U.S. state
1993 - "Twilight of the Golds" closes at Booth Theater New York City after 29 performances
1994 - 1st trains for public run in English Channel Tunnel
1994 - Space shuttle STS-66 (Atlantis 13), lands
1996 - "Chicago," opens at Richard Rodgers Theater New York City
1996 - Texas Ranger Juan Gonzalez wins AL MVP
1997 - Colorado Rockie Larry Walker wins NL MVP
1997 - Disney's "Lion King" sets Broadway record of $2,700,000 daily sale

21st Century

2007 - 7.7 Earthquake in northern Chile


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