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Events and People Who Made History on November 13

9th Century

866 - Pope Nicholas I answers the envoys of Boris (Ad consulta vestra)

11th Century

1002 - English king Ethelred II launches massacre of Danish settlers

16th Century

1511 - England signs on to the Saint League
1553 - English Lady Jane Grey/bishop Cranmer accused of high treason
1565 - King Philip II's "Letters out Segovia" reaches Brussels
1565 - Pope Pius IV publishes degree Professi fidei

17th Century

1642 - Battle at Turnham Green, London: King Charles I vs English parliament
1673 - Prince Willem III/Raimundo earl Montecuccoli conquer Bonn

18th Century

1715 - Battle at Sheriffmuir: English army beats Scottish earl of Mar
1715 - Pro-James Edward Stuart-rebellion surrenders
1775 - American Revolutionary forces capture Montreal
1781 - English troops occupy Negapatam Ceylon
1789 - Ben Franklin writes "Nothing . . . certain but death and taxes"

19th Century

1830 - Oliver Wendell Holmes publishes "Old Ironsides"
1839 - 1st U.S. anti-slavery party, Liberty Party, convenes in NY
1843 - Mount Rainier in Washington State erupts
1849 - Peter Burnett elected 1st governor of California
1851 - 1st meeting of anti-revolutionary "Netherlands and Orange"
1851 - Telegraph connection between London-Paris linked
1854 - "New Era" sinks off New Jersey coast with loss of 300
1862 - Battle of Holly Spring, MS
1865 - 1st U.S. gold certificates issued
1865 - PT Barnum's New American museum opens in Bridgeport
1865 - U.S. issues 1st gold certificates
1868 - American Philological Association organized in NY
1875 - Harvard-Yale game is 1st college football contest with uniforms
1875 - National Bowling Association organized in New York City
1885 - Serbian army occupies Bulgaria
1895 - 1st shipment of canned pineapple from Hawaii

20th Century

1900 - Baltimore Orioles (now New York Yankees) enter baseball's American League
1906 - C W Gregory out for 383 as NSW make 763 vs. Queensland
1907 - French cyclist Paul Cornu flies 1st helicopter (twin rotor)
1909 - 259 miners die in a fire at St. Paul Mine at Cherry Ill
1909 - Ben Simpson of Hamilton Tigers kicks 9 singles in a game
1913 - 1st modern elastic brassiere patented by Mary Phelps Jacob
1916 - British offensive at Ancre Belgium
1918 - Monarch Friedrich of Waldeck and Pyrmont abdicates throne
1918 - Russia cancels Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
1918 - Stahlhelm forms (anti communist/Polish/French) in Magdenburg
1920 - Hudson River frozen at Albany
1921 - "Sheik," starring Rudolph Valentino, is released
1921 - U.S., France, Japan and British Empire sign a Pacific Treaty
1922 - Black Renaissance begins Harlem NY
1922 - George Cohan's musical "Little Nellie Kelly," premieres in New York City
1922 - Marc Connelly/George Kaufman's "'49ers," premieres in New York City
1926 - Indonesian Communist Party (PKI) uprising in Bantam West Java
1927 - NY-New Jersey Holland Tunnel, 1st twin-tube underwater auto tunnel, opens
1928 - Bradman scores 132* for NSW against MCC
1930 - WA Drake's "Grand Hotel," premieres in New York City
1931 - Hattie Caraway (D-AK) appointed 1st U.S. woman senator
1933 - 1st modern sit-down strike, Hormel meat packers, Austin, Minn
1935 - Anti-British riots in Egypt
1937 - NBC forms 1st full-sized symphony orchestra exclusively for radio
1938 - America's 1st saint, Mother Frances Cabrini, beatified
1940 - Walt Disney's "Fantasia" released
1941 - British aircraft carrier "Ark Royal" sank in Mediterranean
1941 - German Abweht consults with Chetnikleider Draza Mihailovic
1942 - Chaotic "sea battle of Friday the 13th" at Guadalcanal
1942 - Minimum draft age lowered from 21 to 18
1945 - Australian Services draw 1st Victory Test against India
1946 - 1st artificial snow produced from a natural cloud, Mount Greylock, MA
1946 - Bradman scores 106 for an Australian XI vs. the MCC
1948 - "As the Girls Go" opens at Winter Garden Theater New York City for 420 performances
1950 - U.S. win 1st world championship bridge contest
1951 - Lefty O'Doul's all-stars, including Joe DiMaggio and Billy Martin, lose 3-1 to Pacific League all-star team (Japan)
1952 - False fingernails 1st sold
1952 - KLBK TV channel 13 in Lubbock, Texas (CBS) begins broadcasting
1953 - Dmitri Shostakovich' 4th String Quartet, premieres
1955 - 1st live telecast from non-contiguous foreign country-Havana Cuba
1955 - Argentine General Pedro Aramburu succeeds E Lonardi as president
1956 - Supreme Court strikes down segregation of races on public buses
1958 - New York City Mayor Robert Wagner announces plans to begin a new baseball called the Continental League
1960 - Fire in movie theater kills 152 children (Amude Spain)
1960 - Sammy Davis, Jr. marries Swedish actress May Britt
1961 - WCBB TV channel 10 in Augusta, ME (PBS) begins broadcasting
1964 - Bob Petit (St. Louis Hawks) becomes 1st NBAer to score 20,000 points
1964 - Pope Paul VI gives tiara to poor
1965 - "Skyscraper" opens at Lunt Fontanne Theater New York City for 248 performances
1965 - "Yarmouth Castle" burns and sinks off Bahamas, killing 89
1966 - Sandra Haynie wins LPGA Alamo Ladies' Golf Open
1967 - NL owners OK AL expansion to Seattle and Kansas City
1968 - Bob Gibson edges Pete Rose to win NL MVP
1969 - Vice President Spiro T. Agnew accused network TV news depts of bias and distortion
1970 - Cyclone kills estimated 300,000 in Chittagong Bangladesh
1970 - Flooding ravages Ganges delta, 200,000-1 million killed
1970 - Lieutenant General Hafez al-Assad becomes Prime Minister of Syria following military coup
1971 - Mariner 9, 1st to orbit another planet, Mars
1973 - "Gigi" opens at Uris Theater New York City for 103 performances
1973 - Oakland A's Reggie Jackson wins AL MVP unanimously
1974 - Dodgers Steve Garvey wins NL MVP
1975 - "Musical Jubilee" opens at St. James Theater New York City for 92 performances
1977 - 25th Islander shut-out Resch 6-0 Gilles scores on 5th penalty shot
1977 - Final Al Capp comic strip of "Li'l Abner" (1934-77)
1977 - Silvia Bertolaccini wins LPGA Colgate Far East Golf Open
1978 - NASA launches HEAO
1979 - British newspaper "Times" resumes publishing after 1 year
1979 - Ronald Reagan in New York announces his candidacy for president
1979 - Willie Stargell and Keith Hernandez share NL MVP Award NL
1980 - Gabriella Brum, 18, of W Germany crowned 30th Miss World, she resigns the next day, because she wants to marry her 52 year old boyfriend
1980 - U.S. spacecraft Voyager I sent back 1st close-up pictures of Saturn
1981 - Ringo releases "Wrack My Brains"
1982 - Korean boxer Duk Koo Kim fatally injured when KOed by Ray Mancini
1982 - Vietnam War Memorial dedicated in Washington D.C.
1983 - Pat Bradley wins LPGA Mazda Japan Golf Classic
1984 - David Levy finds his 1st comet
1984 - Ryne Sandberg wins the NL MVP Award
1985 - Dwight Gooden, youngest 20 game winner, wins Cy Young award
1985 - Nevado del Ruiz volcano erupts in Colombia, kills 25,000
1986 - Giselle Jeanne-Marie LaRonde of Trinidad, 23, crowned 36th Miss World
1986 - NASA launches space vehicle S-199
1986 - U.S. president Reagan confesses weapon sales to Iran
1987 - 1st condom commercial on BBC TV
1989 - Paul McCartney releases "Figure of 8" and "Ou Est Le Soleil"
1990 - Oakland's Bob Welch wins AL Cy Young Award
1991 - Bomb attack on Aad Kosto, Dutch social dem party - Assistant Secretary of state
1991 - Boston Red Sox Roger Clemens wins AL Cy Young Award
1992 - Riddick Bowe beats Evander Holyfield in 12 for heavywgt boxing title
1993 - 7.1 seaquake east of Kamchatka
1993 - Chinese MD82 makes crash landing at Urumqi, 12 killed
1993 - Pakistan minister of Foreign affairs Faruk Leghari elected president
1994 - Sweden agrees to join European Union
1996 - Padres third baseman Ken Caminiti is 4th unanimous winner of NL MVP
1996 - "Three Sisters," closes at Lunt-Fontanne Theater New York City
1997 - Ken Griffey, Jr. unanimously wins AL MVP
1997 - "Lion King," opens at New Amersterdam Theater New York City
1997 - U.N. pulls out arms inspection teams from Iraq


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