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Events and People Who Made History on November 12

3rd Century

295 - Origin of Era of Ascension

7th Century

607 - Boniface III ends his reign as Catholic Pope

10th Century

954 - Lotharius becomes king of France

16th Century

1591 - Castiliaans army occupies Zaragoza

17th Century

1614 - Treaty of Xanten: Guliks-Kleefse War victory ends
1673 - Dutch troops under Willem III occupy Bonn
1682 - Swedish king Karel XI establishes absolute monarchy

18th Century

1727 - France and Bavaria renew secret treaty
1775 - General Washington forbids recruiting officers enlisting blacks

19th Century

1813 - Allied troops occupy Zwolle, Netherlands
1823 - Great North Holland Canal (Amsterdam) opens
1859 - Jules Leotard performs 1st Flying Trapeze circus act (Paris) He also designed garment that bears his name
1873 - Bay District Race Track opens
1885 - Montreal and Britannia Football Clubs (QRFU) defeat Ontario Combined Team (ORFU) 3-0 in CRFU Championship game
1892 - Allegheny Athletic Association beats Pitts Athletic CLub, 4-0 in football
1892 - Pudge Heffelfinger receives $500, becomes 1st pro football player
1899 - British troops reach Durban Natal

20th Century

1900 - World's Fair in Paris opens, 50 million visitors
1906 - C W Gregory (NSW vs. Qld) starts day at 48*, is 366* at stumps
1910 - 1st Movie stunt: man jumps into Hudson river from a burning balloon
1912 - Robert Scott's diary and dead body found in Antarctica
1914 - Turks sultan Jamal Pasja declares a German holy war
1915 - Britain annexes Gilbert and Ellice archipelago
1915 - Theodore W. Richards is 1st American to win Nobel Prize in chemistry
1918 - Emperor Karl of Austria-Hungary abdicates, Austria becomes a republic
1919 - Ross and Keith Smith start a 1 month flight from London to Australia
1920 - Judge Kennesaw Mountain Landis elected 1st baseball commissioner
1921 - Washington Conference for Limitation of Armaments
1923 - In Germany, Adolf Hitler is arrested for attempt to sieze power
1924 - Yeshivah Slobodka opens a branch in Chevron
1925 - U.S. and Italy sign peace accord about war debts
1927 - 1st underwater tunnel, Holland Tunnel connecting New York to New Jersey opens
1927 - Notre Dame's Fighting Irish changes blue jerseys for green
1927 - Trotsky expelled from Soviet CP; Stalin becomes undisputed dictator
1928 - British steamer "Vestris" capsizes and sinks off Virginia, kills 110
1931 - Maple Leaf Gardens opens in Toronto - Chicago Blackhawks beat Leafs, 2-1
1931 - Sibelius/Ashton's ballet "Lady of Shalott," premieres in London
1932 - 24 killed at Lancashire mine explosion
1933 - 1st game at NFL Pitts Pirate's Forbes Field, lose to Brooklyn Dodgers 32-0
1933 - 1st known photo of Loch Ness monster is taken
1933 - 1st Sunday football game in Philadelphia (previously illegal)
1933 - Nazis receive 92% of vote in Germany
1936 - Nobel for literature awarded to Eugene O'Neill
1936 - Oakland Bay Bridge opens
1936 - St. Louis Browns sold to Donald L Barnes and William O DeWitt
1938 - Hermann Goering announces he wants Madagascar as a Jewish homeland
1939 - Jews in Lodz Poland ordered to wear yellow star of David
1940 - Blizzard strikes midwest, 154 die (69 on boat on Great Lakes)
1941 - Germany's drive to take Moscow halted
1941 - WOV-AM and WNEW-AM in New York City swaps call letters
1942 - In World War II, battle of Guadalcanal began
1943 - Landwacht (NSB-political party) forms in Netherlands
1944 - RAF sink German battleship "Tirpitz" at Tromso Fjord Norway
1945 - Nobel Peace Prize awarded to Cordell Hull (establishing UN)
1946 - 1st "autobank" (banking by car) forms (Chicago)
1946 - Walt Disney's "Song Of South" released
1947 - KPO-AM in San Francisco, California changes call letters to KNBC (now KNBR)
1947 - Schilderijenvervalser Han of Meegeren to 1 years jail sentenced
1948 - Japanese premier Hideki Tojo sentenced to death by war crimes tribunal
1950 - Gene Roberts sets NFL New York Giant rushing record (218 yards) vs Chicago Cards
1951 - 17 die in a train crash in Woodstock Ala
1951 - "Paint Your Wagon" opens at Shubert Theater New York City for 289 performances
1952 - Philadelphia A's pitcher Bobby Shantz wins AL MVP
1953 - David Ben-Gurion, resigns as premier of Israel
1953 - U.S. district Judge Grim, rules NFL can black out TV home games
1954 - Ellis Island, immigration station in New York Harbor, closed
1955 - 1st West German officers sworn in
1955 - Date returned to in "Back to the Future" and "Back to the Future II"
1955 - E Arcaro, E Sande and G Woolf 1st inductees in Jockey hall of fame
1956 - Largest observed iceberg, 208 by 60 miles, 1st sighted
1958 - Bob Turley of Yankees wins Cy Young Award
1959 - White Sox 2B Nellie Fox wins AL's MVP
1960 - Coup against South Vietnam President Ngo Dinh Diem fails
1963 - Train crash in Japan, kills 164
1964 - Jean becomes Grand Duke of Luxembourg
1964 - Paula Murphy sets female land speed record 226.37 MPH
1965 - Ferdinand Marcos elected president of Philippines
1965 - General strike in Morocco against disappearance of Ben Barka
1965 - Mad Dog Vachon beats Crusher in Denver, to become NWA champ
1965 - Venera 2 launched by Soviet Union toward Venus
1966 - Dick The Bruiser beats Mad Dog Vachon in Omaha, to become NWA champ
1966 - Dodgers complete an 18-game tour of Japan with a 9-8-1 record
1966 - High schooler Robert Smith kills 7 for fame
1967 - Margie Masters wins LPGA Quality Chekd Golf Classic
1967 - Packers' Travis Williams returns 2 kickoffs for TDs against Browns, setting largest margin of Browns defeat (48), winning 55-7
1968 - KSEL (now KAMC) TV channel 28 in Lubbock, Texas (ABC) begins broadcasting
1968 - Supreme Court declares Arkansas law banning teaching evolution in public schools unconstitutional
1969 - Author Alexander Solzhenitsyn expelled from Soviet Writers Union
1969 - Minnesota's Harmon Killebrew is voted AL MVP
1969 - U.S. Army announces investigating William Calley for alleged massacre of civilians at Vietnamese village of My Lai in March, 19
1969 - WJJY (now WJPT) TV channel 14 in Jacksonville, IL (ABC) 1st broadcast
1970 - 240 KPH cyclone hits East Pakistan (Bangladesh); 3-500,000 die
1970 - Cleveland Cavaliers 1st NBA victory (11th game), beating Portland 105-103
1970 - Scientists perform 1st artificial synthesis of a live cell
1973 - Dmitri Shostakovich' 14th String Quartet premieres
1974 - South Africa suspended from United Nations General Assembly over racial policies
1975 - New York Mets Tom Seaver wins his 3rd Cy Young Award
1975 - Supreme Court Justice William O. Douglas retired after 36 years
1977 - Ernest N. Morial elected mayor of New Orleans
1977 - France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
1977 - New Orleans elects 1st black mayor, Ernest "Dutch" Morial
1978 - Nancy Lopez wins LPGA Colgate Far East Golf Open
1978 - "Platinum" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater New York City for 33 performances
1979 - President Carter announces immediate halt to all imports of Iranian oil
1979 - Tony Franklin of Philadelphia Eagles kicks 59-yard field goal
1979 - U.S. halts Iranian oil imports and freezes Iranian assets
1980 - Baltimore's Steve Stone wins AL Cy Young Award
1980 - U.S. space probe Voyager I approaches 77,000-mi (124,000 km) of Saturn
1981 - 1st balloon crossing of Pacific is completed, Double Eagle V
1981 - 2nd shuttle mission-1st time spacecraft launched twice (Columbia 2)
1981 - Bill C. Davis' "Mass Appeal," premieres in New York City
1981 - Billy Martin named AL Manager of Year for the Oakland A's
1981 - Great Britain performs nuclear test
1981 - Pilin Leon of Venezuela, crowned 31st Miss World
1982 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1982 - U.S.S.R. KGB-chief Yuri V Andropov succeeds Leonid Brezhnev as U.S.S.R. leader
1982 - Zaheer Abbas gets his 100th 100 in Test Cricket vs. India, goes to 215
1983 - 4 die in a train crash in Marshall Texas
1983 - New Jersey Devils 1st overtime game, lose to Calgary Flames 4-3
1984 - Paul McCartney releases "We All Stand Together"
1984 - Space shuttle astronauts retreive a satellite - 1st space salvage
1985 - Horse Racing Breeders' Cup Champs: Cozzene, Life's Magic, Pebbles, Precisionist, Proud Truth, Tasso, Twilight Ridge at Aqueduct
1985 - R. Hadlee takes 15-123 for Cricket match vs. Australia at Brisbane
1985 - STS-61-B vehicle moves to launch pad
1986 - France performs nuclear test
1986 - Roger Clemens wins AL Cy Young Award unanimously
1987 - Heavy snow closes schools from Washington D.C. to Maine
1987 - "Teddy and Alice" opens at Minskoff Theater New York City for 77 performances
1987 - Ulla Weigerstorfer of Austria, 20, crowned 37th Miss World
1988 - Japan beats MLB All-Star team 5-4 in Tokyo (Game 6 of 7)
1988 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1989 - Brazil holds 1st free presidential election in 29 years
1989 - George Forest's musical "Grand Hotel," premieres in New York City
1989 - "Grand Hotel" opens at Martin Beck Theater New York City for 1018 performances
1991 - Atlanta Brave Tom Glavine wins NL Cy Young Award
1991 - "Full House" 100th episode-twins are born
1991 - Indonesian army shoots on funeral possession: 270-520 die
1992 - New York Yankee pitcher Steve Howe is reinstated for 8th time
1995 - 25th New York City Women's Marathon won by Tegla Loroupe in 2:28:06
1995 - 26th New York City Marathon won by German Silva in 2:10:00
1995 - Last day of Test cricket for Martin Crowe
1995 - Marino breaks Tarkenton's NFL all-time passing yardage mark of 47,003
1995 - New York's Metropolitan Transportation Authority raises subway and bus fares from $1.25 to $1.50
1995 - STS-74 (Atlantis 15), launches into orbit
1996 - Toronto's Pat Hentgen wins AL Cy Young Award
1997 - Dick Vitale signs with ESPN through year 2004
1997 - Pedro Martinez wins NL Cy Young Award
1998 - New York Islanders tie Detroit Red Wings 1-1, to end 10 game losing streak
1999 - Earthquake kills 700 in Duzce, Turkey

21st Century

2001 - American Airlines flight 587 crashes in Belle Harbor, New York, killing 265, vertical stabilizer failure


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