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Events and People Who Made History on November 11

6th Century

537 - St. Silverius ends his reign as Catholic Pope

9th Century

887 - Parliament in Tribur: King Charles III resigns

12th Century

1158 - Emperor Frederik I Barbarossa declares himself ruler of North Italy

13th Century

1208 - Otto van Wittelsbach chosen German king
1215 - 4th Lateran Council (12th ecumenical council) opens in Rome

15th Century

1417 - Oddo Colonna elected as Pope Martinus V
1493 - Columbus discovers Saba

16th Century

1500 - Treaty of Granada: France and Aragon divide Naples
1503 - Pope Julius II elected
1572 - Duke of Alva's son Don Fredrik begins siege for Haarlem

17th Century

1606 - Turkey and Austria sign Treaty of Zsitva-Torok
1620 - 41 pilgrims land in Massachusetts, sign Mayflower Compact (just and equal laws)
1640 - John Pym, earl of Strafford locked in Tower of London
1647 - Massachusetts passes 1st U.S. compulsory school attendance law
1648 - Dutch and French agree to divide St. Maarten, Leeward Islands
1671 - Dutch States-General forbids importation of French wine
1688 - Prince Willem III's invasion fleet sails to England

18th Century

1714 - A highway in Bronx is laid out, later renamed East 233rd Street
1725 - Georg F. Handels opera "Tamerlano," premieres in London
1745 - Bonnie Prince Charlies army enters England
1752 - Theresianische Military Academy opens in Vienna
1778 - Iroquois Indians in New York kill 40 in Cherry Valley Massacre
1790 - Chrysanthemums are introduced into England from China

19th Century

1811 - Cartagena Colombia declares independence from Spain
1813 - Dresden surrenders to allied armies
1836 - Chile declares war on Bolivia and Peru
1838 - Emma Wedgwood accepts Charles Darwin's marriage proposal
1851 - Alvan Clark patents telescope
1862 - Opera "La Forza Del Destino" is produced (St. Petersburg Russia)
1864 - Sherman's troops destroy Rome, Georgia
1864 - Skirmish at Shoal Creek, AL
1865 - Mary Edward Walker, 1st Army female surgeon, awarded Medal of Honor
1865 - Thomas Robertsons "Society," premieres in London
1868 - 1st American amateur track and field meet (New York City)
1889 - Washington admitted as 42nd state
1890 - D. McCree patents portable fire escape
1895 - Bechuanaland becomes part of Cape Colony
1896 - Jules Vandenpeereboom becomes Belgium's minister of War
1899 - Stuart/Rubens/Boyd-Jones' "Floradora," premieres in London

20th Century

1901 - Maurice Ravel composition "Jeux d'eau" premieres
1906 - Ethel Smyth' "Standrecht," premieres in Leipzig
1909 - Construction of Navy base at Pearl Harbor begins
1909 - J. M. Synge's "Tinker's Wedding," premieres in London
1918 - Armistice Day-WW I ends (at 11 AM on Western Front)
1918 - Dutch SDAP leader Troelstra announces revolution
1918 - Emperor Charles I of Austria abdicates
1918 - Germany surrenders ending WW I, Allies and Germany sign armistice
1918 - Poland declares independence
1919 - Pope Benedictus XV states Roman Catholics political/business views
1921 - President Harding dedicates Tomb of Unknown Soldier (Arlington Cemetary)
1922 - Largest U.S. flag displayed (150' X 90') expanded in 1939 (270' X 90')
1923 - Eternal flame lit for tomb of unknown solder, Arc de Triumph
1924 - Martin Beck Theater opens at 302 W 45th St. New York City
1924 - Palace of Legion of Honor dedicated (SF)
1925 - Earnest Thalmann becomes chairman of German KPD
1925 - Louis Armstrong records 1st of Hot Five and Hot Seven recordings
1925 - Night of Kersten - Colijn Dutch government falls by SGP-amendement
1925 - Robert Millikan announces discovery of cosmic rays
1926 - Eddie Collins is released as White Sox manager
1928 - France's 5th government of Poincare forms
1928 - KXO-AM in El Centro California begins radio transmissions
1928 - WGL-AM in Ft. Wayne IN begins radio transmissions
1928 - WMT-AM in Cedar Rapids IA begins radio transmissions
1928 - WOL-AM in Washington D.C. begins radio transmissions
1931 - Cornerstones laid for Opera House and Veteran's Building
1933 - "Great Black Blizzard" 1st great dust storm in Great Plains
1934 - 1st penalty shot vs Toronto Maple Leafs, Mondou (Mont) unsuccessful
1934 - WOC-AM in Davenport Iowa splits from WHO-WOC and becomes KICK-AM
1935 - Explorer 2 balloon sets altitude record of 72,000 feet over SD
1937 - Messerschmidt ME-109V13 flies world record 610.4 kph
1937 - Nobel prize for physics awarded to C. J. Davisson and G. P. Thomson
1938 - German and Austrian Jewish suffer 1 billion Mark damage in nazi
1938 - Kristallnacht; Jews forced to wear Star of David
1939 - Kate Smith 1st sings Irving Berlin's "God Bless America"
1940 - 1,000s Paris students lay reath at Grave of Unknown Soldier
1940 - Blizzard strikes midwestern U.S. killing over 100
1940 - British air attack destroys half of Italian fleet
1940 - Willys unveiled its General Purpose vehicle - Jeep
1941 - Czechoslovakian premier general Eliasj arrested by nazis
1942 - 745 French Jews deported to Auschwitz
1942 - During WW II Germany completes their occupation of France
1942 - Jews in Free Zone of France ordered to wear yellow star of David
1942 - Last German offensive in Stalingrad
1942 - Lieutenant-General Kumakashi Harada becomes Japanese commander on Java
1942 - Transport nr 45 departs with French Jews to Nazi-Germany
1943 - Spud Chandler wins AL MVP; Stan Musial wins NL MVP
1943 - U.S. air raid on Rabaul
1944 - New York Rangers set NHL record of 25 games without a win (0-21-4)
1946 - New York Knicks' 1st game at Madison Square Garden loses 78-68 to Chicago Stags
1949 - WTTV TV channel 4 in Bloomington-Indianapol, IN (IND) 1st broadcast
1953 - Jimmy Dykes succeeds Marty Marion as Baltimore Orioles manager
1957 - Demolition begins on cable car barn at California and Hyde (SF)
1958 - AL announces Kansas City will play AL record 52 night games in 1959
1958 - "La Plume de Ma Tante" opens at Royale Theater New York City for 835 performances
1959 - 1st episode of "Rocky and His Friends" airs
1959 - Seals Stadium in San Francisco, demolished
1960 - Largest New York Knick 49th St. MSG crowd-18,499
1961 - Congolese soldiers murder 13 Italian United Nations pilots
1961 - Molotov, Malenkov and Kaganovitsj kicked out of Russia's Communist Party
1961 - Stalingrad renamed Volgograd
1963 - Brian Epstein and Ed Sullivan sign a 3 show contract for Beatles
1963 - Gordie Howe ties Rocket Richard's lifetime 544 goal record
1964 - Murray Schisgal's "Luv," premieres in New York City
1965 - Heavyweight Cassius Clay KOs Floyd Patterson in Las Vegas
1965 - Rhodesia proclaimed independence from Britain by Prime Minister Ian D Smith
1965 - William Alfred's "Hogan's Goat," premieres in New York City
1966 - Gemini 12 (Lovell and Aldrin) launched on 4-day flight
1966 - Methodist Church and Evangelical United Brethren Church unite as United Methodist Church
1968 - John Lennon and Yoko Ono appear nude on cover of "2 Virgins" album
1968 - Maldives (in Indian Ocean) become a republic
1968 - Ron Hill sets record 10-mile run (46:44) at Leicester England
1969 - Beatles with Billy Preston release "Get Back" in UK
1969 - Jim Morrison arrested on an airplane by FBI for drunkeness
1970 - Baltimore Oriole Boog Powell wins AL MVP
1971 - Man-made earthslide at Kawasaki Japan, kills 15
1971 - Neil Simons "prisoner of Second Avenue," premieres in New York City
1972 - Dow Jones Index moves above 1,000 for 1st time
1972 - U.S. Army turns over Long Bihn base to South Vietnamese army
1975 - Angola gains independence from Portugal (National Day)
1975 - Australian Prime Minister removed by crown (1st elected Prime Minister removed in 200 yrs)
1977 - Wings release "Mull of Kintyre" and "Girl's School"
1978 - Maumoon Abdul Gayoom becomes president of Maldives
1979 - Boston Court issues occupancy permit for Cambridge Buddhist Center
1980 - Crew of Soyuz 35 returns to Earth aboard Soyuz 37
1980 - Islander's Mike Bossy scores 4 goals against North Stars
1981 - Fernando Valenzuela is 1st rookie ever to win a Cy Young Award
1981 - "Oh, Brother!" closes at ANTA Theater New York City after 3 performances
1982 - 30th time Islanders shut-out-2-0 vs North Stars
1982 - 5th space shuttle mission-Columbia 5-launched 1st coml flight
1982 - Gas explosion in Israeli army headquarters by Tyrus; kills 60
1982 - Joe Altobelli succeeds retiring Earl Weaver as Oriole manager
1982 - Solidarity leader Lech Walesa is let out of jail in Poland
1983 - 1st U.S. cruise missiles arrive in Great Britain
1983 - President Reagan became 1st U.S. President to address Japan's legislature
1983 - Wayne Phillips scores 159 on Test Cricket debut, vs. Pakistan at WACA
1984 - "3 Musketeers" opens at Broadway Theater New York City for 9 performances
1985 - 1st AIDS theme TV movie - "An Early Frost"
1985 - Challenger flies back to Kennedy Space Center via Davis-Monthan AFB
1985 - Yonkers is found guilty of segregating schools and housing
1986 - Houston's Astro Mike Scott (18-10) wins NL Cy Young Award
1986 - Suriname government proclaims gold purification
1987 - Judge Anthony M. Kennedy nominated to Supreme Court
1987 - Moscow party secretary Boris Jerusalem resigns
1987 - "Roza" closes at Royale Theater New York City after 12 performances
1987 - Van Gogh's "Irises" sells for record $53.6 M at auction
1988 - Oldest known insect fossils (390 million yrs) reported in Science
1989 - "Prince of Central Park" closes at Belasco Theater New York City after 4 performances
1989 - Sam's Town Bowling Invitational won by Tish Johnson
1990 - Calif's Chuck Finley and Seattle's Randy Johnson combine to pitch a no-hitter in exhibition game between U.S. and Japanese all-star teams
1990 - "Shadowlands" opens at Brooks Atkinson Theater New York City for 169 performances
1992 - Anglican Church and Church of England OK female priests
1993 - Pope John Paul II hospitalized for 2 days for fractured shoulder
1994 - Bill Gates buys Leonardo da Vinci's "Codex" for $30,800,000
1994 - Progress M-25 launched to space station Mir
1996 - Braves John Smoltz wins NL Cy Young Award
1997 - Roger Clemens wins his 4th AL Cy Young Award
1997 - WNBA expands to Detroit and Washington D.C.
1999 - Last upside down date until January 1, 6000


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