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Events and People Who Made History on May 31

1st Century

70 - Rome captures 1st wall of the city of Jerusalem

15th Century

1417 - Jacoba van Bavarian becomes countess of Holland/Zealand/Henegouwen
1495 - Emperor Maximilian, Pope Alexander VI, Milan, King Ferdinand, Isabella and Venice sign anti-French Saint League

16th Century

1531 - "Women's Revolt" in Amsterdam: wool house in churchyard aborted
1564 - Battle on Gotland: Lubeck and Denmark beat Sweden

17th Century

1621 - Sir Francis Bacon thrown into Tower of London for 1 night
1634 - U.S. colony Massachusetts Bay annexes Maine colony
1659 - Netherlands, England and France sign Treaty of The Hague
1665 - Jerusalem's rabbi Sjabtai Tswi proclaims himself Messiah
1678 - Lady Godiva rode naked through Coventry in a protest of taxes
1696 - John Salomonsz elected chief of Saint-Eustatius

18th Century

1727 - France, England and Netherlands sign accord of Paris
1744 - French troops conquer Kortrijk
1790 - U.S. copyright law enacted

19th Century

1821 - Cathedral of Assumption of Blessed Virgin Mary, 1st U.S. Catholic cathedral, is dedicated in Baltimore
1836 - HMS Beagle anchors in Simons Bay, Cape of Good Hope
1837 - Astor Hotel opens in New York City, it later becomes the Waldorf-Astoria
1847 - Rotterdam-Hague Railway opens
1849 - Last edition of Orange sheet "Journal de La Haye"
1853 - Elisha Kane's Arctic expedition leaves New York aboard Advance
1859 - Philadelphia A's organize to play "town ball" became baseball 20 years later
1861 - General Beauregard is given command of Confederate Alexandria Line
1861 - Mint at New Orleans closes
1862 - Battle of Seven Pines Virginia (Fair Oaks)
1864 - Raid at Morgan's Kentucky
1868 - 1st Memorial Day parade held in Ironton, Ohio
1868 - Dr. James Moore (UK) wins 1st recorded bicycle race, (2k) velocipede race at Parc fde St. Cloud, Paris
1870 - Congress passes 1st Enforcement Act (rights of blacks)
1870 - E. J. DeSemdt patents asphalt pavement
1878 - German battleship Grosser Kurfurst sinks, 284 killed
1878 - U.S. Congress accept decrease in dollar circulation
1879 - 1st electric railway opens at Berlin Trades Exposition
1879 - Madison Square Garden opens
1880 - League of American Wheelmen (1st U.S. bicycle association), forms in Newport, Rhode Island
1883 - French fleet under Pierre begins siege of Tamatave, Madagascar
1889 - Johnstown Flood; 2,209 die in Pennsylvania
1891 - Work on trans-Siberian railway begins
1894 - John Harvey Kellogg patents "flaked cereal"
1899 - Bronx acquires Keltch Memorial Park

20th Century

1900 - British troops under Lord Roberts occupy Johannesburg
1900 - Piet de Law captures Lt-colonel Spragges Irish Yeomanry
1900 - Tom Hayward scores 1,000th cricket run of season (sets record 1074)
1900 - U.S. troops arrive in Beijing, help put down Boxer Rebellion
1902 - Australia Cricket all out 36 vs. England, Edgbaston, their lowest ever
1902 - Boer War Ends; Treaty of Unity signed, Britain annexes Transvaal
1905 - Emperor Wilhelm II lands in Tanger
1906 - Attack on King Alfonso XIII and Victoria von Battenberg in Madrid
1907 - Taxis 1st began running in New York City
1908 - Miss Pottelsberghe de la Pottery is 1st airplane passenger (Belgium)
1909 - 1st NAACP conference (United Charities Building, New York City)
1910 - Cape of Good Hope becomes part of Union of South Africa
1910 - Glenn Curtiss flies from Albany to New York City
1910 - Union of South Africa declares independence from U.K.
1912 - U.S. Marines land on Cuba
1913 - 17th amendment (direct election of senators) declared ratified
1913 - Alexis Ahlgren runs world record maraton (2:36:06.6)
1914 - Chicago White Sox Joe Benz no-hits Cleveland Indians, 6-1
1915 - An LZ-38 Zeppelin makes an air raid on London
1916 - Battle of Skagerrak: Brit-German sea battle at Jutland (10,000 dead)
1916 - British battle cruiser Invincible explodes, killing all but 6
1917 - 1st jazz record released (Dark Town Strutters Ball)
1919 - 1st wedding held in an aircraft (over Houston, Texas)
1919 - NC-4 aircraft commanded by AC Read completes 1st crossing of Atlantic
1921 - Suffy McInnis (1st base) begins an errorless string of 1,700
1923 - China and U.S.S.R. exchange diplomats
1926 - Portuguese president Bernardino Machedo resigns after coup
1926 - Sesquicentennial Exposition opens in Philadelphia
1927 - Ford Motor Company produces last "Tin Lizzie" (begins Model A)
1927 - Tiger 1st baseman Johnny Neun makes an unassisted triple play
1928 - 1st aerial cross of Pacific takes off from Oakland
1928 - Charlie Hallows scores his 1,000th run of Cricket season
1929 - Atlantic City Convention Center opens
1930 - Bradman gets his 1,000th run of the English Cricket season
1930 - Building begins on Albert Canal in Belgium
1930 - Comet 73P/1930 (Schwassmann-Wachmann 3) approaches 0.0617 AUs of Earth
1935 - Babe Ruth grounds out in his final at bat
1935 - Quake kills 50,000 in Quetta Pakistan
1937 - 1st quadruplets to finish college (Baylor University)
1937 - Brooklyn Dodgers snap New York Giant Carl Hubbell's 24-game winning streak
1937 - German battleships bomb Almeria, Spain
1938 - Bill Edrich scores his 1,000th run of cricket season, all at Lord's
1940 - General-major Bernard Montgomery leaves Duinkerken
1940 - Premier Winston Churchill flies to Paris
1941 - 1st issue of "Parade" goes on sale
1941 - 41 U boats sunk this month (325,000 ton)
1941 - British troops vacate Kreta
1941 - German occupiers forbids Jews access to beach and swimming pools
1942 - 25th PGA Championship: Sam Snead at Seaview CC Atlantic City NJ
1942 - Luftwaffe bombs Canterbury
1943 - "Archie" comic strip 1st broadcast on radio
1943 - Cards Mort Cooper pitches 1st of back-to-back one-hitters
1944 - Allied breakthrough in Italy
1947 - 79th Belmont: Ruperto Donoso aboard Phalanx wins in 2:29.6
1947 - Communists grab power in Hungary
1947 - Eastern DC-4 crashes between Ft. Deposit and Perryville Md, kills 53
1947 - Italian government of Gasperi forms
1948 - Tommy Lasorda strikes out 25 Amsterdam Rugmakers (in 15 innings)
1949 - 31st PGA Championship: Sam Snead at Hermitage CC Richmond VA
1949 - Charley Lupica begins stay on 4' platform atop a 60' pole, vowing to stay until Indians clinch pennant. (They don't, and stays 117 days)
1950 - Due to rain, Indy 500 shortened to 345 miles, Johnny Parson wins
1950 - Laker takes 14-12-2-8 in Test Cricket trial
1951 - Netherlands and South Africa sign cultural accord
1953 - Lebanese president Camille Shamun disbands government
1953 - WSUN TV channel 38 in St. Petersburg-Tampa, Florida (IND) 1st broadcast
1955 - Construction begins on Soviet cosmodrome launch facilities
1955 - Great Britain proclaims emergency crisis due to railroad strike
1955 - Supreme Court orders school integration "with all deliberate speed"
1956 - Mickey Mantle home run just misses clearing Yankee Stadium's roof
1957 - Great Britain performs nuclear test at Christmas Island (atmospheric)
1958 - Dick Dale invents "surf music" with "Let's Go Trippin"
1958 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Bikini Island (atmospheric tests)
1959 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA Cavalier Golf Open
1961 - Benfica wins 6th Europe Cup 1 at Bern
1961 - Chuck Berry's amusement park, Berryland in St. Louis, opens
1961 - John F. Kennedy visits Charles de Gaulle in Paris
1961 - Judge Irving Kaufman orders Board of Ed of New Rochelle, to integrate
1961 - Union of South Africa becomes a republic, leaves Commonwealth
1962 - "Tell It To Groucho" last airs on CBS-TV
1964 - Ruth Jessen wins LPGA Babe Didrikson Zaharias Golf Open
1964 - San Francisco Giants beat New York Mets, 8-6, in 23 innings (2nd game) (7 hours 32 minutes)
1965 - Jim Clark becomes 1st foreigner in 49 years to win Indy
1967 - Bayern Munchen wins 7th Europe Cup II at Neurenberg
1969 - "Dear World" closes at Mark Hellinger Theater New York City after 132 performances
1969 - "Gitarzan" by Ray Stevens peaks at #8
1969 - John Lennon and Yoko Ono record "Give Peace a Chance"
1969 - Stevie Wonder releases "My Cherie Amore"
1970 - At 03:23 PM, Yungay Peru levelled by 7.75 earthquake (50-70,000 die)
1970 - KDUB TV channel 40 in Dubuque, IA (ABC) begins broadcasting
1970 - Shirley Englehorn wins LPGA O'Sullivan Ladies' Golf Open
1971 - WDXR (now WKPD) TV channel 29 in Paducah, Kentucky (PBS) begins broadcasting
1972 - Ajax wins Europe Cup 1 in Rotterdam
1973 - Glenn Turner scores his 1,000th cricket run of English season
1974 - Israel and Syria sign an agreement concerning Golan Heights
1974 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1975 - Fred Newman makes 12,874 baskets in a one-day exhibition
1975 - "Goodtime Charley" closes at Palace Theater New York City after 104 performances
1976 - Loudest Pennsylvania (76 KW) for Who's Quadrophenia in London
1977 - "Beatlemania" opens at Winter Garden Theater New York City for 920 performances
1977 - Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani becomes heir apparent to throne of Qatar
1977 - Trans Alaska oil pipeline completed
1979 - "I Remember Mama" opens at Majestic Theater New York City for 108 performances
1979 - Radio City Music Hall (New York City) reopens
1979 - Zimbabwe proclaims independence
1980 - "Love Stinks" by J Geils Band peaks at #38
1980 - Police and youthful rebels battle in Zurich
1981 - Cathy Reynolds wins LPGA Golden Lights Golf Championship
1982 - "Best Little Whorehouse in Tx" opens at Eugene O'Neill New York City for 63 perf
1983 - 37th NBA Championship: Philadelphia 76ers sweep Los Angeles Lakers in 4 games
1984 - 57th National Spelling Bee: Daniel Greenblatt wins spelling luge
1984 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1984 - Viv Richards hits 189* (170 balls) vs. England, ODI cricket record
1985 - 41 tornadoes hit Northeast U.S., killing 88
1985 - Guatemala adopts constitution
1985 - New Orleans Saints are sold for $70,204,000
1985 - Tornados in Penn, Ohio, New York and Canada kill 88 and injured more than 1,000
1987 - Cindy Rarick wins LPGA Corning Golf Classic
1987 - Saul Ballesteros drives 3 golf balls off Mount McKinley, Alaska
1987 - Stanley Cup: Edmonton Oilers beat Philadelphia Flyers, 4 games to 3
1989 - 1st International Rock Awards
1989 - 1st presentation of rock n roll Elvis awards
1989 - "Rambling with Gambling" 20,000th radio program on WOR-AM (New York City)
1989 - Speaker of House Jim Wright resigns
1990 - 63rd National Spelling Bee: Amy Marie Dimak wins spelling fibranne
1990 - BPAA U.S. Women's Bowling Open won by Dana Miller-Mackie
1990 - Seinfeld starring Jerry Seinfeld, debuts on NBC as Seinfeld Chronicles
1991 - Oldest bride - Minnie Munro, 102, weds Dudley Reid, 83, in Australia
1991 - Sides in Angola sign a treaty ending 16 year civil war
1992 - 46th Tony Awards: Dancing at Lughnasa and Crazy For You win
1992 - 5th Children's Miracle Network Telethon raises $1,060,000
1992 - Barb Mucha wins LPGA Oldsmobile Golf Classic
1993 - President Dobrica Cosic of little Yugoslavia flees
1994 - Padres scores 13 in 2nd vs Pirates
1996 - Mark Van Thillo and Abigail Alling, former biospherian win $100,000 lawsuit against Biospheric Development for Space Biospheres Ventures
1997 - Donovan Bailey beats Michael Johnson in 150m race
1997 - "Once Upon a Matress," closes at Broadhurst Theater New York City after 187 perf

21st Century

2005 - Watergate figure Deep Throat is revealed to be W. Mark Felt a former F.B.I agent


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