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Events and People Who Made History on May 27

13th Century

1281 - Flemish Earl Gwijde Dampierre takes financial responsibility of Brugge

14th Century

1328 - French king Philip VI Valois crowned

16th Century

1529 - 30 Jews of Posing Hungary, charged with blood ritual, burned at stake

17th Century

1660 - Denmark and Sweden sign ceasefire
1679 - Habeaus Corpus Act (no false arrest and imprisonment) passes in UK
1689 - Anthonie Heinsius succeeds G Fagel as pension advisor of Holland

18th Century

1703 - St. Petersburg (Leningrad) founded by Peter the Great
1738 - Turkish troops occupy Orsova and Ochakov
1796 - James S. McLean patents his piano

19th Century

1813 - Americans capture Ft. George, Canada
1844 - Samuel F.B. Morse completes 1st telegraph line
1850 - Mormon Temple in Nauvoo, Illinois destroyed by tornado
1854 - Marine Telegraph from Ft. Point to San Francisco completed
1856 - Doctor William Palmer found guilty of poisoning
1862 - Battle of Hanover Court House, Virginia (Slash Church, Peake's Station)
1863 - CSS Chattahoochie explodes on Chattahoochie River GA, 18 die
1863 - Siege of Port Hudson, Louisiana
1864 - Skirmish at Salem Church (Haw's Shop), Virginia
1878 - 6th Preakness: C Holloway aboard Duke of Magenta wins in 2:41.75
1878 - Australians Cricket 41 and 12-1 defeat MCC 33 and 19
1881 - 9th Preakness: T Costello aboard Saunterer wins in 2:40
1882 - 10th Preakness: T Costello aboard Vanguard wins in 2:44
1883 - Czar Alexander III crowned in Moscow
1893 - Audath Yisroel forms at Kattowitz (Katowice) Poland
1895 - British inventor Birt Acres patents film camera/projector
1896 - Bay District Race Track closes
1896 - Tornado hit St. Louis, killing 255 and leaving thousands homeless
1898 - Arthur Pinero's "Trelawney of the 'Wells'," premieres in London

20th Century

1900 - Lord Roberts' army fights the Vaal in South Africa
1902 - 27th Preakness: L Jackson aboard Old England wins in 1:45.8
1903 - 37th Belmont: John Bullman aboard Africander wins in 2:21.75
1903 - Queen Wilhelmina opens Berlages Merchants bureau in Amsterdam
1904 - NL record of 5 stolen bases in a game (Dennis McGann, New York Giants)
1905 - 30th Preakness: W Davis aboard Cairngore wins in 1:45.8
1905 - Japanese fleet destroys Russian East Sea fleet in Straits of Tushima
1906 - 1st outlining of Gustav Mahler's 6th symphony, in Essen
1907 - Bubonic Plague breaks out in San Francisco
1916 - Groundbreaking begins on Hugh Grant Circle in Bronx
1917 - Race riot in East St. Louis Illinois, 1 black killed
1919 - 1st transatlantic flight ends; U.S. Navy flying boat takes 11 days
1919 - Charles Strite patents pop-up toaster
1920 - Tatar ASSR forms in Russian SFSR
1921 - After 84 years of British control, Afghanistan achieves sovereignty
1927 - Japanese military intervention in Chinese civil war
1927 - Thomas Masaryk elected Czechoslovakia president
1929 - 2nd Ryder Cup: Britain - Ireland, 7 - 5 at Moortown, England
1930 - Richard Drew invents masking tape
1931 - 1st full scale wind tunnel for testing airplanes, Langley Field, Virginia
1931 - Piccard and Knipfer make 1st flight into stratosphere, by balloon
1933 - Austrian Communist Party banned
1933 - Century of Progress Exposition opens in Chicago
1933 - Federal Securities Act signed
1933 - Trailing 11-3, Yankees score 12 runs in 8th and beat White Sox 15-11
1933 - Walt Disney's "3 Little Pigs" released
1935 - Supreme Court declares FDR's National Recovery Act unconstitutional
1936 - RMS Queen Mary leaves Southampton for New York on maiden voyage
1937 - Carl Hubbell wins his 24th consecutive game (since July 17, 1936)
1937 - Golden Gate Bridge, San Francisco, dedicated
1940 - British and French begin evacuation of Dunkirk (Operation Dynamo)
1941 - Allied troops begin evacuating Kreta
1941 - Franklin D. Roosevelt declares state of emergency due to Germany's sinking of Robin Moor
1941 - German battleship Bismarck sunk by British naval force
1942 - Dorie Miller, awarded Navy cross for deeds at Pearl Harbor
1942 - Hitler orders 10,000 Czechoslovakians murdered
1942 - Italian army begin siege of French western Fort Bir Hachim
1942 - Top German Nazi Reinhard Heydrich is shot and mortally wounded in Prague
1943 - French defiance under Jean Moulin meets secretly in Paris
1943 - U.S. forbid racial discrimination in war industry
1944 - Allies land on Biak, Indonesia (operation Horlicks)
1944 - Japanese advance in Hangkhou, China
1944 - Jean-Paul Sartres "Huis Clos," premieres in Paris
1948 - Arabs blow up Jewish synagogue Hurvat Rabbi Yehudah he-Hasid
1948 - Hank Greenberg buys an interest in the Cleveland Indians
1949 - Indians start 12-17, owner Bill Veeck arranges a "Second Opening Day"
1949 - Martin Canine, cartoon character, spoofs Martin Kane
1949 - Russian stop train traffic West-Berlin
1950 - "Arms and the Girl" closes at 46th St. Theater New York City after 134 performances
1950 - Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Wallace Stevens
1951 - Chinese Communists force Dalai Lama to surrender his army to Beijing
1951 - Maritime Museum at Aquatic Park, San Francisco opens
1952 - European Defense Community forms
1953 - Dutch social democratic/Dutch Liberal Party win municipal elections
1955 - Boston Red Sox Norm Zauchin gets 10 RBIs, beating Senators 16-0
1955 - Red Buttons Show, last airs on NBC-TV
1956 - French raid in Algiers
1956 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Enwetak (atmospheric tests)
1958 - Ernest Green and 600 whites graduate from Little Rock's Central HS
1958 - Vanguard SLV-1 launched for Earth orbit (failed)
1960 - Baltimore manager Paul Richards devises oversized catcher's mitt
1960 - Military coup overthrows democratic government of Turkey
1961 - 1st black light is sold
1961 - Fiorentina wins 1st Europe Cup II in Florence
1961 - Ralph Boston of U.S., sets then long jump record at 27' "
1962 - Ruth Jessen wins LPGA Dallas Civitan Golf Open
1963 - 3 New Jersey businessman purchase NHL Colorado Rockies, and get approval to move them to New Jersey Meadowlands (Devils)
1963 - Jomo Kenyatta elected 1st prime minister of Kenya
1964 - "From Russia With Love" premieres in U.S.
1964 - Inter Milan wins 9th Europe Cup 1 in Vienna
1965 - Inter Milan wins 10th Europe Cup 1 in Milan
1966 - 55th German F-16 Starfighter crashes
1966 - 6 French fighters crash above Spain
1967 - "Sherry!" closes at Alvin Theater New York City after 65 performances
1968 - 6th Mayor's Trophy Game, Mets beat Yankees 4-3
1968 - NL awards Montreal and SD major league franchises
1968 - Nuclear submarine Scorpion is lost
1969 - Walt Disney World construction begins
1970 - British expedition climbs south face of Annapurna I
1970 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1971 - 23rd Walker Cup: Britain - Ireland, 13 - 11
1971 - UCLA wins NCAA basketball championship
1972 - "Applause" closes at Palace Theater New York City after 900 performances
1973 - Rick Wohlhuter runs record 880 yards in 1:44.6
1974 - Pirates Ken Brett no-hits Padres until 9th inning
1975 - Paul McCartney releases "Venus and Mars"
1975 - Stanley Cup: Philadelphia Flyers beat Buffalo Sabres, 4 games to 2
1975 - Worst motor vehicle disaster in U.K.; bus full of elderly women plunges Dibble's Bridge Yorkshire, killing 38
1976 - "Something's Afoot" opens at Lyceum Theater New York City for 61 performances
1977 - 2 Boeing 747s by Pan Am and KLM collide in Canary Islands, killing 582
1977 - New York City fines George Willig 1 cents for each of 110 stories he climbed
1979 - Penny Pulz wins LPGA Corning Golf Classic
1979 - Pope John Paul ordains John J O'Conner as a bishop
1980 - South Korean police ends people's uprising; 2,000 killed
1981 - John Hinckley attempts suicide by overdosing on Tylenol
1981 - Lenny Randle tries to blow a slow roller foul but ump says no
1981 - Liverpool wins 26th Europe Cup 1 at Paris
1981 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1982 - "Do Black Patent Leather Shoes..." opens at Alvin New York City for 5 performances
1982 - John McMullen buys NHL Colorodo Rockies and gets approval to move to NJ
1983 - Former EPA official Rita Lavelle indicted for contempt of Congress
1984 - Beth Henley's "Miss Firecracker contest," premieres in New York City
1984 - Joanne Carner wins LPGA Corning Golf Classic
1984 - Manuela Manleeva wins 3 singles tennis matches in one day
1985 - Britain agrees to return Hong Kong to China in 1997
1985 - Inaugural bands parade for President Reagan
1986 - France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
1986 - Norway Showcase groundbreaking
1986 - President Reagan orderes 2 Poseidon-class submarines be dismantled
1987 - Jim and Tammy Bakker appear on "Nightline" after PTL scandal
1987 - Postage wins 32nd Europe Cup 1 in Vienna
1987 - Yank Phil Niekro is 3rd pitcher to make 700th start (Young and Sutton)
1988 - Senate ratified a treaty eliminating medium-range nuclear missiles
1990 - 74th Indianapolis 500 runs
1990 - Cesar Gaviria Trujillo chosen President of Colombia
1990 - Jan Stephenson wins J C Penney LPGA Golf Skins Game
1990 - Pat Bradley wins LPGA Corning Golf Classic
1990 - Radical Democratic Party holds 1st political meetings in Moscow
1991 - Austrian Boeing 767-300 explodes at Bangkok, 223 die
1993 - Dale Murphy ends carreer at 398 home runs
1993 - Mafia bombs Uffizi-museum in Florence, kills 6
1994 - Alexander Solzhenitsyn returned to Russia after 20 years in exile
1994 - Final broadcast of Arsenio Hall talk show
1994 - Flintstones live action movie opens in theaters
1994 - Larry King ended his radio show
1994 - Radio conservative Rush Limbaugh (43) weds Marta Fitzgerald (35)
1997 - 1st all female (20 British women) team reaches North Pole
1997 - Arie Luyendyk wins his 2nd Indianapolis 500
1997 - Judge finds Pamela Lee not guilty of breaking a contract
1997 - Major league revenue sharing begins, New York Yankees pay out most $28M
1997 - Marv Albert pleads innocent to charges of sexually assault
1997 - Russian President Boris Yeltsin signs a historic treaty with NATO

21st Century

2006 - Java, Indonesia suffers a 6.3 magnitue earthquake, killing more than 6,000


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