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Events and People Who Made History on May 20

4th Century

325 - 1st Christian ecumenical council opens at Nicaea, Asia Minor

6th Century

526 - Earthquake kills 250,000 in Antioch, Syria

13th Century

1293 - Earthquake strikes Kamakura Japan, 30,000 killed

14th Century

1303 - Treaty of Paris restores Gascony to British in Hundred Years War
1310 - Shoes were made for both right and left feet
1347 - Rienzo calls Rome for people's tribunal

15th Century

1495 - French King Charles VIII leaves Naples
1498 - Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama arrives at Calicut, India

16th Century

1501 - Joao da Nova Castell discovers Ascension Islands
1521 - Ignatius Loyola seriously wounded by a cannon ball
1524 - Duke of Albany leaves Scotland
1570 - Egidius Coppens publishes Abraham Ortelius' "Theatrum Orbis Terrarum"
1571 - Venice, Spain and Pope Pius form anti-Turkish Saint League
1591 - Spanish troops in Zutphen surrenders to Willem Louis/Mauritius

17th Century

1631 - German army under earl Johann Tilly conquerors Maagdenburg
1639 - Dorchester Massachusetts, forms 1st school funded by local taxes
1690 - England passes Act of Grace, forgiving followers of James II

18th Century

1704 - Elias Neau forms school for slaves in New York
1734 - 1st Jockey Club forms in South Carolina
1774 - Britain gives Quebec, Labrador and territory north of Ohio
1775 - Citizens of Mecklenburg County, North Carolina declare independence of Britain
1784 - England and Netherlands signs peace treaty (Peace of Paris)

19th Century

1825 - Charles X becomes King of France
1830 - 1st railroad timetable published in newspaper (Baltimore American)
1830 - D. Hyde patents fountain pen
1845 - 1st legislative assembly convenes in Hawaii
1861 - Cornerstone of University of Washington laid in Seattle
1861 - Kentucky proclaims its neutrality in Civil War
1861 - U.S. marshals appropriate previous year's telegraph dispatches, to reveal prosecessionist evidence
1864 - Battle at Ware Bottom Church, Virginia, 1,400 killed or injured
1864 - Spotsylvania-campaign ends after 10,920 killed/injured person
1867 - British parliament rejects John Stuart Mills law on women suffrage
1867 - Royal Albert Hall foundation laid by Queen Victoria
1868 - Republican National Convention, meets in Chicago, nominates Grant
1870 - Second Chamber abolishes capital punishment
1874 - Levi Strauss markets blue jeans with copper rivets, price $13.50 doz
1875 - International Bureau of Weights and Measures forms by treaty
1879 - 5th Kentucky Derby: Charlie Shauer aboard Lord Murphy wins in 2:37
1882 - Germany/Austria-Hungary/France sign Triple Alliance
1882 - Henrik Ibsen's "Ghosts" (Gengangere) premieres in Chicago
1882 - St. Gotthard-railroad tunnel between Switzerland and Italy opens
1892 - George Sampson patents clothes dryer
1892 - Triple Alliance between Germany, Italy and Austria forms
1895 - 1st commercial movie performance (153 Broadway, New York City)

20th Century

1900 - 2nd modern Olympic games opens in Paris (lasted 5 months)
1902 - Cuba gains independence from Spain
1902 - U.S. military occupation of Cuba (since Jan 1, 1899) ends
1910 - Funeral for Britain's King Edward VII
1911 - Edwin Boaler Alletson hits 189 in 90 minutes Notts vs. Sussex
1913 - 38th Preakness: James Butwell aboard Buskin wins in 1:53.4
1915 - Bataafsche Petroleum Me begins oil extraction of Maracaibo
1916 - Codell, Kansas hit by tornado (also on same date in 1917 and 1918)
1916 - Saturday Evening Post cover features Norman Rockwell painting
1917 - Turkish government authorizes Jews to return to Tel Aviv and Jaffa
1918 - 1st electrically propelled warship (New Mexico)
1919 - Volcano Keluit on Java, erupts killing 550
1920 - Policemen raid the Cubs' bleachers and arrest 24 fans for gambling
1922 - Babe Ruth and Bob Meusel, suspended on October 16, 1921, by Judge Kennesaw Mountain Landis, return to the New York lineup and go hitless
1922 - "Egypt" sinks off Ushant after colliding with "Seine," killing 90
1923 - Stanley Baldwin, becomes Prime Minister of UK
1926 - Belgian government of Jaspar takes power
1926 - Congress passes Air Commerce Act, licensing of pilots and planes
1926 - Railway Labor Act became law
1926 - Thomas Edison says Americans prefer silent movies over talkies
1927 - At 7:40 AM, Lindbergh takes off from New York to cross Atlantic for Paris
1927 - Saudi Arabia becomes independent of Great Britain (Treaty of Jedda)
1930 - 1st airplane catapulted from a dirigible, Charles Nicholson, pilot
1930 - University of California dedicates $1,500 to research on prevention and cure of athlete's foot
1932 - Amelia Earhart leaves Newfoundland 1st woman fly solo across Atlantic
1932 - Engelbert Dollfuss becomes chancellor of Austria
1939 - 1st regular transatlantic airmail (New York to Marsseille France)
1939 - "3 Little Fishies," by Kay Kyser hits #1
1939 - Pan Am begins transatlantic passenger and air mail service
1940 - General Guderians tanks reach The Channel (British expeditionary army)
1940 - Igor Sikorsky unveils his helicopter invention
1940 - Soccer team HZVV forms in Hoogeveen
1940 - Trailing 7-1 in 9th to Pitts, Phils win 8-7
1941 - Archer's "Christian Calendar and Gregorian Reform" published
1941 - Former Dutch Prime Minister Colijn says Netherlands Indies not ready for independence
1941 - Germany invades Crete
1941 - White Sox Taft Wright sets AL record of RBIs in 13 consecutive games
1942 - U.S. Navy 1st permitted black recruits to serve
1943 - French, British and U.S. victory parade in Tunis Tunisia
1944 - U.S. Communist Party dissolves
1945 - Keith Miller scores 105 in the 1st Victory Test Cricket at Lord's
1946 - Cubs Claude Passeau makes his 1st error since September 21, 1941, ending pitcher's fielding record of 273 consecutive errorless chances
1948 - 1st use of Israeli Air Force and 1st war victory, defeating Syrian army
1948 - Cleveland Indians tie AL record of 18 walks (beat Red Sox 13-4)
1950 - 76th Preakness: Eddie Arcaro aboard Hill Prince wins in 1:59.2
1954 - Chiang Kai-shek becomes president of Nationalist China
1955 - Argentine parliament accepts separation of church and state
1956 - Atomic fusion (thermonuclear) bomb dropped from plane-Bikini Atoll
1956 - Jordan government of Samir resigns
1958 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Enwetak (atmospheric tests)
1959 - Ford wins battle with Chrysler to call its new car "Falcon"
1959 - Japanese-Americans regain their citizenship
1959 - Shah of Persia visits Netherlands
1959 - Yankees sink to last place, 1st time since May 25, 1940
1960 - Baseball game in Milwaukee postponed due to dense fog
1961 - 87th Preakness: Johnny Sellers aboard Carry Back wins in 1:57.6
1961 - Henzes opera "Elegy for Young Lovers," premieres in Schwetzingen
1961 - Mauritania adopts constitution
1961 - White mob attacks "Freedom Riders" in Montgomery, Alabama
1962 - Patty Berg wins LPGA Muskogee Civitan Golf Open
1963 - Sukarno appointed president of Indonesia
1964 - Buster Mathis defeats Joe Fraizer to qualify for U.S. Olympic team
1965 - Pakistani Boeing 720-B crashes at Cairo Egypt, killing 121
1965 - Yorkshire all out for 23 vs. Hampshire at Middlesbrough
1967 - 10,000 demonstrate against war in Vietnam
1967 - 93rd Preakness: Bill Shoemaker aboard Damascus wins in 1:55.2
1967 - BBC bans Beatle's "A Day in the Life" (drug references)
1969 - U.S. troop capture Hill 937/Hamburger Hill Vietnam
1970 - 100,000 march in New York supporting U.S. policies in Vietnam
1970 - 2 die in a New York City subway accident
1970 - Beatles' "Let it Be" movie premieres in UK
1971 - Pentagon reports blacks constitute 11% of U.S. soldiers in SE Asia
1972 - 5th ABA Championship: Indiana Pacers beat New York Nets, 4 games to 2
1972 - 98th Preakness: Eldon Nelson aboard Bee Bee Bee wins in 1:55.6
1972 - "Different Times" closes at ANTA Theater New York City after 24 performances
1972 - "Hard Job Being God" closes at Edison Theater New York City after 6 performances
1972 - Republic of Cameroon declared as constitution is ratified
1973 - "2 Gentlemen of Verona" closes at St. James Theater New York City after 613 performances
1973 - 25th Emmy Awards: Waltons, All in the Family and Mary Tyler Moore
1973 - Donna Caponi Young wins LPGA Bluegrass Golf Invitational
1974 - Soyuz 14 returns to Earth
1976 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Sary Shagan U.S.S.R.
1978 - 104th Preakness: Steve Cauthen aboard Affirmed wins in 1:54.4
1978 - 3 PFLP members kill a cop near El Al airlines in Orly Airport, Paris
1978 - U.S. launches Pioneer Venus 1; produces 1st global radar map of Venus
1979 - "I Love My Wife" closes at Barrymore Theater New York City after 864 performances
1979 - Nancy Lopez wins LPGA Coca-Cola Golf Classic
1980 - 710 families in Love Canal area (Niagara Falls New York) are evacuated
1980 - Drummer Peter Criss quits Kiss
1980 - Fire in nursing home in Kingston Jamaica, kills 157
1980 - In a referendum, 59.5% of Quebec voters reject separatism
1981 - Ipswich Town wins 10th UEFA Cup at Amsterdam
1983 - Larry Holmes beats Tim Witherspoon in 12 for heavyweight boxing title
1983 - Michael Dokes and Mike Weaver fight to a draw in 15 for hw boxing title
1983 - Phillies Steve Carlton passes W Johnson with 2nd most strike outs
1984 - Barb Bunkowsky wins LPGA Chrysler-Plymouth Charity Golf Classic
1984 - Boston's Roger Clemens beats Twins, 5-4, for his 1st victory
1984 - "On Your Toes" closes at Virginia Theater New York City after 505 performances
1985 - 1150 Lebanese and Palestinian prisoners exchanged for 3 Israelis
1985 - Dow Jones industrial avg closes above 1300 for 1st time
1985 - FBI arrests John A Walker, Jr., convicted of spying for U.S.S.R.
1985 - Indians-Brewers game at Cleveland Stadium is 1st rain-out of 1985, ends record string of 458 ML games since Opening Day without a rain-out
1985 - Larry Holmes beats Carl Williams in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
1985 - U.S. began broadcasts to Cuba on Radio Marti
1986 - Christy Fichtner, 23, (Texas), crowned 35th Miss USA
1986 - Flintstones 25th Anniversary Celebration airs on CBS-tv
1987 - Gotenborg wins 16th UEFA Cup at Dundee
1987 - Wrestler Jerry Lawler sues WWF and Harley Race for trademark name "king"
1988 - Howard Stern fans disrupt WMMR's and John DeBella's "Louie Louie" parade
1988 - Mike Schmidt hits his 535th home run, moving into 8th place
1989 - 115th Preakness: Pat Valenzuela aboard Sunday Silence wins in 1:53.8
1989 - China declares martial law in Beijing
1989 - Toonces The Cat takes the wheel on Saturday Night Live
1989 - Walter McConnel, 57, is oldest to reach 27,000' Mount Everest top
1990 - Cindy Rarick wins LPGA Planters Pat Bradley Golf International
1990 - Hubble Space Telescope sends 1st photograph's from space
1990 - "Truly Blessed" closes at Longacre Theater New York City after 33 performances
1991 - Chicago Bull Michael Jordan, named NBA's MVP
1991 - Jeff Reardon gains his 300th career save
1991 - Soviet parliament approves law allowing citizens to travel abroad
1992 - FC Barcelona wins 373 Europe Cup 1 at London
1992 - India launches its 1st satellite independently
1992 - Rap singer raps 597 syllables in under 60 seconds
1993 - 10m meteor comes within 150,000 km of Earth (1993KA)
1993 - 274th and final "Cheers" on NBC
1993 - Ukraine Premier Leonid Koetsjma resigns
1994 - Bobcat Goldthwait charged with misdemeanors for fire on Tonight Show
1994 - Miss India (Sushmita Sen) selected Miss Universe
1994 - Sony Theaters and Cineplex (New York City) hike movie ticket prices to $8.00
1995 - 121st Preakness: Pat Day aboard Timber Coutry wins in 1:54.4
1995 - CBS News fires co-anchor Connie Chung
1995 - Twins Marty Cordova ties rookie record of home runs in 5 consecutive games
1997 - Cosmos Zenit-2 Launch (Russia), Failed
1997 - Thor-2A Delta 2 Launch (Norway/USA), Successful
1997 - White Sox Frank Thomas reaches base safely for 15th straight time


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