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Events and People Who Made History on May 19

8th Century

715 - St. Gregory II begins his reign as Catholic Pope

16th Century

1506 - Columbus selects his son Diego as sole heir
1515 - George van Saksen-Meissen sells Friesland for 100,000 gold guilders to arch duke Charles
1517 - Philip van Bourgondie installed as bishop of Utrecht
1547 - Monarch Johan Frederik surrenders to Karel
1568 - English queen Elizabeth I arrests Scottish queen Mary
1571 - Miguel Lopez de Lagazpi founded Manilla in the Phillipines
1585 - Spain confisquates English ships
1588 - Spanish Armada sets sail for Lisbon, bound to England

17th Century

1608 - Matthias von Habsburgs army reaches Lieben, at Prague
1635 - France declares war on Spain
1643 - Battle at Rocroi/Allersheim: French army destroys Spanish army
1643 - Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth, Connecticut and New Harbor form United Colonies of New England
1652 - Spanish troops occupy Grevelingen
1662 - Uniformity Act of England goes into effect

18th Century

1749 - George II grants charter to Ohio Company to settle Ohio Valley
1780 - About midday, near-total darkness descends on much of New England to this day it's cause is still unexplained
1792 - Russian army enters Poland
1793 - Netherlands captures French island of St. Maarten (held until 1795)
1796 - Game protection law restricts encroachment on Indian hunting grounds

19th Century

1802 - French Order of Legion d'Honneur forms
1848 - 1st department store opens
1848 - Mexico gives Texas to U.S., ending the war
1853 - Dutch prince Henry marries princess Amalia of Saxony-Weimar
1856 - Senator Charles Sumner, Massachusetts, spoke out against slavery
1857 - William Francis Channing and Moses G Farmer patents electric fire alarm
1862 - Homestead Act becomes law provides cheap land for settlement of West
1863 - Siege of Vicksburg, investment of city complete
1864 - Battle of Port Walthall Junction, Virginia (Bermuda Hundred)
1864 - Last engagement in series of battles known as Spotsylvania
1864 - Skirmish at Cassville Georgia
1865 - President Jefferson Davis is captured by Union Cavalry in Georgia
1878 - Blanche Kelso Bruce appointed register of treasury by President Garfield
1884 - Ringling Brothers circus premieres
1885 - 1st mass production of shoes (Jan Matzeliger in Lynn, Massachusetts)
1885 - German chancellor Bismarck takes possession of Cameroon and Togoland
1885 - Jan Matzeliger begins 1st mass production of shoes
1886 - Camille Saint-Saens' 3rd Symphony in C, premieres
1891 - Rice Institute, which became Rice University, is chartered
1892 - Charles Brady King invents pneumatic hammer
1892 - National Society of Colonial Dames of America founded
1893 - Heavy rain wash "quick clay" into a deep valley, kills 111 (Norway)
1896 - 1st auto (Benz) to arrive in Netherlands
1898 - Post Office authorizes use of postcards

20th Century

1900 - Great Britain annexes Tonga archipelago
1900 - World's longest railroad tunnel (Simplon) links Italy and Switzerland, opens
1902 - Great Britain and Boers resume peace talks in Pretoria
1905 - Tom Jenkins beats Frank Gotcha for heavyweight wrestling champ
1906 - Federated Boys' Club (Boys' Club of America) organizes
1906 - Italian King Victor Emmanuel and Swiss president open Simplon tunnel
1906 - Portugal's King Carlos I names Joao Franco premier
1909 - Jack Johnson fights Jack O'Brien to no decision in 6 for boxing title
1910 - Cleveland Indian Cy Young gets his 500th win, beats Washington 5-4 in 11 innings
1911 - Maurice Ravels opera "L'Heure Espagnole," premieres in Paris
1911 - Philadelphia Athletics are 12 games back in AL, and will win World Series
1912 - AL President Ban Johnson tells Tigers if they continue protest of Ty Cobb's suspension, they will be banned from baseball
1913 - Webb Alien Land-Holding Bill passes, forbidding Japanese from owning land
1916 - Escadrille Americaine (Lafayette) transfered to Verdun
1918 - Washington 1st Sunday game, Senators beat Cleveland 1-0 in 18 innings
1921 - Congress sharply curbs immigration, setting a national quota system
1923 - 49th Kentucky Derby: Earl Sande aboard Zev wins in 2:05.4
1923 - KPD (communist revolts) in German Ruhr cities occupied by Allies
1926 - French air force bombs Damascus, Syria
1928 - 51 frogs enter 1st annual "Frog Jumping Jubilee" (Angel's Camp, Cal)
1928 - Explosion in coal mine in Mather, Pennsylvania, 195 die
1928 - "Firedamp" explodes in Mather Pennsylvania coal mine killing 195 of 273 miners
1929 - Cloudburst causes stampede in Yankee Stadium crushes 2 people to death
1929 - General Feng Yu-Xiang of China declares war on Chiang Kai-Shek government
1930 - White woman win voting rights in South Africa
1931 - Ironclad cruiser Germany launched in Kiel
1934 - Military coup by Col Damian Veltsjev in Bulgaria
1934 - Sherlock Holmes crossword puzzle in "Sat Review of Lit" Males who solved puzzle became members of Baker Street Irregulars
1935 - NFL adopts an annual college draft to begin in 1936
1937 - John Murray/Allen Boretz' "Room Service," premieres in New York City
1939 - Churchill signs British-Russian anti-nazi pact
1940 - Amsterdam time becomes MET (Middle European Time)
1940 - French counter attack at Peronne under General De Gaulle
1941 - Germany occupiers in Holland forbid bicycle taxis
1941 - New nazi battleship Bismarck leaves Gdynia, Poland
1942 - Braves Paul Waner is 3rd NLer to get 3,000 hits (Anson and Wagner)
1943 - Berlin is declared "Judenrien" (free of Jews)
1943 - Churchill pledges England's full support to U.S. against Japan
1944 - 240 gypsies transported to Auschwitz from Westerbork, Netherlands
1944 - German defense line in Italy collapsed
1945 - Start of the 1st Victory Test Cricket between England and Australia Services
1946 - Dutch Cooperation for Sexual Reform (NVSH) forms in Amsterdam
1950 - New York Times reports of worlds smallest and dumbest mechanical brain
1951 - 77th Preakness: Eddie Arcaro aboard Bold wins in 1:56.4
1951 - U.N. begins counter offensive in Korea
1953 - Nuclear explosion in Nevada (fall-out in St. George, Utah)
1954 - Postmaster General Summerfield approves CIA mail-opening project
1955 - Atkinson and Depeiaza make 347 stand for 7th wkt WI vs. Australia
1956 - 82nd Preakness: Bill Hartack aboard Fabius wins in 1:58.4
1956 - Pirate Dale Long hits 9th-inning home run, 1st home run in 8 straight games
1957 - Adone Zoli forms Italian government
1958 - Premiere of Harold Pinter's "Birthday Party," in London
1958 - South Pacific soundtrack album goes to #1 and stays #1 for 31 weeks
1958 - U.S. and Canada form North American Air Defense Command (NORAD)
1959 - Jan de Quay becomes premier of Netherlands
1960 - Alan Freed and eight other DJ accused of taking radio payola
1960 - Belgian parliament requires rest day for self employed
1960 - Juan Marichal debuts as San Francisco Giant pitcher, beats Phillies on 1 hitter
1960 - USAF Major Robert M. White takes X-15 to 33,222 m
1961 - New pier opens in Scheveningen
1962 - 88th Preakness: John Rotz aboard Greek Money wins in 1:56.2
1962 - "Bravo, Giovanni" opens at Broadhurst Theater New York City for 76 performances
1962 - Indonesian paratroopers land in New Guinea
1962 - "John Birch Society," by Chad Mitchell Trio hits #99
1962 - Stan Musial breaks Honus Wagner's NL hit record with 3,431
1962 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Christmas Island (atmospheric)
1963 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA Muskogee Civitan Golf Open
1964 - U.S. diplomats find at least 40 secret microphones in Moscow embassy
1965 - Patricia R. Harris named 1st U.S. black female ambassador (Luxembourg)
1965 - West Ham United wins 5th Europe Cup II
1967 - U.S. bombs Hanoi
1967 - U.S.S.R. ratifies treaty with England and U.S. banning nuclear weapons in space
1968 - 20th Emmy Awards: Get Smart, Mission Impossible and Barbara Bain
1968 - Frank Howard fails to homer, after hitting 10 in 6 consecutive games
1971 - U.S.S.R. launches Mars 2, 1st spacecraft to crash land on Mars
1972 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1972 - WMAV TV channel 18 in Oxford, MS (PBS) begins broadcasting
1973 - 99th Preakness: Ron Turcotte aboard Secretariat wins in 1:54.4
1973 - "Daisy" A Day by Jud Strunk hits #14
1973 - "Smith" opens at Eden Theater New York City for 17 performances
1974 - Joanne Carner Golf Invitational wins LPGA Bluegrass
1974 - Stanley Cup: Philadelphia Flyers beat Boston Bruins, 4 games to 2
1974 - Valeri Giscard d'Estaing wins French presidential election
1975 - 27th Emmy Awards: Mary Tyler Moore Show, Robert Blake and Jean Marsh
1975 - Farm truck packed with wedding party struck by a train, killing 66 in truck, 40 miles south of Poona, India
1975 - Junko Tabei is 1st woman to climb to the top of Mount Everest
1976 - Gold ownership legalized in Australia
1976 - Liverpool wins 5th UEFA Cup at Bridge
1976 - Senate establishes permanent Select Committee on Intelligence
1976 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1977 - "Smokey and the Bandit," premieres
1979 - 105th Preakness: Ron Franklin aboard Spectacular Bid wins in 1:54.2
1979 - Guitarist Eric Clapton marries Patti Boyd
1979 - "In The Navy" by Village People hits #3
1980 - "Blackstone" opens at Majestic Theater New York City for 104 performances
1980 - Ringo and Barbara Bach are involved in a car crash
1981 - Pirate Jim Bibby gives up a leadoff single to Brave Terry Harper, then retires next 27 batters
1982 - IFK Goteborg wins 11th UEFA Cup at Goteborg
1982 - Sophia Loren jailed in Naples for tax evasion
1983 - NASA launches Intelsat V
1983 - Weird Al Yankovic gives live performance at Wax Museum in Washington D.C.
1984 - 110th Preakness: Angel Cordero, Jr. aboard Gate Dancer wins in 1:53.6
1984 - "King Of Suede" by Weird Al Yankovic hits #62
1984 - Pat LaFontaine scores 2 goals within 22 sec in an NHL playoff game
1984 - Stanley Cup: Edmonton Oilers beat New York Islanders, 4 games to 1
1984 - STS-41-D vehicle moves to launch pad
1985 - Nancy Lopez wins LPGA Chrysler-Plymouth Golf Classic
1986 - Anti-apartheid activist Helene Pastoors sentenced to 10 years in South Africa
1987 - 1st American Comedy Award
1988 - Carlos Lehder Rivas, of Colombia's Medellin drug cartel, is convicted in Florida for smuggling more than 3 tons of cocaine into US
1988 - Red Sox retire Bobby Doerr's #1
1989 - Dow Jones Avg passes 2,500 mark for 1st time, closes at 2,501.1
1989 - Sue Ellen (Linda Gray) last appearance on Dallas
1990 - 116th Preakness: Pat Day aboard Summer Squall wins in 1:53.6
1990 - General Elvis, TV Drama last airs on ABC
1991 - "Buddy - The Buddy Holly Story" closes at Shubert New York City after 225 performances
1991 - Pat Bradley wins LPGA Centel Golf Classic
1991 - Sandra Palmer wins LPGA Centel Senior Golf Challenge
1991 - Willy T. Ribbs becomes 1st black driver to make Indianapolis 500
1992 - 27th Amendment ratified, prohibits Congress from raising its salary
1992 - Amy Fisher shoots Mary Jo Buttafuoco in Massapequa LI
1992 - Dan Quayle sites Murphy Brown as a poor example of family values
1992 - Englishman Dave Gauder, 224 lbs, pulls 196 ton jumbo jet, 3 inches
1992 - Ric Flair wins NWA wrestling title
1993 - Boeing 727 crashes into mountain at Medellin Colombia, kills 132
1993 - Dow Jones closes above 3,500 for 1st time (3,500.03)
1993 - Juventus wins 22th UEFA Cup at Torino
1994 - Final Episode of LA Law after 8 year run
1994 - Omar Sharif suffers a mild heart attack
1994 - Tennis star Jennifer Capriati (18), checks into a drug rehab center
1995 - Emmy 22nd Daytime Award presentation - Susan Lucci loses for 15th time
1995 - World's youngest doctor, Balamurali Ambati, 17, graduates Mount Sinai
1996 - STS-77 (Endeavour 11), launches into orbit

21st Century

2005 - Revenge of the Sith (Star Wars III) is released


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