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Events and People Who Made History on May 13

6th Century

535 - St. Agapitus I begins his reign as Catholic Pope

7th Century

609 - Pope Boniface I turns Pantheon into Catholic church
641 - Eligius (Saint Eloy) becomes bishop of Doornik-Noyon

12th Century

1106 - Henry I of Limburg becomes duke of Netherlands-Lutherans
1110 - Crusaders march into Beirut causing a bloodbath

14th Century

1364 - Peter Coutherel banished from Leuven

15th Century

1497 - Pope Alexander VI excommunicates Girolamo Savonarola

16th Century

1559 - Excavated corpse of heretic David Jorisz burned in Basel
1568 - Mary Queen of Scots is defeated by English at battle of Langside
1588 - King Henri III flees Paris

17th Century

1607 - English colonists (John Smith) lands near James River in VA
1624 - Admiral Hermites fleet blockade Lima Peru
1637 - Cardinal Richelieu of France creates the table knife
1643 - Battle at Grantham: English parliamentary armies beat royalists
1643 - Heavy earthquake strikes Santiago, Chile; kills 1/3 of population
1652 - Ingen Ryuki invited to become the abbot of Sofokuji temple in Nagasaki
1654 - Venetian fleet under Admiral Adeler beats Turkish

18th Century

1767 - Mozart's opera "Apollo et Hyacinthus," premieres in Salzburg
1777 - University library at Vienna opens
1779 - War of Bavarian Succession ends
1787 - Arthur Phillip sets sails with 11 ships of criminals to Botany Bay

19th Century

1820 - Opera "Die Jagarsbraut" is completed
1828 - U.S. passes Tariff of Abominations
1830 - Republic of Ecuador is founded, with Juan Jose Flores as president
1835 - 1st foreign embassy in Hawaii forms
1846 - U.S. declares war on Mexico, 2 months after fighting begins
1861 - Queen Victoria announces England's position of neutrality
1864 - Atlanta Campaign-Battle of Resaca Georgia
1865 - S Brownsville, Texas (Palmito Ranch) Final engagement of Civil War PVT John J Williams of 34th Indiana is last man killed
1874 - Pope Pius IX encyclical "On Greek-Ruthenian rite"
1876 - Amersfoort-Zutphen railway opens
1877 - Cesar Franck's "Lesson Eolides," premieres
1882 - Toba-indians killed 20 members of French expedition
1884 - Institute for Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) forms
1887 - 15th Preakness: William Donohue aboard Dunboyne wins in 2:39
1888 - DeWolf Hooper 1st recited "Casey at Bat"
1888 - Princess Isabel of Brazil signs "Lei Aurea" abolishing slavery
1890 - 18th Preakness: W Martin aboard Montague wins in 2:36.75
1890 - Lord Salisbury offers Germany Helgoland in exchange for Zanzibar, Uganda and Equatoria
1891 - 17th Kentucky Derby: Isaac Murphy aboard Kingman wins in 2:52

20th Century

1905 - James J Jeffries retires as boxing champ
1906 - Bezalel Art School opens in Jerusalem
1909 - Christian National Labor Workers (CNV) party begins in Netherlands
1911 - 37th Kentucky Derby: George Archibald aboard Meridian wins in 2:05
1911 - New York Giant Fred Merkle is 1st to get 6 RBIs in an inning (1st)
1912 - Royal Flying Corps forms in England
1913 - 1st 4 engine aircraft built and flown (Igor Sikorsky-Russia)
1916 - 1st observance of Indian (Native American) Day
1916 - 42nd Kentucky Derby: Johnny Loftus aboard George Smith wins in 2:04
1916 - Native American Day is 1st observed
1917 - 1st appearance of Mary to 3 shepherd children in Fatima, Portugal
1917 - Ernest Bloch's "Schelomo," premieres
1918 - 1st U.S. airmail stamps issued (24 cents )
1922 - 48th Kentucky Derby: Albert Johnson aboard Morvich wins in 2:04.6
1922 - 48th Preakness: L Morris aboard Pillory wins in 1:51.6
1923 - Pulitzer prize awarded to Willa Carter (One of Ours)
1926 - German government of Luther falls
1927 - "Black Friday" on Berlin Stock Exchange
1927 - VVOG soccer team forms in Harderwijk
1930 - Farmer killed by hail in Lubbock, Texas, only known fatality due to hail
1931 - Paul Doumer elected president of France
1932 - Russian composer Dmitri Sjostakovitch marries Nina Varsar
1933 - 59th Preakness: Charley Kurtsinger aboard Head Play wins in 2:02
1934 - Great dustbowl storm
1936 - Quiroga government takes office in Spain
1939 - 65th Preakness: George Seabo aboard Challedon wins in 1:59.8
1939 - SS St. Louis departs Hamburg with 937 Jews fugitives
1940 - British bomb factory at Breda
1940 - Churchill says "I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears and sweat"
1940 - Dutch Queen Wilhelmina flees to England
1940 - German breakthrough at Grebbelinie
1941 - Martin Bormann is named head of Nazi Party Chancellery in Germany
1941 - Trial against resistance fighter comte d'Estienne d'Orves begins
1941 - Willy Lewis' U.S. jazz band performs in Switzerland
1942 - Helicopter makes its 1st cross-country flight
1942 - Pitcher Jim Tobin belts 3 home runs in a game
1943 - German and Italian forces in Africa surrender
1943 - German occupiers confiscate all radios
1944 - 70th Preakness: Conn McCreary aboard Pensive wins in 1:59.2
1945 - U.S. troops conquer Dakeshi Okinawa
1946 - Sarwate and Banerjee add 249 for 10th wkt for Indians vs. Surrey
1946 - U.S. convicts 58 camp guard of Mauthausen concentration camp to death
1946 - Winston Churchill welcomed in Rotterdam
1947 - Senate approved the Taft-Hartley Act limiting the power of unions
1949 - 1st British-produced jet bomber, Canberra, makes its 1st test flight
1950 - Diner's Club issues its 1st credit cards
1952 - Minor-league Bristol pitcher Ron Necciai strikes out 27 in 9-innings
1952 - Pandit Nehru becomes premier of India
1953 - New York Giants Willie Mays and Darryl Spencer each hit 2 home runs and a triple
1954 - Labour Party wins British municipal elections
1954 - "Pajama Game" opens at St. James Theater New York City for 1063 performances
1954 - Robin Roberts gives up a home run then retires next 27 men in a row
1954 - U.S. performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
1955 - Mickey Mantle hits 3 consecutive home runs of at least 463'
1956 - Pachyderm Building at Cleveland Metroparks Zoo opens
1958 - French settlers riot against French army in Algeria
1958 - Jordan and Iraq form Arab Federation
1958 - Pierre Pflimlin forms French government
1958 - Rioters attack U.S. Vice President Nixon in Venezuela
1958 - Stan Musial, is 8th to get 3,000 hits
1959 - Kraft Music Hall with Milton Berle, last airs on NBC-TV
1960 - 1st launch of Delta satellite launching vehicle; it failed
1960 - Phillies lose 3rd consecutive 1-0 game
1960 - WOLE TV channel 12 in Aguadillo, PR
1962 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA Western Golf Open
1965 - Rolling Stones record "Satisfaction"
1965 - Several Arab nations break ties with West Germany after it established diplomatic relations with Israel
1966 - Federal education funding is denied to 12 school districts in the South because of violations of the 1964 Civil Rights Act
1966 - Rolling Stones release "Paint it Black"
1967 - New York Yankee Mickey Mantle hits career home run #500 off Stu Miller
1967 - Octagonal boxing ring is tested to avoid corner injuries
1968 - 1,000,000 French demonstrate against De Gaulle and Pompidou
1970 - Beatles movie "Let it Be" premieres
1971 - Grace Slick of Jefferson Airplane seriously injured in a car accident
1972 - 115 die in nightclub atop 7-story Sennichi department store (Osaka Japan)
1972 - Milwaukee Brewers beat Minnesota Twins, 4-3, in 22 innings (started 5/12)
1973 - Bobby Riggs beat Margaret Smith Court in Mother's Day match in California
1973 - "Cyrano" opens at Palace Theater New York City for 49 performances
1973 - Judy Rankin wins LPGA Lady Carling Golf Open
1975 - Flyers 4-Isles 1-Semifinals-Flyers win semifinals 4-3
1975 - Hail stones as large as tennis balls hit Wernerville, Tennessee
1975 - "Rodgers and Hart" opens at Helen Hayes Theater New York City for 108 performances
1976 - 9th and final ABA championship: New York Nets beat Denv Nuggets, 4 games to 2
1977 - Howard Stern begins broadcasting at WRNW, Briarcliff Manor, New York
1978 - "Angel" closes at Minskoff Theater New York City after 5 performances
1978 - Henry Rono of Kenya sets record for 3,000 m steeplechase (8:05.4)
1978 - Joie Chitwood drives a Chevette 5.6 miles on just 2 wheels
1978 - Musical "Runaways" with Elizabeth Swados premieres in New York City
1978 - "Runaways" opens at Plymouth Theater New York City for 199 performances
1979 - Sandra Post wins LPGA Lady Michelob Golf Tournament
1979 - Shah and family sentenced to death in Teheran
1979 - "Utter Glory... Morrissey Hall" opens and closes at Mark Hellinger New York City
1980 - Cincinnati Red Ray Knight hits 2 home runs in 5th inning vs New York Mets
1981 - Attempt on Pope John Paul II by Mehemet Ali Agca
1981 - Dinamo Tbilisi wins 21st Europe Cup II
1981 - Pope John Paul II shot, wounded by assailant in St. Peter's Square
1982 - Braniff Airlines files for bankruptcy
1982 - Canucks 0-Isles 3-Stanley Cup-Isles hold 3-0 lead
1982 - Chicago Cubs win their 8,000th (beat Astros)
1982 - Soyuz T-5 is launched-Berezovoi and Lebedev for 211 days in space
1982 - Terri Lea Utley, 20, (Arkansas), crowned 31st Miss USA
1983 - Reggie Jackson is 1st major leaguer to strike out 2,000 times
1984 - Amy Alcott wins LPGA United Virginia Bank Golf Classic
1984 - Johan Cruyffs last competitive match
1984 - "Oliver!" closes at Mark Hellinger Theater New York City after 17 performances
1985 - Carlton Fisk becomes 5th catcher to steal 100 bases
1985 - Laura Elena Martinez-Herring, 21, (Texas), crowned 34th Miss USA
1985 - Philadelphia Police bomb a house held by group "Move," kills 11
1987 - Ajax wins 27th Europe Cup II
1989 - Approx 2,000 students begin hunger strike in Tiananmen Square, China
1989 - Minnesota Twin Kirby Puckett becomes 35th to hit 4 doubles in a game
1989 - Trinidad and Tobago ties U.S. 1-1, in 3rd round of 1990 world soccer cup
1990 - "Change in the Heir" closes at Edison Theater New York City after 16 performances
1990 - Dottie Mochrie wins LPGA Crestar Golf Classic
1991 - Apple releases Macintosh System 7.0
1991 - "Michael Jackson: Magic and Madness" goes on sale
1991 - South African activist Winnie Mandela convicted of abducting 4 blacks
1991 - Yankee Stadium fans sing "Like a Virgin" to Jose Canseco
1992 - 3 astronauts simultaneous walked in space for the 1st time
1992 - Ajax wins 21st UEFA Cup
1992 - Concrete foundation for ballpark at Gateway (Jacobs Field) is poured
1992 - Final episode of "Night Court" airs on NBC-TV
1992 - Frank Stallone beats Geraldo Rivera in boxing on Howard Stern Show
1993 - 6th annual business person run held in Wall Street
1993 - Arsenio Hall's 1,000th show retrospective seen in Netherlands
1993 - CBS' Knots Landing ends 14 year run with 334th show in Netherlands
1993 - Kansas City Royal George Brett hits his 300th home run
1993 - Methane gas explosion in Secunda coal mine South Africa, kills 50
1994 - Indians, begin a 18 home game hoome win streak at Jacobs Field
1995 - 6.5 earthquake hits Greece
1995 - Chelsi Smith, 21, of USA, crowned 44th Miss Universe Shanna Lynn Moakler, (19-NY), replaces Chelsi Smith as Miss USA
1995 - New Zealand beats U.S. for the America's Cup
1996 - O. J. Simpson appears on British TV discussing his not guilty verdict
1997 - Eddie Murray is 6th baseball player to play in 3,000 games

21st Century

2005 - Star Trek: Enterprise broadcasts it's final show in the U.S.


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