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Events and People Who Made History on May 1

11th Century

1006 - Supernova observed by Chinese and Egyptians in constellation Lupus
1048 - Bishop Bernold flees St. Pieterskerk for Utrecht, Netherlands

14th Century

1394 - Ekiho, exorcised the Zen temple and it's surroundings from an old badger

16th Century

1523 - Danish king Christian III arrives in Veere
1528 - Panfilo the Narvaez begins exploration to with 350 men to Florida
1544 - Turkish troops occupy Hungary
1551 - Council of Trente resumes
1598 - Jacob van Necks merchant fleet departs for Java

17th Century

1625 - Portuguese and Spanish expedition recaptures Salvador (Bahia)
1625 - Prince Frederik Henry appointed viceroy of Holland
1682 - Louis XIV and his court inaugurates Paris Observatory

18th Century

1703 - Battle at Rultusk: Swedish army beats Russians
1704 - Boston Newsletter publishes 1st newspaper ad
1707 - England, Wales and Scotland form U.K. of Great Britain
1711 - Arch duke Karel of Austria/Hungarian rebellion sign Peace of Szatmar
1715 - Prussia declares war on Sweden
1725 - Spain and Austria sign trade treaty
1751 - 1st American cricket match is played
1756 - France and Austria sign alliance
1757 - Austria and France divide Prussia
1759 - British fleet occupies Guadeloupe, West-Indies, on France
1776 - Adam Weishaupt founds secret society of Illuminati
1777 - RB Sheridans "School for Scandal," premieres in London
1781 - Emperor Jozef II decrees protection of population
1786 - Mozart's opera "Marriage of Figaro" premieres in Wien (Vienna)

19th Century

1822 - John Phillips becomes 1st mayor of Boston
1834 - Belgian parliament accept railway laws
1840 - 1st adhesive postage stamps ("Penny Blacks" from England) issued
1841 - 1st emigrant wagon train leaves Independence, Missouri for California
1844 - Samuel Morse sends 1st telegraphic message
1844 - Whig convention nominates Henry Clay as presidential candidate
1846 - Ida Pfeiffer (48) begins trip around world
1850 - John Geary becomes 1st San Francisco mayor
1851 - Great Exhibition opens in Chrystal Palace London
1853 - Argentina adopts it's constitution
1854 - Amsterdam begins transferring drinking water out of the dunes
1857 - William Walker, conqueror of Nicaragua, surrenders to U.S. Navy
1861 - Lee orders Confederate troops under T J Jackson to Harper's Ferry
1862 - Union captain David Farragut conquers New Orleans
1863 - Battle of Chancellorsville, Virginia (29,000 injured or died)
1863 - Battle of Port Gibson, Mississippi
1863 - Confederate "National Flag" replaces "Stars and Bars"
1863 - Confederate congress passed resolution to kill black soldiers
1864 - Battle at Alexandria, Louisiana (Red River Campaign)
1866 - American Equal Rights Association forms
1867 - Howard University chartered
1867 - Reconstruction of South begins, black voter registration
1869 - Folies Bergere opens in Paris
1873 - 1st U.S. postal card issued
1873 - Emperor Franz Jozef opens 5th World's Fair in Vienna
1873 - International Exhibition opens in Vienna
1875 - 238 members of "Whiskey Ring" accused of anti-U.S. activities
1883 - Amsterdam World's Fair opens
1883 - Baseball returns to Philadelphia, 1st NL game since 1876
1883 - "Buffalo Bill" Cody put on his 1st Wild West Show
1883 - New York Athletic Club hires Bob Rogers as 1st American pro sports trainer
1884 - Construction begins on Chicago 1st skyscraper (10 stories)
1884 - Moses Walker became 1st black player in major league
1885 - Maria "Goeie Mie" Swanenburg sentence to life for killing 27 in Netherlands
1886 - U.S. general strike for 8 hour day, begins
1889 - 1st International Workers Day, according to 2nd International
1889 - Bayer introduces aspirin in powder form (Germany)
1891 - Cy Young pitches 1st game played in Cleveland's League Park Cleveland Spiders 12, Cincinnati Redlegs 3
1892 - U.S. Quarantine Station opens on Angel Island, San Francisco Bay
1893 - World's Columbian Exposition opens in Chicago

20th Century

1900 - Premature blast collapses mine tunnel killing 200 at Scofield, Utah
1900 - Roermond soccer team forms in Roermond
1901 - Detroit Tigers commit 12 errors against Chicago White Sox
1901 - Herb McFarland hit 1st grand slam in American League
1901 - Pan-American Exposition opens in Buffalo
1906 - Phillie's John Lush no-hits Brooklyn Dodgers, 6-0
1907 - Belgium government of De Trooz forms
1907 - Indian Mine Laws passes (concessions from Netherlands-Indies)
1908 - World's most intense shower (2.47" in 3 minutes) at Portobelo, Panama
1909 - Netherlands begins unity with Belgium
1912 - Amsterdam-North soccer team DWV forms
1912 - Beverly Hills Hotel opens
1913 - Longacre Theater opens at 220 W 48th St. New York City
1914 - China's 1st president Yuan Shikai wins dictatorial qualification
1915 - British Lusitania leaves NY, for Liverpool
1915 - German submarine sinks U.S. ship Gulflight
1919 - Mount Kelud (Indonesia) erupts, boiling crater lake which broke through crater wall killing 5,000 people in 104 small villages
1920 - Babe Ruth's 1st Yankee home run and 50th of career, out of Polo Grounds
1920 - Belgian-Luxembourg toll tunnel opens
1920 - Brooklyn Dodgers tie Boston Braves, 1-1, in 26 innings
1921 - Drusian sultan Pasja al-Atrasj elected governor of Suwayda
1922 - Charlie Robertson of Chicago pitches a perfect no-hit, no-run game
1924 - Admiral Paul Koundouriotis becomes president of Greece
1925 - A's Jimmie Foxx, 17, 1st game; he pinch-hits a single
1925 - Cyprus becomes a British Crown Colony
1926 - British coal-miners go on strike
1926 - Brooklyn Dodgers and Boston Braves deadlock at 1-1 in 26 innings
1927 - 1st British airliner to serve cooked meals (Imperial Airways)
1927 - Netherlands beats Belgium 3-2 in soccer match in Amsterdam
1927 - Panningen soccer team forms in Panningen
1928 - 6 children die and 10 injured by hailstones in Klausenburg, Romania
1928 - Drunken fascist Erich Wichman attacks VARA-radio transmitter
1928 - Lei Day begun (a Hawaiian celebration)
1928 - Pitcairn Airlines (later Eastern) begins service
1928 - Rotterdam soccer team Black White '28 forms
1929 - Brooklyn's Johnny Finn sets 100 yard sack race in 14.4 seconds
1929 - Farm workers strike begins in East-Groningen
1929 - Police kill 19 Mayday demonstrators in Berlin
1930 - Bradman scores 236 Australia vs. Worcs, his 1st f-class innings in Eng
1931 - Empire State Building opens in New York City
1931 - Norway claims Peter I Island
1931 - Singer Kate Smith begins her long-running radio program on CBS
1932 - 1st Suriname union congress at Paramaribo
1934 - Austria signs pact with Vatican
1934 - Philippine legislature accepts U.S. proposal for independence
1934 - Water state kingdom dismisses NSB-leader Anton Mussert
1935 - Boulder Dam completed
1935 - Canada's 1st silver dollar is circulated
1936 - Emperor Haile Selassie leaves Ethiopia as Italian invades
1936 - FBI's J. Edgar Hoover arrests Alvin Karpis
1937 - Franklin D. Roosevelt signs act of neutrality
1939 - Batman comics hit street
1939 - Pulitzer Prize awarded to Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings (Yearling)
1940 - The 1940 Olympics are cancelled
1941 - "Citizen Kane," directed and starring Orson Welles, premieres in New York
1941 - General Mills introduces Cheerios
1941 - German assault on Tobruk
1942 - Radio Orange calls to defy order to wear "Jewish star"
1943 - 1st edition of illegal "The Free Artist" appears in Amsterdam
1943 - 69th Kentucky Derby: Johnny Longden aboard Count Fleet wins in 2:04
1943 - Food rationing begins in U.S.
1943 - German plane sinks boat loaded with Palestinian Jews bound for Malta
1943 - German Wehrmacht deployed in order to break Dutch strikes
1943 - Rauter signs unofficial death sentence
1944 - Messerschmitt Me 262 Sturmvogel, 1st jet bomber, makes 1st flight
1944 - Pulitzer prize awarded to Martin Flavin (Journey in the dark)
1944 - Surprise attack on Weteringschans Amsterdam, fails
1945 - 900 occupiers of Demmin Vorpommeren, commit suicide
1945 - Admiral Karl Doenitz forms German government
1945 - Australian and Dutch troops lands on Tarakan
1945 - General Belgian Labor Union (ABVV) party forms
1945 - Radio Budapest, Hungary re-enters shortwave broadcasting after WW II
1945 - Seys-Inquart flees to Flensburg
1945 - Soviet army reach Rostock
1946 - Field Marshal Montgomery appointed British supreme commander
1946 - Mrs. Emma Clarissa Clement named "American Mother of Year"
1947 - Cleveland Indians abandon League Park to play all games at Municipal Stad
1947 - Lt General Hoyt S Vandenberg, USA, ends term as 2nd head of CIA
1947 - Radar for commercial and private planes 1st demonstrated
1947 - Rear Admiral Roscoe H Hillenkoetter, USN, becomes 3th director of CIA
1948 - 74th Kentucky Derby: Eddie Arcaro aboard Citation wins in 2:05.4
1948 - North Korean proclaims itself People's Democratic Republic of Korea
1948 - Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Auspicia quaedam
1949 - A's Elmer Valo is 1st AL'er to hit 2 bases-loaded triples in a game
1949 - Gerard Kuiper discovers Nereid, (2nd satellite of Neptune)
1950 - Gwendolyn Brooks, is 1st Black awarded a Pulitzer Prize for her poetry
1950 - Mayor of Brussels reluctantly bans May Day parade
1950 - New marriage laws enforced in People's Republic China
1950 - Pulitzer prize awarded to Rodgers and Hammerstein (South Pacific)
1950 - WJIM (now WLNS) TV channel 6 in Lansing, MI (CBS) begins broadcasting
1951 - 600,000 march for peace and freedom in Germany
1951 - Dutch Reformed Church introduces new church choir
1951 - Mickey Mantle's 1st home run
1951 - Minnie Minoso becomes the 1st black to play for the White Sox
1952 - Marines take part in an atomic explosion training in Nevada
1952 - Mr. Potato Head, introduced
1952 - TWA introduces tourist class
1954 - 80th Kentucky Derby: Raymond York aboard Determine wins in 2:03
1954 - Bishops publish Mandement (member socialist org forbidden)
1954 - HSA-UWC Forms (Unification Church) (Moonies)
1954 - WAPA TV channel 4 in San Juan, Puerto Rico (NBC/SFN) begins broadcasting
1955 - Babe Didrikson Zaharias wins LPGA Peach Blossom Golf Tournament
1955 - Bob Feller's 15th 1 or less hitter (12 1-hitters, 3 no-hitters)
1957 - Flevo Boys soccer team forms in Emmeloord
1957 - Larry King's 1st radio broadcast
1957 - U.S. gives Poland credit of $95 million
1957 - Vanguard TV-1 booster test reaches 195 km
1958 - Ambonese rebellion bombed Ambon/conquer Morotai
1958 - Arturo Frondizi sworn in as president of Argentina
1959 - Floyd Patterson KOs Brian London in 11 for heavyweight boxing title
1959 - West Germany introduces 5 day work week
1959 - White Sox Early Wynn beats Red Sox 1-0 on his own home run
1960 - India's Bombay state split into Gujarat and Maharashtra states
1960 - Pancho Gonzalez retires from tennis
1960 - Russia shoots down Francis Gary Powers in a U-2 spy plane
1961 - 1st U.S. airplane hijacked to Cuba
1961 - Fidel Castro announces there will be no more elections in Cuba
1961 - Pulitzer prize awarded to Harper Lee for To Kill a Mockingbird
1961 - Tanganyika granted full internal self-government by Britain
1962 - 1st French underground nuclear experiment in the Sahara at Ecker Algeria
1962 - Bo Belinsky pitches a no-hitter, in his 4th start
1962 - John F. Kennedy authorizes Area Redevelopment Act
1963 - 1st American, James Whittaker, conquers Mount Everest
1963 - Indonesia takes control of Irian Jaya (west New Guinea) from Netherlands
1964 - 1st BASIC program runs on a computer (Dartmouth)
1965 - 91st Kentucky Derby: Bill Shoemaker on Lucky Debonair wins in 2:01.2
1965 - Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens beat Chicago Blackhawks, 4 games to 3
1965 - U.S.S.R. launches Luna 5; later impacts on Moon
1966 - Last British concert by Beatles (Empire Pool in Wembley)
1966 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA Shreveport Kiwanis Club Golf Invitational
1966 - Radio RSA, South Africa begins shortwave transmitting
1966 - U.S. troops shooting targets in Cambodia
1967 - Anastasio Somoza Debayle becomes president of Nicaragua
1967 - Elvis Presley and Pricilla Beaulieu wed
1967 - Jelle Zijlstra becomes president of Netherlands Bank
1967 - Pulitzer prize awarded to Bernard Malamud (Fixer)
1968 - "Ben Franklin in Paris" closes at Lunt Fontanne New York City after 215 performances
1968 - Phillies J Boozer is ejected for throwing spitballs during his warmup
1969 - 43 Unification church couples wed in New York City
1969 - Houston Don Wilson 2nd no-hitter beats Cincinnati Reds, 4-0
1969 - Leonard Tose buys NFL Philadelphia Eagles for $16,155,000
1971 - 97th Kentucky Derby: Gustavo Avila on Canonero II wins in 2:03.2
1971 - Amtrak Railroad begins operation
1971 - Rolling Stones release "Brown Sugar"
1972 - "Different Times" opens at ANTA Theater New York City for 24 performances
1972 - North Vietnamese troops occupy Quang Tri Activities Committee
1972 - Pulitzer prize awarded to Wallace Stegner (Angle of Repose)
1972 - Radio's Mutual Black Network premieres
1973 - San Francisco Giants score 7 runs with 2 outs in 9th to beat Pirates, 8-7
1975 - Islander Parise and Potvin score within 14 seconds in playoffs Flyers 5-Isles 4-semifinals-Flyers hold 2-0 lead
1976 - 102nd Kentucky Derby: Angel Cordero, Jr. on Bold Forbes wins in 2:01.6
1976 - Jos Hermens, runs Dutch record for 20K (57:24.2)
1977 - Chantal Langlace runs female world record marathon (2:35:15.4)
1977 - Debbie Austin wins LPGA Birmingham Golf Classic
1977 - Empress Lilly dedicated
1978 - 1st black mayor of New Orleans (Ernest Morial) inaugurated
1978 - MVV soccer team forms in Maastricht
1978 - Naomi Uemura became 1st to reach North Pole overland alone
1979 - Elton John becomes 1st pop star to perform in Israel
1979 - Home rule introduced to Kalaallit Nunaat (Greenland)
1979 - Marshall Islands (in Pacific) become self-governing
1980 - 15th Academy of Country Music Awards: Barbara Mandrell wins
1980 - Amer Book Award: William Styron (Sophie Choice)/T Wolfe (Right Stuff)
1980 - "Day in Hollywood, A Night..." opens at John Golden New York City for 588 perf
1980 - Sabres and Islanders play to 1:20 of 5th period in a playoff
1981 - Billie Jean King admits to a lesbian affair with Marilyn Barnett
1981 - Harrison A. Williams, Senator-D-New Jersey, convicted on FBI Abscam charges
1981 - Harrison A. Williams, Senator-D-New Jersey, convicted on FBI Abscam charges
1981 - Radio Shack releases Model III TRSDOS 1.3
1982 - 108th Kentucky Derby: Ed Delahoussaye on Gato Del Sol wins in 2:02.4
1982 - 1982 World's Fair in Knoxville, Tennessee opens
1982 - Nordiques 4-Isles 5 (OT)-semifinals-Isles hold 3-0 lead
1983 - Hollis Stacy wins LPGA CPC International Golf Tournament
1983 - "My One and Only" opens at St. James Theater New York City for 767 performances
1983 - Nolan Ryan surpasses Walter Johnson for most strikeouts (3,508)
1984 - Great Britain performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1984 - Mick Fleetwood (of Fleetwood Mac) files for bankruptcy
1985 - "Communist" bomb attack kills 2 firemen in Brussels
1985 - U.S. president Reagan ends embargo against Nicaragua
1985 - William Hoffman's "As Is," premieres in New York City
1986 - Bill Elliott sets stock car speed record of 212.229 mph
1986 - Tass reports Chernobyl nuclear power plant mishap
1986 - Will Stegers expedition reaches North Pole
1987 - 46 home runs hit in 13 baseball games
1987 - Pope John Paul II beatifies Edith Stein, a Jewish born nun
1988 - IRA attack in Roermond, kills 3
1988 - Patti Rizzo wins LPGA Sara Lee Golf Classic
1988 - "Romance/Romance" opens at Helen Hayes Theater New York City for 297 performances
1989 - Disney's MGM Studio theme park officially opens to public
1989 - Jockey Chris Antley ends record of 64 consecutive winning days
1989 - U.S. Supreme Court rules employees have legal burden to prove non- discriminatory reasons for not hiring or promoting
1990 - "Prelude to a Kiss" opens at Helen Hayes Theater New York City
1991 - A's Rickey Henderson steals an all time record 939th base vs Yankees
1991 - Actor Robert Duvall weds Sharon Brophy
1991 - Angola's civil war ends
1991 - Last day of Test cricket for Gordon Greenidge
1991 - Milwaukee Brewers beat Chicago Cubs, 10-9, in 19 innings
1991 - Nolan Ryan pitches his 7th no-hitter, beating Toronto
1991 - Rickey Henderson breaks Lou Brocks record with his 939th steal
1991 - Texas Ranger Nolan Ryan pitches record 7th no hitter (beats Toronto 3-0)
1991 - "Will Rogers Follies" opens at Palace Theater New York City for 983 performances
1992 - Eric Houston kills 4 in a California HS where he failed history 4 years prior
1992 - Los Angeles Dodgers postpone 3 games due to racial riots due to Rodney King
1992 - New York Rangers wins their 1st ever 7th game of a playoff (vs New Jersey Devils)
1992 - Rickey Henderson steals his 1,000th base
1993 - 119th Kentucky Derby: Jerry Bailey aboard Sea Hero wins in 2:02.4
1993 - Bomb attack on Sri Lankan president (26 die)
1994 - Charles Kuralt, retires as CBS newsman
1994 - "My Fair Lady" closes at Virginia Theater New York City after 165 performances
1994 - "Rise and Fall of Little Voice" opens at Neil Simon New York City for 9 performances
1994 - Sandra Palmer wins LPGA Sprint Senior Challenge Golf Tournament
1994 - Sherri Steinhauer wins LPGA Sprint Golf Championship
1994 - Tornado and hail storms hit Jiangxi China, 95 killed
1995 - "On the Waterfront" opens at Atkinson Theater New York City for 8 performances
1995 - Steve Waugh scores 200 for Australia vs. WI at Sabina Park
1996 - Gerald Williams is 1st New York Yankee since 1934 to get 6 hits in a game
1996 - "Ideal Husband" opens at Barrymore Theater New York City for 308 performances
1997 - Toni Blair elected Prime Minister of U.K.
1999 - 125th Kentucky Derby

21st Century

2003 - President George W. Bush declares that 'major combat operations' in Iraq are over


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