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Events and People Who Made History on March 9

15th Century

1452 - Pope Nicolaas I crowns Frederik III RC-German emperor
1496 - Jews are expelled from Carintha Austria
1497 - Nicolaus Copernicus 1st recorded astronomical observation,

16th Century

1500 - Pedro Cabral departs with 13 ships to India
1522 - Marten Luther preaches his Invocavit
1551 - Emperor Karel appoints son Philip as heir to the throne
1562 - Kissing in public banned in Naples (punishable by death)

17th Century

1617 - Sweden and Russia sign Peace of Stolbowa
1640 - Pierre Corneilles "Horace," premieres in Paris
1642 - English Queen Henriette Mary arrives in Hellevoetsluis, Netherlands
1697 - Czar Peter the Great begins tour of West-Europe

18th Century

1701 - France, Cologne and Bavaria sign alliance
1721 - English Chancellor Exchequer John Aislabie confined in London Tower
1741 - English fleet under Admiral Ogle begins assault on Cartagena
1745 - Bells for 1st American carillon shipped from England to Boston
1796 - Napoleon Bonaparte marries Josephine de Beauharnais
1798 - Dr. George Balfour becomes 1st naval surgeon in the U.S. navy

19th Century

1820 - James Monroe's daughter Maria marries in the White House
1820 - Philippines chases out foreigners; about 125 die
1822 - Charles Graham of New York patents artificial teeth
1839 - Prussian government limits work week for children to 51 hours
1842 - Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Nabucco," premieres in Milan
1844 - Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Hernani," premieres in Venice
1849 - Carl Nikolais opera "Die lustigen Weiber von Windsor," premieres
1858 - Albert Potts of Philadelphia patents the street mailbox
1860 - 1st Japanese ambassador arrives in San Francisco en route to Washington
1861 - Confederate currency authorized-$50, $100, $500, $1,000
1862 - "Monitor" (Union) and "Merrimack" (Rebel) battle in Hampton Roads
1864 - Ulysses S. Grant is appointed commander of Union Army
1868 - The opera "Hamlet" premieres in Paris
1873 - Royal Canadian Mounted Police founded
1882 - False teeth patented
1889 - Battle at Gallabat (Metema): Mahdi's beat Abyssinian emperor John IV
1889 - Kansas passes 1st general antitrust law in U.S.
1893 - Congo cannibals killed 1000s of Arabs
1895 - Stanley Cup: Montreal Victorias awarded cup, as Queens University (Kingston Ont) loses to Montreal AAA, 5-1
1897 - Cleveland Spiders sign Louis Sockalexis, full-blooded Penobscot
1897 - Indian, fans start calling the team Indians (in 1915 becomes official)
1897 - Premiere of (parts of) Gustav Mahler's 3rd Symphony (Berlin)

20th Century

1902 - Composer Gustav Mahler marries Alma Schindler in Vienna
1904 - Brandon's Lester Patrick becomes 1st hockey defenseman to score a goal
1907 - 1st involuntary sterilization law enacted, Indiana
1907 - Lady Gregory's "Rising of the Moon," premieres in Dublin
1914 - Henry Colijn appointed as director of Bataafsche Petroleum Co
1914 - U.S. Senator Albert Fall (Teapot Dome) demands "Cubanisation of Mexico"
1916 - General Fransisco "Poncho" Villa invades U.S. (17 killed)
1916 - Germany declares war against Portugal
1916 - Pancho Villa leads Mexican band raid on Columbus NM, killing 12
1918 - Russian Bolshevik Party becomes the Communist Party
1918 - Ukrainian mobs massacre Jews of Seredino Buda
1918 - Wageningen Agricultural College Netherlands opens
1922 - Eugene O'Neill's "Hairy Ape," premieres in New York City
1922 - KJR-AM in Seattle Washington begins radio transmissions
1923 - Amsterdam taxi strike ended
1923 - Elmer Rice's "Adding Machine," premieres in New York City
1923 - NHL Championship: Mont Canadiens outscore Ottawa Senators, 3-2, in 2
1924 - South Slavia aproves Italy's annexation of Fiume (Rijeka)
1926 - Bertha Landes elected 1st woman mayor of Seattle
1929 - Marcel Pagnol's "Marius," premieres in Paris
1932 - Eamon De Valera becomes president of Ireland
1932 - Former Chinese emperor Henry Pu-Yi installed as head of Manchuria
1933 - Bulgarian communists Dimitrov, Popov and Vassili arrested in Berlin
1933 - Congress is called into special session by FDR, and began its "100 days"
1936 - Babe Ruth turns down Reds to make a comeback as a player
1942 - Construction of the Alaska Highway began
1943 - Delft opposition group-Pahud de Mortanges overthrown
1943 - Greek Jews of Salonika are transported to Nazi extermination camps
1945 - 334 U.S. B-29 Superfortresses attack Tokyo with 120,000 fire bomb
1945 - Japanese proclaim "independence" of Indo-China
1946 - Dutch troops land at Batavia/Semarang
1946 - Ted Williams is offered $500,000 to play in Mexican League, he refuses
1947 - U.S. Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Gretchen Merrill
1947 - U.S. Mens Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button
1948 - Provisionary Indonesian government installed in Batavia
1949 - Brigadier General Edwin K. Wright, USA, ends term as deputy director of CIA
1949 - England beat South Africa by scoring 174 runs in 94 minutes
1950 - Willie Sutton robs Manufacturers Bank of $64,000 in New York City
1952 - Heinz Neuhaus wins Europe Heavyweight Boxing title
1953 - Josef Stalin buried in Moscow
1954 - 1st local color TV coml WNBT-TV (WNBC-TV) New York City (Castro Decorators)
1954 - Edward R. Murrow criticizes Senator Joseph McCarthy on 'See it Now'
1954 - WMUR TV channel 9 in Manchester, New Hampshire (ABC) begins broadcasting
1956 - Archbishop Makarios of Cyprus arrested and exiled to Seychelles
1956 - Weather forecasting phone line set up in London England
1957 - 8.1 earthquake shakes Andreanof Islands, Alaska
1958 - George Yardley (Pistons) is 1st NBAer to score 2,000 points in season
1959 - 1st known radar contact is made with Venus
1959 - Barbie, the popular girls' doll, debuted, over 800 million sold
1959 - "Juno" opens at Winter Garden Theater New York City for 16 performances
1961 - 1st animal returned from space, dog named Blackie aboard Sputnik 9
1961 - Mine cave-in in Japan, kills 72
1961 - Sputnik 9 carries Chernushka, a dog, into orbit
1961 - Supremes release "I Want A Guy" and "Never Again"
1962 - Egyptian President Nasser declares Gaza belongs to Palestinians
1962 - U.S. advisors in South-Vietnam join the fight
1963 - Beatles began 1st British tour, supporting Tommy Roe and Chris Montez
1964 - 1st Ford Mustang produced
1964 - Creighton's Paul Silas grabs Midwest record 27 rebounds against Okla
1964 - Supreme Court issues New York Times vs. Sullivan decision, public officials must prove malice to claim libel and recover damages
1966 - Andrew Brimmer becomes 1st black governor of Federal Reserve Board
1967 - Svetlana Allilueva, Stalin's daughter, defected to the West
1968 - 10th Grammy Awards: Up Up and Away, Sgt. Pepper's wins 4
1971 - J M Noreiga takes 9-95 WI vs. India at Port-of-Spain
1972 - Players on White Sox vote 31-0 in favor of a strike, if necessary
1974 - Last Japanese soldier, a guerrilla operating in Philippines, surrenders, 29 years after World War II ended
1975 - "Lieutenant" opens at Lyceum Theater New York City for 9 performances
1976 - 1st female cadets accepted to West Point Military Academy
1976 - Islander Glenn Resch's 10th shut-out opponent-Blues 4-0
1977 - Adm Stansfield Turner, USN (Ret), becomes 12th director of CIA replacing acting director Knoche
1977 - Hanafi Moslems invade 3 buildings in Washington D.C., siege ended Mar 11th
1978 - Ice Dance Championship at Ottawa Canada won by Linichuk and Karponosov
1978 - Ice Pairs Championship at Ottawa won by Rodnina and Zaitsev (URS)
1978 - Ladies Figure Skating Champions in Ottawa won by Anett Potzsch (GDR)
1978 - Men's Figure Skating Champions in Ottawa won by Charles Tickner (USA)
1979 - Bowie Kuhn orders baseball to give equal access to female reporters
1979 - France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
1980 - Flemish/Walloon battles in Belgium, 40 injured
1980 - Joanne Carner wins LPGA Sunstar '80 Golf Tournament
1981 - Dan Rather becomes primary anchorman of CBS-TV News
1983 - Caryl Churchill's "Fen," premieres in London
1983 - Zimbabwe opposition leader Joshua Nkomo flees to Botswana
1984 - Emile Gumbs' Anguilla National Alliance wins elections
1984 - John Lennon releases "Borrowed Time"
1984 - Philadelphia 76'ers block 20 Seattle shots tying NBA regulation game record
1984 - Tim Witherspoon beats Greg Page in 12 for heavyweight boxing title
1985 - Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Tokyo won by Katarina Witt (GDR)
1985 - Laura Johnson (Falcon Crest) and Harry Hamlin (LA Law) wed
1986 - 16th Easter Seal Telethon raises $30,100,000
1986 - Juli Inkster wins LPGA Women's Kemper Golf Open
1986 - NASA announces searchers found remains of Challenger astronauts
1986 - Soviet probe Vega 2 flies by Halley's Comet at 8,030 km
1987 - Chrysler Corp offered to buy American Motors Corp for $1 billion
1988 - President Reagan presides at unveiling of Knute Rockne stamp
1989 - Eastern Airlines files for bankruptcy
1989 - Roger Kingdom runs world record 60m hurdles indoor (7.36 sec)
1989 - Senate rejects George H. W. Bush's nomination of John Tower as Defense Secretary
1989 - Soviet Union officially submits to jurisdiction of the World Court
1989 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1990 - Dr. Antonia Novello sworn-in as 1st hispanic/female U.S. surgeon general
1991 - 5th American Comedy Award: Dennis Wolfberg
1991 - Joe Dumaars (Detroit) begins NBA free throw streak of 62 games
1991 - "Les Miserables," opens at Lyric Theatre, Brisbane
1991 - U.S. 70th manned space mission STS-39 (Discovery 12) launches into orbit
1993 - 19th People's Choice Awards
1993 - 7th Soul Train Music Awards
1993 - Pittsburgh Penguins begin NHL record 17 game winning streak
1993 - Rodney King in court says he thinks he heard cops yell racial slurs
1994 - IRA launch 1st of 3 mortar attacks on London's Heathrow Airport
1995 - Baseball awards a franchise to Tampa Bay Devil Rays
1995 - Mexican peso worth 7.55 pesos to a dollar (record)
1995 - President Konstantine Karamanlis (88) of Greece, resigns
1996 - Javed Miandad's last international in Pak's WC QF loss to India
1996 - Jayasuriya hammers 82 off 44 balls (13x4 3x6) vs. England in WC QF
1996 - STS-75 (Columbia 19), lands
1997 - Senior Golf Slam
1997 - Steve Elkington wins Doral-Ryder Golf Open


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