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Events and People Who Made History on March 5

12th Century

1179 - 3rd Lateran Council (11th ecumenical council) opens in Rome

15th Century

1461 - Henry VI was deposed by Duke of York during War of the Roses
1496 - English king Henry VII hires John Cabot (Giovanni Caboto) to explore

16th Century

1528 - Utrecht governor Maarten van Rossum plunders The Hague
1558 - Smoking tobacco introduced in Europe by Francisco Fernandes
1579 - Betuwe joins Union of Utrecht

17th Century

1616 - Copernicus' "de Revolutionibus" placed on Catholic Forbidden index
1623 - 1st American temperance law enacted, Virginia
1651 - South Sea dike in Amsterdam breaks after storm
1684 - Emperor Leopold I, Poland and Venice sign Heilig Covenant of Linz

18th Century

1743 - 1st U.S. religious journal, The Christian History, published, Boston
1746 - Jakobijnse troops leave Aberdeen
1750 - 1st American Shakespearean production-"altered" Richard III, New York City
1760 - Princess Carolina marries General Charles Christian van Nassau-Weilburg
1766 - Don Antonio de Ulloa takes possession of Louisiana Terr from French
1770 - Blanche Kelso Bruce sworn in as a U.S. Senator (Mississippi)
1770 - Boston Massacre, British troops kill 5 in crowd. Crispus Attackus becomes 1st black to die for American freedom
1783 - King Stanislaus Augustus Poniatowski grants rights to Jews of Kovno
1795 - Amsterdam celebrates Revolution on the Dam; Square of Revolution
1795 - Treaty of Basel-Prussia ends war with France

19th Century

1807 - 1st performance of Ludwig von Beethoven's 4th Symphony in B
1820 - Dutch city of Leeuwarden forbids Jews to go to synagogues on Sundays
1821 - Monroe is 1st President inaugurated on March 5th, because 4th was Sun
1836 - Samuel Colt manufactures 1st pistol, 34-caliber "Texas" model
1845 - Congress appropriates $30,000 to ship camels to western U.S.
1849 - Zachary Taylor sworn in as 12th president
1856 - Covent Garden Opera House destroyed in a fire
1856 - Georgia becomes 1st state to regulate railroads
1862 - Union troops under Brigadier-General Wright occupy Fernandina Florida
1864 - 1st track meet between Oxford and Cambridge
1868 - Arrigo Boito's opera "Mefistofele," premieres in Milan
1868 - Stapler patented in England by C. H. Gould
1868 - U.S. Senate organizes to decide charges against President Andrew Johnson
1872 - George Westinghouse, Jr. patents triple air brake for trains
1877 - Rutherford B. Hayes inaugurated as 19th U.S. president
1894 - Seattle authorizes 1st municipal employment office in U.S.
1896 - Italian premier Crispi resigns
1896 - Italians governor of Eritrea, General Baldissera, reaches Massawa
1899 - 1st performance of Edward MacDowell's 2nd Concerto in D

20th Century

1900 - American Hall of Fame found
1903 - Definitive treaty for construction of Baghdad railway drawn
1907 - 1st radio broadcast of a musical composition aired
1908 - 1st ascent of Mount Erebus, Antarctica
1910 - Ramon Inclan's "La Farsa Infantil de la Cabeza del Dragon," premieres
1910 - Stanley Cup: Montreal Wanderers beat Ottawa Senators, 3-1
1912 - Spanish steamer "Principe de Asturias" sinks NE of Spain, 500 die
1917 - 1st jazz recording for Victor Records released
1919 - Louis Hirsch and Harold Atteridge's musical premieres in New York City
1922 - "Nosferatu" premieres in Berlin
1923 - 1st old age pension plans in U.S. established by Montana and Nevada
1924 - Computing-Tabulating-Recording Corp becomes IBM
1924 - Frank Carauna, becomes 1st to bowl 2 successive perfect 300 games
1924 - King Hussein of Hedzjaz appoints himself kalief
1927 - 1,000 U.S. Marines land in China to protect American property
1928 - Karl Zuckmayer's "Der Hauptmann von Kopenick," premieres in Berlin
1931 - Gandhi and British viceroy Lord Irwin sign pact
1933 - Franklin D. Roosevelt proclaims 10-day bank holiday
1933 - Germany's Nazi Party wins majority in parliament (43.9%-17.2M votes)
1934 - Mother-in-law's day 1st celebrated (Amarillo, Texas)
1935 - 1st premature baby health law in U.S. (Chicago)
1936 - Spitfire makes it's 1st flight (Eastleigh Aerodrome in Southampton)
1942 - Bosnia Tito establishes 3rd Proletarit Brigade in Bosnia
1942 - Dmitri Shostakovich' 7th Symphony, premieres in Siberia
1942 - Japanese troop march into Batavia
1943 - Anti fascist strikes in Italy
1943 - RAF bombs Essen Germany
1944 - 1st performance of Walter Piston's 2nd Symphony
1945 - Allies bombs The Hague, Netherlands
1945 - Generals Eisenhower, Patton and Patch meet in Luneville
1945 - U.S. 7th Army Corps captures Cologne
1945 - U.S. Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Gretchen Merrill
1946 - Winston Churchill's "Iron Curtain" speech in Fulton, Missouri
1948 - Actor Eli Wallach marries actress Anne Jackson
1948 - U.S. rocket flies record 4800 KPH to 126k height
1949 - Bradman plays his last innings in 1st-class cricket, gets 30
1952 - Terence Rattigan's "Deep Blue Sea," premieres in London
1954 - "Girl in Pink Tights" opens at Mark Hellinger New York City for 115 performances
1955 - WBBJ TV channel 7 in Jackson, Tennessee (ABC) begins broadcasting
1956 - "King Kong," 1st televised
1956 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA Jacksonville Golf Open
1957 - Eamon de Valera's Fianna Fail-party wins election in Ireland
1957 - Sergeant Bilko satirizes Elvis Presley (Elvis Pelvin)
1958 - Explorer 2 fails to reach Earth orbit
1958 - KDUH TV channel 4 in Scottsbluff-Hay Spring, NB (ABC) 1st broadcast
1959 - Iran and U.S. sign economic / military treaty
1960 - Elvis Presley ends 2-year hitch in U.S. Army
1960 - Ice Dance Championship at Vancouver won by Denny and Jones (GRB)
1960 - Ice Pairs Championship at Vancouver won by Wagner and Paul (CAN)
1960 - Men's Figure Skating Championship in Vancouver won by Alain Giletti (FRA)
1960 - Worlds Ladies Figure Skating Champions in Vanc won by Carol E Heiss (USA)
1962 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1963 - Beatles record "From Me to You" and "Thank You Girl"
1964 - Atlanta Mayor Ivan Allen, Jr., announces a baseball team is moving there
1964 - Emergency crisis proclaimed in Ceylon due to social unrest
1965 - 1st performance of Walter Piston's 8th Symphony
1965 - Ernie Terrel beats Eddie Machen in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
1966 - 75 MPH air currents causes BOAC 707 crash into Mount Fuji, 124 die
1966 - Bob Seagren pole vaults 5.19m indoor world record
1966 - Player reps elect Marvin Miller, as executive director of Players' Association
1966 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1967 - WEDN TV channel 53 in Norwich, CT (PBS) begins broadcasting
1968 - U.S. launches Solar Explorer 2 to study the Sun
1969 - Gold reaches then record high ($47 per ounce) in Paris
1969 - Gustav Heinemann elected president of West-Germany
1969 - Joe Orton's "What the Butler Saw," premieres in London
1970 - Edison Theater opens at 240 W 47th St. New York City
1970 - Nuclear non-proliferation treaty goes into effect
1970 - SDS Weathermen terrorist group bomb 18 West 11th St. in New York City
1972 - Greek composer Mikis Theodorakis leaves Communist Party
1973 - Yankee pitchers Peterson and Kekich announce they swapped wives
1974 - "Candide" opens at Broadway Theater New York City for 740 performances
1974 - Ralph Stewart failed in 2nd Islander penalty shot
1976 - British pounds falls below $2 for 1st time
1978 - "Hello, Dolly!" opens at Lunt-Fontanne Theater New York City for 152 performances
1978 - Landsat 3 launched from Vandenberg AFB, California
1979 - Voyager I's closest approach to Jupiter (172,000 miles)
1980 - Earth satellites record gamma rays from remnants of supernova N-49
1981 - "Bring Back Birdie" opens at Martin Beck Theater New York City for 4 performances
1981 - Ice Dance Championship at Hartford won by Jayne Torvill and C Dean (GRB)
1981 - Ice Pairs Champ at Hartford won by Irina Vorobieva and I Lisovski (URS)
1981 - Men's Figure Skating Champions in Hartford won by Scott Hamilton (USA)
1981 - U.S. government grants Atlanta $1 million to search for black boy murderer
1982 - Gaylord Perry (with 297 wins) signs with Seattle Mariners
1982 - Russian spacecraft Venera 14 lands and sends back data from Venus
1983 - Bob Hawke (Labour) defeats Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Fraser (Cons)
1983 - NSW beat Western Australia by 54 runs to win Sheffield Shield
1984 - Supreme Court (5-4): city may use public money for Nativity scene
1984 - U.S. accuse Iraq of using poison gas
1985 - New York Islander Mike Bossy is 1st to score 50 goals in 8 straight seasons
1986 - "Today" tabloid launched (Britain's 1st national color newspaper)
1989 - 19th Easter Seal Telethon raises $37,002,000
1989 - Blains McCallister wins Honda Golf Classic shooting 266
1989 - Elly Verhulst runs world record 3000 m indoor (8:33.82)
1991 - Iraq repealed its annexation of Kuwait
1991 - Reggie Miller (Indiana) begins NBA free throw streak of 52 games
1992 - Ethic committee votes to reveal congressmen who bounced checks
1993 - Boston Celtic Larry Bird undergoes backfusion surgery
1993 - Fokker 100 crashes at Skopje Macedonia, 81 die
1993 - Former Washington D.C. Mayor Marion Barry divorces his wife Effi
1993 - Marlins beat Astros 12-8 in their 1st spring training game
1994 - Dottie Mochrie wins Chrysler-Plymouth Tournament of Golf Championship
1994 - Largest milkshake (1,955 gallons of chocolate-Nelspruit South Africa)
1994 - PBA National Championship won by David Traber
1994 - Singer Grace Slick arrested for pointing a gun at a cop
1995 - 21st People's Choice Awards: Tim Allen wins
1995 - Estonia Centrumlinkse Coalition party wins parliamentary election
1995 - Graves of czar Nicholas and family found in St. Petersburg
1995 - Marc Velzeboer skates world record 3 km short track (5:00.26)
1996 - Earl Weaver and Jim Bunning, elected to Hall of Fame
1997 - Tommy Lasorda, Nellie Fox and Willie Wells for Hall of Fame


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