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Events and People Who Made History on March 3

1st Century

78 - Origin of Saka Era (India)

5th Century

468 - St. Simplicius elected to succeed Catholic Pope Hilarius
493 - Ostrogoten King Theodorik the Great beats Odoaker

15th Century

1409 - Austrian civil war ends
1431 - Bishop Gabriele Condulmer elected as Pope Eugene IV

17th Century

1627 - Piet Heyn conquerors 22 ships in Bay of Salvador Brazil
1634 - 1st tavern in Boston opens (Samuel Cole)
1638 - Duke Bernard van Saksen-Weimar occupies Rheinfelden

18th Century

1746 - Bonnie Prince Charlie occupies Castle of Inverness
1776 - U.S. commodore Esek Hopkins occupies Nassau Bahamas
1791 - 1st internal revenue act (taxing distilled spirits and carriages)
1791 - Congress establishes U.S. Mint
1794 - 1st performance of Joseph Haydn's 101st Symphony in D
1794 - Richard Allen founded AME Church

19th Century

1801 - 1st U.S. Jewish governor, David Emanuel, takes office in Georgia
1803 - 1st impeachment trial of a federal judge, John Pickering, begins
1805 - Louisiana-Missouri Territory forms
1812 - U.S. passes 1st foreign aid bill (aids Venezuela earthquake vicitims)
1813 - Office of surgeon general of the U.S. Army forms
1815 - U.S. declares war on Algiers for taking U.S. prisoners and demanding tribute
1817 - Mississippi Territory is divided into Alabama Territory and Mississippi
1820 - Missouri Compromise passes, allowing slavery in Missouri
1835 - Congress authorizes a U.S. mint at New Orleans Louisiana
1837 - Congress increases Supreme Court membership from 7 to 9
1837 - U.S. president Andrew Jackson and Congress recognizes Republic of Texas
1838 - Rebellion at Pelee Island, Ontario Canada
1842 - 1st performance of Felix Mendelssohn's 3rd "Scottish" Symphony
1842 - 1st U.S. child labor law regulating working hours passed (Mass)
1843 - Congress appropriates $30,000 "to test the practicability of establishing a system of electro-magnetic telegraphs" by the US
1845 - 1st time, U.S. Senate overrides presidential (Tyler) veto
1845 - Congress authorizes ocean mail contracts for foreign mail delivery
1845 - Florida becomes 27th state
1847 - Post Office Department authorized to issue postage stamps
1849 - Gold Coinage Act authorizes $20 Double Eagle gold coin
1849 - Home Department (Interior Department), forms
1849 - Minnesota Territory is organizes
1849 - Territory of Minnesota organizes
1849 - U.S. Department of the Interior established by Congress
1851 - Congress authorizes smallest U.S. silver coin (3 cent piece)
1853 - Transcontinental railroad survey is authorized by Congress
1853 - U.S. Assay Office in New York City authorized
1855 - Congress approves $30,000 to test camels for military use
1855 - Congress authorizes registered mail
1861 - Russian Tsar Alexander II abolishes serfdom
1862 - Battle of New Madrid MO-captured by Union forces
1862 - General Pope lays siege in front of New Madrid
1863 - 1st U.S. wartime military conscription bill enacted
1863 - Abraham Lincoln approves charter for National Academy of Sciences
1863 - Congress authorizes a U.S. mint at Carson City, Nevada
1863 - Federal ironclad ships bomb Fort McAllister Georgia
1863 - Free city delivery replaces zone postage; 449 letter carriers hired
1863 - Gold certificates (currency) authorized by Congress
1863 - Idaho Territory forms
1863 - Lincoln approves charter for National Academy of Sciences
1865 - Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands established
1865 - Freedmen's Bureau is created to help destitute free blacks
1869 - University of South Carolina opens to all races
1871 - Congress changes Indian tribes status from independent to dependent
1871 - Congress establishes the civil service system
1873 - Congress authorizes federal departmental postage stamps
1873 - U.S. Congress and government raise own salary, retroactively
1875 - 1st recorded hockey game (Montreal)
1875 - Congress authorizes 20 cent coin, lasts only 3 years
1875 - Georges Bizet's opera "Carmen" premieres (Paris)
1877 - Rutherford B. Hayes is sworn in as the 19th president
1878 - Bulgaria liberated from Turkey (Peace of San Stefano)
1879 - 1st female lawyer heard by Supreme Court (Belva Ann Bennett Lockwood)
1879 - U.S. Geological Survey director authorized in Department of the Interior
1882 - New York Steam Corp begins distributing steam to Manhattan buildings
1883 - Congress authorizes the 1st steel vessels in U.S. navy
1885 - 1st U.S. state (California) establishes a permanent forest commission
1885 - American Telephone and Telegraph (AT&T) incorporates
1885 - Congress passes Indian Appropriations Act (Indians wards of federal government)
1885 - U.S. Post Office offers special delivery for 1st-class mail
1887 - American Protective Association forms (anti-Catholic) in Clinton Iowa
1887 - Anne Sullivan begins teaching 6 year old blind-deaf Helen Keller
1891 - Congress creates U.S. Courts of Appeal
1891 - Office of Superintendent of Immigration (Treasury Department) created
1892 - 1st cattle tuberculosis test in U.S. made, Villa Nova, Penn
1893 - Columbian Isabella silver quarter authorized
1893 - Congress authorizes 1st federal road agency, in Department of Agriculture
1894 - 1st Greek-language publication in U.S. begins, "NY Atlantis"
1894 - 4th and last British government of Gladstone resigns
1899 - Congress authorizes Lafayette silver dollar
1899 - George Dewey becomes 1st in U.S. with rank of Admiral of the Navy

20th Century

1900 - U.S. Steel Corporation organizes
1901 - Congress creates National Bureau of Standards, in Department of Commerce
1903 - North Carolina becomes 1st state requiring registration of nurses
1905 - U.S. Forest Service forms
1906 - Vuia I aircraft built by Romanian Traja Vuia tested in France
1909 - Stanley Cup: Ottawa Senators beat Montreal Wanderers, 8-3
1911 - 1st U.S. federal cemetery with Union and Rebel graves opens, Missouri
1913 - Ida B Wells-Barnett demonstrates for female suffrage in Washington D.C.
1915 - National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NASA forerunner) created
1917 - Congress passes 1st excess profits tax on corporations
1917 - Great monarch Michael resigns after 1 day as czar
1917 - Nicholas II, last Russian tsar, abdicates (OS)
1918 - Richard Goring's "Seeschlacht," premieres in Berlin
1918 - Treaty of Brest-Litovsk: Germany, Austria and Russia sign
1919 - 1st international air mail service from U.S., Seattle-Victoria, British Columbia
1919 - Communist Party in Germany announces a general strike
1920 - Montreal Canadiens scores NHL record 16 goals beating Quebec Bulldogs
1921 - Toronto's Dr. Banting and Dr. Best announce discovery of insulin
1922 - Italian fascists occupy Fiume and Rijeka
1922 - WWJ-AM in Detroit Michigan begins radio transmissions
1923 - U.S. Senate rejects membership in International Court of Justice, The Hague
1924 - German and Turkish friendship/trade treaty signed
1924 - Sean O'Casey's "Juno and the Paycock," premieres in Dublin
1926 - International Greyhound Racing Association formed (Miami, Florida)
1931 - Cab Calloway records "Minnie Moocher" (Jazz's 1st million seller)
1931 - "Star Spangled Banner" officially becomes U.S. national anthem
1933 - German presidential candidate Earnest Thalmann (KPD) arrested
1933 - Mount Rushmore dedicated
1933 - New York City premiere of "King Kong"
1934 - John Dillinger breaks out of jail using a wooden pistol
1935 - Dutch Revolutionary Socialist Worker's party (RSAP), forms
1936 - Grimmett ends his Test career with 13 wkts in 5th Test vs. South Africa
1937 - Australia snatch series against England 3-2 after being 2-0 down
1938 - American Bowling Congress' largest tournament (24,765 competitors)
1940 - Artie Shaw records "Frenesi" on RCA Victor label
1941 - Netherlands NSB-leader Mussert visits Goring in Berlin
1942 - 1st combat flight for Canada's Avro Lancaster military plane
1943 - Bomb fleeing crowd falls into London shelter; 173 die
1943 - F Ryerson and Cohn Claues' "Harriet," premieres in New York City
1943 - U.S. defeats Japan and wins Battle of Bismark Sea
1944 - 1st performance of corporal Samuel Barber's 2nd Symphony
1945 - Churchill visits Montgomery's headquarters
1945 - RAF bombing error hits The Hague killing 511
1945 - U.S. 7th Army occupies last part of Westwall
1945 - U.S. and Philippine forces recaptures Corregidor
1946 - U.S. Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Gretchen Merrill
1946 - U.S. Mens Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button
1950 - 3 months as National-American Football League takes back NFL name
1951 - Bill Mlkvy (Temple) scores NCAA basketball record 73 pts
1952 - Puerto Rico approves their 1st self written constitution
1953 - Boston Braves, who own Milwaukee minor league franchise, block St. Louis Browns attempt to shift their franchise to Milwaukee
1953 - Canadian Comet crashes at Karachi, 11 killed
1955 - Elvis Presley's 1st TV appearance on "Louisiana Hayride" show
1956 - Cockie Gastelaars swims world record 100 m freestyle (1:04.2)
1956 - Indonesian government of Harahap resigns
1956 - Manhattan Borough President Hulan Jack makes plans for a new 110,000-seat stadium to entice Giants to stay in NY
1956 - Morocco gains independence from France (Anniversary of throne)
1957 - Corry Brokken wins Eurovision Song festival with "Just as then"
1957 - Ice Dance Championship at Colorado Springs won by Markham and Jones (GRB)
1957 - Ice Pairs Championship at Colorado Springs won by Wagner and Paul (CAN)
1957 - Men's Figure Skating Champ in Colorado Springs won by David Jenkins (USA)
1957 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA Jacksonville Golf Open
1957 - Worlds Ladies Figure Skating Champ in Colorado Springs won by Carol Heiss (U.S.)
1958 - KTVU TV channel 2 in Oakland-San Francisco, California (IND) 1st broadcast
1958 - Nuri ash Said becomes premier of Iraq
1959 - 1st U.S. probe to enter solar orbit, Pioneer 4, launched
1959 - British government arrests Hastings Banda of Nyasaland, ends emergency crisis
1959 - San Francisco Giant's rename their stadium Candlestick Park
1960 - 9th largest snowfall in New York City history, 14.5"
1961 - King Hassan II's ascends to throne of Morocco
1962 - British Antarctic Territory forms
1963 - Senegal adopts constitution
1965 - Temptations' "My Girl" reaches #1
1965 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1965 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1966 - Buffalo Springfield form, Steven Stills, Neil Young
1966 - James Goldman's "Lion in Winter," premieres in New York City
1966 - Kwame Nkrumah flees Ghana to Guinee
1966 - Rock group Buffalo Springfield forms
1966 - Twister hits Jackson, Mississippi; 3 minutes after 1st sighting, 57 die
1966 - WRFT (now WVFT) TV channel 27 in Roanoke, Virginia (IND) begins broadcasting
1967 - Grenada gains partial independence from Britain
1967 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1967 - White Sox given permission to use semi-DH in training camp with home club permission (use of pinch hitter twice in same game)
1968 - Greece, Portugal and Spain's embassies bombed in the Hague
1968 - "Here's Where I Belong" opens/closes at Billy Rose Theater New York City
1968 - Jean Beliveau (Mont) becomes 2nd NHLer to score 1,000 pts
1969 - Apollo 9 launched for 151 Earth orbits (10 days)
1971 - South African Broadcasting lifts its ban on the Beatles
1971 - Winnie Mandela sentenced to 1 year in jail in South Africa
1972 - Sculpted figures of Jefferson Davis, Robert E Lee, and Stonewall Jackson are completed at Stone Mountain Georgia
1973 - "Shelter" closes at John Golden Theater New York City after 31 performances
1973 - White Sox Dick Allen signs 3 year contract for record $750,000
1974 - Despite Billy Harris' hat trick Islanders lose 3-4
1974 - George Foreman KOs Ken Norton
1974 - Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Orange Blossom Golf Classic
1974 - "Sextet" opens at Bijou Theater New York City for 9 performances
1974 - World's worst air disaster, Turkish DC-10 crashes in Paris (346 die)
1975 - "Goodtime Charley" opens at Palace Theater New York City for 104 performances
1975 - Linda McCartney is charged in U.S. with possession of marijuana
1976 - Mozambique closes border with Rhodesia
1977 - Ice Pairs Champs at Tokyo won by Irina Rodnina/Alexandr Zaitsev (URS)
1977 - Islanders allow Red Wings only 11 shots on goal
1977 - Libyan Socialist Arabs People's Republic forms
1977 - Men's Figure Skating Champions in Tokyo won by Vladimir Kovalev (U.S.S.R.)
1977 - Worlds Ladies Figure Skating Champ in Tokyo won by Linda Fratianne (USA)
1978 - 1st day of Test cricket for Desmond Haynes (WI vs. Australia)
1978 - Charles Chaplin's remains are stolen in Switzerland
1980 - France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
1981 - Isle's Mike Bossy 9th and final hat trick of season-4 goals
1981 - New York Islanders and Edmonton Oilers play to an 8-8 tie
1982 - Senate begins debate on expulsion of Senator Harrison Williams D-New Jersey
1984 - New York Islanders score their most goals (11) vs Tor Maple Leafs (6)
1984 - Peter Ueberroth elected baseball commissioner (Effective Oct 1)
1985 - Betsy King wins LPGA Samaritan Turquoise Golf Classic
1985 - Bill (Willie) Shoemaker is 1st jockey to surpass $100 million
1985 - "Moonlighting" with Cybill Shepard and Bruce Willis, premieres
1985 - "My One and Only" closes at St. James Theater New York City after 767 performances
1985 - National Union of Mine Workers in England end a 51 week strike
1989 - Machinists strike Eastern Airlines; pilots honor picket lines
1989 - Robert McFarlane gets $20,000 fine, 2 years probation for Iran-Contra
1990 - Carole Gist, 20, (Michigan 1st black), crowned 39th Miss USA
1991 - 25 die as United Airlines Boeing 737 crashes in Colorado Springs
1991 - "Big Love" opens at Plymouth Theater New York City for 41 performances
1991 - Boon completes 10th Test Cricket century, 109* vs. WI at Kingston
1991 - Four Los Angeles Police severly beat Rodney King, captured on amateur video
1991 - Iraqi generals and General Schwarzkopf meet to discuss cease fire
1991 - Latvia and Estonia vote to become independent of the U.S.S.R.
1991 - Merlene Ottey runs world record 200m indoor (22.24 sec)
1991 - Miguel Trovoada installed as president of Sao Tome e Principal
1991 - Switzerland votes on lowering voting age from 20 to 18
1991 - United Airlines crashes near Colorado Springs, kills 25
1992 - Gas explodes in coal mine at Zonguldak Turkey, 100s die
1992 - Mike Bossy's #22 is 2nd # retired by New York Islanders
1994 - "Damn Yankees" opens at Marquis Theater New York City for 510 performances
1994 - IRS investigates Darryl Strawberry
1994 - "Philoktetes Variations," with Ron Vawter, premieres in Brussels
1995 - Camilla Parker Bowles and her husband Andrew divorce
1996 - 26th Easter Seal Telethon
1996 - Auckland beat Wellington by 9 wickets to win Shell Trophy Final
1997 - Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Fayetteville, North Carolina on WRCQ 103.5 FM
1998 - Bill Gates testifies at Senate Judiciary Committee

21st Century

2002 - Earthquake kills at least 150 100 miles north of Kabul, Afghanistan
2005 - Garry Kasparov retires professionally from chess
2005 - Steve Fossett flys the Virgin Atlantic GlobalFlyer to a world record by completing the first non-stop, non-refueled, solo flight around the world


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