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Events and People Who Made History on March 25

1st Century

1 - Origin of Dionysian Incarnation of the Word
31 - 1st Easter, according to calendar-maker Dionysius Exiguus

5th Century

421 - Friday at 12 PM - city of Venice founded

8th Century

708 - Constantine begins his reign as Catholic Pope

12th Century

1133 - William the Conqueror orders 1st Domesday Survey of England

14th Century

1306 - Robert the Bruce crowned king of Scotland

15th Century

1409 - Council of Pisa opens

16th Century

1571 - Catholic Italian businessman Roberto Ridolfi leaves Enngeland
1581 - Portugese Cortes calls Philip II king of Portugal
1584 - Sir Walter Raleigh renews Humphrey Gilbert's patent to explore N Amer
1598 - Cornelis de Houtman's fleet departs for East-Indies

17th Century

1609 - Henry Hudson embarks on an exploration for Dutch East India Co.
1634 - Lord Baltimore founded Catholic colony of Maryland
1647 - Cape of Good Hope: tour ship Haerlem stranded in Tafel Bay
1655 - Christiaan Huygens discovers Titan, (Saturn's largest satellite)
1668 - 1st horse race in America takes place
1669 - Mount Etna in Sicily erupts, destroying Nicolosi, killing 20,000

18th Century

1700 - England, France and Netherlands ratify 2nd Extermination treaty
1753 - Voltaire leaves the court of Frederik II of Prussia
1774 - English Parliament passes Boston Port Bill
1776 - Continental Congress authorized a medal for George Washington

19th Century

1802 - France, Netherlands, Spain and England signs Peace of Amiens
1807 - 1st railway passenger service began in England
1807 - British Parliament abolishes slave trade
1807 - George Canning becomes British minister of Foreign affairs
1813 - 1st U.S. flag flown in battle on the Pacific, frigate Essex
1814 - Netherlands Bank established
1817 - Tsar Alexander I recommends formation of Society of Israeli Christians
1820 - Greece freedom revolt against anti Ottoman attack
1821 - Greece gains independence from Turkey (National Day)
1847 - Pope Pius IX encyclical "On aid for Ireland"
1852 - Friedrich Hebbel's "Agnes Bernauer," premieres in Munich
1856 - A. E. Burnside patents Burnside carbine
1857 - Frederick Laggenheim takes 1st photo of a solar eclipse
1863 - 1st Army Medal of Honor awarded
1863 - Skirmish at Brentwood Tennessee
1864 - Battle of Paducah, Kentucky (Forrest's raid)
1865 - Battle of Bluff Spring, Florida
1865 - Battle of Fort Stedman, Virginia - in front of Petersburg
1865 - Battle of Mobile, Alabama (Spanish Fort, Fort Morgan, Fort Blakely)
1865 - SS General Lyon at Cape Hatteras catches fire and sinks, killing 400
1876 - Glasgow 1st soccer match Scotland-Wales (4-0)
1882 - 1st demonstration of pancake making (Department store in New York City)
1888 - Socialist leader Domela Nieuwenhuis elected to Dutch 2nd chamber
1889 - 1st Test Cricket match played at Newlands, Cape Town vs. England
1894 - Coxey's Army of the unemployed sets out from Massillon Oh for Wash
1895 - Italian troops invade Abyssinia (Ethiopia)
1896 - Modern Olympics began in Athens, Greece
1898 - Intercollegiate Trapshooting Association formed in New York City

20th Century

1900 - U.S. Socialist Party forms in Indianapolis
1901 - 55 die as Rock Island train derailed near Marshalltown Iowa
1902 - Irving W. Colburn patents sheet glass drawing machine
1905 - Rebel battle flags captured during war are returned to South
1907 - Stanley Cup: Montreal Wanderers lose to Kenora Thistles but outscore them in 2 game set but outscore them 12-8 and win cup
1910 - Chalmers Auto Co offers a new car to each leagues' batting champ
1911 - L D Swamikannu publishes "Manual of Indian Chronology" in Bombay
1911 - Triangle Shirtwaist Factory catches fire 145 die, all but 13 girls
1913 - Great Dayton Flood
1913 - Home of vaudeville, Palace Theatre, opens (New York City) starring Ed Wynn
1915 - 1st submarine disaster; a U.S. F-4 sank off Hawaii, killing 21
1915 - German U boat torpedoes Netherlands merchant ship Medea
1916 - Heavyweight Jess Willard and Franc Moran fight to no decision in New York City
1916 - Jess Willard fights Frank Moran to no decision in 10 for boxing title
1916 - Women are allowed to attend a boxing match
1920 - Greek Independence Day
1923 - British government grants Trans-Jordan autonomy
1924 - Greek parliament selects Admiral Paul Koundouriotis as premier
1924 - Stanley Cup: Mont Canadiens (NHL) sweep Calgary Tigers (WCHL) in 2
1931 - Hal Kemp and his Orchestra record Whistles, with Skinnay Ennis
1931 - Scottsboro Boys (accused of raping a white woman) arrested in Alabama
1934 - 1st Golf Masters Championship: Horton Smith wins, shooting a 284
1935 - 1st Belgium government of Van Zealand resigns
1936 - 200" mirror blank leaves for California to be ground
1936 - Detroit Red Wings beat Montreal Maroons in NHL longest game (2h56m30s)
1937 - It's revealed Quaker Oats pays Babe Ruth $25,000 per year for ads
1937 - Italy and Yugoslavia sign no-attack treaty (Pact of Belgrade)
1937 - Lionel Conacher misses on 1st Stanley Cup penalty shot
1937 - Washington Daily News is 1st U.S. newspaper with perfumed advertising page
1938 - 1st U.S. bred horse (Battleship) to win Grand National Steeplechase
1939 - Billboard Magazine introduces hillbilly (country) music chart
1941 - Carolina Paprika Mills in Dillon South Carolina, incorporated
1942 - 700 Jews of Polish Lvov-district reach Belzec Concentration camp
1943 - 97% of all Dutch physicians strike againt nazi registration
1943 - Jimmy Durante and Garry Moore premiere on radio
1944 - RAF Sergeant Nickolas Alkemade survives a jump from his Lancaster bomber from 18,000 feet without a parachute
1945 - U.S. 1st army breaks out bridgehead near Remagen
1945 - U.S. 4th Armored div arrives at Hanau and Aschaffenburg
1945 - U.S. Northern Tractor Flotilla departs Ulithi to Okinawa
1946 - 1st performance of Igor Stravinsky's "Ebony Concerto"
1947 - 9th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Holy Cross beats Oklahoma 58-47
1947 - Agreement of Linggadjati ratified in Batavia
1947 - Coal mine explosion in Centralia, Illinois, claims 111
1947 - Last day of Test cricket for Walter Hammond (vs. New Zealand, Christchurch)
1949 - SS police chief Rauter request for a pardon, denied
1951 - 5th Tony Awards: Guys and Dolls and Rose Tattoo win
1951 - E Purcell and EM Ewen detect 21-cm radiation at Harvard physics lab
1954 - 26th Academy Awards - "From Here to Eternity," Holden and A Hepburn win
1954 - Pope Pius XII encyclical "Sacra virginitas" (On consecrated virginity)
1954 - RCA manufactures 1st color TV set, a 12-inch screen for $1,000
1955 - East Germany granted full sovereignty by occupying power, U.S.S.R.
1957 - NBA modifies the free-throw rule
1957 - Treaty of Rome establishes European Economic Community, known as the Common Market
1958 - Sugar Ray Robinson is 1st boxing champ to win 5 times
1958 - West German parliament desires German atomic weapons
1959 - Bill White traded to St. Louis for pitchers Sam Jones and Don Choate
1959 - French President De Gaulle acknowledges Oder-Neisse boundary
1960 - 1st guided missile launched from nuclear powered sub (Halibut)
1960 - DH Lawrence' "Lady Chatterley's Lover" ruled not obscene (New York City)
1960 - Ford Frick voids Indians - Red Sox deal as Sam White retires
1960 - Italian government Tambroni forms
1961 - "13 Daughters" closes at 54th St. Theater New York City after 28 performances
1961 - 23rd NCAA Men's Basketball Champion: Cincinnati beats Ohio State 70-65 (OT)
1961 - 3rd place game is one of the wildest contests in NCAA Tournament history as St. Joseph's defeats Utah 127-120 in 4 overtimes
1961 - Elvis Presley performs live on the USS Arizona
1961 - Explorer 10 launched into elongated Earth orbit (177/181,000 km)
1961 - "Gypsy" closes at Broadway Theater New York City after 702 performances
1961 - Sputnik 10 carries a dog into Earth orbit; later recovered
1962 - "Family Affair" closes at Billy Rose Theater New York City after 65 performances
1962 - French OAS-leader ex-general Jouhaud arrested
1963 - KWHY TV channel 22 in Los Angeles, California (IND) begins broadcasting
1964 - Britain sets memorial for the late President John F. Kennedy
1964 - Egypt ends state of siege (1952-64)
1965 - Martin Luther King, Jr. led 25,000 to state capitol in Montgomery, Alabama
1965 - West German Bondsdag extends war crimes retribution
1966 - Beatles pose with mutilated dolls and butchered meat for the cover of the "Yesterday and Today" album, It is later pulled
1966 - U.S. Supreme Court rules the poll tax unconstitutional
1967 - 29th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: UCLA beats Dayton 79-64
1967 - The Turtle's "Happy Together" goes #1
1967 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1967 - Who and Cream make U.S. debut at Murray the K's Easter Show
1968 - KLVX TV channel 10 in Las Vegas, Nevada (PBS) begins broadcasting
1968 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1969 - Andes Pact signed in Peru
1969 - John and Yoko stage their 1st bed-in for peace (Amsterdam)
1969 - Pakistan General Agha Mohammed Jagja Khan succeeds Ayub Chan as president
1970 - Concorde makes its 1st supersonic flight (700 MPH/1,127 KPH)
1971 - Boston Patriots become New England Patriots
1971 - European council accepts Mansholt plan laying off 5 million farmers
1971 - Tom Jones, "She's a Lady," goes gold
1972 - 34th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: UCLA beats Florida 81-76
1972 - America's LP "America" goes #1
1972 - Bobby Hull becomes the 2nd NHLer to score 600 goals
1972 - "Selling of the President" closes at Shubert Theater New York City after 5 performances
1972 - UCLA wins its 6th consecutive national basketball title
1973 - 27th Tony Awards: That Championship Season and Little Night Music win
1973 - Carol Mann wins LPGA Sears Women's Golf Classic
1973 - Majid Khan and Mushtaq Mohammad both out for 99 in Test vs. Eng
1974 - Barbra Streisand records the album "Butterfly"
1975 - Faisal ibn Abd al-Aziz, king of Saudi-Arab (1964-75), shot by nephew
1976 - Argentine military junta bans leftist political parties
1976 - "My Fair Lady" opens at St. James Theater New York City for 384 performances
1976 - "Rex" opens at Lunt-Fontaine Theater New York City for 48 performances
1979 - Major riot at Bourda prevents day's play in WSC Supertest
1979 - Nancy Lopez wins LPGA Sahara National Pro-Am Golf Tournament
1982 - Wayne Gretzky becomes 1st NHL to score 200 points in a season
1983 - Christa Rothenburger skates world record 500 m ladies (39.69 sec)
1983 - Pavel Pegov skates world record 1000m (1:12.58)
1984 - Betsy King wins LPGA Women's Kemper Golf Open
1985 - 57th Academy Awards - "Amadeus," F Murray Abraham and Sally Field win
1985 - Edwin Meese III becomes U.S. Attorney General
1986 - Kurt Browning (Canada) becomes 1st skater to land a quadruple jump
1986 - Men's Figure Skating Championship in Geneva won by Brian Boitano (USA)
1986 - Supreme Court rules Air Force could ban wearing of yarmulkes
1987 - Supreme Court rules women/minorities may get jobs if less qualified
1988 - "Les Miserables," opens at Chunichi Theatre, Nagoya Japan
1988 - NASA launches space vehicle S-206
1988 - Robin Givens demands full access to husband Mike Tyson's money
1989 - "Les Miserables," opens at Auditorium Theatre, Chicago
1990 - 10th Golden Raspberry Awards: Star Trek V wins
1990 - Fire in illegal New York City social club, kills 87
1990 - "Lettice and Lovage" opens at Barrymore Theater New York City for 284 performances
1990 - Pat Bradley wins LPGA Standard Register Turquoise Golf Classic
1991 - 63rd Academy Awards - "Dance with Wolves," Kathy Bates and J Irons win
1991 - Allan Border takes 5-68 vs. WI at Bourda (!), Georgetown
1992 - Imran Khan scores 72 and takes 1-43 off 6 2 overs in last ODI
1992 - Pakistan defeats England by 22 runs to win World Cup
1992 - Russian manned space craft TM-14, lands
1993 - "Candida" opens at Criterion Theater New York City for 45 performances
1994 - Gunda Niemann skates ladies world record 3 km (4:09.32)
1994 - Yasunori Miyabe skates world record 1000 m (1:12.37)
1995 - Boxer Mike Tyson released from jail after serving 3 years
1996 - 68th Academy Awards - "Braveheart," Nicholas Cage and Susan Sarandon win
1996 - Comet C/1996 B2 (Hyakutake) approaches within 0.1018 AUs of Earth
1996 - Freedom Shoemakers on Maryport's Solway Estate closes
1996 - Ice Dance Championship at Edmonton won by Gritshuk and Platov (RUS)
1996 - Ice Pairs Championship at Edmonton won by Eltsova and Bushkov (RUS)
1996 - Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Edmonton won by Michelle Kwan (USA)
1996 - Men's Figure Skating Championship in Edmonton won by Todd Eldredge (USA)
1996 - U.S. issues newly-redesigned $100 bill
1997 - "Barrymore," opens at Music Box Theater New York City for 240 performances
1997 - Indians trade Lofton and Embree to Braves for Grissom and Justice

21st Century

2001 - 73rd Academy Awards Oscar Ceremony, Steve Martin hosts, Gladiator wins Best Picture, Russell Crowe and Julia Roberts win lead acting awards
2002 - Earthquake kills at least 1,000 100 miles north of Kabul, Afghanistan
2008 - 160 square mile part of the Antarctic ice shelf disintegrates


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