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Events and People Who Made History on March 23

11th Century

1026 - Koenraad II crowns himself king of Italy
1066 - 18th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet

12th Century

1153 - Treaty of Konstanz between Frederik I "Barbarossa" and Pope Eugene III

15th Century

1490 - 1st dated edition of Maimonides "Mishna Torah" published
1490 - Maimonides Mishneh Torah published

16th Century

1568 - Treaty of Longjumeau: French huguenots go on strike
1579 - Friesland joins Union of Utrecht
1593 - English Congressionalist Henry Barrow accused of slander

17th Century

1630 - French troops occupy Pinerolo Piedmont
1657 - France and England form alliance against Spain; England gets Dunkirk

18th Century

1708 - English pretender to the throne James III lands at Firth of Forth
1743 - English premiere of Handel's "Messiah"
1743 - George Frideric Handel's oratorio "Messiah" premieres in London
1752 - Pope Stephen II elected to succeed Zacharias, died 2 days later
1775 - Patrick Henry proclaims "Give me liberty or give me death"
1794 - 1st U.S. patent (Joseph G Pierson for a riveting machine)
1794 - Josiah Pierson patents a "cold-header" (rivet) machine
1794 - Lieutenant-General Tadeusz Kosciuszko returns to Poland

19th Century

1801 - Murder attempt on Czar Paul I
1806 - Lewis and Clark reach Pacific coast
1808 - Napoleon's brother Joseph takes the throne of Spain
1832 - British Parliament passes reform bill
1835 - Charles Darwin reaches Los Arenales, in the Andes
1836 - Coin Press invented by Franklin Beale
1839 - 1st known use of term OK (Boston)
1839 - 1st recorded use of "OK" [oll korrect] (Boston's Morning Post)
1840 - Draper takes 1st successful photo of the Moon (daguerrotype)
1849 - Battle of Novara (King Charles Albert vs Italian republic)
1857 - Elisha Otis' 1st elevator installed (488 Broadway, New York City)
1858 - Streetcar patented (E A Gardner of Philadelphia)
1861 - London's 1st tramcars, designed by Mr. Train of New York, begins operating
1862 - Battle of Kernstown VA-Jackson begins his Valley Campaign
1864 - Encounter at Camden AR
1865 - General Sherman/Cox' troops reach Goldsboro North Carolina
1867 - Congress passes 2nd Reconstruction Act over President Johnson's veto
1868 - University of California founded (Oakland California)
1873 - Slavery abolished in Puerto Rico
1880 - Flour rolling mill patented (John Stevens of Wisconsin)
1881 - Boers and Britain sign peace accord; end 1st Boer war
1881 - Gas lamp sets fire to Nice France opera house; 70 die
1889 - President Harrison opens Oklahoma for white colonization
1896 - Umberto Giordano's opera "Andrea Chenier," premieres in Milan

20th Century

1901 - Dame Nellie Melba, reveals secret of her now famous toast
1903 - Wright brothers obtain airplane patent
1910 - 1st race at Los Angeles Motordrome (1st U.S. auto speedway)
1912 - Dixie Cup invented
1915 - Zion Mule Corp forms
1917 - Tornadoes kills 211 over 4 days in Midwest U.S.
1918 - Alick Wickham dives 200' into Australia's Yarra River
1918 - Crepy-en-Laonnoise: German artillery shells Paris, 256 killed
1918 - Lithuania proclaims independence
1918 - Paris bombs "Thick Bertha's Dike" (nickname for the widow Krupp)
1919 - Bashkir ASSR, in RSFSR, constituted
1919 - Benito Mussolini forms Fascist movement in Milan, Italy
1919 - Moscow's Politburo/Central Committee forms
1920 - Perserikatan Communist of India (PKI) political party forms
1922 - 1st airplane lands at the U.S. Capitol in Washington, D.C.
1922 - KMJ-AM in Fresno California begins radio transmissions
1922 - WEW-AM in Saint Louis Missouri begins radio transmissions
1923 - Frank Silver and Irving Conn release "Yes, We Have No Bananas"
1925 - Tennessee becomes 1st state to outlaw teaching theory of evolution
1926 - NHL Championship: Mont Canadiens outscore Pitt Pirates, 6-4 in 2 games
1929 - 1st telephone installed in White House
1930 - U.S. Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Maribel Vinson
1930 - U.S. Mens Figure Skating championship won by Roger Turner
1933 - Enabling Act: German Reichstag grants Adolph Hitler dictatorial powers
1933 - Kroll Opera in Berlin opens
1934 - U.S. Congress accepts Philippines independence in 1945
1936 - Italy, Austria and Hungary sign Pact of Rome
1937 - Los Angeles Railway Co. starts using PCC streetcars
1938 - Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis frees 74 St. L Cardinals minor leaguers
1940 - 1st radio broadcast of "Truth or Consequences" on CBS
1940 - All-India-Moslem League calls for a Moslem homeland
1942 - 2,500 Jews of Lublin massacred or deported
1942 - Japanese forces occupy Andaman Islands in Indian Ocean
1942 - U.S. move native-born of Japanese ancestry into detention centers
1943 - German counter attack on U.S. lines in Tunisia
1944 - Bomb assassination against Southern Tirol congregation in Rome, 33 die
1944 - Nicholas Alkemade falls 5,500 m without a parachute and lives
1945 - British 7th Black Watch crosses the Rhine
1945 - Largest operation in Pacific war, 1,500 U.S. Navy ships bomb Okinawa
1945 - Premier Churchill visits Montgomery's headquarter in Straelen
1946 - 8th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Oklahoma State beats North Carolina 43-40
1948 - John Cunningham sets world altitude record (54,492' (18,133 m))
1949 - Sidney Kingsley's "Detective Story," premieres in New York City
1950 - 22rd Academy Awards - "All King's Men," Crawford and De Havilland win
1950 - "Great to Be Alive" opens at Winter Garden Theater New York City for 52 performances
1950 - Sophocles Venizelos forms liberal Greeks government
1950 - U.N. World Meteorological Organization established
1951 - Wages in France increase 11%
1952 - Rangers with less than 14 minutes to go blow a 6-2 lead, losing 7-6 to Chicago Black Hawks. Mosienko scores 3 times in 21 seconds
1956 - 18th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: San Francisco beats Iowa 83-71
1956 - Pakistan proclaimed an Islamic republic in Commonwealth (National Day)
1956 - Sudan becomes independent
1957 - 19th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: North Carolina beats Kansas 54-53 (3 OTs)
1957 - U.S. Army sells last homing pigeons
1960 - Explorer (8) fails to reach Earth orbit
1962 - John F. Kennedy visits SF
1962 - Nawab of Pataudi captains India cricket vs. WI age 21 years 77 days
1962 - Wake Forest coach "Bones" McKinney becomes 2nd person to play and coach
1962 - William DeWitt buys Cincinnati Reds for $4,625,000
1963 - 25th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Loyola beats Cincinnati 60-58 (OT)
1963 - Rolf Hochhuth's "Der Stellvertreter," premieres in Berlin
1964 - UNCTAD 1 world conference opens in Geneva
1965 - Gemini 3 launched, 1st U.S. 2-man space flight (Grissom and Young)
1965 - Moroccan army shoots on demonstrators, about 100 killed
1966 - 1st official meeting after 400 years of Catholic and Anglican Church
1968 - 30th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: UCLA beats North Carolina 78-55
1968 - Reverend Walter Fauntroy, is 1st non-voting congressional delegate from DC
1969 - Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Port Charlotte Golf Invitational
1969 - Rally for Decency (Miami)
1970 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1971 - Dutch 2nd Chamber accept simplified divorce
1971 - U.S.S.R. performs underground nuclear test
1972 - Evil Knievel breaks 93 bones after successfully clearing 35 cars
1972 - New York Yankees agree to continue playing ball in the Bronx
1973 - After a 5 year run soap "Love is a Many Splendored Thing" ends
1973 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1973 - Yoko Ono is granted permanent residence in U.S.
1975 - Sue Roberts wins LPGA Bing Crosby International Golf Classic
1976 - International Bill of Rights goes into effect (35 nations ratifying)
1978 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1979 - Larry Holmes TKOs Osvaldo Ocasio in 7 for heavyweight boxing title
1979 - Wings release "Goodnight Tonight"
1980 - Border completes 150 in each inning of Test Cricket vs. Pakistan
1980 - Donna Caponi Young Pro-Am wins LPGA National Golf Tournament
1980 - France performs nuclear test
1980 - Shah of Iran arrives in Egypt
1981 - Supreme Court rules states could require, with some exceptions, parental notification when teen-age girls sought abortions
1982 - Guatemala military coup under General Rios Montt, President Romeo Lucas flees
1982 - Isle's Mike Bossy's 20th career hat trick-4 goals
1983 - U.S. president Ronald Reagan introduces "Star Wars" missile defense plan (SDI)
1984 - Andrea Schone skates ladies world record 3 km (4:20.91)
1984 - Ice Dance Championship at Ottawa won by J Torvill and Chris Dean (GRB)
1984 - Ice Pairs Championship at Ottawa won by Underhill and Paul Martini (CAN)
1984 - Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Ottawa won by Katarina Witt (GDR)
1984 - Men's Figure Skating Championship in Ottawa won by Scott Hamilton (USA)
1985 - Billy Joel weds supermodel Christie Brinkley
1985 - Discovery moves to Vandenberg AFB for mating of STS-51-D mission
1985 - Julian Lennon's 1st concert (San Antonio Texas)
1985 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1986 - 6th Golden Raspberry Awards: Rambo: First Blood Part II wins
1986 - Heavyweight Trevor Berbick KOs Pinklon Thomas
1986 - Penny Pulz wins LPGA Circle K Tucson Golf Open
1987 - Soap "Bold and Beautiful" premieres
1987 - U.S. offers military protection to Kuwaiti ships in the Persian Gulf
1987 - West Germany SPD chairman Willy Brandt resigns
1989 - 2 Utah scientists claim they have produced fusion at room temperature
1989 - Joel Steinberg sentenced to 25 years for killing his adopted daughter
1990 - Former Exxon Valdez Captain Joseph Hazelwood ordered to help clean up Prince William Sound and pay $50,000 in restitution for 1989 oil spill
1991 - 1st World League of American Football games, London beats Frankfurt 24-11, Sacramento beats Raleigh-Dur 9-3 and Mont beats Birmingham 20-5
1991 - 20 Tornadoes kill 5 in Tennessee
1991 - Sergei Bubka pole vaults world record indoor (6.12m)
1992 - Florida Marlins begin selling tickets
1993 - Belgian government of Dehaene, resigns
1993 - New York Knicks and Phoenix Suns get into a major brawl
1994 - Amy Fisher's lover Joey Buttafuoco is released from jail
1994 - F-16 collides with C-130 Hercules above AFB in North Carolina, 120 die
1994 - Graeme Obree bicycles world record 10 km (11:28)
1994 - Howard Stern formally announces his Libertarian run for New York governor
1994 - Joey Buttafuoco, released from jail after 4 months and 9 days
1994 - Last day of Test cricket for Kapil Dev
1994 - Richard Jacobs buys naming rights to Indians new ball park at Gateway for $13.8 million (renamed Jacobs Field)
1994 - Russian Airbus A-310 crashes in Siberia (74-75 killed)
1994 - Wayne Gretzky sets NHL record with 802 goals scored
1995 - Dollar equals 88.41 yen (record)
1995 - "How To Succeed in Business..." opens at R Rodgers New York City for 548 performances
1997 - 17th Golden Raspberry Awards: Striptease wins
1997 - Betsy King wins LPGA Standard Register PING
1997 - Liberty Legends of Senior Golf
1997 - "Mandy Patinkin in Concert," closes at Lyceum Theater New York City
1997 - Phil Mickelson wins Bay Hill Golf Invitiational
1997 - Wrestlemania XIII in Chicago, Undertaker beats Psycho Sid for title
1998 - 70th Academy Awards - Oscar Ceremony Billy Crystal hosts, Titanic wins eleven Oscars, including Best Picture, Jack Nicholson and Helen Hunt win lead acting awards

21st Century

2001 - Russian Mir space station is crashed into the Pacific during a controlled re-entry
2003 - 75th Academy Awards Oscar Ceremony, Steve Martin hosts, Chicago wins Best Picture, Adrian Brody and Nicole Kidman win lead acting awards


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