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Events and People Who Made History on March 21

14th Century

1349 - 3,000 Jews killed in Black Death riots in Efurt Germany

15th Century

1421 - Battle of Beauge-French beat British
1492 - Alonzo Pietro, pilot, sailed with Columbus

17th Century

1610 - King James I addresses English House of Commons
1681 - 3rd Exclusion Parliament meets in London
1697 - Czar Peter the Great begins tour through West-Europe

18th Century

1702 - Queen Anne Stuart addresses English parliament
1788 - Fire destroyed 856 buildings in New Orleans Louisiana
1788 - Gustavus Vassa petitions Queen Charlotte, to free enslaved Africans
1790 - Thomas Jefferson reports to President Washington in New York as Secretary of State
1791 - Captain Hopley Yeaton of New Hampshire becomes 1st commissioned officer in Revenue Cutter Service

19th Century

1804 - French civil Code of Napoleon adopted
1824 - Fire at Cairo ammunitions dump kills 4,000 horses
1826 - Beethoven's Quartet #13 in B flat major (Op 130) premiered in Vienna
1835 - Charles Darwin and Mariano Gonzales meet at Portillo Pass
1843 - Preacher William Miller of Mass predicts the world will end today
1844 - Origin of Baha'i Era-Baha'i calendar starts here (Baha 1, 1)
1851 - Yosemite Valley discovered in California
1857 - Earthquake hits Tokyo; about 107,000 die
1859 - 1st Zoological Society incorporates in Philadelphia
1859 - Scottish National Gallery opens in Edinburgh
1859 - Zoological Society of Philadelphia, 1st in U.S., incorporated
1860 - U.S. extradition treaty with Sweden
1863 - Naval Engagement at Havana Cuba-USS Henrick Hudson vs BR Wild Pigeon
1864 - Battle at Henderson's Hill (Bayou Rapids) Louisiana
1865 - Battle of Bentonville ends, last Confederate effort to stop Sherman
1866 - Congress authorizes national soldiers' homes
1868 - 1st U.S. professional women's club, Sorosis, forms in New York City
1871 - Journalist Henry M. Stanley begins his famous expedition to Africa
1871 - Otto von Bismarck elevated Furst
1874 - U.S. Grant's daughter Nellie marries in the White House
1885 - 2nd French government of Ferry resigns
1888 - Arthur Pinero's "Sweet Lavender," premieres in London
1890 - Austrian Jewish communities are defined by law
1891 - A Hatfield marries a McCoy, ends long feud in West Virginia it started with an accusation of pig-stealing and lasted 20 years
1899 - British and French accord about West-Africa

20th Century

1907 - U.S. invades Honduras
1909 - Moran and MacFarland (U.S.) wins Europe's 1st 6 day bicycle race (Berlin)
1913 - Flood in Ohio, kills 400
1914 - U.S. Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Theresa Weld
1914 - U.S. Mens Figure Skating championship won by Norman M Scott
1916 - JP Van Limburg Stirum succeeds AWF Idenburg as Governor-General of Netherlands Indies
1917 - 1st female U.S. Navy Petty Officer is Loretta Walsh
1918 - During WW I Germany launches Somme offensive
1921 - Walter Kerr Theater (Ritz, CBS, NBC, ABC) opens at 223 W 48th St. New York City
1922 - KGW-AM in Portland OR begins radio transmissions
1923 - U.S. foreign minister Charles Hughes refuses U.S.S.R. recognition
1924 - 1st foreign language course broadcast on U.S. radio (WJZ, New York City)
1924 - Mass Investors Trust becomes 1st mutual fund set up in US
1925 - Edinburgh's Murreyfield Stadium officially opens
1925 - Iran adopts Khorshidi solar Hijrah calendar
1927 - Guomindang Army conquerors Shanghai as British marines flee
1931 - KRO-broadcast studio initiated in Hilversum Holland
1931 - U.S. Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Maribel Vinson
1931 - U.S. Mens Figure Skating championship won by Roger Turner
1933 - Hitler, Goring, Prince Ruprecht, Bruning and top army meet in Berlin
1934 - Babe Didrikson pitches an inning in an A's-Dodgers exhibition game Walks 1, hits the next guy, 3rd guy hits into triple-play
1934 - Fire destroys Hakodate Japan, killing about 1,500
1935 - Jean Anouilh's "Y avait un presonnier," premieres in Paris
1935 - Persia officially renamed Iran
1937 - Ponce massacre, police kill 19 at Puerto Rican Nationalist parade
1939 - Nazi-Germany demands Gdansk (Danzig) from Poland
1941 - Joe Louis KOs Abe Simon in 13 for heavyweight boxing title
1942 - Convoy QP9 departs Great Britain to Murmansk
1942 - Heavy German assault on Malta
1943 - Assassination attempt on Hitler fails
1943 - British 8th army opens assault on Mareth line, Tunisia
1944 - General Eisenhower postpones South France invasion until after Normandy
1945 - 1st Japanese flying bombs (ochas) attack Okinawa
1945 - During WW II Allied bombers begin 4-day raid over Germany
1945 - Dutch Resistance fighter Hannie Schaft arrested by Nazi police
1946 - Kenny Washington signs with Rams, 1st black NFLer since 1933
1946 - U.N. set up temporary HQ at Hunter (now Lehman) College (Bronx)
1947 - Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Fulgens radiatur
1947 - President Truman signs Executive Order 9835 requiring all federal employees to have allegiance to the United States
1947 - Test Cricket debut of Bert Sutcliffe, New Zealand vs. England at Christchurch
1948 - "Stop the Music" with Bert Parks premieres on ABC radio
1949 - WTVJ TV channel 4 in Miami, Florida (NBC/CBS) begins broadcasting
1951 - 2,900,000 U.S. soldiers in Korea
1951 - Julius and Ethel Rosenberg convicted of espionage
1952 - "3 Wishes for Jamie" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater New York City for 94 performances
1952 - 31 storms crosses 6 states killing 340 in South-Central U.S.
1952 - Alan Freed presents Moondog Coronation Ball at old Cleveland Arena, 25,000 attend 1st rock and roll concert ever
1952 - Tornadoes in Arkansas, Tennessee, Missouri, Mississippi, Alabama and Kentucky cause 343 deaths
1953 - NBA record 106 fouls and 12 players foul out (Boston-Syracuse)
1954 - KFBB TV channel 5 in Great Falls, Montana (ABC/CBS/NBC) begins broadcasting
1955 - Archbishop Makarios of Cyprus desires Cyprus joining Greece
1955 - Brooklyn Bulletin ask Dodger fans not to call their team "Bums"
1956 - 28th Academy Awards - "Marty," Anna Magnani and Ernest Borgnine win
1957 - Tennessee Williams' "Orpheus Descending," premieres in New York City
1958 - 1st presentation of West Point's Sylvanus Thayer Award
1958 - U.S.S.R. performs atmospheric nuclear test
1959 - 21st NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: California beats West Virginia 71-70
1959 - "Juno" closes at Winter Garden Theater New York City after 16 performances
1960 - Sharpeville Massacre: Police kill 72 in South Africa and outlaws ANC
1961 - Art Modell purchases Cleveland Browns for then record ($3,925,000)
1961 - Beatles' 1st appearance at the Cavern Club
1962 - A bear becomes the 1st creature to be ejected at supersonic speeds
1962 - Bekkers of Bosch makes TV speech in Netherlands for birth control
1962 - Dutch RC bishop Beckers declares himself in favor of birth control
1962 - Philadelphia retires pitcher Robin Roberts' # 36
1963 - Alcatraz federal penitentiary in San Francisco Bay closed
1963 - David Hendon and Douglas Cross' musical premieres in London
1964 - 26th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: UCLA beats Duke 98-83
1964 - Beatles' "She Loves You," single goes #1 and stays #1 for 2 weeks
1964 - UCLA completes undefeated NCAA basketball season (30-0)
1965 - Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA St. Petersburg Golf Open
1965 - Martin Luther King, Jr. begins march from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama
1965 - U.S. Ranger 9 launched; takes 5,814 pictures before lunar impact
1966 - Supreme Court reverses Mass ruling that "Fanny Hill" is obscene
1968 - Hill, Hawkins and Coghill's musical premieres in London
1968 - Israeli forces cross Jordan River to attack PLO bases
1968 - Portuguese socialist Mario Soares banished to Sao Tome
1968 - "Royals" chosen as the name of new Kansas City AL franchise
1969 - John and Yoko stage their 1st bed-in for peace (Amsterdam Hilton)
1969 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1970 - 32nd NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: UCLA beats Jacksonville 80-69
1971 - Gavaskar scores 1st of his 34 Test Cricket tons, 116 at Georgetown
1971 - Jan Ferraris wins LPGA Orange Blossom Golf Classic
1971 - Vermont seasonal snowfall totals 132.2"
1971 - WCPB TV channel 28 in Salisbury, MD (PBS) begins broadcasting
1972 - U.S. Supreme Court rules states can't require 1-yr residency to vote
1973 - Frank Mahovlich becomes 5th NHLer to score 500 goals
1974 - Attempt made to kidnap Princess Anne in London's Pall Mall
1975 - Ethiopia ends monarchy after 3000 years
1978 - Padres fire Al Dark (2nd manager ever fired during spring training)
1979 - Egyptian Parliament unanimously approve peace treaty with Israel
1980 - On TV show Dallas, J.R. is shot
1982 - Jerry Pate celebrates golf win by jumping into the water hazard
1982 - "Little Johnny Jones" opens and closes at Alvin Theater New York City
1982 - Movie "Annie" premieres
1982 - Nancy Lopez wins LPGA J&B Scotch Pro-Am Golf Tournament
1983 - Only known typo on Time Magazine cover (control=contol), all recalled
1984 - Border scores 100* vs. WI Trinidad after 98* in 1st cricket innings
1984 - NFL owners passed the infamous anti-celebrating rule
1984 - Part of Central Park is named Strawberry Fields honoring John Lennon
1984 - Soviet sub crashes into USS aircraft carrier Kitty Hawk off Japan
1985 - Arthur Ashe is named to International Tennis Hall of Fame
1985 - Bloodbath at Langa (Uitenhage) South Africa, 19 killed
1986 - 199.22 million shares traded in New York Stock Exchange
1986 - Kania skates ladies world record 500 m (39.52 sec) and 3 km (4:18.02)
1986 - Pittsburgh Associates buy Pittsburgh Pirates for $218 million
1988 - 23rd Academy of Country Music Awards: Randy Travis and Hank Williams, Jr.
1989 - 1st sea test of Trident 2 missile self-destructs, Cape Canaveral
1990 - "Cat on a Hot Tin Roof" opens at Eugene O'Neill New York City for 149 performances
1990 - Namibia becomes independent of South Africa, Sam Nujoma becomes president
1990 - "Normal Life" starring Moon Unit and Dweezil Zappa premieres on CBS-TV
1990 - "Sydney" starring Valerie Bertinelli premieres on CBS-TV
1991 - 27 lost at sea when 2 U.S. Navy anti-submarine planes collide
1991 - Largest wrestling crowd in Japan (64,500) at Tokyo Dome
1991 - Tatsumi Fujinami beats Ric Flair for NWA wrestling championship
1991 - U.N. Security Council panel decided to lift the food embargo on Iraq
1992 - 2nd WLAF season begins
1992 - Pakistan scores 6-264 to overhaul New Zealand in exciting World Cup semi
1993 - Patty Sheehan wins LPGA Standard Register Ping Golf Tournament
1993 - Pope John Paul II declares Duns Scotus, a saint
1993 - South Africa White Wolves kill 5 year old black girl
1994 - 66th Academy Awards - "Schindler's List," Tom Hanks and Holly Hunter win
1994 - Anne P. Sidamon-Eristoff named chairwoman of Museum of National History
1994 - Dudley Moore arrested for hitting girlfriend
1994 - Wayne Gretzky ties Gordie Howe's NHL record of 801 goals
1995 - New Jersey officially dedicates the Howard Stern Rest Area along Route 295
1995 - New York City agrees to sell it's 2 owned radio stations (WNew York City AM and FM)
1996 - "Night of the Iguana" opens at Criterion Theater New York City for 68 performances
1997 - Ice Dance won by Oksana Grishuk and Evgeny Platov (Rus)
1997 - Wrestlemania XIII
1999 - 71st Academy Awards Oscar Ceremony, Whoopi Goldberg hosts, Shakespeare in Love wins Best Picture, Roberto Benigni and Gwyneth Paltrow win lead acting awards


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